World Heritage Sites
The World Heritage
UNESCO:The Associated Schools Project Network
The Global Challenge
Many factors separate the people of the world. Different languages, different living conditions, different
religions, and different opportunities.
We do have one thing in common, and that is the vision of a better and more just world, characterised
by equal rights and respect for the world’s cultural and environmental diversity.
The big question is how to transform the vision into reality.
In Denmark we believe that the global challenge calls for new angles and new ways of looking at things.
Or expressed in a different way: The state of the world is so chaotic and full of contrasts, that it is about
time someone took a new look at it.
Place the world in the hands of the young. Not in order to forget history, but to look at the past through
the eyes of the future.
UNESCO´s World Heritage Education Project can be the starting point of viewing the world differently.
It is wonderful to see what the cultures and people of earlier times have created. It is wonderful to meet
the nature of the world in all its diversity. The struggle to preserve the traces of human efforts and
nature’s splendour, could be the spark that makes young people turn matters upside down.
Today’s wars, terrorism, exploitation, mistrust, and violations of human rights are not the answers to the
challenges of the future. By making the young focus on what unites them rather than what separates
them, the dialogue about the future will hopefully deal with solidarity and common responsibility.
Chairman of the ASP Steering Committee
The World Heritage in Young Hands
In Denmark 13 High Schools and with World Heritage Sights means The World Heritage Sights also
Primary Schools are working including numerous different per- have global dimensions. They
together in the World Heritage spectives. realise that young people in other
Education Project. The pupils are Thus the relation past – present – societies all over the world are in
aged between 15 and 18, so they future has become extremely the same situation. Where do we
all master English on a level which interesting. come from, where are we now, and
enables them to communicate where do we imagine we are
with pupils from other countries. It has been a challenge to young going?
Danish people, growing up in a
Up to now the teaching has been society that is rapidly changing, to The educational challenge is to
based on the Danish World suddenly decide how securing the ensure that the young acquire
Heritage Sights. How and when traces of the past and preserving abilities and values to create a
were they created? What role have outstanding natural resources, can future with. Dialogue might be the
they played in the Danish history? shed a new light on ethical and only solution for creating a world
Of what significance are the World moral problems in their own lives. more humane than the world of
Heritage Sights to the identity of By studying the solutions of other yesterday.
the young Danes today? societies in earlier times, it
becomes relevant to question the One step on the way could be that
The teaching has been approached time they are living in and what young people from the Middle
in many different ways – different future they wish for themselves. East and Denmark are given the
materials, different ways of working, opportunity of getting to know
different methods, but common to But the question is even broader. each other on their own terms –
all has been the emphasis of the The issues that arise among the there is nothing to lose, but a
young, on the fact that working young people when working with more peaceful world to be gained!
Do you know Denmark?
s The area of Denmark is 43,089 square kilometres.
s The kingdom of Denmark also consists of the
autonomous regions The Faeroe Islands and Greenland.
s Denmark has approximately 5,4 million inhabitants.
s Denmark is a monarchy and a modern democracy.
s Denmark consists of the peninsula of Jutland and 406 islands of which 78 are inhabited.
The largest island is Zeeland on which the capital Copenhagen is situated.
s The highest point in s Denmark has a temperate coastal climate
Denmark is 170 metres. with rainfall spread throughout the year –
average temperatures: January 0 degrees
Celsius and July 17-18 degrees Celsius.
s Denmark is a member
of the EuropeanUnion s Out of 100 Danish
(EU) and the North homes:
Atlantic Treaty 59 own their houses,
Organization (NATO). 11 have summerhouses,
76 have washing machines,
Kronborg Castle 60 have dishwashers,
s 85% of the Danes are
Evangelical-Lutheran. 66 have microwave ovens,
Islam is the second 85 have video players,
largest religion. 92 have CD players,
54 have DVD players,
Jelling 81 have computers,
Mounds Roskilde Cathedral
s Denmark is a modern 71 have access to the internet,
industrialised nation. 91 have cell phones.
Important export products:
Processed agricultural products, s To Danish citizens
all kinds of machinery, all education, medical
measuring instruments, treatment and hospital
software, medicine, services are free of
windturbines and much more. charge.
IF YOU WANT TO KNOW A LOT MORE ABOUT DENMARK:
Do you know the Danes?
Common to all Danes is their addressed by the informal “du”. The Danes also support paying
tendency to take the ups and The formal “De” is rarely used and one of the largest contributions to
downs of life with a touch of only when speaking to an older, development aid.
irony, often self-irony. In mixed distinguished person. In the
marriages the foreign spouse often schools, the pupils are on first- Over the years, there have also
complains that it can be difficult name terms with the teachers. been traces of local lack of
to understand what the partner solidarity, of snobbery and of
really means, because in keeping With an open economy and great conformity. It was best not to be
with the nature of irony, he tends dependence on what is happening different. The Ugly Duckling in
to say the opposite of what he in the surrounding world, the the fairy-tale by Hans Christian
means. Danes have benefited from their Andersen (1805-1875) is given a
open and international attitude. hard time because it is odd.
