COUNTRIES AND WORLD HERITAGE SITES participating in the UNESCO by mcu14908


									                                                                                                                    COUNTRIES AND WORLD HERITAGE SITES participating in the UNESCO Cross Cutting Project THE GREAT VOLGA RIVER ROUTE
                                                                                                                   Uniting the Seas (Baltic, Black and Caspian Seas) in favour of World Heritage Education for Sustainable Development through ICTs
                  Area                            86 600 km2
                                                                     is demonstrated by the opulence of the public build               1020 on a symmetrical plan with two apses that was              These places in Saxony Anhalt are all associated                   20th centuries. The landscape also features 19th                                   Area                             64 589 km2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Town, the many imposing public and private build                   Dacian rule, these fortresses show an unusual                   12 Ensemble of the Ferapontov Monastery                           Europe and their influence on the subsequent his                    11 Agricultural Landscape of Southern Oland                          ization, the types of construction that have been
                  Population                      7,8 mln            ings (the churches in particular) and the domestic                characteristic of Ottonian Romanesque art in Old                with the lives of Martin Luther and his fellow                     and 20th century suburban villas and gardens                                       Population                       2,52 mln         ings from the 14th and 15th centuries (among them                  fusion of military and religious architectural tech                Vologda region                                                 tory of Scandinavia. Birka was also important as the                    Kalmar County, Island of Oland                                   preserved (temples, royal residences, fortifica
                  Capital                         Baku                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Capital                          Riga                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Date of Inscription: 2000. Criteria: C (iv) (v)
                                                                     architecture of the merchants' houses, which have                 Saxony. Its interior, in particular the wooden ceiling          reformer      Melanchthon.      They      include                  and valuable natural features. Some terraced                                                                                         the house of Copernicus) are striking evidence of                  niques and concepts from the classical world and                   Date of Inscription: 2000. Criteria: C (i) (iv)                site of the first Christian congregation in Sweden,                                                                                      tions), the rich ornamentation of the Lions' Gate
     AZERBAIJAN                                                      survived to a remarkable degree despite the ravages               and painted stucco work, its famous bronze doors                Melanchthon's house in Wittenberg, the houses in                   slopes along the river are still used for viticulture                 LATVIA                                                         Torun's importance.                                                the late European Iron Age. The six defensive                      The Ferapontov Monastery, in the Vologda region                founded in 831 by St Ansgar.                                            The southern part of the island of Oland in the                  and the Royal Gate, and the ensemble of rock art
                                                                     of fire and war in the intervening centuries.                     and the Bernward bronze column, are — together                  Eisleben where Luther was born in 1483 and died                    and some old villages have retained their historic                                                                               8 Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork                              works, the nucleus of the Dacian Kingdom, were                     in northern Russia, is an exceptionally well pre                                                                                       Baltic Sea is dominated by a vast limestone                      at Yazilikaya. The city enjoyed considerable influ
1 Walled City of Baku with the Shirvanshah's                                                                                           with the treasures of St Mary's Cathedral — of                  in 1546, his room in Wittenberg, the local church                  structure and elements from the industrial revo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  conquered by the Romans at the beginning of the                    served and complete example of a Russian                    3 Engelsberg Ironworks                                                     plateau. Human beings have lived here for some                   ence in Anatolia and northern Syria in the 2nd mil
    Palace and Maiden Tower                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 1 Historic Centre of Riga                                          City and County of Malbork                                                                                                                                                                           Vastmanland
                                                                                                                                       exceptional interest as examples of the                         and the castle church where, on 31 October 1517,                   lution: notably the 147 m Blue Wonder steel                           City of Riga                                                   Date of Inscription: 1997 Criteria: C (ii) (iii) (iv)              2nd century A.D.; their extensive and well pre                     Orthodox monastic complex of the 15th 17th cen                                                                                         five thousand years and adapted their way of life to             lennium B.C.
    Apsheron peninsula                                                             Area                              338 145 km2                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Date of Inscription: 1993. Criteria: C (iv)
                                                                                   Population                        5,2 mln           Romanesque churches of the Holy Roman Empire.                   Luther posted his famous '95 Theses', which                        bridge (1891–1893), the single rail suspension                        Date of Inscription: 1997. Criteria: C (i) (ii)                This 13th century fortified monastery belonging to                 served remains stand in spectacular natural sur                    turies, a period of great significance in the devel                                                                                    the physical constraints of the island. As a conse
    Date of Inscription: 2000 Criteria: C (iv)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Sweden's production of superior grades of iron                          quence, the landscape is unique, with abundant                5 Nemrut Dag
    Built on a site inhabited since the Palaeolithic
                                                                                   Capital                           Helsinki                                                                          launched the Reformation and a new era in the                      cable railway (1898–1901), and the funicular                          Riga was a major centre of the Hanseatic League,               the Teutonic Order was substantially enlarged and                  roundings and give a dramatic picture of a vigorous                opment of the unified Russian state and its culture.           made it a leader in this field in the 17th and 18th
                                                                      FINLAND                                                      7 Roman Monuments, Cathedral of St. Peter                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         The architecture of the monastery is outstanding in                                                                                    evidence of continuous human settlement from
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Adiyaman Province
    period, the Walled City of Baku reveals evidence                                                                                                                                                   religious and political history of the Western                     (1894–1895). The passenger steamships (the                            deriving its prosperity in the 13th 15th centuries             embellished after 1309, when the seat of the Grand                 and innovative civilization.                                                                                                      centuries. This site is the best preserved and most                                                                                      Date of Inscription: 1987. Criteria: C (i) (iii) (iv)
                                                                                                                                       and Church of Our Lady in Trier                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               its inventiveness and purity. The interior is graced                                                                                   prehistoric times to the present day.
    of Zoroastrian, Sasanian, Arabic, Persian,                                                                                         State of Rhineland Palatinate                                   world.                                                             oldest from 1879) and shipyard (ca 1900) are still                    from the trade with central and eastern Europe. The            Master moved here from Venice. A particularly fine                                                                                                                                                   complete example of this type of Swedish iron                                                                                            The mausoleum of Antiochus I (69 34 B.C.), who
    Shirvani, Ottoman, and Russian presence in cul                1 Old Rauma                                                          Date of Inscription: 1986. Criteria: C (i) (iii) (iv) (vi)                                                                         in use.                                                               urban fabric of its medieval centre reflects this              example of a medieval brick castle, it later fell into                                                            17 075 400 km2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     by the magnificent wall paintings of Dionisy, the              works.                                                              12 Mining Area of the Great Copper Mountain in                       reigned over Commagene, a kingdom founded
                                                                                                                                                                                                    20 Classical Weimar                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Area
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     greatest Russian artist of the end of the 15th cen
    tural continuity. The Inner City (Icheri Sheher) has             Region of Satakunta, Province of Western Finland                  Trier, which stands on the Moselle river, was a                                                                                                                                                          prosperity, though most of the earliest buildings              decay, but was meticulously restored in the 19th                                 Population                       143,7 mln
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Falun                                                            north of Syria and the Euphrates after the
                                                                                                                                                                                                       State of Thuringia                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Capital                          Moscow
    preserved much of its 12th century defensive                     Date of Inscription: 1991. Criteria: C (iv) (v)                   Roman colony from the 1st century A.D. and then a               Date of Inscription: 1998. Criteria: C (iii) (vi)                                Area                              1 648 000             were destroyed by fire or war. Riga became an                  and early 20th centuries. Many of the conservation                                                                                    tury.                                                       4 Rock Carvings in Tanum                                                   Town of Falun, Dalarna Province                                  breakup of Alexander's empire, is one of the
                                                                     Situated on the Gulf of Botnia, Rauma is one of the                                                                                                                                                                Population                        69 mln                important economic centre in the 19th century,                                                                                     RUSSIAN FEDERATION                                                                                                               Bohuslan
    walls. The 12th century Maiden Tower (Giz                                                                                          great trading centre beginning in the next century.             In the late 18th and early 19th centuries the small                              Capital                           Tehran                                                                               techniques now accepted as standard were                                                                                           13 Curonian Spit *                                                                                                                        Date of Inscription: 2001. Criteria: C (ii) (iii) (v)            most ambitious constructions of the Hellenistic
                                                                     oldest harbours in Finland. Built around a                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 when the suburbs surrounding the medieval town                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Date of Inscription: 1994. Criteria: C (i) (iii) (iv)
    Galasy) is built over earlier structures dating from                                                                               It became one of the capitals of the Tetrarchy at the           Thuringian town of Weimar witnessed a remarkable                    ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               evolved here. Following severe damage in the                                                                                          Klaipeda Region (Lithuania); Kaliningrad Region, (Russian                                                                              The enormous mining excavation known as the                      period. The syncretism of its pantheon, and the
                                                                     Franciscan monastery, where the mid 15th centu                                                                                                                                                                                                                             were laid out, first with imposing wooden buildings            Second World War it was once again restored,                  1 Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and                                                                                              The rock carvings in Tanum, in the north of                             Great Pit at Falun is the most striking feature of a             lineage of its kings, which can be traced back
    the 7th to 6th centuries BC, and the 15th century                                                                                  end of the 3rd century, when it was known as the                cultural flowering, attracting many writers and schol                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Federation)
                                                                     ry Holy Cross Church still stands, it is an outstand              'second Rome'. The number and quality of the sur                                                                                                                                                         in neoclassical style and then in Jugendstil. It is            using the detailed documentation prepared by ear                   Related Groups of Monuments                                                                                                       Bohuslan, are a unique artistic achievement not                         landscape that illustrates the activity of copper pro            through two sets of legends, Greek and Persian,
    Shirvanshahs' Palace is one of the pearls of                                                                                                                                                       ars, notably Goethe and Schiller. This development is                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Date of Inscription: 2000. Criteria: C (v)
                                                                     ing example of an old Nordic city constructed in                  viving monuments are an outstanding testimony to                                                                                1 Tchogha Zanbil                                                         generally recognized that Riga has the finest col              lier conservators.                                                 St. Petersburg region                                              Human habitation of this elongated sand dune                   only for their rich and varied motifs (depictions of                    duction in this region since at least the 13th centu             is evidence of the dual origin of this kingdom's
    Azerbaijan's architecture.                                                                                                                                                                         reflected in the high quality of many of the buildings
                                                                     wood. Although ravaged by fire in the late 17th cen               Roman civilization.                                                                                                                Khuzestan                                                             lection of art nouveau buildings in Europe.                                                                                       Date of Inscription: 1990. Criteria: C (i) (ii) (iv) (vi)          peninsula, 98 km long and 0.4 4 km wide, dates                 humans and animals, weapons, boats and other                            ry. The 17th century planned town of Falun with its              culture.
