COUNTRIES AND WORLD HERITAGE SITES participating in the UNESCO Cross Cutting Project THE GREAT VOLGA RIVER ROUTE Uniting the Seas (Baltic, Black and Caspian Seas) in favour of World Heritage Education for Sustainable Development through ICTs Area 86 600 km2 is demonstrated by the opulence of the public build 1020 on a symmetrical plan with two apses that was These places in Saxony Anhalt are all associated 20th centuries. The landscape also features 19th Area 64 589 km2 Town, the many imposing public and private build Dacian rule, these fortresses show an unusual 12 Ensemble of the Ferapontov Monastery Europe and their influence on the subsequent his 11 Agricultural Landscape of Southern Oland ization, the types of construction that have been Population 7,8 mln ings (the churches in particular) and the domestic characteristic of Ottonian Romanesque art in Old with the lives of Martin Luther and his fellow and 20th century suburban villas and gardens Population 2,52 mln ings from the 14th and 15th centuries (among them fusion of military and religious architectural tech Vologda region tory of Scandinavia. Birka was also important as the Kalmar County, Island of Oland preserved (temples, royal residences, fortifica Capital Baku Capital Riga Date of Inscription: 2000. Criteria: C (iv) (v) architecture of the merchants' houses, which have Saxony. Its interior, in particular the wooden ceiling reformer Melanchthon. They include and valuable natural features. Some terraced the house of Copernicus) are striking evidence of niques and concepts from the classical world and Date of Inscription: 2000. Criteria: C (i) (iv) site of the first Christian congregation in Sweden, tions), the rich ornamentation of the Lions' Gate AZERBAIJAN survived to a remarkable degree despite the ravages and painted stucco work, its famous bronze doors Melanchthon's house in Wittenberg, the houses in slopes along the river are still used for viticulture LATVIA Torun's importance. the late European Iron Age. The six defensive The Ferapontov Monastery, in the Vologda region founded in 831 by St Ansgar. The southern part of the island of Oland in the and the Royal Gate, and the ensemble of rock art of fire and war in the intervening centuries. and the Bernward bronze column, are — together Eisleben where Luther was born in 1483 and died and some old villages have retained their historic 8 Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork works, the nucleus of the Dacian Kingdom, were in northern Russia, is an exceptionally well pre Baltic Sea is dominated by a vast limestone at Yazilikaya. The city enjoyed considerable influ 1 Walled City of Baku with the Shirvanshah's with the treasures of St Mary's Cathedral — of in 1546, his room in Wittenberg, the local church structure and elements from the industrial revo I conquered by the Romans at the beginning of the served and complete example of a Russian 3 Engelsberg Ironworks plateau. Human beings have lived here for some ence in Anatolia and northern Syria in the 2nd mil Palace and Maiden Tower 1 Historic Centre of Riga City and County of Malbork Vastmanland exceptional interest as examples of the and the castle church where, on 31 October 1517, lution: notably the 147 m Blue Wonder steel City of Riga Date of Inscription: 1997 Criteria: C (ii) (iii) (iv) 2nd century A.D.; their extensive and well pre Orthodox monastic complex of the 15th 17th cen five thousand years and adapted their way of life to lennium B.C. Apsheron peninsula Area 338 145 km2 Date of Inscription: 1993. Criteria: C (iv) Population 5,2 mln Romanesque churches of the Holy Roman Empire. Luther posted his famous '95 Theses', which bridge (1891–1893), the single rail suspension Date of Inscription: 1997. Criteria: C (i) (ii) This 13th century fortified monastery belonging to served remains stand in spectacular natural sur turies, a period of great significance in the devel the physical constraints of the island. As a conse Date of Inscription: 2000 Criteria: C (iv) Sweden's production of superior grades of iron quence, the landscape is unique, with abundant 5 Nemrut Dag Built on a site inhabited since the Palaeolithic Capital Helsinki launched the Reformation and a new era in the cable railway (1898–1901), and the funicular Riga was a major centre of the Hanseatic League, the Teutonic Order was substantially enlarged and roundings and give a dramatic picture of a vigorous opment of the unified Russian state and its culture. made it a leader in this field in the 17th and 18th FINLAND 7 Roman Monuments, Cathedral of St. Peter The architecture of the monastery is outstanding in evidence of continuous human settlement from Adiyaman Province period, the Walled City of Baku reveals evidence religious and political history of the Western (1894–1895). The passenger steamships (the deriving its prosperity in the 13th 15th centuries embellished after 1309, when the seat of the Grand and innovative civilization. centuries. This site is the best preserved and most Date of Inscription: 1987. Criteria: C (i) (iii) (iv) and Church of Our Lady in Trier its inventiveness and purity. The interior is graced prehistoric times to the present day. of Zoroastrian, Sasanian, Arabic, Persian, State of Rhineland Palatinate world. oldest from 1879) and shipyard (ca 1900) are still from the trade with central and eastern Europe. The Master moved here from Venice. A particularly fine complete example of this type of Swedish iron The mausoleum of Antiochus I (69 34 B.C.), who Shirvani, Ottoman, and Russian presence in cul 1 Old Rauma Date of Inscription: 1986. Criteria: C (i) (iii) (iv) (vi) in use. urban fabric of its medieval centre reflects this example of a medieval brick castle, it later fell into 17 075 400 km2 by the magnificent wall paintings of Dionisy, the works. 12 Mining Area of the Great Copper Mountain in reigned over Commagene, a kingdom founded 20 Classical Weimar Area greatest Russian artist of the end of the 15th cen tural continuity. The Inner City (Icheri Sheher) has Region of Satakunta, Province of Western Finland Trier, which stands on the Moselle river, was a prosperity, though most of the earliest buildings decay, but was meticulously restored in the 19th Population 143,7 mln Falun north of Syria and the Euphrates after the State of Thuringia Capital Moscow preserved much of its 12th century defensive Date of Inscription: 1991. Criteria: C (iv) (v) Roman colony from the 1st century A.D. and then a Date of Inscription: 1998. Criteria: C (iii) (vi) Area 1 648 000 were destroyed by fire or war. Riga became an and early 20th centuries. Many of the conservation tury. 4 Rock Carvings in Tanum Town of Falun, Dalarna Province breakup of Alexander's empire, is one of the Situated on the Gulf of Botnia, Rauma is one of the Population 69 mln important economic centre in the 19th century, RUSSIAN FEDERATION Bohuslan walls. The 12th century Maiden Tower (Giz great trading centre beginning in the next century. In the late 18th and early 19th centuries the small Capital Tehran techniques now accepted as standard were 13 Curonian Spit * Date of Inscription: 2001. Criteria: C (ii) (iii) (v) most ambitious constructions of the Hellenistic oldest harbours in Finland. Built around a when the suburbs surrounding the medieval town Date of Inscription: 1994. Criteria: C (i) (iii) (iv) Galasy) is built over earlier structures dating from It became one of the capitals of the Tetrarchy at the Thuringian town of Weimar witnessed a remarkable ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN evolved here. Following severe damage in the Klaipeda Region (Lithuania); Kaliningrad Region, (Russian The enormous mining excavation known as the period. The syncretism of its pantheon, and the Franciscan monastery, where the mid 15th centu were laid out, first with imposing wooden buildings Second World War it was once again restored, 1 Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and The rock carvings in Tanum, in the north of Great Pit at Falun is the most striking feature of a lineage of its kings, which can be traced back the 7th to 6th centuries BC, and the 15th century end of the 3rd century, when it was known as the cultural flowering, attracting many writers and schol Federation) ry Holy Cross Church still stands, it is an outstand 'second Rome'. The number and quality of the sur in neoclassical style and then in Jugendstil. It is using the detailed documentation prepared by ear Related Groups of Monuments Bohuslan, are a unique artistic achievement not landscape that illustrates the activity of copper pro through two sets of legends, Greek and Persian, Shirvanshahs' Palace is one of the pearls of ars, notably Goethe and Schiller. This development is Date of Inscription: 2000. Criteria: C (v) ing example of an old Nordic city constructed in viving monuments are an outstanding testimony to 1 Tchogha Zanbil generally recognized that Riga has the finest col lier conservators. St. Petersburg region Human habitation of