The tone between Danes is Thus they consistently support
relaxed. Almost everyone is maximum free trade in the world.
The Jelling Mounds were the two mounds Harald built a “Gorm the king made these runes
constructed during the Viking Age wooden church, later replaced by a after his wife Thyre, the ornament
around 900 A.D. It was originally stone church. of Denmark”.
the burial place of a dead Viking The northern mound has been On the largest of the stones there
leader, which shows that in early robbed, but most likely, Harald I is a picture of a swirling animal
times the southern part of Jutland Bluetooth moved his parents’ grave and an image of Christ. The
was a centre of power in Denmark. into the church. inscription reads: “King Harald
The Jelling Mounds are of such a raises these sepulchral monuments
The unification of Denmark magnitude, that it is natural to after Gorm his father and after
The Jelling mounds are constructed assume that the whole complex Thyre his mother, that Harald
on top of the original burial place was a demonstration of power by who won the whole of Denmark
of the Viking leader and consist of Harald I Bluetooth. The people of and Norway and made the Danes
two large grave mounds, where the Denmark should acknowledge that Christian.”
northern mound was made in the the many small realms were now The Jelling burial mounds are
years 958-59. This mound contains unified to one kingdom – today considered a palpable proof
the reminiscence of a burial cham- Denmark. of the Danish kingdom being a
ber, where it is likely that the first Christian country united under
known Danish King, Gorm the The Birth Certificate of one king from the end of the 10th
Old and his wife, Thyra, were century.
buried. Between the two mounds right in
Approximately 20 years later the front of the church two runic
son, Harald I Bluetooth construc- stones are placed. The smallest of UNESCO:
ted the southern mound. Between the two bears the inscription: Brief Description 1994
The Jelling buriel mounds
www.kongernesjelling.dk and one of the runic stones
are striking examples of pagan
Nordic culture, while the
other runic stone and the
church illustrate the
Christianization of the
Danish people towards the
middle of the 10th century.
Roskilde Cathedral is the most In 1972 there was no more room
significant church in Denmark. for new royal burial places within Brief Description 1995
The building of the brick church the church nor in its side chapels.
started around 1170, commis- King Frederik 9. and his Queen Built in the 12th and 13th
sioned by bishop Absalon, the have therefore been given an centuries, this was
mightiest prelate of Danish underground burial place at the Scandinavia´s first Gothic
medieval times, who also founded north-west wing of the church. cathedral to be built of brick
Copenhagen, the capital of To the Danes Roskilde Cathedral and it encouraged the spread
Denmark in 1167. is a symbol of the almost 1000 of this style throughout
year history of the Danish northern Europe. It has been
A Royal Mausoleum kingdom. The royal dynasty is the mausoleum of the Danish
The first royal burials in Roskilde even in our times an important royal family since the 15th
are of Queen Margrete 1. (d. 1411) part of the self-knowledge of the century.
and King Christian 1. (d. 1481), Danes. During the funeral service Porches and side chapels were
but since 1536 all Danish kings of Queen Mother Ingrid, added up to the end of the
and queens have been buried Denmark came close to a 19th century. Thus it provides
inside the church. Because of the standstill. Hundreds of thousands a clear overview of the
many burials a number of chapels of Danes were in the streets to development of European
were built along the north and follow the funeral procession. religious architecture.
south side of the church.
The royal Kronborg Castle is time was a strong nation in Viking Age. He sits asleep with his
situated in the city of Elsinore Northern Europe. sword and shield. But according to
(Helsingør) at the entrance of the Kronborg Castle maintained its the myth Holger Danske will wake
Sound (Øresund), the stretch of military strategic importance until and destroy the enemies of
water which today constitutes the the end of the 18th century, when Denmark if the country is ever in
border between Sweden and the development of arms rendered distress.
Denmark. such fortresses superfluous. Kronborg Castle was also famous
In 1574 when the construction of Kronborg Castle then became outside Denmark. In the play
Kronborg Castle began, the areas military barracks until 1991, when Hamlet, by the English writer
on both sides of the Sound were the whole castle was converted William Shakespeare, the main
part of the Danish kingdom. The into a museum. character is a Danish prince and
reason Kronborg Castle was built, the story takes place at Kronborg.
was to enforce the right of the Kronborg Castle and the Danes In our times a number of the
Danish king to collect Sound All Danes know Kronborg Castle world’s best actors have played the
Duties on all goods being sailed from patriotic songs and myths role of Hamlet in the large castle
through the Sound to the coun- and legends from the history of yard.
