The Danish World Heritage Sites

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The Danish World Heritage Sites Powered By Docstoc
					    The Danish
World Heritage Sites




                                        Denmark
    The World Heritage
     Education Project




      UNESCO:The Associated Schools Project Network
The Global Challenge
Many factors separate the people of the world. Different languages, different living conditions, different
religions, and different opportunities.
We do have one thing in common, and that is the vision of a better and more just world, characterised
by equal rights and respect for the world’s cultural and environmental diversity.

The big question is how to transform the vision into reality.

In Denmark we believe that the global challenge calls for new angles and new ways of looking at things.
Or expressed in a different way: The state of the world is so chaotic and full of contrasts, that it is about
time someone took a new look at it.

Place the world in the hands of the young. Not in order to forget history, but to look at the past through
the eyes of the future.

UNESCO´s World Heritage Education Project can be the starting point of viewing the world differently.
It is wonderful to see what the cultures and people of earlier times have created. It is wonderful to meet
the nature of the world in all its diversity. The struggle to preserve the traces of human efforts and
nature’s splendour, could be the spark that makes young people turn matters upside down.

Today’s wars, terrorism, exploitation, mistrust, and violations of human rights are not the answers to the
challenges of the future. By making the young focus on what unites them rather than what separates
them, the dialogue about the future will hopefully deal with solidarity and common responsibility.

NILS-GEORG LUNDBERG
Chairman of the ASP Steering Committee
Denmark




                                                                                                                2
The World Heritage in Young Hands
In Denmark 13 High Schools and          with World Heritage Sights means       The World Heritage Sights also
Primary Schools are working             including numerous different per-      have global dimensions. They
together in the World Heritage          spectives.                             realise that young people in other
Education Project. The pupils are       Thus the relation past – present –     societies all over the world are in
aged between 15 and 18, so they         future has become extremely            the same situation. Where do we
all master English on a level which     interesting.                           come from, where are we now, and
enables them to communicate                                                    where do we imagine we are
with pupils from other countries.       It has been a challenge to young       going?
                                        Danish people, growing up in a
Up to now the teaching has been         society that is rapidly changing, to   The educational challenge is to
based on the Danish World               suddenly decide how securing the       ensure that the young acquire
Heritage Sights. How and when           traces of the past and preserving      abilities and values to create a
were they created? What role have       outstanding natural resources, can     future with. Dialogue might be the
they played in the Danish history?      shed a new light on ethical and        only solution for creating a world
Of what significance are the World      moral problems in their own lives.     more humane than the world of
Heritage Sights to the identity of      By studying the solutions of other     yesterday.
the young Danes today?                  societies in earlier times, it
                                        becomes relevant to question the       One step on the way could be that
The teaching has been approached        time they are living in and what       young people from the Middle
in many different ways – different      future they wish for themselves.       East and Denmark are given the
materials, different ways of working,                                          opportunity of getting to know
different methods, but common to        But the question is even broader.      each other on their own terms –
all has been the emphasis of the        The issues that arise among the        there is nothing to lose, but a
young, on the fact that working         young people when working with         more peaceful world to be gained!




                                                                                                                     3
Do you know Denmark?

                          Greenland


                                                                                  Faroe Islands

Ilulissat Icefjord




                                          s The area of Denmark is 43,089 square kilometres.
                           s The kingdom of Denmark also consists of the
                           autonomous regions The Faeroe Islands and Greenland.

                                                    s Denmark has approximately 5,4 million inhabitants.

                     s Denmark is a monarchy and a modern democracy.

s Denmark consists of the peninsula of Jutland and 406 islands of which 78 are inhabited.
The largest island is Zeeland on which the capital Copenhagen is situated.


s The highest point in                                              s Denmark has a temperate coastal climate
Denmark is 170 metres.                                              with rainfall spread throughout the year –
                                                                    average temperatures: January 0 degrees
                                                                    Celsius and July 17-18 degrees Celsius.
s Denmark is a member
of the EuropeanUnion                                                                  s Out of 100 Danish
(EU) and the North                                                                    homes:
Atlantic Treaty                                                                       59 own their houses,
Organization (NATO).                                                                  11 have summerhouses,
                                                                                      76 have washing machines,
                                                                Kronborg Castle       60 have dishwashers,
s 85% of the Danes are
Evangelical-Lutheran.                                                                 66 have microwave ovens,
Islam is the second                                                                   85 have video players,
largest religion.                                                                     92 have CD players,
                                                                                      54 have DVD players,
                                   Jelling                                            81 have computers,
                                   Mounds                  Roskilde Cathedral
s Denmark is a modern                                                                 71 have access to the internet,
industrialised nation.                                                                91 have cell phones.
Important export products:
Processed agricultural products,                                                      s To Danish citizens
all kinds of machinery,                                                               all education, medical
measuring instruments,                                                                treatment and hospital
software, medicine,                                                                   services are free of
windturbines and much more.                                                           charge.