this elongated sand dune only for their rich and varied motifs (depictions of duction in this region since at least the 13th centu is evidence of the dual origin of this kingdom's Azerbaijan's architecture. reflected in the high quality of many of the buildings wood. Although ravaged by fire in the late 17th cen Roman civilization. Khuzestan lection of art nouveau buildings in Europe. Date of Inscription: 1990. Criteria: C (i) (ii) (iv) (vi) peninsula, 98 km long and 0.4 4 km wide, dates humans and animals, weapons, boats and other ry. The 17th century planned town of Falun with its culture. and of the parks in the surrounding area. 9 Kalwaria Zebrzydowska: the Mannerist tury, it has preserved its ancient vernacular archi Date of Inscription: 1979. Criteria: C (iii) (iv) The 'Venice of the North', with its numerous canals back to prehistoric times. Throughout this period it subjects) but also for their cultural and chronolog many fine historic buildings, together with the Area 110 910 km2 8 Hanseatic City of Lubeck 21 Museumsinsel (Museum Island), Berlin The ruins of the holy city of the Kingdom of Elam, Architectural and Park Landscape Complex ical unity. They reveal the life and beliefs of people 6 Xanthos Letoon Population 7,5 mln tectural heritage. and more than 400 bridges, is the result of a vast has been threatened by the natural forces of wind industrial and domestic remains of a number of Capital Sofia State of Schleswig Holstein Berlin (city state) surrounded by three huge concentric walls, are Area 65 200 km2 and Pilgrimage Park urban project begun in 1703 under Peter the and waves. Its survival to the present day has been in Europe during the Bronze Age and are remark Province of Mugla and Antalya 2 Fortress of Suomenlinna Date of Inscription: 1987. Criteria: C (iv) Date of Inscription: 1999. Criteria: C (ii) (iv) Lesser Poland (Malopolska)Voivodship settlements spread over a wide area of the Dalarna Date of Inscription: 1988. Criteria: C (ii) (iii) BULGARIA found at Tchogha Zanbil. Founded c. 1250 B.C., Population 3,6 mln Great. Later known as Leningrad (in the former made possible only as a result of ceaseless human able for their large numbers and outstanding region, provide a vivid picture of what was for cen Helsinki Harbour, Province of Southern Finland Lubeck — the former capital and Queen City of the The museum as a social phenomenon owes its ori Capital STORICNTRE OF RIGA Vilnius Date of Inscription: 1999. Criteria: C (ii) (iv) This site, which was the capital of Lycia, illustrates Date of Inscription: 1991. Criteria: C (iv) the city remained unfinished after it was invaded by USSR), the city is closely associated with the efforts to combat the erosion of the Spit, dramati quality. turies one of the world's most important mining Hanseatic League — was founded in the 12th cen gins to the Age of Enlightenment in the 18th centu Ashurbanipal, as shown by the thousands of LITHUANIA Kalwaria Zebrzydowska is a breathtaking cultural the blending of Lycian traditions and Hellenic influ 1 Boyana Church Built in the second half of the 18th century by October Revolution. Its architectural heritage rec cally illustrated by continuing stabilisation and 5 Skogskyrkogarden areas. tury and prospered until the 16th century as the ry. The five museums on the Museumsinsel in unused bricks left at the site. landscape of great spiritual significance. Its natural onciles the very different Baroque and pure neo ence, especially in its funerary art. The epigraphic Boyana district, Sofia Sweden on a group of islands located at the major trading centre for northern Europe. It has Berlin, built between 1824 and 1930, are the real setting — in which a series of symbolic places of reforestation projects. Stockholm County 13 Varberg Radio Station inscriptions are crucial for our understanding of the 1 Vilnius Historic Centre classical styles, as can be seen in the Admiralty, Date of Inscription: 1979 Criteria: C (ii) (iii) entrance of Helsinki's harbour, this fortress is an remained a centre for maritime commerce to this ization of a visionary project and show the evolution 2 Persepolis worship relating to the Passion of Jesus Christ and 14 Citadel, Ancient City and Fortress Buildings Date of Inscription: 1994. Criteria: C (ii) (iv) history of the Lycian people and their Indo City of Vilnius the Winter Palace, the Marble Palace and the County of Halland Located on the outskirts of Sofia, Boyana Church especially interesting example of European military day, particularly with the Nordic countries. Despite Fars the life of the Virgin Mary was laid out at the begin This Stockholm cemetery was created between European language. of approaches to museum design over the course Date of Inscription: 1994. Criteria: C (ii) (iv) Hermitage. of Derbent Date of Inscription: 2004. Criteria: C (ii) (iv) consists of three buildings. The eastern church was architecture of the time. the damage it suffered during the Second World Date of Inscription: 1979. Criteria: C (i) (iii) (vi) Political centre of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania ning of the 17th century — has remained virtually 1917 and 1920 by two young architects, Asplund of the 20th century. Each museum was designed so Dagestan, Eastern Caucasus, Western coast of Caspian The Varberg Radio Station at Grimeton in south 7 Hierapolis Pamukkale built in the 10th century, then enlarged at the War, the basic structure of the old city, consisting Founded by Darius I in 518 B.C., Persepolis was the from the 13th to the end of the 18th century, Vilnius unchanged. It is still today a place of pilgrimage. 2 Kizhi Pogost and Lewerentz, on the site of former gravel pits 3 Petajavesi Old Church as to establish an organic connection with the art it capital of the Achaemenid Empire. It was built on an Sea ern Sweden (built in 1922 24) is an exceptionally Denizli Province beginning of the 13th century by Sebastocrator mainly of 15th and 16th century patrician resi has had a profound influence on the cultural and Karelian Republic, Medvezhjegorskij Region Date of Inscription: 2003. Criteria: C (iii) (iv) overgrown with pine trees. The design blends veg Kaloyan, who ordered a second two storey building Petajavesi, Province of Western Finland houses. The importance of the museum's collec immense half artificial, half natural terrace, where 10 Churches of Peace in Jawor and Swidnica well preserved monument to early wireless Date of Inscription: 1988. Criteria: N (iii) C (iii) (iv) Date of Inscription: 1994. Criteria: C (iv) dences, public monuments (the famous Holstentor tions — which trace the development of civilizations architectural development of much of eastern Date of Inscription: 1990. Criteria: C (i) (iv) (v) The Citadel, Ancient City and Fortress Buildings of etation and architectural elements, taking advan transatlantic communication. It consists of the Deriving from springs in a cliff almost 200 m high to be erected next to it. The frescoes in this second the king of kings created an impressive palace Jawor and Swidnica counties The pogost of Kizhi (i.e. the Kizhi enclosure) is tage of irregularities in the site to create a land Petajavesi Old Church, in central Finland, was built brick gate), churches and salt storehouses, throughout the ages — is enhanced by the urban Europe. Despite invasions and partial destruction, Date of Inscription: 2001. Criteria: C (iii) (iv) (vi) Derbent were part of the northern lines of the transmitter equipment, including the aerial sys overlooking the plain, calcite laden waters have church, painted in 1259, make it one of the most remains unaltered. complex inspired by Mesopotamian models. The it has preserved an impressive complex of Gothic, located on one of the many islands in Lake Onega, Sasanian Persian Empire, which extended east and scape that is finely adapted to its function. It has of logs between 1763 and 1765. This Lutheran and architectural quality of the buildings. The Churches of Peace in Jawor and Swidnica, the tem of six 127 m high steel towers. Though no created at Pamukkale (Cotton Palace) an unreal important collections of medieval paintings. The importance and quality of the monumental ruins Renaissance, Baroque and classical buildings as in Karelia. Two 18th century wooden churches, and west of the Caspian Sea. The fortification was built had a profound influence in many countries of the country church is a typical example of an architec 9 Palaces and Parks of Potsdam and Berlin largest timber framed religious buildings in longer in regular use, the equipment has been landscape, made up of mineral forests, petrified ensemble is completed by a third church, built at 22 Wartburg Castle make it a unique archaeological site. well as its medieval layout and natural setting. an octagonal clock tower, also in wood and built in in stone. It consisted of two parallel walls that world. tural tradition that is unique to eastern Scandinavia. States of Brandenburg and Berlin Europe, were built in