tries surrounding the Baltic Sea. the castle. One of these myths is
The tax revenues paid extremely illustrated by a big statue, located
well, so Kronborg Castle became a deep down in one of the castle Brief Description 2000
strong fortress and a magnificent dungeons. The statue represents
renaissance castle to show the Holger Danske (Holger the Dane) Located on a strategically
whole world, that Denmark at the – a formidable warrior from the important site commanding
the Sund, the stretch of water
between Denmark and
Sweden, the Royal castle of
Kronborg at Helsingør
(Elsinore) is of immense
symbolic value to the Danish
people and played a key role
in the history of Northern
Europe in the 16th – 18th
centuries. Work began on the
construction of this outstan-
ding Renaissance castle in
1574, and its defences were
reinforced according to the
canons of the period’s military
architecture in the late 17th
century. It has remained
intact to the present day. It is
world-renowned as Elsinore,
the setting af Shakespeare’s
Ilulisat Icefjord is located on the approximately 600 metres high of certainty can point out the
west coast of Greenland and 5-6 kilometres wide, icebergs consequences of the global rise in
approximately 250 kilometres up to 2 kilometres rise and drop temperature. The Icefjord has been
north of the Polar Circle. into the fjord. It is difficult to scientifically observed since the
The name “Icefjord” is used measure the speed of the icebergs middle of the 18th century, and
because it is a deep fjord – moving through the fjord, but it particularly during the last genera-
approximately 45 kilometres long has been estimated that it can take tions the changes have been
and 6 kilometres wide – filled with several years before they reach the dramatic. The edge of the glacier
ice and icebergs. At the farthest ocean. 2% of all the snow falling has become 200-300 metres lower
end of the fjord at the edge of the on Greenland’s ice cap is expected and it has pulled more than 25
ice cap, enormous icebergs break to be led by the glacier through kilometres away from the ocean
free of the glacier (Sermeq the Icefjord. Converted into fresh within the last 50 years.
Kujalleq) and float into the fjord, water, the amount of ice corres- To speed up the negotiations
which gets tightly packed, because ponds to 40 million cubic metres a concerning a reduction of the
at the other end of the icefjord is day, or the same amount as global emission of greenhouse
an area with shallow water, where Copenhagen, a town of over a gases, the Danish Minister for the
the icebergs often go aground, million inhabitants consumes in a Environment has in 2005
until they melt enough to be year. presented the changes in Ilulissat
pushed into the ocean. Icefjord to the Ministers for the
The Icefjord and the Climatic Environment in a number of other
The Icefjord in Numbers Change
The glacier is moving forward at a Ilulissat Icefjord is one of the
speed of about 20 metres a day. At places on earth where climatic
the edge of the glacier which is researchers with the highest level UNESCO:
Brief Description 2004
Located on the west coast of
Greenland, Ilulissat Icefjord is
the sea mouth af Sermeq
Kujalleq, one of the few
glaciers through which the
Greenland ice cap reaches the
sea. The glacier is one of the
fastest and most active glaciers
in the world.
The combination of a huge
ice-sheet and the dramatic
sounds of a fast moving
glacial ice-stream calving into
a fjord covered by icebergs
makes a dramatic and awe-
inspiring natural phenome-
The WHE-network in Denmark
Schools and contact persons
Bagsværd Kostskole og Gymnasium Juelsminde Skole Nørre Gymnasium
Aldershvilevej 138 Vejlevej 7 Mørkhøjvej 78
DK-2880 Bagsværd DK-7130 Juelsminde DK-2700 Brønshøj
Ingrid Mønsted Anne Rasmussen Jens Dybkjær
www.bagkost.dk www.juelsminde-skole.dk Gitte Frölich
Bredager 26 Struenseegade 50 Skovvangskolen
DK-7300 Jelling DK-2200 København N Poppelvej 1 A
Anne Grethe Vestergaard Terese Kokseby DK-3450 Allerød
www.bredagerskolen.dk www.metropolitanskolen.dk Knud Loft Rasmussen
Endrupskolen Nivå Centralskole
Endrupvej 32 Niverødvej 38 Sønderskovskolen
DK-3480 Fredensborg DK-2990 Nivå Grundtvigs Alle 100
Lene Busch Iris Larsen DK-6400 Sønderborg
www.endrupskolen.dk Jacob Øllgård Hansen Søren Levring
Gl. Hellerup Gymnasium
Svanemøllevej 87 Nykøbing Katedralskole Vesthimmerlands Gymnasium
DK-2900 Hellerup Poul Martin Møllersvej 3 Jyllandsgade 52
Tove Lund DK-4800 Nykøbing DK-9600 Års
www.ghg.dk Per Werge Peter Westergaard
Christiansfeldvej 31, P-box 135
Christa H. Pålsson
Marienlyst Allé 2
Karsten Damgaard Carsten Skjoldborg
WHE-coordinator ASP-coordinator • The National Innovative Centre
The Associated Schools Project Network:
Published by the ASP Steering Committee and the UNESCO Associated Schools Project Network in Denmark
Text and editing by Claus Buttenschøn • Graphic Design by Schwander Kommunikation