                                                                                                                                                                                                       and of the parks in the surrounding area.                                                                                                                                                           9 Kalwaria Zebrzydowska: the Mannerist
                                                                     tury, it has preserved its ancient vernacular archi                                                                                                                                                  Date of Inscription: 1979. Criteria: C (iii) (iv)                                                                                                                                                       The 'Venice of the North', with its numerous canals                back to prehistoric times. Throughout this period it           subjects) but also for their cultural and chronolog                     many fine historic buildings, together with the
                  Area                              110 910 km2                                                                    8 Hanseatic City of Lubeck                                       21 Museumsinsel (Museum Island), Berlin                               The ruins of the holy city of the Kingdom of Elam,                                                                                   Architectural and Park Landscape Complex                                                                                                                                                             ical unity. They reveal the life and beliefs of people                                                                                6 Xanthos Letoon
                  Population                        7,5 mln          tectural heritage.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           and more than 400 bridges, is the result of a vast                 has been threatened by the natural forces of wind                                                                                      industrial and domestic remains of a number of
                  Capital                           Sofia                                                                              State of Schleswig Holstein                                     Berlin (city state)                                                surrounded by three huge concentric walls, are                                     Area                             65 200 km2       and Pilgrimage Park                                                urban project begun in 1703 under Peter the                        and waves. Its survival to the present day has been            in Europe during the Bronze Age and are remark                                                                                           Province of Mugla and Antalya
                                                                  2 Fortress of Suomenlinna                                            Date of Inscription: 1987. Criteria: C (iv)                     Date of Inscription: 1999. Criteria: C (ii) (iv)                                                                                                                                                        Lesser Poland (Malopolska)Voivodship                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         settlements spread over a wide area of the Dalarna               Date of Inscription: 1988. Criteria: C (ii) (iii)
     BULGARIA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             found at Tchogha Zanbil. Founded c. 1250 B.C.,                                     Population                       3,6 mln                                                                             Great. Later known as Leningrad (in the former                     made possible only as a result of ceaseless human              able for their large numbers and outstanding                            region, provide a vivid picture of what was for cen
                                                                     Helsinki Harbour, Province of Southern Finland                    Lubeck — the former capital and Queen City of the               The museum as a social phenomenon owes its ori                                                                                                        Capital
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 STORICNTRE OF RIGA                           Vilnius          Date of Inscription: 1999. Criteria: C (ii) (iv)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              This site, which was the capital of Lycia, illustrates
                                                                     Date of Inscription: 1991. Criteria: C (iv)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          the city remained unfinished after it was invaded by                                                                                                                                                    USSR), the city is closely associated with the                     efforts to combat the erosion of the Spit, dramati             quality.                                                                turies one of the world's most important mining
                                                                                                                                       Hanseatic League — was founded in the 12th cen                  gins to the Age of Enlightenment in the 18th centu                 Ashurbanipal, as shown by the thousands of                            LITHUANIA                                                      Kalwaria Zebrzydowska is a breathtaking cultural                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              the blending of Lycian traditions and Hellenic influ
1 Boyana Church                                                      Built in the second half of the 18th century by                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              October Revolution. Its architectural heritage rec                 cally illustrated by continuing stabilisation and           5 Skogskyrkogarden                                                         areas.
                                                                                                                                       tury and prospered until the 16th century as the                ry. The five museums on the Museumsinsel in                        unused bricks left at the site.                                                                                                      landscape of great spiritual significance. Its natural             onciles the very different Baroque and pure neo                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ence, especially in its funerary art. The epigraphic
    Boyana district, Sofia                                           Sweden on a group of islands located at the                       major trading centre for northern Europe. It has                Berlin, built between 1824 and 1930, are the real                                                                                                                                                       setting — in which a series of symbolic places of                                                                                     reforestation projects.                                        Stockholm County                                                    13 Varberg Radio Station                                             inscriptions are crucial for our understanding of the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1 Vilnius Historic Centre                                                                                                             classical styles, as can be seen in the Admiralty,
    Date of Inscription: 1979 Criteria: C (ii) (iii)                 entrance of Helsinki's harbour, this fortress is an               remained a centre for maritime commerce to this                 ization of a visionary project and show the evolution           2 Persepolis                                                                                                                            worship relating to the Passion of Jesus Christ and                                                                                14 Citadel, Ancient City and Fortress Buildings                   Date of Inscription: 1994. Criteria: C (ii) (iv)                                                                                         history of the Lycian people and their Indo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                City of Vilnius                                                                                                                   the Winter Palace, the Marble Palace and the                                                                                                                                                              County of Halland
    Located on the outskirts of Sofia, Boyana Church                 especially interesting example of European military               day, particularly with the Nordic countries. Despite                                                                               Fars                                                                                                                                 the life of the Virgin Mary was laid out at the begin                                                                                                                                                This Stockholm cemetery was created between                                                                                              European language.