                 IF YOU WANT TO KNOW A LOT MORE ABOUT DENMARK:

                                       www.denmark.dk
                                                                                                                    4
Do you know the Danes?
Common to all Danes is their         addressed by the informal “du”.      The Danes also support paying
tendency to take the ups and         The formal “De” is rarely used and   one of the largest contributions to
downs of life with a touch of        only when speaking to an older,      development aid.
irony, often self-irony. In mixed    distinguished person. In the
marriages the foreign spouse often   schools, the pupils are on first-    Over the years, there have also
complains that it can be difficult   name terms with the teachers.        been traces of local lack of
to understand what the partner                                            solidarity, of snobbery and of
really means, because in keeping     With an open economy and great       conformity. It was best not to be
with the nature of irony, he tends   dependence on what is happening      different. The Ugly Duckling in
to say the opposite of what he       in the surrounding world, the        the fairy-tale by Hans Christian
means.                               Danes have benefited from their      Andersen (1805-1875) is given a
                                     open and international attitude.     hard time because it is odd.
The tone between Danes is            Thus they consistently support
relaxed. Almost everyone is          maximum free trade in the world.




                                                                                                                5
Jelling Mounds
The Jelling Mounds were                  the two mounds Harald built a        “Gorm the king made these runes
constructed during the Viking Age        wooden church, later replaced by a   after his wife Thyre, the ornament
around 900 A.D. It was originally        stone church.                        of Denmark”.
the burial place of a dead Viking        The northern mound has been          On the largest of the stones there
leader, which shows that in early        robbed, but most likely, Harald I    is a picture of a swirling animal
times the southern part of Jutland       Bluetooth moved his parents’ grave   and an image of Christ. The
was a centre of power in Denmark.        into the church.                     inscription reads: “King Harald
                                         The Jelling Mounds are of such a     raises these sepulchral monuments
The unification of Denmark               magnitude, that it is natural to     after Gorm his father and after
The Jelling mounds are constructed       assume that the whole complex        Thyre his mother, that Harald
on top of the original burial place      was a demonstration of power by      who won the whole of Denmark
of the Viking leader and consist of      Harald I Bluetooth. The people of    and Norway and made the Danes
two large grave mounds, where the        Denmark should acknowledge that      Christian.”
northern mound was made in the           the many small realms were now       The Jelling burial mounds are
years 958-59. This mound contains        unified to one kingdom –             today considered a palpable proof
the reminiscence of a burial cham-       Denmark.                             of the Danish kingdom being a
ber, where it is likely that the first                                        Christian country united under
known Danish King, Gorm the              The Birth Certificate of             one king from the end of the 10th
                                         Denmark
Old and his wife, Thyra, were                                                 century.
buried.                                  Between the two mounds right in
Approximately 20 years later the         front of the church two runic
son, Harald I Bluetooth construc-        stones are placed. The smallest of     UNESCO:
ted the southern mound. Between          the two bears the inscription:         Brief Description 1994

                                                                                The Jelling buriel mounds
                www.kongernesjelling.dk                                         and one of the runic stones
                                                                                are striking examples of pagan
                                                                                Nordic culture, while the
                                                                                other runic stone and the
                                                                                church illustrate the
                                                                                Christianization of the
                                                                                Danish people towards the
                                                                                middle of the 10th century.