the former Silesia in the mid maintained in operating condition. The 109.9 ha waterfalls and a series of terraced basins. At the the beginning of the 19th century. This site is one of Eisenach, State of Thuringia 3 Meidan Emam, Esfahan 1862, can be seen there. These unusual construc formed a barrier from the seashore up to the moun It combines the Renaissance conception of a cen Date of Inscription: 1990. Extension: 1992, 1999. Date of Inscription: 1999. Criteria: C (iii) (vi) 2 Curonian Spit* 17th century, amid the religious strife that followed 6 Hanseatic Town of Visby site comprises buildings housing the original end of the 2nd century B.C. the dynasty of the the most complete and perfectly preserved monu tions, in which carpenters created a bold visionary tain. The town of Derbent was built between these ments of east European medieval art. trally planned church with older forms deriving from Criteria: C (i) (ii) (iv) Wartburg Castle blends superbly into its forest sur Esfahan Klaipeda Region (Lithuania); Kaliningrad Region (Russian the Peace of Westphalia. Constrained by the phys Island region of Gotland Alexanderson transmitter, including the towers Attalids, the kings of Pergamon, established the Gothic groin vaults. Date of Inscription: 1979. Criteria: C (i) (v) (vi) architecture, perpetuate an ancient model of two walls, and has retained part of its medieval fab Date of Inscription: 1995. Criteria: C (iv) (v) with their antennae, short wave transmitters with thermal spa of Hierapolis. The ruins of the baths, With 500 ha of parks and 150 buildings constructed roundings and is in many ways 'the ideal castle'. Federation) ical and political conditions, the Churches of Peace 2 Madara Rider between 1730 and 1916, Potsdam's complex of Built by Shah Abbas I the Great at the beginning of parish space and are in harmony with the sur ric. The site continued to be of great strategic A former Viking site on the island of Gotland, Visby their antennae, and a residential area with staff temples and other Greek monuments can be seen 4 Verla Groundwood and Board Mill Although it has retained some original sections Date of Inscription: 2000. Criteria: C (v) bear testimony to the quest for religious freedom Village of Madara, Province of Shumen palaces and parks forms an artistic whole, whose the 17th century, and bordered on all sides by mon rounding landscape. importance until the 19th century. was the main centre of the Hanseatic League in the housing. The architect Carl Akerblad designed the at the site. Jaala and Valkeala, Province of Southern Finland from the feudal period, the form it acquired during Human habitation of this elongated sand dune and are a rare expression of Lutheran ideology in an Date of Inscription: 1979. Criteria: C (i) (iii) eclectic nature reinforces its sense of uniqueness. umental buildings linked by a series of two storeyed peninsula, 98 km long and 0.4 4 km wide, dates idiom generally associated with the Catholic 3 Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow Baltic from the 12th to the 14th century. Its 13th main buildings in the neoclassical style and the The Madara Rider, representing the figure of a Date of Inscription: 1996. Criteria: C (iv) the 19th century reconstitution gives a good idea arcades, the site is known for the Royal Mosque, the 15 Ensemble of the Novodevichy Convent 8 City of Safranbolu The Verla groundwood and board mill and its asso It extends into the district of Berlin Zehlendorf, with of what this fortress might have been at the height back to prehistoric times. Throughout this period it Church. City of Moscow City of Moscow century ramparts and more than 200 warehouses structural engineer Henrik Kreuger was responsi City and District of Safranbolu, Province of Karabuk knight triumphing over a lion, is carved into a 100 the palaces and parks lining the banks of the River Mosque of Sheykh Lotfollah, the magnificent has been threatened by the natural forces of wind Date of Inscription: 1990. Criteria: C (i) (ii) (iv) (vi) and wealthy merchants' dwellings from the same ble for the antenna towers, the tallest built struc m high cliff near the village of Madara in north east ciated residential area is an outstanding, remark of its military and seigneurial power. It was during Portico of Qaysariyyeh and the 15th century 11 Wooden Churches of Southern Little Poland Date of Inscription: 2004. Criteria: C (i) (iv) (vi) Date of Inscription: 1994. ably well preserved example of the small scale Havel and Lake Glienicke. Voltaire stayed at the his exile at Wartburg Castle that Martin Luther and waves. Its survival to the present day has been Inextricably linked to all the most important histor The Novodevichy Convent, in south western period make it the best preserved fortified com tures in Sweden at that time. The site is an out Criteria: C (ii) (iv) (v) Bulgaria. Madara was the principal sacred place of Timurid palace. They are an impressive testimony Gorlice, Nowy Targ, and Bochnia counties rural industrial settlements associated with pulp, Sans Souci Palace, built under Frederick II translated the New Testament into German. made possible only as a result of ceaseless human Date of Inscription: 2003. Criteria: C (iii) (iv) ical and political events in Russia since the 13th Moscow, built in the 16th and 17th centuries, was mercial city in northern Europe. standing example of the development of telecom From the 13th century to the advent of the railway the First Bulgarian Empire before Bulgaria's con between 1745 and 1747. to the level of social and cultural life in Persia dur efforts to combat the erosion of the Spit, dramati century, the Kremlin (built between the 14th and part of a chain of monastic ensembles that were munications and is the only surviving example of a in the early 20th century, Safranbolu was an version to Christianity in the 9th century. The paper and board production that flourished in 23 Garden Kingdom of Dessau Worlitz ing the Safavid era. The wooden churches of southern Little Poland 7 Church Village of Gammelstad, Lulea northern Europe and North America in the 19th and cally illustrated by continuing stabilisation and represent outstanding examples of the different 17th centuries by outstanding Russian and for integrated into the defence system of the city. major transmitting station based on pre electron important caravan station on the main East West inscriptions beside the sculpture tell of events that 10 Abbey and Altenmonster of Lorsch State of Sachsen Anhalt eign architects) was the residence of the Great County of Norrbotten early 20th centuries. Only a handful of such settle District of Bergstrasse, State of Hesse 4 Takht e Soleyman reforestation projects. aspects of medieval church building traditions in The Convent was directly associated with the Date of Inscription: 1996. Criteria: C (ii) (iv) (v) ic technology. trade route. The Old Mosque, Old Bath and occurred between A.D. 705 and 801. Date of Inscription: 2000. Criteria: C (ii) (iv) Prince and also a religious centre. At the foot of its Suleyman Pasha Medrese were built in 1322. ments survives to the present day. Date of Inscription: 1991. Criteria: C (iii) (iv) The Garden Kingdom of Dessau Worlitz is an Western Azerbaijan Province 3 Kernave Archaeological Site (Cultural Reserve Roman Catholic culture. Built using the horizontal political, cultural and religious history of Russia, Gammelstad, at the head of the Gulf of Bothnia, is 3 Thracian Tomb of Kazanlak The abbey, together with its monumental Date of Inscription: 2003. Criteria: C (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (vi) log technique, common in eastern and northern ramparts, on Red Square, St Basil's Basilica is and closely linked to the Moscow Kremlin. It was the best preserved example of a 'church village', a During its apogee in the 17th century, 5 Bronze Age Burial Site of Sammallahdenmaki exceptional example of landscape design and of Kernave) Area 780 580 km2 Kazanlak, Province of Stara Zagora entrance, the famous 'Torhall', are rare architec The archaeological site of Takht e Soleyman, in Europe since the Middle Ages, these churches one of the most beautiful Russian Orthodox mon used by women of the Tsar's family and of the unique kind of village formerly found throughout Population 68,1 mln Safranbolu's architecture influenced urban Region of Satakunta, Province of Western Finland planning of the Age of the Enlightenment, the 18th north western Iran, is situated in a valley set in a vol Vilnius county, Kernave town. uments. Capital Ankara Date of Inscription: 1979. Criteria: C (i) (iii) (iv) tural vestiges of the Carolingian era. The sculp Date of Inscription: 2004. Criteria: C (iii) (iv) CL were sponsored by noble families and became sta aristocracy. Members of the Tsar's family and northern Scandinavia. The 424 wooden houses, development throughout much of the Ottoman Discovered in 1944, this tomb dates from the Date of Inscription: 1999. Criteria: C (iii) (iv) century. Its diverse components — outstanding canic mountain region. The site includes the princi TURKEY tures and paintings from this period are still in The Kernave Archeological Site, in eastern tus symbols. They offered an alternative to the 4 Historic Monuments of Novgorod entourage were also buried in its cemetery. The huddled round the early 15th century stone Empire. Hellenistic period, around the end of the 4th century This Bronze Age burial site features more than 30 buildings, landscaped parks and gardens in the pal Zoroastrian sanctuary partly rebuilt in the Ilkhanid granite burial cairns, providing a unique insight into remarkably good condition. English style, and subtly modified expanses of agri Lithuania about 35 km northwest of Vilnius, repre stone structures erected in urban centres. and Surroundings Convent provides an example of the highest church, were used only on Sundays and at religious 9 Archaeological Site of Troy B.C. It is located near Seutopolis, the capital city of (Mongol) period (13th century) as well as a temple of sents an exceptional testimony to some 10 millen 12 Park Muzakowski / Muskauer Park* Novgorod region accomplishments of Russian architecture with festivals to house worshippers from the surround 1 Historic Areas of Istanbul the Thracian king Seutes III, and is part of a large the funerary practices and social and religious 11 Mines of Rammelsberg and Historic Town of cultural land — serve aesthetic, educational, and the Sasanian period (6th and 7th centuries) dedicat City and Province of Istanbul Province of Canakkale , structures of northern Europe more than three mil economic purposes in an exemplary manner. nia of human settlements in this region. Situated in Date of Inscription: 1992. Criteria: C (ii) (iv) (vi) rich interiors and an important collection of paint ing countryside who could not return home the Date of Inscription: 1998. Сriteria: C (ii) (iii) (vi) Thracian necropolis. The tholos has a narrow corri Goslar ed to Anahita. The site has important symbolic sig State of Saxony (DE) / Lubusz Voivodship (PL) Situated on the ancient trade route between ings and artefacts. Date of Inscription: 1985. lennia ago. District of Braunschweig, State of Lower Saxony the valley of the River Neris, the site is a complex Date of Inscription: 2004. Criteria: C (i) (iv) CL same day because of the distance and difficult Troy, with its 4,000 years of history, is one of the dor and a round burial chamber, both decorated with 24 Monastic Island of Reichenau nificance. The designs of the fire temple, the palace ensemble of archaeological properties, encom Central Asia and northern Europe, Novgorod was 16 Historical Centre of the City of Yaroslavl travelling conditions. Criteria: C (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) most famous archaeological sites in the world. murals representing Thracian burial rituals and cul Date of Inscription: 1992. Criteria: C (i) (iv) District of Freiburg, State of Baden Wurttemberg and the general layout have strongly influenced the A landscaped park of 559.90 ha astride the With its strategic location on the Bosphorus penin Situated near the Rammelsberg mines, Goslar held passing the town of Kernave, forts, some unforti Neisse river and the border between Poland and Russia's first capital in the 9th century. Yaroslavl Oblast The first excavations at the site were undertaken ture. These paintings are Bulgaria's best preserved Area 69 700 km2 Date of Inscription: 2000. Criteria: C (iii) (iv) (vi) development of Islamic architecture. Surrounded by churches and monasteries, it was a 8 Laponian Area sula between the Balkans and Anatolia, the Black an important place in the Hanseatic League fied settlements, burial sites and other archaeolog Germany, it was created by Prince Hermann von Date of Inscription: 2005. Criteria: C (ii) (iv) by the famous archaeologist Heinrich artistic masterpieces from the Hellenistic period. Population 4,7 mln The island of Reichenau on Lake Constance pre centre for Orthodox spirituality as well as Russian County of Norrbotten Sea and the Mediterranean, Istanbul has been Capital Tbilisi because of the rich Rammelsberg metallic ore 5 Pasargadae ical monuments from the late Paleolithic period to Puckler Muskau from 1815 to 1844. Blending Situated at the confluence of the Volga and Schliemann in 1870. In scientific terms, its exten serves the traces of the Benedictine monastery, architecture. Its medieval monuments and the Date of Inscription: 1996. Criteria: N (i) (ii) (iii) C (iii) (v) associated with major political, religious and artis 4 Rock hewn Churches of Ivanovo GEORGIA deposits. From the 10th to the 12th century it was Pars Province the Middle Ages. The site of 194,4 ha has pre seamlessly with the surrounding farmed land Kotorosl rivers some 250km northeast of The Arctic Circle region of northern Sweden is the sive remains are the most significant demonstra founded in 724, which exercised remarkable spiri 14th century frescoes of Theophanes the Greek tic events for more than 2,000 years. Its master Village of Ivanovo, Province of Ruse one of the seats of the Holy Roman Empire of the Date of Inscription: 2004. Criteria: C (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) served the traces of ancient land use, as well as scape, the park pioneered new approaches to Moscow, the historic city of Yaroslavl developed home of the Saami, or Lapp people. It is the largest tion of the first contact between the civilizations Date of Inscription: 1979. Criteria: C (ii) (iii) tual, intellectual and artistic influence. The church Pasargadae was the first dynastic capital of the (Andrei Rublev's teacher) illustrate the develop pieces include the ancient Hippodrome of of Anatolia and the Mediterranean world. 1 Historical Monuments of Mtskheta German Nation. Its well preserved medieval his remains of five impressive hill forts, part of an landscape design and influenced the develop into a major commercial centre as of the 11th area in the world (and one of the last) with an ances In the valley of the Roussenski Lom river, in north es of St Mary and Marcus, St Peter and St Paul, Achaemenid Empire, founded by Cyrus II, the ment of its remarkable architecture and cultural Constantine, the 6th century Hagia Sophia and the Moreover, the siege of Troy by Spartan and City of Mtskheta, Region of Mtskheta Mtianeti toric centre has some 1,500 half timbered houses exceptionally large defence system. Kernave was ment of landscape architecture in Europe and century. It is renowned for its numerous 17th cen tral way of life based on the seasonal movement of east Bulgaria, a complex of rock hewn churches, and St George, mainly built between the 9th and Great, in Pars, homeland of the Persians, in the 6th creativity. 16th century Suleymaniye Mosque, all now under Achaean warriors from Greece in the 13th or 12th Date of Inscription: 1994. Criteria: C (iii) (iv) dating from the 15th to the 19th century. an important feudal town in the Middle Ages. America. Designed as a 'painting with plants', it tury churches and is an outstanding example of livestock. Every summer, the Saami lead their huge chapels, monasteries and cells developed in the 11th centuries, provide a panorama of early century BC. Its palaces, gardens, and the mau threat from population pressure, industrial pollution century B.C., immortalized by Homer in the Iliad, The historic churches of Mtskheta, former capital Although the town was destroyed by the Teutonic did not seek to evoke classical landscapes, para 5 Cultural and Historic Ensemble of the the urban planning reform Empress Catherine the herds of reindeer towards the mountains through a vicinity of the village of Ivanovo. This is where the 12 Maulbronn Monastery Complex medieval monastic architecture in central Europe. soleum of Cyrus are outstanding examples of the Order in the late 14th century, the site remained in and uncontrolled urbanization. has inspired great creative artists throughout the of Georgia, are outstanding examples of medieval Their wall paintings bear witness to impressive dise, or some lost perfection, instead it used local Solovetsky Islands Great ordered for the whole of Russia in 1763. natural landscape hitherto preserved, but now first hermits had dug out their cells and churches District of Enz, State of Baden Wurttemberg first phase of royal Achaemenid art and architec use till the modern times. 2 Goreme National Park and the Rock Sites of world ever since. religious architecture in the Caucasus. They show Date of Inscription: 1993. Criteria: C (ii) (iv) artistic activity. plants to enhance the inherent qualities of the Arkhangelsky region, Solovetsky district. While keeping some of its significant historic threatened by the advent of motor vehicles. during the 12th century. The 14th century murals the high artistic and cultural level attained by this ture and exceptional testimonies of Persian civi existing landscape. This integrated landscape Date of Inscription: 1992. Criteria: C (iv) structures, the town was renovated in the neo Cappadocia testify to the exceptional skill of the artists belong Founded in 1147, the Cistercian Maulbronn lization. Particularly noteworthy vestiges in the Historical and ongoing geological processes can be ancient kingdom. 