                                                                                                                                                                                                       of approaches to museum design over the course                                                                                           Date of Inscription: 1994. Criteria: C (ii) (iv)                                                                                  Hermitage.                                                         of Derbent                                                                                                                             Date of Inscription: 2004. Criteria: C (ii) (iv)
    consists of three buildings. The eastern church was              architecture of the time.                                         the damage it suffered during the Second World                                                                                     Date of Inscription: 1979. Criteria: C (i) (iii) (vi)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Political centre of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania               ning of the 17th century — has remained virtually                                                                                                                                                    1917 and 1920 by two young architects, Asplund
                                                                                                                                                                                                       of the 20th century. Each museum was designed so                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Dagestan, Eastern Caucasus, Western coast of Caspian                                                                                   The Varberg Radio Station at Grimeton in south                7 Hierapolis Pamukkale
    built in the 10th century, then enlarged at the                                                                                    War, the basic structure of the old city, consisting                                                                               Founded by Darius I in 518 B.C., Persepolis was the                   from the 13th to the end of the 18th century, Vilnius          unchanged. It is still today a place of pilgrimage.           2 Kizhi Pogost                                                                                                                         and Lewerentz, on the site of former gravel pits
                                                                  3 Petajavesi Old Church                                                                                                              as to establish an organic connection with the art it              capital of the Achaemenid Empire. It was built on an
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Sea                                                                                                                                    ern Sweden (built in 1922 24) is an exceptionally                Denizli Province
    beginning of the 13th century by Sebastocrator                                                                                     mainly of 15th and 16th century patrician resi                                                                                                                                                           has had a profound influence on the cultural and                                                                                  Karelian Republic, Medvezhjegorskij Region                         Date of Inscription: 2003. Criteria: C (iii) (iv)              overgrown with pine trees. The design blends veg
    Kaloyan, who ordered a second two storey building                Petajavesi, Province of Western Finland                                                                                           houses. The importance of the museum's collec                      immense half artificial, half natural terrace, where                                                                             10 Churches of Peace in Jawor and Swidnica                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       well preserved monument to early wireless                        Date of Inscription: 1988. Criteria: N (iii) C (iii) (iv)
                                                                     Date of Inscription: 1994. Criteria: C (iv)                       dences, public monuments (the famous Holstentor                 tions — which trace the development of civilizations                                                                                     architectural development of much of eastern                                                                                      Date of Inscription: 1990. Criteria: C (i) (iv) (v)                The Citadel, Ancient City and Fortress Buildings of            etation and architectural elements, taking advan                        transatlantic communication. It consists of the                  Deriving from springs in a cliff almost 200 m high
    to be erected next to it. The frescoes in this second                                                                                                                                                                                                                 the king of kings created an impressive palace                                                                                       Jawor and Swidnica counties                                        The pogost of Kizhi (i.e. the Kizhi enclosure) is                                                                                 tage of irregularities in the site to create a land
                                                                     Petajavesi Old Church, in central Finland, was built              brick gate), churches and salt storehouses,                     throughout the ages — is enhanced by the urban                                                                                           Europe. Despite invasions and partial destruction,             Date of Inscription: 2001. Criteria: C (iii) (iv) (vi)                                                                                Derbent were part of the northern lines of the                                                                                         transmitter equipment, including the aerial sys                  overlooking the plain, calcite laden waters have
    church, painted in 1259, make it one of the most                                                                                   remains unaltered.                                                                                                                 complex inspired by Mesopotamian models. The                          it has preserved an impressive complex of Gothic,                                                                                 located on one of the many islands in Lake Onega,                  Sasanian Persian Empire, which extended east and               scape that is finely adapted to its function. It has
                                                                     of logs between 1763 and 1765. This Lutheran                                                                                      and architectural quality of the buildings.                                                                                                                                                             The Churches of Peace in Jawor and Swidnica, the                                                                                                                                                                                                                             tem of six 127 m high steel towers. Though no                    created at Pamukkale (Cotton Palace) an unreal
    important collections of medieval paintings. The                                                                                                                                                                                                                      importance and quality of the monumental ruins                        Renaissance, Baroque and classical buildings as                                                                                   in Karelia. Two 18th century wooden churches, and                  west of the Caspian Sea. The fortification was built           had a profound influence in many countries of the
                                                                     country church is a typical example of an architec            9 Palaces and Parks of Potsdam and Berlin                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   largest timber framed religious buildings in                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 longer in regular use, the equipment has been                    landscape, made up of mineral forests, petrified
    ensemble is completed by a third church, built at                                                                                                                                               22 Wartburg Castle                                                    make it a unique archaeological site.                                 well as its medieval layout and natural setting.                                                                                  an octagonal clock tower, also in wood and built in                in stone. It consisted of two parallel walls that              world.
                                                                     tural tradition that is unique to eastern Scandinavia.            States of Brandenburg and Berlin                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Europe, were built in the former Silesia in the mid                                                                                                                                                                                                                          maintained in operating condition. The 109.9 ha                  waterfalls and a series of terraced basins. At the
    the beginning of the 19th century. This site is one of                                                                                                                                             Eisenach, State of Thuringia
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       3 Meidan Emam, Esfahan                                                                                                                                                                                     1862, can be seen there. These unusual construc                    formed a barrier from the seashore up to the moun
                                                                     It combines the Renaissance conception of a cen                   Date of Inscription: 1990. Extension: 1992, 1999.               Date of Inscription: 1999. Criteria: C (iii) (vi)                                                                                    2 Curonian Spit*                                                   17th century, amid the religious strife that followed                                                                                                                                             6 Hanseatic Town of Visby                                                  site comprises buildings housing the original                    end of the 2nd century B.C. the dynasty of the
    the most complete and perfectly preserved monu                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                tions, in which carpenters created a bold visionary                tain. The town of Derbent was built between these
    ments of east European medieval art.                             trally planned church with older forms deriving from              Criteria: C (i) (ii) (iv)                                       Wartburg Castle blends superbly into its forest sur                Esfahan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Klaipeda Region (Lithuania); Kaliningrad Region (Russian       the Peace of Westphalia. Constrained by the phys                                                                                                                                                     Island region of Gotland                                                Alexanderson transmitter, including the towers                   Attalids, the kings of Pergamon, established the
                                                                     Gothic groin vaults.                                                                                                                                                                                 Date of Inscription: 1979. Criteria: C (i) (v) (vi)                                                                                                                                                     architecture, perpetuate an ancient model of                       two walls, and has retained part of its medieval fab           Date of Inscription: 1995. Criteria: C (iv) (v)                         with their antennae, short wave transmitters with                thermal spa of Hierapolis. The ruins of the baths,
                                                                                                                                       With 500 ha of parks and 150 buildings constructed              roundings and is in many ways 'the ideal castle'.                                                                                        Federation)                                                    ical and political conditions, the Churches of Peace
2 Madara Rider                                                                                                                         between 1730 and 1916, Potsdam's complex of                                                                                        Built by Shah Abbas I the Great at the beginning of                                                                                                                                                     parish space and are in harmony with the sur                       ric. The site continued to be of great strategic               A former Viking site on the island of Gotland, Visby                    their antennae, and a residential area with staff                temples and other Greek monuments can be seen
                                                                  4 Verla Groundwood and Board Mill                                                                                                    Although it has retained some original sections                                                                                          Date of Inscription: 2000. Criteria: C (v)                     bear testimony to the quest for religious freedom
    Village of Madara, Province of Shumen                                                                                              palaces and parks forms an artistic whole, whose                                                                                   the 17th century, and bordered on all sides by mon                                                                                                                                                      rounding landscape.                                                importance until the 19th century.                             was the main centre of the Hanseatic League in the                      housing. The architect Carl Akerblad designed the                at the site.
                                                                     Jaala and Valkeala, Province of Southern Finland                                                                                  from the feudal period, the form it acquired during                                                                                      Human habitation of this elongated sand dune                   and are a rare expression of Lutheran ideology in an
    Date of Inscription: 1979. Criteria: C (i) (iii)                                                                                   eclectic nature reinforces its sense of uniqueness.                                                                                umental buildings linked by a series of two storeyed                  peninsula, 98 km long and 0.4 4 km wide, dates                 idiom generally associated with the Catholic                  3 Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow                                                                                                       Baltic from the 12th to the 14th century. Its 13th                      main buildings in the neoclassical style and the
    The Madara Rider, representing the figure of a                   Date of Inscription: 1996. Criteria: C (iv)                                                                                       the 19th century reconstitution gives a good idea                  arcades, the site is known for the Royal Mosque, the                                                                                                                                                                                                                    15 Ensemble of the Novodevichy Convent                                                                                                                                                                 8 City of Safranbolu
                                                                     The Verla groundwood and board mill and its asso                  It extends into the district of Berlin Zehlendorf, with         of what this fortress might have been at the height                                                                                      back to prehistoric times. Throughout this period it           Church.                                                            City of Moscow                                                     City of Moscow                                                 century ramparts and more than 200 warehouses                           structural engineer Henrik Kreuger was responsi                  City and District of Safranbolu, Province of Karabuk
    knight triumphing over a lion, is carved into a 100                                                                                the palaces and parks lining the banks of the River                                                                                Mosque of Sheykh Lotfollah, the magnificent                           has been threatened by the natural forces of wind                                                                                 Date of Inscription: 1990. Criteria: C (i) (ii) (iv) (vi)                                                                         and wealthy merchants' dwellings from the same                          ble for the antenna towers, the tallest built struc
    m high cliff near the village of Madara in north east            ciated residential area is an outstanding, remark                                                                                 of its military and seigneurial power. It was during               Portico of Qaysariyyeh and the 15th century                                                                                      11 Wooden Churches of Southern Little Poland                                                                                              Date of Inscription: 2004. Criteria: C (i) (iv) (vi)                                                                                                                                                    Date of Inscription: 1994.