                                                                                                                   6
Roskilde Cathedral
Roskilde Cathedral is the most        In 1972 there was no more room
                                                                            Unesco:
significant church in Denmark.        for new royal burial places within    Brief Description 1995
The building of the brick church      the church nor in its side chapels.
started around 1170, commis-          King Frederik 9. and his Queen        Built in the 12th and 13th
sioned by bishop Absalon, the         have therefore been given an          centuries, this was
mightiest prelate of Danish           underground burial place at the       Scandinavia´s first Gothic
medieval times, who also founded      north-west wing of the church.        cathedral to be built of brick
Copenhagen, the capital of            To the Danes Roskilde Cathedral       and it encouraged the spread
Denmark in 1167.                      is a symbol of the almost 1000        of this style throughout
                                      year history of the Danish            northern Europe. It has been
A Royal Mausoleum                     kingdom. The royal dynasty is         the mausoleum of the Danish
The first royal burials in Roskilde   even in our times an important        royal family since the 15th
are of Queen Margrete 1. (d. 1411)    part of the self-knowledge of the     century.
and King Christian 1. (d. 1481),      Danes. During the funeral service     Porches and side chapels were
but since 1536 all Danish kings       of Queen Mother Ingrid,               added up to the end of the
and queens have been buried           Denmark came close to a               19th century. Thus it provides
inside the church. Because of the     standstill. Hundreds of thousands     a clear overview of the
many burials a number of chapels      of Danes were in the streets to       development of European
were built along the north and        follow the funeral procession.        religious architecture.
south side of the church.



                            www.roskildedomkirke.dk




                                                                                                             7
Kronborg Castle
The royal Kronborg Castle is         time was a strong nation in            Viking Age. He sits asleep with his
situated in the city of Elsinore     Northern Europe.                       sword and shield. But according to
(Helsingør) at the entrance of the   Kronborg Castle maintained its         the myth Holger Danske will wake
Sound (Øresund), the stretch of      military strategic importance until    and destroy the enemies of
water which today constitutes the    the end of the 18th century, when      Denmark if the country is ever in
border between Sweden and            the development of arms rendered       distress.
Denmark.                             such fortresses superfluous.           Kronborg Castle was also famous
In 1574 when the construction of     Kronborg Castle then became            outside Denmark. In the play
Kronborg Castle began, the areas     military barracks until 1991, when     Hamlet, by the English writer
on both sides of the Sound were      the whole castle was converted         William Shakespeare, the main
part of the Danish kingdom. The      into a museum.                         character is a Danish prince and
reason Kronborg Castle was built,                                           the story takes place at Kronborg.
was to enforce the right of the      Kronborg Castle and the Danes          In our times a number of the
Danish king to collect Sound         All Danes know Kronborg Castle         world’s best actors have played the
Duties on all goods being sailed     from patriotic songs and myths         role of Hamlet in the large castle
through the Sound to the coun-       and legends from the history of        yard.
tries surrounding the Baltic Sea.    the castle. One of these myths is
The tax revenues paid extremely      illustrated by a big statue, located
                                                                              UNESCO:
well, so Kronborg Castle became a    deep down in one of the castle           Brief Description 2000
strong fortress and a magnificent    dungeons. The statue represents
renaissance castle to show the       Holger Danske (Holger the Dane)          Located on a strategically
whole world, that Denmark at the     – a formidable warrior from the          important site commanding
                                                                              the Sund, the stretch of water
                                                                              between Denmark and
                                                                              Sweden, the Royal castle of
                                                                              Kronborg at Helsingør
                                                                              (Elsinore) is of immense
                                                                              symbolic value to the Danish
                                                                              people and played a key role
                                                                              in the history of Northern
                                                                              Europe in the 16th – 18th
                                                                              centuries. Work began on the
                                                                              construction of this outstan-
                                                                              ding Renaissance castle in
                                                                              1574, and its defences were
                                                                              reinforced according to the
                                                                              canons of the period’s military
                                                                              architecture in the late 17th
                                                                              century. It has remained
                                                                              intact to the present day. It is
                                                                              world-renowned as Elsinore,
                                                                              the setting af Shakespeare’s
                                                                              Hamlet.




                                     www.kronborg.dk
                                                                                                                  8
Ilulissat Icefjord
Ilulisat Icefjord is located on the   approximately 600 metres high         of certainty can point out the
west coast of Greenland               and 5-6 kilometres wide, icebergs     consequences of the global rise in
approximately 250 kilometres          up to 2 kilometres rise and drop      temperature. The Icefjord has been
north of the Polar Circle.            into the fjord. It is difficult to    scientifically observed since the
The name “Icefjord” is used           measure the speed of the icebergs     middle of the 18th century, and
because it is a deep fjord –          moving through the fjord, but it      particularly during the last genera-
approximately 45 kilometres long      has been estimated that it can take   tions the changes have been
and 6 kilometres wide – filled with   several years before they reach the   dramatic. The edge of the glacier
ice and icebergs. At the farthest     ocean. 2% of all the snow falling     has become 200-300 metres lower
end of the fjord at the edge of the   on Greenland’s ice cap is expected    and it has pulled more than 25
ice cap, enormous icebergs break      to be led by the glacier through      kilometres away from the ocean
free of the glacier (Sermeq           the Icefjord. Converted into fresh    within the last 50 years.
Kujalleq) and float into the fjord,   water, the amount of ice corres-      To speed up the negotiations
which gets tightly packed, because    ponds to 40 million cubic metres a    concerning a reduction of the
at the other end of the icefjord is   day, or the same amount as            global emission of greenhouse
an area with shallow water, where     Copenhagen, a town of over a          gases, the Danish Minister for the
the icebergs often go aground,        million inhabitants consumes in a     Environment has in 2005
until they melt enough to be          year.                                 presented the changes in Ilulissat
pushed into the ocean.                                                      Icefjord to the Ministers for the
                                      The Icefjord and the Climatic         Environment in a number of other
The Icefjord in Numbers               Change
                                                                            countries.
The glacier is moving forward at a    Ilulissat Icefjord is one of the
speed of about 20 metres a day. At    places on earth where climatic
the edge of the glacier which is      researchers with the highest level      UNESCO:
                                                                              Brief Description 2004