25 Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex 312 685 km2 extends into the town of Muskau with green pas The Solovetsky archipelago comprises six islands classical style on a radial urban master plan. It Nevsehir Province (Cappadocia) in Central Anatolia 603 700 km2 ing to the Tarnovo school of painting. Monastery is considered the most complete and 160 ha site include: the Mausoleum of Cyrus II; Area seen in the glacial moraines and changing water Date of Inscription: 1985. Area in Essen Population 38,6 mln sages that formed urban parks framing areas for in the western part of the White Sea, covering 300 has also kept elements from the 16th century in courses. Population 47,7 mln 2 Bagrati Cathedral and Gelati Monastery best preserved medieval monastic complex north State of North Rhine Westphalia Tall e Takht, a fortified terrace; and a royal ensem Capital Warsaw Criteria: N (iii) C (i) (iii) (v) Capital Kiev 5 Rila Monastery City of Kutaisi, Region of Imereti of the Alps. Surrounded by fortified walls, the main development. The town thus became a design sq. km. They have been inhabited since the 5th the Spassky Monastery, one of the oldest in the UKRAINE Rila, Kyustendil Province Date of Inscription: 2001. Criteria: C (ii) (iii) ble of gatehouse, audience hall, residential POLAND component in a utopian landscape. The site also century B.C. and important traces of a human Upper Volga region, built on the site of a pagan 9 Naval Port of Karlskrona In a spectacular landscape, entirely sculpted by Date of Inscription: 1994. Criteria: C (iv) buildings were constructed between the 12th and The Zollverein industrial landscape in Land palace, and gardens. Pasargadae was the capital Blekinge County erosion, the Goreme valley and its surroundings Date of Inscription: 1983. Criteria: C (vi) The construction of Bagrati Cathedral, named after 16th centuries. The monastery's church, mainly in features a reconstructed castle, bridges and an presence from as far back as the 5th millennium temple in the late 12th century, but reconstructed Rila Monastery was founded in the 10th century by Nordrhein Westfalen consists of the complete of the first great multicultural empire in Western 1 Cracow’s Historic Centre arboretum. B.C. can be found there. The archipelago has been overtime. Date of Inscription: 1998. Criteria: C (ii) (iv) contain rock hewn sanctuaries that provide unique 1 Kiev: Saint Sophia Cathedral and Related Bagrat III, the first king of united Georgia, started at Transitional Gothic style, had a major influence in infrastructure of a historical coal mining site, with Asia. Spanning the Eastern Mediterranean and Karlskrona is an outstanding example of a late evidence of Byzantine art in the post Iconoclastic St John of Rila, a hermit canonized by the Orthodox the end of the 10th century and was completed in City and County of Cracow the site of fervent monastic activity since the 15th Monastic Buildings, Kiev Pechersk Lavra the spread of Gothic architecture over much of some 20th century buildings of outstanding archi Egypt to the Hindus River, it is considered to be the Date of Inscription: 1978. Criteria: C (iv) 17th century European planned naval city. The period. Dwellings, troglodyte villages and under City of Kiev Church. His ascetic dwelling and tomb became a the early years of the 11th century. Although partly northern and central Europe. The water manage 237 500 km2 century, and there are several churches dating from 449 964 km2 holy site and were transformed into a monastic tectural merit. It constitutes remarkable material first empire that respected the cultural diversity of The historic centre of Cracow, the former capital of Area the 16th to the 19th century. Area original plan and many of the buildings have sur ground towns — the remains of a traditional human Date of Inscription: 1990. destroyed by the Turks in 1691, its ruins still lie in ment system at Maulbronn, with its elaborate net evidence of the evolution and decline of an essen its different peoples. This was reflected in Poland, is situated at the foot of the Royal Wawel Population Capital 22,35 mln Bucharest Population Capital 8,9 mln Stockholm vived intact, along with installations that illustrate habitat dating back to the 4th century — can also Criteria: C (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) complex, which subsequently played an important the centre of Kutaisi. The Gelati Monastery, whose work of drains, irrigation canals and reservoirs, is of 6 White Monuments of Vladimir and Suzdal role in the spiritual and social life of medieval tial industry over the past 150 years. Achaemenid architecture, a synthetic representa Castle. The 13th century merchants' town has ROMANIA SWEDEN its subsequent development up to the present be seen there. Designed to rival Hagia Sophia in Constantinople, main buildings were erected between the 12th and exceptional interest. tion of different cultures. Europe's largest market square and numerous his Vladimir region day. Kiev's Saint Sophia Cathedral symbolizes the Bulgaria. Destroyed by fire at the beginning of the 17th centuries, is a well preserved complex, with 26 Upper Middle Rhine Valley 3 Great Mosque and Hospital of Divrigi 19th century, the complex was rebuilt between 13 Town of Bamberg torical houses, palaces and churches with their Date of Inscription: 1992. Criteria: C (i) (ii) (iv) 'new Constantinople', capital of the Christian prin wonderful mosaics and wall paintings. The cathe States of Rhineland Palatinate and Hesse 6 Bam and its Cultural Landscape 1 Danube Delta These two artistic centres in central Russia hold an 1 Royal Domain of Drottningholm 10 High Coast City and District of Divrigi, Province of Sivas 1834 and 1862. The monument is a characteristic District of Upper Franconia, State of Bavaria magnificent interiors. Further evidence of the Tulcea County, Dobruja Region Date of Inscription: 1985. Criteria: C (i) (iv) cipality of Kiev, which was created in the 11th cen dral and monastery represent the flowering of Date of Inscription: 2002. Criteria: C (ii) (iv) (v) Kerman Province, Bam District Province of Stockholm, Region of Ekero Date of Inscription: 2000. Criteria: N (i) Date of Inscription: 1993. Criteria: C (ii) (iv) town's fascinating history is provided by the rem important place in the country's architectural histo tury in a region evangelized after the baptism of St example of the Bulgarian Renaissance (18th 19th medieval architecture in Georgia. The 65km stretch of the Middle Rhine Valley, with Date of Inscription: 2004. Criteria: C (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) CL Date of Inscription: 1991. Criteria: N (iii) (iv) Date of Inscription: 1991. Criteria: C (iv) The High Coast is located on the west shore of This region of Anatolia was conquered by the Turks From the 10th century onwards, this town became nants of the 14th century fortifications and the The waters of the Danube, which flow into the Black ry. There are a number of magnificent 12th and Vladimir in 988. The spiritual and intellectual influ centuries) and symbolizes an awareness of a Slavic its castles, historic towns and vineyards, graphical Bam is situated in a desert environment on the The Royal Domain of Drottningholm stands on an the Gulf of Bothnia, a northern extension of the at the beginning of the 11th century. In 1228 29 3 Upper Svaneti an important link with the Slav peoples, especially medieval site of Kazimierz with its ancient syna Sea, form the largest and best preserved of 13th century public and religious buildings, above ence of Kiev Pechersk Lavra contributed to the cultural identity following centuries of occupation. ly illustrates the long history of human involvement southern edge of the Iranian high plateau. The ori island in Lake Malar in a suburb of Stockholm. Baltic Sea. The area covers 142,500 ha including Emir Ahmet Shah founded a mosque, with its Village of Chajashi, Mestia district those of Poland and Pomerania. During its period gogues in the southern part of town, Jagellonian Europe's deltas. The Danube delta hosts over 300 all the masterpieces of the Collegiate Church of St spread of Orthodox thought and the Orthodox 6 Ancient City of Nessebar with a dramatic and varied natural landscape. It is gins of Bam can be traced back to the Achaemenid With its castle, perfectly preserved theatre (built in a marine component of 80,000 ha, which adjoining hospital, at Divrigi. The mosque has a sin Date of Inscription: 1996. Criteria: C (iv) (v) of greatest prosperity, from the 12th century University and the Gothic cathedral where the kings species of birds as well as 45 freshwater fish Demetrios