                                                                     ably well preserved example of the small scale                    Havel and Lake Glienicke. Voltaire stayed at the                his exile at Wartburg Castle that Martin Luther                                                                                          and waves. Its survival to the present day has been                                                                               Inextricably linked to all the most important histor               The Novodevichy Convent, in south western                      period make it the best preserved fortified com                         tures in Sweden at that time. The site is an out                 Criteria: C (ii) (iv) (v)
    Bulgaria. Madara was the principal sacred place of                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Timurid palace. They are an impressive testimony                                                                                     Gorlice, Nowy Targ, and Bochnia counties
                                                                     rural industrial settlements associated with pulp,                Sans Souci Palace, built under Frederick II                     translated the New Testament into German.                                                                                                made possible only as a result of ceaseless human              Date of Inscription: 2003. Criteria: C (iii) (iv)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ical and political events in Russia since the 13th                 Moscow, built in the 16th and 17th centuries, was              mercial city in northern Europe.                                        standing example of the development of telecom                   From the 13th century to the advent of the railway
    the First Bulgarian Empire before Bulgaria's con                                                                                   between 1745 and 1747.                                                                                                             to the level of social and cultural life in Persia dur                efforts to combat the erosion of the Spit, dramati                                                                                century, the Kremlin (built between the 14th and                   part of a chain of monastic ensembles that were                                                                                        munications and is the only surviving example of a               in the early 20th century, Safranbolu was an
    version to Christianity in the 9th century. The                  paper and board production that flourished in                                                                                  23 Garden Kingdom of Dessau Worlitz                                   ing the Safavid era.                                                                                                                 The wooden churches of southern Little Poland                                                                                                                                                     7 Church Village of Gammelstad, Lulea
                                                                     northern Europe and North America in the 19th and                                                                                                                                                                                                                          cally illustrated by continuing stabilisation and              represent outstanding examples of the different                    17th centuries by outstanding Russian and for                      integrated into the defence system of the city.                                                                                        major transmitting station based on pre electron                 important caravan station on the main East West
    inscriptions beside the sculpture tell of events that                                                                          10 Abbey and Altenmonster of Lorsch                                 State of Sachsen Anhalt                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    eign architects) was the residence of the Great
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    County of Norrbotten
                                                                     early 20th centuries. Only a handful of such settle               District of Bergstrasse, State of Hesse                                                                                         4 Takht e Soleyman                                                       reforestation projects.                                        aspects of medieval church building traditions in                                                                                     The Convent was directly associated with the                   Date of Inscription: 1996. Criteria: C (ii) (iv) (v)                    ic technology.                                                   trade route. The Old Mosque, Old Bath and
    occurred between A.D. 705 and 801.                                                                                                                                                                 Date of Inscription: 2000. Criteria: C (ii) (iv)                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Prince and also a religious centre. At the foot of its                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Suleyman Pasha Medrese were built in 1322.
                                                                     ments survives to the present day.                                Date of Inscription: 1991. Criteria: C (iii) (iv)               The Garden Kingdom of Dessau Worlitz is an
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Western Azerbaijan Province
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            3 Kernave Archaeological Site (Cultural Reserve                    Roman Catholic culture. Built using the horizontal                                                                                    political, cultural and religious history of Russia,           Gammelstad, at the head of the Gulf of Bothnia, is
3 Thracian Tomb of Kazanlak                                                                                                            The abbey, together with its monumental                                                                                            Date of Inscription: 2003. Criteria: C (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (vi)                                                                      log technique, common in eastern and northern                      ramparts, on Red Square, St Basil's Basilica is                    and closely linked to the Moscow Kremlin. It was               the best preserved example of a 'church village', a                                                                                      During its apogee in the 17th century,
                                                                  5 Bronze Age Burial Site of Sammallahdenmaki                                                                                         exceptional example of landscape design and                                                                                              of Kernave)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Area                             780 580 km2
    Kazanlak, Province of Stara Zagora                                                                                                 entrance, the famous 'Torhall', are rare architec                                                                                  The archaeological site of Takht e Soleyman, in                                                                                      Europe since the Middle Ages, these churches                       one of the most beautiful Russian Orthodox mon                     used by women of the Tsar's family and of the                  unique kind of village formerly found throughout                                      Population                       68,1 mln          Safranbolu's architecture influenced urban
                                                                     Region of Satakunta, Province of Western Finland                                                                                  planning of the Age of the Enlightenment, the 18th                 north western Iran, is situated in a valley set in a vol
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Vilnius county, Kernave town.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  uments.                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Capital                          Ankara
    Date of Inscription: 1979. Criteria: C (i) (iii) (iv)                                                                              tural vestiges of the Carolingian era. The sculp                                                                                                                                                         Date of Inscription: 2004. Criteria: C (iii) (iv) CL           were sponsored by noble families and became sta                                                                                       aristocracy. Members of the Tsar's family and                  northern Scandinavia. The 424 wooden houses,                                                                                             development throughout much of the Ottoman
    Discovered in 1944, this tomb dates from the                     Date of Inscription: 1999. Criteria: C (iii) (iv)                                                                                 century. Its diverse components — outstanding                      canic mountain region. The site includes the princi                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                TURKEY
                                                                                                                                       tures and paintings from this period are still in                                                                                                                                                      The Kernave Archeological Site, in eastern                       tus symbols. They offered an alternative to the               4 Historic Monuments of Novgorod                                        entourage were also buried in its cemetery. The                huddled round the early 15th century stone                                                                                               Empire.
    Hellenistic period, around the end of the 4th century            This Bronze Age burial site features more than 30                                                                                 buildings, landscaped parks and gardens in the                     pal Zoroastrian sanctuary partly rebuilt in the Ilkhanid
                                                                     granite burial cairns, providing a unique insight into            remarkably good condition.                                      English style, and subtly modified expanses of agri                                                                                    Lithuania about 35 km northwest of Vilnius, repre                stone structures erected in urban centres.                         and Surroundings                                                   Convent provides an example of the highest                     church, were used only on Sundays and at religious                                                                                   9 Archaeological Site of Troy
    B.C. It is located near Seutopolis, the capital city of                                                                                                                                                                                                               (Mongol) period (13th century) as well as a temple of               sents an exceptional testimony to some 10 millen 12 Park Muzakowski / Muskauer Park*                                                Novgorod region                                                    accomplishments of Russian architecture with                   festivals to house worshippers from the surround                    1 Historic Areas of Istanbul
    the Thracian king Seutes III, and is part of a large             the funerary practices and social and religious 11 Mines of Rammelsberg and Historic Town of                                      cultural land — serve aesthetic, educational, and                  the Sasanian period (6th and 7th centuries) dedicat                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               City and Province of Istanbul
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Province of Canakkale
                                                                     structures of northern Europe more than three mil                                                                                 economic purposes in an exemplary manner.                                                                                              nia of human settlements in this region. Situated in                                                                                Date of Inscription: 1992. Criteria: C (ii) (iv) (vi)              rich interiors and an important collection of paint            ing countryside who could not return home the                                                                                            Date of Inscription: 1998. Сriteria: C (ii) (iii) (vi)
    Thracian necropolis. The tholos has a narrow corri                                                                      Goslar                                                                                                                                        ed to Anahita. The site has important symbolic sig                                                                       State of Saxony (DE) / Lubusz Voivodship (PL)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Situated on the ancient trade route between                           ings and artefacts.                                                                                                                    Date of Inscription: 1985.
                                                                     lennia ago.                                            District of Braunschweig, State of Lower Saxony                                                                                                                                                                   the valley of the River Neris, the site is a complex Date of Inscription: 2004. Criteria: C (i) (iv) CL                                                                                                                                                               same day because of the distance and difficult                                                                                           Troy, with its 4,000 years of history, is one of the
    dor and a round burial chamber, both decorated with                                                                                                                                             24 Monastic Island of Reichenau                                       nificance. The designs of the fire temple, the palace               ensemble of archaeological properties, encom                                                                                     Central Asia and northern Europe, Novgorod was 16 Historical Centre of the City of Yaroslavl                                         travelling conditions.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Criteria: C (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             most famous archaeological sites in the world.
