Cooperation by fionan

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									Committee: International youth forum of the UN system
Question of: Education in the developing countries. Institute of peace.

1. Recalling the article 26 of the Universal Declaration of human rights which states that everyone has
    the right to education;
2. We fully recognize that the problem of creating healthy well-educated international community is one
    of the most important;
3. Deeply convinced that the level of educational backwardness of the third world countries needs urgent
    attention;
4. We are aware that one of the ways of improving education in the developing countries is educational
    cooperation between the states;
5. We are deeply conscious that the process of creating well-educated society is not possible without
    participation of international agencies, such as COL, UNESCO, World Bank etc.
6. We recognize that the education of the poor can lead to the eradication of poverty.
7. We recognize that the unemployment and the lack of good education form the vicious circle, as they
    lead to such social diseases as high crime rate, prostitution and low public health, which, in turn, tend
    to decrease the entire level of education;
8. We are highly concerned about the education for young people in the developing countries, especially
    in Africa;
9. We are fully aware that education contributes greatly to the social, political and economic
    development of a nation;
10. We are aware that it is necessary to work on the moderation of emigration and the “brain drain”;
11. We deeply understand that the distant education plays a very important role for solving the problem of
    poor educated countries;
12. We are fully aware that improved quality of life in the society and the stability in the world depend
    critically on access to basic education for the illiterates
13. Recognizing the urgent need to tackle corruption in the educational sphere in the developing countries


                                                Cooperation

1. We consider that the problems of building well-educated society are not only the problems of primary
   and high education, but also the problems of the educational process in general. So, we must increase
   international technical cooperation for development. The governments are urged to broaden their
   activities in promotion of cultural and well-educated society. The UN as the leading institution within
   these programs should further strengthen all kinds of activities in order to encourage the creation of
   cultural and well-educated society;

2. We claim that the level of education in the developing countries can be improved by mutual
   assistance in the field of education. By this we mean the establishment of international research
   centers and campuses, where students and professors from different developing countries could live
   and work. It is necessary to conduct student conferences, forums and traineeship systems, where
   representatives of various states could discuss problems of sciences, humanities and culture. We
   suggest that more emphasis should be made upon the peer education;


3. We call upon the nations of the UN to dedicate themselves to furthering international exchanges and
   facilitating opportunities for education abroad through the following means:
a) Special exceptions for visa allowances to foreign youth seeking education abroad
b) International internship opportunities
c) International scholarship funds and financial assistance;

4. We are aware of the problem of the educational gap that exists between center and suburbs in
   developing countries and even developed countries. We recognize the necessity of the countries,
   especially of the third world, to structure and centralize their educational systems. We recommend
   that financial and professional help of the UN organization should be provided;
                                                Corruption

5. We recognize that corruption is one of the greatest problems facing the educational sector in the
   developing countries. We recommend that the UN should negotiate with the leaders of the developing
   countries to reduce corruption to minimum. We ask the world community and international
   organizations support non - corruption policy and take actions for preventing corruption in all spheres
   of countries life, especially pay attention to the field of education;

                                              Discrimination

6. We declare that education must not be hindered by discrimination based on racial prejudices. Since
   this problem cannot be solved just by itself, it is necessary for the entire world community to assist
   developing countries in solving it. It is also vital to denounce such prejudices on the early steps of
   education, starting with the elementary schools. Furthermore, we urge that it is important to organize
   multilingual cultural seminars and conferences. We strongly affirm that that the problem of tolerance
   should be one of the most important subjects of these events, so that young people could be able to
   present and solve racial conflicts in the future;

7. We believe that we must focus on the reduction of geographically and economically related education
   inequity, with particular stress on the education of young women in lesser-developed countries;

8. We are aware of conflict between religious and secular upbringing systems in definite countries. We
   recommend those states with strong religious policy which have alternative education organization
   such as schools and colleges to support them and to maintain their juridical base so that parents,
   children and young people will have a free choice;


                                               Investments

9. We recognize that direct investment is necessary for educational progress. We recommend the
   creation of universal, rule-based, open, non-discriminatory and equitable multilateral trading system,
   as well as meaningful trade liberalization to stimulate development of these countries which will in
   turn lead to an increased investment in the education sector in the developing country;

10. We are fully aware that free education is necessary and thus the establishment of closer connection
    with the governments of the developed countries is needed, that will improve the systems of education
    in the developing countries by means of renewing them and creating “organic systems of education”.
    We should organize the teachers, professors and students exchange, grants for graduates and young
    specialists. We should organize that teachers, professors and students exchange programs. We
    suppose that the developing countries can either help us in the way of reorganizing of our educational
    systems as well. Bearing in mind that our future lies in the educated youth, we suggest that the
    investments should be attracted rapidly for this purpose;

                                            Distant Education

11. We consider the aim of distant education in the educational sphere which provides students with vital
    educational support they need to survive in rough, tough and highly competitive new global
    environment, as a sort of crucial help developing countries to “leapfrog” the technological gap at least
    in certain areas such as the development and production of low-cost hardware (including solar-based
    technology), software and other information technology based educational tools, utilizing, for
    example touch screen, video, multimedia, and a host of other emerging information and
    communication technologies. New low-cost hardware and software which can fairly stand sand, dust
    and heat in the developing world, are needed to provide a second chance to the billion of students in
    the developing countries;
12. We take into consideration a lot of problems of general education in the developing countries and the
    lack of volunteers in these countries, it is necessary to involve IT in the process of education where it
    is possible and for children with health problems;


                                               Social support

13. We are fully aware that a lot of problems with education in the developing countries lead to the
    poverty in some of its regions. We know that special funds and organizations invest these countries,
    but unfortunately not all people know about their work. We ask the Human rights Organization to
    unite people below poverty line into communities in every town, city, region, which will help to
    organize distributions of humanitarian aids among the people below poverty line;

14. We are aware about the food problem in developing countries, especially in Africa. We recognize that
    no child can learn while hungry. We recommend that governmental and non-governmental (internal
    and external) organizations should provide free lunch for the needy students;


15. We are aware about working children in many of the countries. We recognize that most of the
    children and youth, especially in the developing countries, work and in these conditions they don’t
    have the opportunity to study. We recommend government or other formal organization to take care
    about such category of children and youth and help them to receive good education in the conditions
    of working day;

16. We deplore that a great number of households in the developing countries have no facilities to buy not
    only fiction literature, but also textbooks and workbooks. We recommend the governments to lower
    the taxes for the publishing houses and other private corporation, which would distribute free
    textbooks and workbooks to such countries to encourage their activity;

                                             Migration control

17. We are aware that the main reasons of “brain drain” are the lack of financing of education and poor
    working conditions for scientists. We call for all the governments of the developing countries to
    stimulate the return of young specialists and graduates, who have received their education abroad, to
    their states of nativity.

                                            Youth involvement

18. We propose that the UN, its affiliated organs and it constituent states recognize and address the issue
of inclusion of youth in national and international politics in the formulation of this strategy

								
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