and the Cathedral of the Assumption of faith in the Russian world from the 17th to the 19th intimately associated with history and legend and period (6th to 4th cent. BC). Its heyday was from 1766), Chinese pavilion and gardens, it is the includes a number of offshore islands. The irreg gle prayer room and is crowned by two cupolas. Burgas Province Preserved by its long isolation, the Upper Svaneti onwards, the architecture of Bamberg strongly of Poland were buried. species in its numerous lakes and marshes. the Virgin. century. Date of Inscription: 1983. Criteria: C (iii) (iv) for centuries has exercised a powerful influence on the 7th to 11th centuries, being at the crossroads finest example of an 18th century north European ular topography of the region — a series of lakes, The highly sophisticated technique of vault con region of the Caucasus is an exceptional example influenced northern Germany and Hungary. In the writers, artists and composers. of important trade routes and known for the pro 2 Wieliczka Salt Mine 7 Architectural Ensemble of the Trinity Sergius royal residence inspired by the Palace of struction, and a creative, exuberant type of decora 2 L'viv — the Ensemble of the Historic Centre Situated on a rocky peninsula on the Black Sea, the of mountain scenery with medieval type villages late 18th century it was the centre of the 2 Villages with Fortified Churches in inlets and flat hills rising to 350 m — has been more than 3,000 year old site of Nessebar was duction of silk and cotton garments. The existence City and County of Wieliczka Transylvania Lavra in Sergiev Posad Versailles. largely shaped by the combined processes of tive sculpture — particularly on the three doorways, Halychyna, L'viv Oblast' and tower houses. The village of Chazhashi still Enlightenment in southern Germany, with eminent 27 Historic Centres of Stralsund and Wismar of life in the oasis was based on the underground Date of Inscription: 1978. Criteria: C (iv) Moscow region, town Sergiev Posad in contrast to the unadorned walls of the interior — Date of Inscription: 1998. Criteria: C (ii) (v) originally a Thracian settlement (Menebria). At the has more than 200 of these very unusual houses, philosophers and writers such as Hegel and State of Mecklenburg Western Pomerania Counties of Alba, Brasov, Harghita, Mures, Sibiu, Region of 2 Birka and Hovgarden glaciation, glacial retreat and the emergence of beginning of the 6th century B.C., the city became irrigation canals, the qanats, of which Bam has pre This deposit of rock salt in Wieliczka Bochnia has Transylvania Date of Inscription: 1993. Criteria: C (ii) (iv) new land from the sea. Since the last retreat of are the unique features of this masterpiece of The city of L'viv, founded in the late Middle Ages, which were used both as dwellings and as defence Hoffmann living there. Date of Inscription: 2002. Criteria: C (ii) (iv) Stockholm County (Region of Uppland) a Greek colony. The city's remains, which date served some of the earliest evidence in Iran. The been mined since the 13th century. Spread over Date of Inscription: 1993. Extension: 1999. This is a fine example of a working Orthodox Islamic architecture. was a flourishing administrative, religious and posts against the invaders who plagued the region. The medieval towns of Wismar and Stralsund, on Date of Inscription: 1993. Criteria: C (iii) (iv) the ice from the High Coast 9,600 years ago, the mostly from the Hellenistic period, include the 14 Collegiate Church, Castle, and Old Town Citadel of Bam (Arg e Bam) is the most represen nine levels, it has 300 km of galleries with works of Criteria: C (iv) monastery, with military features that are typical of commercial centre for several centuries. The the Baltic coast of northern Germany, were major The Birka archaeological site is located on uplift has been in the order of 285 m which is the 4 Hattusha acropolis, a temple of Apollo, an agora and a wall of Quedlinburg tative example of a fortified medieval town built in art, altars, and statues sculpted in the salt, making These Transylvanian villages with their fortified the 15th to the 18th century, the period during medieval urban topography has been preserved trading centres of the Hanseatic League in the 14th BjorkoIsland in Lake Malar and was occupied in the highest known 'rebound'. The High Coast site District of Sungurlu, Corum Province from the Thracian fortifications. Among other mon Area 357 021 km2 State of Saxony Anhalt vernacular technique using mud layers (Chineh). a fascinating pilgrimage into the past of a major churches provide a vivid picture of the cultural land which it developed. The main church of the Lavra, virtually intact (in particular, there is evidence of and 15th centuries. In the 17th and 18th centuries 9th and 10th centuries. Hovgarden is situated on affords outstanding opportunities for the under Date of Inscription: 1986. the different ethnic communities who lived uments, the Stara Mitropolia Basilica and the Population 82,4 mln Date of Inscription: 1994. Criteria: C (iv) industrial undertaking. scape of southern Transylvania. The seven villages the Cathedral of the Assumption (echoing the Capital Berlin they became Swedish administrative and defensive 7 Soltaniyeh the neighbouring island of Adelso. Together, they standing of the important processes that formed Criteria: C (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) there), along with many fine Baroque and later fortress date from the Middle Ages, when this was Quedlinburg, in the Land of Sachsen Anhalt, was a inscribed, founded by the Transylvanian Saxons, Kremlin Cathedral of the same name), contains the GERMANY centres for the German territories. They con Zanjan province 3 Auschwitz Concentration Camp tomb of Boris Godunov. Among the treasures of the make up an archaeological complex which illus the glaciated and land uplift areas of the Earth's The archaeological site of Hattusha, former capital buildings. one of the most important Byzantine towns on the capital of the East Franconian German Empire at tributed to the development of the characteristic Date of Inscription: 2005. Criteria: C (ii) (iii) (iv) are characterized by a specific land use system, trates the elaborate trading networks of Viking Age surface. of the Hittite Empire, is notable for its urban organ Oswiecim County Lavra is the famous icon, The Trinity, by Andrei west coast of the Black Sea. Wooden houses built the time of the Saxonian Ottonian ruling dynasty. It building types and techniques of Brick Gothic in the The mausoleum of Oljaytu was constructed in Date of Inscription: 1979. Criteria: C (vi) settlement pattern and organization of the family 1 Aachen Cathedral has been a prosperous trading town since the farmstead that have been preserved since the late Rublev. in the 19th century are typical of the Black Sea State of North Rhine Westphalia Baltic region, as exemplified in several important 1302 12 in the city of Soltaniyeh, the capital of the The fortified walls, barbed wire, platforms, bar architecture of the period. Middle Ages. The number and high quality of the brick cathedrals, the Town Hall of Stralsund, and Ilkhanid dynasty, which was founded by the racks, gallows, gas chambers and cremation ovens Middle Ages. They are dominated by their fortified 8 Church of the Ascension, Kolomenskoye Date of Inscription: 1978. Criteria: C (i) (ii) (iv) (vi) timber framed buildings make Quedlinburg an churches, which illustrate building styles from the 7 Srebarna Nature Reserve Construction of this palatine chapel, with its octag the series of houses for residential, commercial Mongols. Situated in the province of Zanjan, show the conditions within which the Nazi genocide 13th to the 16th century. Moscow, the South District World Heritage and Sustainable Development along the GREAT VOLGA RIVER ROUTE exceptional example of a medieval European town. and crafts use, representing its evolution over sev Soltaniyeh is one of the outstanding examples of took place in the former concentration and exter Date of Inscription: 1994. Criteria: C (ii) Village of Srebarna, Province of Silistra onal basilica and cupola, began c. 790 800 under The Collegiate Church of St Servatius is one of the Date of Inscription: 1983. Criteria: N (iv) the Emperor Charlemagne. Originally inspired by eral centuries. the achievements of Persian architecture and a key mination camp of Auschwitz Birkenau, the largest 3 Monastery of Horezu The Church of the Ascension was built in 1532 on Biosphere Reserves of the UNESCO «Man and the Biosphere» (MAB) programme masterpieces of Romanesque architecture. monument in the development of its Islamic archi in the Third Reich. According to historical investiga Valcea County, Region of Wallachia the imperial estate of Kolomenskoye, near The Srebarna Nature Reserve is a freshwater lake the churches of the Eastern part of the Holy Roman 28 Town Hall and Roland on the Marketplace of adjacent to the Danube and extending