    murals representing Thracian burial rituals and cul                                                                                Date of Inscription: 1992. Criteria: C (i) (iv)                 District of Freiburg, State of Baden Wurttemberg                   and the general layout have strongly influenced the                                                                      A landscaped park of 559.90 ha astride the                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               With its strategic location on the Bosphorus penin
                                                                                                                                       Situated near the Rammelsberg mines, Goslar held                                                                                                                                                       passing the town of Kernave, forts, some unforti     Neisse river and the border between Poland and                              Russia's first capital in the 9th century.           Yaroslavl Oblast                                                                                                                                                                                                         The first excavations at the site were undertaken
    ture. These paintings are Bulgaria's best preserved                            Area                              69 700 km2                                                                        Date of Inscription: 2000. Criteria: C (iii) (iv) (vi)             development of Islamic architecture.                                                                                                                                                                 Surrounded by churches and monasteries, it was a                                                                                  8 Laponian Area                                                            sula between the Balkans and Anatolia, the Black
                                                                                                                                       an important place in the Hanseatic League                                                                                                                                                             fied settlements, burial sites and other archaeolog  Germany, it was created by Prince Hermann von                                                                                    Date of Inscription: 2005. Criteria: C (ii) (iv)                                                                                                                                                                         by the famous archaeologist Heinrich
    artistic masterpieces from the Hellenistic period.                             Population                        4,7 mln                                                                           The island of Reichenau on Lake Constance pre                                                                                                                                                                                                                           centre for Orthodox spirituality as well as Russian                                                                                  County of Norrbotten                                                    Sea and the Mediterranean, Istanbul has been
                                                                                   Capital                           Tbilisi
                                                                                                                                       because of the rich Rammelsberg metallic ore                                                                                    5 Pasargadae                                                           ical monuments from the late Paleolithic period to   Puckler Muskau from 1815 to 1844. Blending                                                                                       Situated at the confluence of the Volga and                                                                                                                                                                              Schliemann in 1870. In scientific terms, its exten
                                                                                                                                                                                                       serves the traces of the Benedictine monastery,                                                                                                                                                                                                                         architecture. Its medieval monuments and the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Date of Inscription: 1996. Criteria: N (i) (ii) (iii) C (iii) (v)       associated with major political, religious and artis
4 Rock hewn Churches of Ivanovo                                       GEORGIA                                                          deposits. From the 10th to the 12th century it was                                                                                 Pars Province                                                       the Middle Ages. The site of 194,4 ha has pre        seamlessly with the surrounding farmed land                                                                                      Kotorosl rivers some 250km northeast of                                         The Arctic Circle region of northern Sweden is the                                                                                       sive remains are the most significant demonstra
                                                                                                                                                                                                       founded in 724, which exercised remarkable spiri                                                                                                                                                                                                                        14th century frescoes of Theophanes the Greek                                                                                                                                                                tic events for more than 2,000 years. Its master
    Village of Ivanovo, Province of Ruse                                                                                               one of the seats of the Holy Roman Empire of the                                                                                   Date of Inscription: 2004. Criteria: C (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)          served the traces of ancient land use, as well as    scape, the park pioneered new approaches to                                                                                      Moscow, the historic city of Yaroslavl developed                                home of the Saami, or Lapp people. It is the largest                                                                                     tion of the first contact between the civilizations
    Date of Inscription: 1979. Criteria: C (ii) (iii)                                                                                                                                                  tual, intellectual and artistic influence. The church              Pasargadae was the first dynastic capital of the                                                                                                                                                     (Andrei Rublev's teacher) illustrate the develop                                                                                                                                                             pieces include the ancient Hippodrome of                         of Anatolia and the Mediterranean world.
                                                                  1 Historical Monuments of Mtskheta                                   German Nation. Its well preserved medieval his                                                                                                                                                         remains of five impressive hill forts, part of an    landscape design and influenced the develop                                                                                      into a major commercial centre as of the 11th                                   area in the world (and one of the last) with an ances
    In the valley of the Roussenski Lom river, in north                                                                                                                                                es of St Mary and Marcus, St Peter and St Paul,                    Achaemenid Empire, founded by Cyrus II, the                                                                                                                                                          ment of its remarkable architecture and cultural                                                                                                                                                             Constantine, the 6th century Hagia Sophia and the                Moreover, the siege of Troy by Spartan and
                                                                     City of Mtskheta, Region of Mtskheta Mtianeti                     toric centre has some 1,500 half timbered houses                                                                                                                                                       exceptionally large defence system. Kernave was      ment of landscape architecture in Europe and                                                                                     century. It is renowned for its numerous 17th cen                               tral way of life based on the seasonal movement of
    east Bulgaria, a complex of rock hewn churches,                                                                                                                                                    and St George, mainly built between the 9th and                    Great, in Pars, homeland of the Persians, in the 6th                                                                                                                                                 creativity.                                                                                                                                                                                                  16th century Suleymaniye Mosque, all now under                   Achaean warriors from Greece in the 13th or 12th
                                                                     Date of Inscription: 1994. Criteria: C (iii) (iv)                 dating from the 15th to the 19th century.                                                                                                                                                              an important feudal town in the Middle Ages.         America. Designed as a 'painting with plants', it                                                                                tury churches and is an outstanding example of                                  livestock. Every summer, the Saami lead their huge
    chapels, monasteries and cells developed in the                                                                                                                                                    11th centuries, provide a panorama of early                        century BC. Its palaces, gardens, and the mau                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     threat from population pressure, industrial pollution            century B.C., immortalized by Homer in the Iliad,
                                                                     The historic churches of Mtskheta, former capital                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Although the town was destroyed by the Teutonic      did not seek to evoke classical landscapes, para                          5 Cultural and Historic Ensemble of the                the urban planning reform Empress Catherine the                                 herds of reindeer towards the mountains through a
    vicinity of the village of Ivanovo. This is where the                                                                          12 Maulbronn Monastery Complex                                      medieval monastic architecture in central Europe.                  soleum of Cyrus are outstanding examples of the                     Order in the late 14th century, the site remained in                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          and uncontrolled urbanization.                                   has inspired great creative artists throughout the
                                                                     of Georgia, are outstanding examples of medieval                                                                                  Their wall paintings bear witness to impressive                                                                                                                                             dise, or some lost perfection, instead it used local                        Solovetsky Islands                                   Great ordered for the whole of Russia in 1763.                                  natural landscape hitherto preserved, but now
    first hermits had dug out their cells and churches                                                                                 District of Enz, State of Baden Wurttemberg                                                                                        first phase of royal Achaemenid art and architec                    use till the modern times.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2   Goreme National Park and the Rock Sites of                       world ever since.
                                                                     religious architecture in the Caucasus. They show                 Date of Inscription: 1993. Criteria: C (ii) (iv)                artistic activity.                                                                                                                                                                          plants to enhance the inherent qualities of the                             Arkhangelsky region, Solovetsky district.            While keeping some of its significant historic                                  threatened by the advent of motor vehicles.
    during the 12th century. The 14th century murals                 the high artistic and cultural level attained by this                                                                                                                                                ture and exceptional testimonies of Persian civi                                                                         existing landscape. This integrated landscape                               Date of Inscription: 1992. Criteria: C (iv)          structures, the town was renovated in the neo                                                                                                           Cappadocia
    testify to the exceptional skill of the artists belong                                                                             Founded in 1147, the Cistercian Maulbronn                                                                                          lization. Particularly noteworthy vestiges in the                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Historical and ongoing geological processes can be
                                                                     ancient kingdom.                                                                                                               25 Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex                                                                                                                                         312 685 km2 extends into the town of Muskau with green pas                              The Solovetsky archipelago comprises six islands     classical style on a radial urban master plan. It                                                                                                       Nevsehir Province (Cappadocia) in Central Anatolia
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             603 700 km2
    ing to the Tarnovo school of painting.                                                                                             Monastery is considered the most complete and                                                                                      160 ha site include: the Mausoleum of Cyrus II;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Area                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     seen in the glacial moraines and changing water                         Date of Inscription: 1985.