                                                                              Located on the west coast of
                                                                              Greenland, Ilulissat Icefjord is
                                                                              the sea mouth af Sermeq
                                                                              Kujalleq, one of the few
                                                                              glaciers through which the
                                                                              Greenland ice cap reaches the
                                                                              sea. The glacier is one of the
                                                                              fastest and most active glaciers
                                                                              in the world.
                                                                              The combination of a huge
                                                                              ice-sheet and the dramatic
                                                                              sounds of a fast moving
                                                                              glacial ice-stream calving into
                                                                              a fjord covered by icebergs
                                                                              makes a dramatic and awe-
                                                                              inspiring natural phenome-
                                                                              non.




 www.geus.dk/publications/boeger/ilulissat-uk.htm
                                                                                                                   9
The WHE-network in Denmark
Schools and contact persons

Bagsværd Kostskole og Gymnasium         Juelsminde Skole                     Nørre Gymnasium
Aldershvilevej 138                      Vejlevej 7                           Mørkhøjvej 78
DK-2880 Bagsværd                        DK-7130 Juelsminde                   DK-2700 Brønshøj
Ingrid Mønsted                          Anne Rasmussen                       Jens Dybkjær
www.bagkost.dk                          www.juelsminde-skole.dk              Gitte Frölich
                                                                             www.norreg.dk
Bredagerskolen                          Metropolitanskolen
Bredager 26                             Struenseegade 50                     Skovvangskolen
DK-7300 Jelling                         DK-2200 København N                  Poppelvej 1 A
Anne Grethe Vestergaard                 Terese Kokseby                       DK-3450 Allerød
www.bredagerskolen.dk                   www.metropolitanskolen.dk            Knud Loft Rasmussen
                                                                             www.skovvangskolen.dk
Endrupskolen                            Nivå Centralskole
Endrupvej 32                            Niverødvej 38                        Sønderskovskolen
DK-3480 Fredensborg                     DK-2990 Nivå                         Grundtvigs Alle 100
Lene Busch                              Iris Larsen                          DK-6400 Sønderborg
www.endrupskolen.dk                     Jacob Øllgård Hansen                 Søren Levring
                                        www.nivaacentralskole.dk             www.soenderskov-skolen.dk
Gl. Hellerup Gymnasium
Svanemøllevej 87                        Nykøbing Katedralskole               Vesthimmerlands Gymnasium
DK-2900 Hellerup                        Poul Martin Møllersvej 3             Jyllandsgade 52
Tove Lund                               DK-4800 Nykøbing                     DK-9600 Års
www.ghg.dk                              Per Werge                            Peter Westergaard
                                        www.nykat-gym.dk                     www.vhim-gym.dk
Haderslev Katedralskole
Christiansfeldvej 31, P-box 135
DK-6100 Haderslev
Christa H. Pålsson
www.haderslev-katedralskole.dk

Helsingør Byskole
Marienlyst Allé 2
DK-3000 Helsingør
Anne-Mette Hermansen
www.byskolen.helsingor.dk




Karsten Damgaard                        Carsten Skjoldborg
WHE-coordinator                         ASP-coordinator • The National Innovative Centre
karsten.damgaard@skolekom.dk            carsten.skjoldborg@inet-spf.dk



                      The Associated Schools Project Network:
                                  www.unesco-asp.dk

     Published by the ASP Steering Committee and the UNESCO Associated Schools Project Network in Denmark
               Text and editing by Claus Buttenschøn • Graphic Design by Schwander Kommunikation