over 600 ha. Empire, it was splendidly enlarged in the Middle 15 Volklingen Ironworks tecture. The octagonal building is crowned with a tions, 1.5 million people, among them a great num Date of Inscription: 1993. Criteria: C (ii) Moscow, to celebrate the birth of the prince who Bremen 50m tall dome covered in turquoise blue faience ber of Jews, were systematically starved, tortured Founded in 1690 by Prince Constantine Brancovan, was to become Tsar Ivan IV ('the Terrible'). One of It is the breeding ground of almost 100 species of Ages. State of Saarland SITES AND BRs COMMENT COUNTRY YEAR OF NOMINATION Bremen (city state) the earliest examples of a traditional wooden tent birds, many of which are rare or endangered. Some Date of Inscription: 1994. Criteria: C (ii) (iv) Date of Inscription: 2004. Criteria: C (iii) (iv) (vi) and surrounded by eight slender minarets. It is the and murdered in this camp, the symbol of humani the monastery of Horezu, in Walachia, is a master 80 other bird species migrate and seek refuge 2 Speyer Cathedral The ironworks, which cover some 6 ha, dominate the earliest existing example of the double shelled ty's cruelty to its fellow human beings in the 20th piece of the 'Brancovan' style. It is known for its roofed church on a stone and brick substructure, it State of Rhineland Palatinate The Town Hall and the Statue of Roland on the mar had a great influence on the development of SITES WHICH ARE BOTH WHs AND BRs there every winter. Among the most interesting bird city of Volklingen. Although they have recently gone ketplace of Bremen in northwest Germany are out dome in Iran. The mausoleum's interior decoration century. architectural purity and balance, the richness of its Date of Inscription: 1981. Criteria: C (ii) out of production, they are the only intact example, is also outstanding and scholars such as A.U. Pope sculptural detail, the treatment of its religious com Russian ecclesiastical architecture. species are the Dalmatian pelican, great egret, Speyer Cathedral, a basilica with four towers and standing representations of the civic autonomy and 4 Bialowieza Forest* night heron, purple heron, glossy ibis and white in the whole of western Europe and North America, have described the building as «anticipating the Taj positions, its votive portraits and its painted decora 9 Virgin Komi Forests 7 SREBARNA NATURE RESERVE WH+BR But BR under revision Bulgaria 1977 two domes, was founded by Conrad II in 1030 and sovereignty as they developed in the Holy Roman Grodno Province (oblast) (BY) / Podlasie Voivodship (PL) spoonbill. of an integrated ironworks that was built and Mahal». tive works. The school of mural and icon painting A joint WH sites with Belarus but is a separate BR Poland 1976 remodelled at the end of the 11th century. It is one Empire in Europe. The old town hall was built as in Date of Inscription: 1979. Extension: 1992. Komi Republic 4 BIALOWIEZA FOREST equipped in the 19th and 20th centuries and has established at the monastery in the 18th century Date of Inscription: 1995. Criteria: N (ii) (iii) 8 Pirin National Park of the most important Romanesque monuments the Gothic style in the early 15thcentury, after Criteria: N (iii) 1 DANUBE DELTA TRANSBOUNDARY BIOSPHERE RESERVE Only the Romania side is WH Ukraine/Romania 1998 remained intact. Situated on the watershed of the Baltic Sea and the was famous throughout the Balkan region. The Virgin Komi Forests cover 3.28 million ha of Pirin Mountain, Blagoevgrad Province from the time of the Holy Roman Empire. The Bremen joined the Hanseatic League. The building Area 2 717 300 km2 1978 16 Messel Pit Fossil Site was renovated in the so called Weser Renaissance Population 15,14 mln Black Sea, this immense forest range, consisting of 4 Churches of Moldavia tundra and mountain tundra in the Urals, as well as 10 KAVKAZSKIY Russian Federation Date of Inscription: 1983. Criteria: N (i) (ii) (iii) cathedral was the burial place of the German Capital Astana Extending over an area of 27,400 ha and lying at an emperors for almost 300 years. District of Dramstadt Dieburg, State of Hesse style in the early 17th century. A new town hall was KAZAKHSTAN evergreens and broad leaved trees, is home to County of Suceava, Region of Moldavia one of the most extensive areas of virgin boreal altitude of 1,008 2,914 m in the Pirin mountains, in Date of Inscription: 1995. Criteria: N (i) built next to the old one in the early 20th century as some remarkable animal life, including rare mam Date of Inscription: 1993. Criteria: C (i) (iv) forest remaining in Europe. This vast area of BRs IN THE VINCINTY OF THE BALTIC AND UPPER VOLGA south west Bulgaria, Pirin National Park has a lime 3 Wurzburg Residence with the Court Gardens Messel Pit is the richest site in the world for under part of an ensemble that survived the bombarding mals such as the wolf, the lynx and the otter, as well With their painted exterior walls, decorated with conifers, aspens, birches, peat bogs, rivers and and Residence Square standing the living environment of the Eocene, 1 Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi as some 300 European Bison, a species which has 15th and 16th century frescoes that are consid natural lakes has been monitored and studied for stone Balkan landscape, with lakes, waterfalls, during the Second World War. The statue is stands District of Lower Franconia, State of Bavaria between 57 million and 36 million years ago. In par 5.5m tall and dates back to 1404. South Kazakhstan Oblast, City of Turkestan been reintroduced into the park. ered masterpieces of Byzantine art, these seven over 50 years. It provides valuable evidence of the 31 SOUTH WEST RUEGEN Germany 1991 caves and pine forests. The rugged mountains, with Date of Inscription: 2003. Criteria: C (i) (iii) (iv) some 70 glacial lakes scattered throughout them, Date of Inscription: 1981. Criteria: C (i) (iv) ticular, it provides unique information about the 5 Historic Centre of Warsaw churches in northern Moldavia are unique in natural processes affecting biodiversity in the 6 ARCHIPELAGO SEA AREA Finland 1994 This magnificent Baroque palace — one of the early stages of the evolution of mammals and 29 Muskauer Park / Park Muzakowski * The Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi, in the Europe. Far from being merely wall decorations, the taiga. are home to hundreds of endemic and rare species, State of Saxony (DE) / Lubusz Voivodship (PL) town of Yasi, now Turkestan, was built at the time of City and County of Warsaw 2 WEST ESTONIAN ARCHIPELAGO Estonia 1990 many of which are representative of the Balkan largest and most beautiful in Germany and sur includes exceptionally well preserved mammal Date of Inscription: 1980. Criteria: C (ii) (vi) paintings represent complete cycles of religious rounded by wonderful gardens — was created Date of Inscription: 2004. Criteria: C (i) (iv) CL Timur (Tamerlane), from 1389 to 1405. In this part murals on all facades. Their outstanding composi 10 Kavkazskiy 2 NORTH VIDZEME Latvia 1997 Pleistocene flora. The mountains also have diverse fossils, ranging from fully articulated skeletons to A landscaped park of 559.90 ha astride the During the Warsaw Uprising in August 1944, more under the patronage of the prince bishops Lothar ly unfinished building, Persian master builders tion, elegant outline and harmonious colours blend Krasnodar Region VALDAI Russian Federation 2004 and unique landscapes of great aesthetic value. the contents of stomachs of animals of this period. Neisse river and the border between Poland and than 85% of Warsaw's historic centre was Date of Inscription: 1999. Criteria: N (ii) (iv) 19 Franz and Friedrich Carl von Schonborn. It was built experimented with architectural and structural perfectly with the surrounding landscape. 17 Cologne Cathedral Germany, it was created by Prince Hermann von solutions later used in the construction of destroyed by Nazi troops. After the war, a five year The Western Caucasus, extending over 275,000 9 Thracian Tomb of Sveshtari and decorated in the 18th century by an interna reconstruction campaign by its citizens resulted in Razgrad Province State of North Rhine Westphalia Puckler Muskau from 1815 to 1844. Blending Samarkand, the capital of the Timurid Empire. 