                                                                                                                                                                                                       in Essen                                                                                                                                            Population                  38,6 mln    sages that formed urban parks framing areas for                             in the western part of the White Sea, covering 300   has also kept elements from the 16th century in                                 courses.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Population                       47,7 mln
                                                                  2 Bagrati Cathedral and Gelati Monastery                             best preserved medieval monastic complex north                  State of North Rhine Westphalia                                    Tall e Takht, a fortified terrace; and a royal ensem                             Capital                     Warsaw                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Criteria: N (iii) C (i) (iii) (v)                                               Capital                          Kiev
5 Rila Monastery                                                     City of Kutaisi, Region of Imereti                                of the Alps. Surrounded by fortified walls, the main                                                                                                                                                                                                        development. The town thus became a design                                  sq. km. They have been inhabited since the 5th       the Spassky Monastery, one of the oldest in the                                                                                                                                                                           UKRAINE
    Rila, Kyustendil Province                                                                                                                                                                          Date of Inscription: 2001. Criteria: C (ii) (iii)                  ble of gatehouse, audience hall, residential                          POLAND
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   component in a utopian landscape. The site also                             century B.C. and important traces of a human         Upper Volga region, built on the site of a pagan                             9 Naval Port of Karlskrona                                                 In a spectacular landscape, entirely sculpted by
                                                                     Date of Inscription: 1994. Criteria: C (iv)                       buildings were constructed between the 12th and                 The Zollverein industrial landscape in Land                        palace, and gardens. Pasargadae was the capital                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Blekinge County                                                         erosion, the Goreme valley and its surroundings
    Date of Inscription: 1983. Criteria: C (vi)                      The construction of Bagrati Cathedral, named after                16th centuries. The monastery's church, mainly in                                                                                                                                                                                                           features a reconstructed castle, bridges and an                             presence from as far back as the 5th millennium      temple in the late 12th century, but reconstructed
    Rila Monastery was founded in the 10th century by                                                                                                                                                  Nordrhein Westfalen consists of the complete                       of the first great multicultural empire in Western                1 Cracow’s Historic Centre                             arboretum.                                                                  B.C. can be found there. The archipelago has been    overtime.                                                                       Date of Inscription: 1998. Criteria: C (ii) (iv)                        contain rock hewn sanctuaries that provide unique            1 Kiev: Saint Sophia Cathedral and Related
                                                                     Bagrat III, the first king of united Georgia, started at          Transitional Gothic style, had a major influence in             infrastructure of a historical coal mining site, with              Asia. Spanning the Eastern Mediterranean and                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Karlskrona is an outstanding example of a late                          evidence of Byzantine art in the post Iconoclastic
    St John of Rila, a hermit canonized by the Orthodox              the end of the 10th century and was completed in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                City and County of Cracow                                                                                                      the site of fervent monastic activity since the 15th                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Monastic Buildings, Kiev Pechersk Lavra
                                                                                                                                       the spread of Gothic architecture over much of                  some 20th century buildings of outstanding archi                   Egypt to the Hindus River, it is considered to be the                 Date of Inscription: 1978. Criteria: C (iv)                                                                                                                                                                                                                         17th century European planned naval city. The                           period. Dwellings, troglodyte villages and under                 City of Kiev
    Church. His ascetic dwelling and tomb became a                   the early years of the 11th century. Although partly              northern and central Europe. The water manage                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          237 500 km2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               century, and there are several churches dating from                                                449 964 km2
    holy site and were transformed into a monastic                                                                                                                                                     tectural merit. It constitutes remarkable material                 first empire that respected the cultural diversity of                 The historic centre of Cracow, the former capital of                         Area
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               the 16th to the 19th century.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Area                                                              original plan and many of the buildings have sur                        ground towns — the remains of a traditional human                Date of Inscription: 1990.
                                                                     destroyed by the Turks in 1691, its ruins still lie in            ment system at Maulbronn, with its elaborate net                evidence of the evolution and decline of an essen                  its different peoples. This was reflected in                          Poland, is situated at the foot of the Royal Wawel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              22,35 mln
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  8,9 mln
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Stockholm        vived intact, along with installations that illustrate                  habitat dating back to the 4th century — can also                Criteria: C (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)
    complex, which subsequently played an important                  the centre of Kutaisi. The Gelati Monastery, whose                work of drains, irrigation canals and reservoirs, is of                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               6 White Monuments of Vladimir and Suzdal
    role in the spiritual and social life of medieval                                                                                                                                                  tial industry over the past 150 years.                             Achaemenid architecture, a synthetic representa                       Castle. The 13th century merchants' town has                    ROMANIA                                                                                                                                SWEDEN                                                       its subsequent development up to the present                            be seen there.                                                   Designed to rival Hagia Sophia in Constantinople,
                                                                     main buildings were erected between the 12th and                  exceptional interest.                                                                                                              tion of different cultures.                                           Europe's largest market square and numerous his                                                                                   Vladimir region                                                                                                                   day.                                                                                                                                     Kiev's Saint Sophia Cathedral symbolizes the
    Bulgaria. Destroyed by fire at the beginning of the              17th centuries, is a well preserved complex, with                                                                              26 Upper Middle Rhine Valley                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        3 Great Mosque and Hospital of Divrigi
    19th century, the complex was rebuilt between                                                                                  13 Town of Bamberg                                                                                                                                                                                           torical houses, palaces and churches with their                                                                                   Date of Inscription: 1992. Criteria: C (i) (ii) (iv)                                                                                                                                                                                                                       'new Constantinople', capital of the Christian prin
                                                                     wonderful mosaics and wall paintings. The cathe                                                                                   States of Rhineland Palatinate and Hesse                        6 Bam and its Cultural Landscape                                                                                                    1   Danube Delta                                                       These two artistic centres in central Russia hold an            1 Royal Domain of Drottningholm                                10 High Coast                                                              City and District of Divrigi, Province of Sivas
    1834 and 1862. The monument is a characteristic                                                                                    District of Upper Franconia, State of Bavaria                                                                                                                                                            magnificent interiors. Further evidence of the                 Tulcea County, Dobruja Region                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Date of Inscription: 1985. Criteria: C (i) (iv)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             cipality of Kiev, which was created in the 11th cen
                                                                     dral and monastery represent the flowering of                                                                                     Date of Inscription: 2002. Criteria: C (ii) (iv) (v)               Kerman Province, Bam District                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Province of Stockholm, Region of Ekero                         Date of Inscription: 2000. Criteria: N (i)
                                                                                                                                       Date of Inscription: 1993. Criteria: C (ii) (iv)                                                                                                                                                         town's fascinating history is provided by the rem                                                                                 important place in the country's architectural histo                                                                                                                                                                                                                       tury in a region evangelized after the baptism of St
    example of the Bulgarian Renaissance (18th 19th                  medieval architecture in Georgia.                                                                                        The 65km stretch of the Middle Rhine Valley, with                           Date of Inscription: 2004. Criteria: C (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) CL                                                                        Date of Inscription: 1991. Criteria: N (iii) (iv)                                                                                     Date of Inscription: 1991. Criteria: C (iv)                    The High Coast is located on the west shore of                          This region of Anatolia was conquered by the Turks
                                                                                                                                      From the 10th century onwards, this town became                                                                                                                                                           nants of the 14th century fortifications and the               The waters of the Danube, which flow into the Black                ry. There are a number of magnificent 12th and                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Vladimir in 988. The spiritual and intellectual influ
    centuries) and symbolizes an awareness of a Slavic                                                                                                                                        its castles, historic towns and vineyards, graphical                        Bam is situated in a desert environment on the                                                                                                                                                                                                                             The Royal Domain of Drottningholm stands on an                 the Gulf of Bothnia, a northern extension of the                        at the beginning of the 11th century. In 1228 29
                                                                  3 Upper Svaneti                                                     an important link with the Slav peoples, especially                                                                                                                                                       medieval site of Kazimierz with its ancient syna               Sea, form the largest and best preserved of                        13th century public and religious buildings, above                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ence of Kiev Pechersk Lavra contributed to the
    cultural identity following centuries of occupation.                                                                                                                                      ly illustrates the long history of human involvement                        southern edge of the Iranian high plateau. The ori                                                                                                                                                                                                                         island in Lake Malar in a suburb of Stockholm.                 Baltic Sea. The area covers 142,500 ha including                        Emir Ahmet Shah founded a mosque, with its
                                                                     Village of Chajashi, Mestia district                             those of Poland and Pomerania. During its period                                                                                                                                                          gogues in the southern part of town, Jagellonian               Europe's deltas. The Danube delta hosts over 300                   all the masterpieces of the Collegiate Church of St                                                                                                                                                                                                                        spread of Orthodox thought and the Orthodox
6 Ancient City of Nessebar                                                                                                                                                                    with a dramatic and varied natural landscape. It is                         gins of Bam can be traced back to the Achaemenid                                                                                                                                                                                                                           With its castle, perfectly preserved theatre (built in         a marine component of 80,000 ha, which                                  adjoining hospital, at Divrigi. The mosque has a sin
                                                                     Date of Inscription: 1996. Criteria: C (iv) (v)                  of greatest prosperity, from the 12th century                                                                                                                                                             University and the Gothic cathedral where the kings            species of birds as well as 45 freshwater fish                     Demetrios and the Cathedral of the Assumption of                                                                                                                                                                                                                           faith in the Russian world from the 17th to the 19th
                                                                                                                                                                                              intimately associated with history and legend and                           period (6th to 4th cent. BC). Its heyday was from                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1766), Chinese pavilion and gardens, it is the                 includes a number of offshore islands. The irreg                        gle prayer room and is crowned by two cupolas.
    Burgas Province                                                  Preserved by its long isolation, the Upper Svaneti               onwards, the architecture of Bamberg strongly                                                                                                                                                             of Poland were buried.                                         species in its numerous lakes and marshes.                         the Virgin.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                century.
    Date of Inscription: 1983. Criteria: C (iii) (iv)                                                                                                                                         for centuries has exercised a powerful influence on                         the 7th to 11th centuries, being at the crossroads                                                                                                                                                                                                                         finest example of an 18th century north European               ular topography of the region — a series of lakes,                      The highly sophisticated technique of vault con
                                                                     region of the Caucasus is an exceptional example                 influenced northern Germany and Hungary. In the         writers, artists and composers.                                             of important trade routes and known for the pro                   2 Wieliczka Salt Mine                                                                                                            7 Architectural Ensemble of the Trinity Sergius                         royal residence inspired by the Palace of                                                                                              struction, and a creative, exuberant type of decora          2 L'viv — the Ensemble of the Historic Centre
    Situated on a rocky peninsula on the Black Sea, the              of mountain scenery with medieval type villages                  late 18th century it was the centre of the                                                                                                                                                                                                                           2 Villages with Fortified Churches in                                                                                                                                                                    inlets and flat hills rising to 350 m — has been
    more than 3,000 year old site of Nessebar was                                                                                                                                                                                                                         duction of silk and cotton garments. The existence                    City and County of Wieliczka                                   Transylvania                                                       Lavra in Sergiev Posad                                             Versailles.                                                    largely shaped by the combined processes of                             tive sculpture — particularly on the three doorways,             Halychyna, L'viv Oblast'
                                                                     and tower houses. The village of Chazhashi still                 Enlightenment in southern Germany, with eminent 27 Historic Centres of Stralsund and Wismar                                         of life in the oasis was based on the underground                     Date of Inscription: 1978. Criteria: C (iv)                                                                                       Moscow region, town Sergiev Posad                                                                                                                                                                         in contrast to the unadorned walls of the interior —             Date of Inscription: 1998. Criteria: C (ii) (v)
    originally a Thracian settlement (Menebria). At the              has more than 200 of these very unusual houses,                  philosophers and writers such as Hegel and              State of Mecklenburg Western Pomerania                                                                                                                                                                           Counties of Alba, Brasov, Harghita, Mures, Sibiu, Region of                                                                        2 Birka and Hovgarden                                             glaciation, glacial retreat and the emergence of
    beginning of the 6th century B.C., the city became                                                                                                                                                                                                                    irrigation canals, the qanats, of which Bam has pre                   This deposit of rock salt in Wieliczka Bochnia has             Transylvania                                                       Date of Inscription: 1993. Criteria: C (ii) (iv)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    new land from the sea. Since the last retreat of                        are the unique features of this masterpiece of                   The city of L'viv, founded in the late Middle Ages,
                                                                     which were used both as dwellings and as defence                 Hoffmann living there.                                  Date of Inscription: 2002. Criteria: C (ii) (iv)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Stockholm County (Region of Uppland)
    a Greek colony. The city's remains, which date                                                                                                                                                                                                                        served some of the earliest evidence in Iran. The                     been mined since the 13th century. Spread over                 Date of Inscription: 1993. Extension: 1999.                        This is a fine example of a working Orthodox                                                                                                                                                              Islamic architecture.                                            was a flourishing administrative, religious and
                                                                     posts against the invaders who plagued the region.                                                                       The medieval towns of Wismar and Stralsund, on                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Date of Inscription: 1993. Criteria: C (iii) (iv)              the ice from the High Coast 9,600 years ago, the
    mostly from the Hellenistic period, include the                                                                                14 Collegiate Church, Castle, and Old Town                                                                                             Citadel of Bam (Arg e Bam) is the most represen                       nine levels, it has 300 km of galleries with works of          Criteria: C (iv)                                                   monastery, with military features that are typical of                                                                                                                                                                                                                      commercial centre for several centuries. The
                                                                                                                                                                                              the Baltic coast of northern Germany, were major                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       The Birka archaeological site is located on                    uplift has been in the order of 285 m which is the                  4 Hattusha
    acropolis, a temple of Apollo, an agora and a wall                                                                                of Quedlinburg                                                                                                                      tative example of a fortified medieval town built in                  art, altars, and statues sculpted in the salt, making          These Transylvanian villages with their fortified                  the 15th to the 18th century, the period during                                                                                                                                                                                                                            medieval urban topography has been preserved
                                                                                                                                                                                              trading centres of the Hanseatic League in the 14th                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    BjorkoIsland in Lake Malar and was occupied in the             highest known 'rebound'. The High Coast site                            District of Sungurlu, Corum Province
    from the Thracian fortifications. Among other mon                              Area                              357 021 km2      State of Saxony Anhalt                                                                                                              vernacular technique using mud layers (Chineh).                       a fascinating pilgrimage into the past of a major              churches provide a vivid picture of the cultural land              which it developed. The main church of the Lavra,                                                                                                                                                                                                                          virtually intact (in particular, there is evidence of
                                                                                                                                                                                              and 15th centuries. In the 17th and 18th centuries                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     9th and 10th centuries. Hovgarden is situated on               affords outstanding opportunities for the under                         Date of Inscription: 1986.                                       the different ethnic communities who lived
    uments, the Stara Mitropolia Basilica and the
                                                                                   Population                        82,4 mln
                                                                                                                                      Date of Inscription: 1994. Criteria: C (iv)                                                                                                                                                               industrial undertaking.                                        scape of southern Transylvania. The seven villages                 the Cathedral of the Assumption (echoing the
                                                                                   Capital                           Berlin                                                                   they became Swedish administrative and defensive                         7 Soltaniyeh                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  the neighbouring island of Adelso. Together, they              standing of the important processes that formed                         Criteria: C (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             there), along with many fine Baroque and later
    fortress date from the Middle Ages, when this was                                                                                 Quedlinburg, in the Land of Sachsen Anhalt, was a                                                                                                                                                                                                                        inscribed, founded by the Transylvanian Saxons,                    Kremlin Cathedral of the same name), contains the
                                                                      GERMANY                                                                                                                 centres for the German territories. They con                                Zanjan province                                                   3 Auschwitz Concentration Camp                                                                                                        tomb of Boris Godunov. Among the treasures of the                  make up an archaeological complex which illus                  the glaciated and land uplift areas of the Earth's                      The archaeological site of Hattusha, former capital              buildings.
    one of the most important Byzantine towns on the                                                                                  capital of the East Franconian German Empire at         tributed to the development of the characteristic                           Date of Inscription: 2005. Criteria: C (ii) (iii) (iv)                                                                               are characterized by a specific land use system,                                                                                      trates the elaborate trading networks of Viking Age            surface.                                                                of the Hittite Empire, is notable for its urban organ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Oswiecim County                                                                                                                   Lavra is the famous icon, The Trinity, by Andrei
    west coast of the Black Sea. Wooden houses built                                                                                  the time of the Saxonian Ottonian ruling dynasty. It    building types and techniques of Brick Gothic in the                        The mausoleum of Oljaytu was constructed in                           Date of Inscription: 1979. Criteria: C (vi)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               settlement pattern and organization of the family
                                                                  1 Aachen Cathedral                                                  has been a prosperous trading town since the                                                                                                                                                                                                                             farmstead that have been preserved since the late                  Rublev.