5 Historic Centre of Sighisoara ha of the extreme western end of the Caucasus NOMINATED SITE FOR BR DESIGNATION TO BE INDICATED: tional team of architects, painters (including today's meticulous restoration of the Old Town, Date of Inscription: 1985. Criteria: C (i) (iii) Tiepolo), sculptors and stucco workers, led by Date of Inscription: 1996. seamlessly with the surrounding farmed land Today, it is one of the largest and best preserved Mures County, Region of Transylvania mountains and located 50 km north east of the Discovered in 1982 near the village of Sveshtari, this Criteria: C (i) (ii) (iv) scape, the park pioneered new approaches to constructions of the Timurid period. with its churches, palaces and market place. It is Date of Inscription: 1999. Criteria: C (iii) (v) Black Sea, is one of the few large mountain areas Recommended as a BR including Balthasar Neumann. Begun in 1248, the construction of this Gothic an outstanding example of a near total reconstruc Founded by German craftsmen and merchants 20 VOLZHSKO KAMSKY Russian Federation – 3rd century B.C. Thracian tomb reflects the funda landscape design and influenced the develop of Europe that has not experienced significant the city of Kazan of which mental structural principles of Thracian cult build 4 Pilgrimage Church of Wies masterpiece took place in several stages and was ment of landscape architecture in Europe and 2 Petroglyphs within the Archaeological tion of a span of history covering the 13th to the known as the Saxons of Transylvania, Sighisoara is human impact. Its subalpine and alpine pastures Town of Steingaden, State of Bavaria not completed until 1880. Over seven centuries, Landscape of Tamgaly 20th century. a fine example of a small, fortified medieval town the historic centre is a WH site ings. The tomb has a unique architectural decor, with America. Designed as a 'painting with plants', it have only been grazed by wild animals, and its Date of Inscription: 1983. Criteria: C (i) (iii) successive builders were inspired by the same faith Almaty Oblast which played an important strategic and commer polychrome half human, half plant caryatids and did not seek to evoke classical landscapes, para Date of Inscription: 2004. Criteria: C (iii) CL 6 Old City of Zamosc extensive tracts of undisturbed mountain forests, BRs IN VICINITY OF BLACK SEA painted murals. The 10 female figures carved in high Miraculously preserved in the beautiful setting of and a spirit of absolute fidelity to the original plans. dise, or some lost perfection, instead it used local City and County of Zamosc cial role on the fringes of central Europe for several extending from the lowlands to the subalpine an Alpine valley, the Church of Wies (1745 54), the Apart from its exceptional intrinsic value and the Set around the comparatively lush Tamgaly centuries. relief on the walls of the central chamber and the plants to enhance the inherent qualities of the Gorge, amidst the vast, arid Chu Ili mountains, is Date of Inscription: 1992. Criteria: C (iv) zone, are unique in Europe. The site has a great decoration of the lunette in its vault are the only work of architect Dominikus Zimmermann, is a artistic masterpieces it contains, Cologne existing landscape. This integrated landscape Zamosc was founded in the 16th century by the diversity of ecosystems, with important endemic 10 KAMTCHIA Bulgaria 1977 masterpiece of Bavarian Rococo — exuberant, a remarkable concentration of some 5,000 petro 6 Wooden Churches of Maramures examples of this type found so far in the Thracian Cathedral testifies to the enduring strength of extends into the town of Muskau with green pas chancellor Jan Zamoysky on the trade route linking Maramures County, Region of Transylvania plants and wildlife, and is the place of origin and 11 OUZOUNBOUDJAK Bulgaria 1977 colourful and joyful. European Christianity. glyphs (rock carvings) dating from the second half lands. It is a remarkable reminder of the culture of sages that formed urban parks framing areas for of the second millennium BC to the beginning of western and northern Europe with the Black Sea. Date of Inscription: 1999. Criteria: C (iv) reintroduction of the mountain subspecies of the 5 DANUBE DELTA TRANSBOUNDARY BIOSPHERE RESERVE Romania/Ukraine 1998 the Getes, a Thracian people who were in contact 5 Castles of Augustusburg and Falkenlust at 18 Bauhaus and its Sites in Weimar and Dessau development. The town thus became a design the 20th century. Distributed among 48 complex Modelled on Italian theories of the 'ideal city' and These eight churches are outstanding examples European bison. Ukraine 1984 with the Hellenistic and Hyperborean worlds, component in a utopian landscape. The site also built by the architect Bernando Morando, a native of a range of architectural solutions from different 11 Historic and Architectural Complex of the 4 CHERNOMORSKIY Bruhl States of Saxony Anhalt and Thuringia es with associated settlements and burial Ukraine 1985 according to ancient geographers. State of North Rhine Westphalia Date of Inscription: 1996. Criteria: C (ii) (iv) (vi) features a reconstructed castle, bridges and an grounds, they are testimonies to the husbandry, of Padua, Zamosc is a perfect example of a late periods and areas. They show the variety of 3 ASKANIYA NOVA Kazan Kremlin Russian Federation 1997 Date of Inscription: 1984. Criteria: C (ii) (iv) Between 1919 and 1933, the Bauhaus School, arboretum. social organization and rituals of pastoral peo 16th century Renaissance town. It has retained its designs and craftsmanship adopted in these nar City of Kazan, Republic of Tartarstan 18 TEBERDA Area 45 227 km2 Set in an idyllic garden landscape, Augustusburg based first in Weimar and then in Dessau, revolu 30 Dresden Elbe Valley ples. Human settlements in the site are often original layout and fortifications and a large number row, high, timber constructions with their charac Date of Inscription: 2000. Criteria: C (ii) (iii) (iv) Population 1,49 mln Castle (the sumptuous residence of the prince tionized architectural and aesthetic concepts and multi layered and show occupation through the of buildings that combine Italian and central teristic tall, slim clock towers at the western end Built on an ancient site, the Kazan Kremlin dates Capital Tallinn archbishops of Cologne) and the Falkenlust hunt practices. The buildings put up and decorated by State of Saxony European architectural traditions. of the building, either single or double roofed BRs IN VICINITY OF THE CASPIAN SEA ESTONIA Date of Inscription: 2004. Criteria: C (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) CL ages. A huge number of ancient burials are also to from the Muslim period of the Golden Horde and ing lodge (a small rural folly) are among the earliest the school's professors (Walter Gropius, Hannes The 18th and 19th century cultural landscape of be found including stone enclosures with boxes 7 Medieval Town of Torun and covered by shingles. As such, they are a par the Kazan Khanate. It was conquered by Ivan the examples of Rococo architecture in 18th century Meyer, Laszlo Moholy Nagy and Wassily Dresden Elbe Valley extends some 18 km along and cists (middle and late Bronze Age), and ticular vernacular expression of the cultural land Terrible in 1552 and became the Christian See of 17 ASTRAKHANSKY Russian Federation 1984 1 Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn City and County of Torun County of Harju Germany. Kandinsky) launched the Modern Movement, the river from Ubigau Palace and Ostragehege mounds (kurgans) of stone and earth built above Date of Inscription: 1997. Criteria: C (ii) (iv) scape of this mountainous area of northern the Volga Land. The only surviving Tatar fortress in 8 ARASBARAN Islamic Republic of Iran 1976 Date of Inscription: 1997. Criteria: C (ii) (iv) 6 St. Mary's Cathedral and St. Michael's Church which shaped much of the architecture of the 20th fields in the northwest to the Pillnitz Palace and tombs (early Iron Age to the present). The central Torun owes its origins to the Teutonic Order, which Romania. Russia and an important place of pilgrimage, the Islamic Republic of Iran 1976 century. 9 MIANKALEH The origins of Tallinn date back to the 13th century, at Hildesheim the Elbe River Island in the southeast. It features canyon contains the densest concentration of built a castle there in the mid 13th century as a 7 Dacian Fortresses of the Orastie Mountains Kazan Kremlin consists of an outstanding group of Islamic Republic of Iran 1976 when a castle was built there by the crusading District of Hanover, State of Lower Saxony low meadows, and is crowned by the Pillnitz engravings and what are believed to be altars, base for the conquest and evangelization of Counties of Alba and Hunedoara, Region of Transylvania historic buildings dating from the 16th to 19th cen 10 GOLESTAN 19 Luther Memorials in Eisleben and Wittenberg knights of the Teutonic Order. It developed as a Date of Inscription: 1985. Criteria: C (i) (ii) (iii) States of Saxony Anhalt and Thuringia Palace and the centre of Dresden with its numer suggesting that these places were used for sacri Prussia. It soon developed a commercial role as Date of Inscription: 1999. Criteria: C (ii) (iii) (iv) turies, integrating remains of earlier structures of major centre of the Hanseatic League, and its wealth St Michael's Church was built between 1010 and Date of Inscription: 1996. Criteria: C (iv) (vi) ous monuments and parks from the 16th to the ficial offerings. part of the Hanseatic League. In the Old and New Built in the 1st centuries B.C. and A.D. under the 10th to 16th centuries.
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