    in the 19th century are typical of the Black Sea                 State of North Rhine Westphalia                                                                                          Baltic region, as exemplified in several important                          1302 12 in the city of Soltaniyeh, the capital of the                 The fortified walls, barbed wire, platforms, bar
    architecture of the period.                                                                                                       Middle Ages. The number and high quality of the         brick cathedrals, the Town Hall of Stralsund, and                           Ilkhanid dynasty, which was founded by the                            racks, gallows, gas chambers and cremation ovens               Middle Ages. They are dominated by their fortified            8    Church of the Ascension, Kolomenskoye
                                                                     Date of Inscription: 1978. Criteria: C (i) (ii) (iv) (vi)        timber framed buildings make Quedlinburg an                                                                                                                                                                                                                              churches, which illustrate building styles from the
7   Srebarna Nature Reserve                                          Construction of this palatine chapel, with its octag                                                                     the series of houses for residential, commercial                            Mongols. Situated in the province of Zanjan,                          show the conditions within which the Nazi genocide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               13th to the 16th century.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Moscow, the South District                                                                                                World Heritage and Sustainable Development along the GREAT VOLGA RIVER ROUTE
                                                                                                                                      exceptional example of a medieval European town.        and crafts use, representing its evolution over sev                         Soltaniyeh is one of the outstanding examples of                      took place in the former concentration and exter                                                                                  Date of Inscription: 1994. Criteria: C (ii)
    Village of Srebarna, Province of Silistra                        onal basilica and cupola, began c. 790 800 under                 The Collegiate Church of St Servatius is one of the
    Date of Inscription: 1983. Criteria: N (iv)                      the Emperor Charlemagne. Originally inspired by                                                                          eral centuries.                                                             the achievements of Persian architecture and a key                    mination camp of Auschwitz Birkenau, the largest           3 Monastery of Horezu                                                  The Church of the Ascension was built in 1532 on                                                                                  Biosphere Reserves of the UNESCO «Man and the Biosphere» (MAB) programme
                                                                                                                                      masterpieces of Romanesque architecture.                                                                                            monument in the development of its Islamic archi                      in the Third Reich. According to historical investiga          Valcea County, Region of Wallachia                                 the imperial estate of Kolomenskoye, near
    The Srebarna Nature Reserve is a freshwater lake                 the churches of the Eastern part of the Holy Roman                                                                    28 Town Hall and Roland on the Marketplace of
    adjacent to the Danube and extending over 600 ha.                Empire, it was splendidly enlarged in the Middle              15 Volklingen Ironworks                                                                                                                tecture. The octagonal building is crowned with a                     tions, 1.5 million people, among them a great num              Date of Inscription: 1993. Criteria: C (ii)                        Moscow, to celebrate the birth of the prince who
                                                                                                                                                                                              Bremen                                                                      50m tall dome covered in turquoise blue faience                       ber of Jews, were systematically starved, tortured             Founded in 1690 by Prince Constantine Brancovan,                   was to become Tsar Ivan IV ('the Terrible'). One of
    It is the breeding ground of almost 100 species of               Ages.                                                             State of Saarland                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               SITES AND BRs                                                                                  COMMENT                                                                               COUNTRY                                 YEAR OF NOMINATION
                                                                                                                                                                                                       Bremen (city state)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        the earliest examples of a traditional wooden tent
    birds, many of which are rare or endangered. Some                                                                                  Date of Inscription: 1994. Criteria: C (ii) (iv)
                                                                                                                                                                                                       Date of Inscription: 2004. Criteria: C (iii) (iv) (vi)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          and surrounded by eight slender minarets. It is the                   and murdered in this camp, the symbol of humani                the monastery of Horezu, in Walachia, is a master
    80 other bird species migrate and seek refuge                 2 Speyer Cathedral                                                   The ironworks, which cover some 6 ha, dominate the                                                                                 earliest existing example of the double shelled                       ty's cruelty to its fellow human beings in the 20th            piece of the 'Brancovan' style. It is known for its                roofed church on a stone and brick substructure, it
                                                                     State of Rhineland Palatinate                                                                                                     The Town Hall and the Statue of Roland on the mar                                                                                                                                                                                                                          had a great influence on the development of                          SITES WHICH ARE BOTH WHs AND BRs
    there every winter. Among the most interesting bird                                                                                city of Volklingen. Although they have recently gone            ketplace of Bremen in northwest Germany are out                    dome in Iran. The mausoleum's interior decoration                     century.                                                       architectural purity and balance, the richness of its
                                                                     Date of Inscription: 1981. Criteria: C (ii)                       out of production, they are the only intact example,                                                                               is also outstanding and scholars such as A.U. Pope                                                                                   sculptural detail, the treatment of its religious com              Russian ecclesiastical architecture.
    species are the Dalmatian pelican, great egret,                  Speyer Cathedral, a basilica with four towers and                                                                                 standing representations of the civic autonomy and                                                                                   4   Bialowieza Forest*
    night heron, purple heron, glossy ibis and white                                                                                   in the whole of western Europe and North America,                                                                                  have described the building as «anticipating the Taj                                                                                 positions, its votive portraits and its painted decora        9 Virgin Komi Forests                                                      7
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  SREBARNA NATURE RESERVE                                                             WH+BR But BR under revision                                                           Bulgaria                                1977
                                                                     two domes, was founded by Conrad II in 1030 and                                                                                   sovereignty as they developed in the Holy Roman                                                                                          Grodno Province (oblast) (BY) / Podlasie Voivodship (PL)
    spoonbill.                                                                                                                         of an integrated ironworks that was built and                                                                                      Mahal».                                                                                                                              tive works. The school of mural and icon painting                                                                                                                                                                                      A joint WH sites with Belarus but is a separate BR                                    Poland                                  1976
                                                                     remodelled at the end of the 11th century. It is one                                                                              Empire in Europe. The old town hall was built as in                                                                                      Date of Inscription: 1979. Extension: 1992.                                                                                       Komi Republic                                                         4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  BIALOWIEZA FOREST
                                                                                                                                       equipped in the 19th and 20th centuries and has                                                                                                                                                                                                                         established at the monastery in the 18th century                   Date of Inscription: 1995. Criteria: N (ii) (iii)
8 Pirin National Park                                                of the most important Romanesque monuments                                                                                        the Gothic style in the early 15thcentury, after                                                                                         Criteria: N (iii)                                                                                                                                                                                       1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  DANUBE DELTA TRANSBOUNDARY BIOSPHERE RESERVE                                        Only the Romania side is WH                                                           Ukraine/Romania                         1998
                                                                                                                                       remained intact.                                                                                                                                                                                       Situated on the watershed of the Baltic Sea and the              was famous throughout the Balkan region.                           The Virgin Komi Forests cover 3.28 million ha of
    Pirin Mountain, Blagoevgrad Province                             from the time of the Holy Roman Empire. The                                                                                       Bremen joined the Hanseatic League. The building                                 Area                               2 717 300 km2
                                                                                                                                   16 Messel Pit Fossil Site                                           was renovated in the so called Weser Renaissance                                 Population                         15,14 mln          Black Sea, this immense forest range, consisting of          4 Churches of Moldavia                                                 tundra and mountain tundra in the Urals, as well as
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  KAVKAZSKIY                                                                                                                                                                Russian Federation
    Date of Inscription: 1983. Criteria: N (i) (ii) (iii)            cathedral was the burial place of the German                                                                                                                                                                       Capital                            Astana
    Extending over an area of 27,400 ha and lying at an              emperors for almost 300 years.                                    District of Dramstadt Dieburg, State of Hesse                   style in the early 17th century. A new town hall was                KAZAKHSTAN                                                         evergreens and broad leaved trees, is home to                    County of Suceava, Region of Moldavia                              one of the most extensive areas of virgin boreal
    altitude of 1,008 2,914 m in the Pirin mountains, in                                                                               Date of Inscription: 1995. Criteria: N (i)                      built next to the old one in the early 20th century as                                                                                 some remarkable animal life, including rare mam                  Date of Inscription: 1993. Criteria: C (i) (iv)                    forest remaining in Europe. This vast area of                        BRs IN THE VINCINTY OF THE BALTIC AND UPPER VOLGA
    south west Bulgaria, Pirin National Park has a lime           3 Wurzburg Residence with the Court Gardens                          Messel Pit is the richest site in the world for under           part of an ensemble that survived the bombarding                                                                                       mals such as the wolf, the lynx and the otter, as well           With their painted exterior walls, decorated with                  conifers, aspens, birches, peat bogs, rivers and
                                                                     and Residence Square                                              standing the living environment of the Eocene,                                                                                  1 Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi                                      as some 300 European Bison, a species which has                  15th and 16th century frescoes that are consid                     natural lakes has been monitored and studied for
    stone Balkan landscape, with lakes, waterfalls,                                                                                                                                                    during the Second World War. The statue is stands
                                                                     District of Lower Franconia, State of Bavaria                     between 57 million and 36 million years ago. In par             5.5m tall and dates back to 1404.                                  South Kazakhstan Oblast, City of Turkestan                          been reintroduced into the park.                                 ered masterpieces of Byzantine art, these seven                    over 50 years. It provides valuable evidence of the                  31         SOUTH WEST RUEGEN                                                                                                                                                         Germany                                 1991
    caves and pine forests. The rugged mountains, with                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Date of Inscription: 2003. Criteria: C (i) (iii) (iv)
    some 70 glacial lakes scattered throughout them,                 Date of Inscription: 1981. Criteria: C (i) (iv)                   ticular, it provides unique information about the                                                                                                                                                    5 Historic Centre of Warsaw                                        churches in northern Moldavia are unique in                        natural processes affecting biodiversity in the                       6         ARCHIPELAGO SEA AREA                                                                                                                                                      Finland                                 1994
                                                                     This magnificent Baroque palace — one of the                      early stages of the evolution of mammals and                 29 Muskauer Park / Park Muzakowski *                                  The Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi, in the                                                                                          Europe. Far from being merely wall decorations, the                taiga.
    are home to hundreds of endemic and rare species,                                                                                                                                                  State of Saxony (DE) / Lubusz Voivodship (PL)                      town of Yasi, now Turkestan, was built at the time of                 City and County of Warsaw                                                                                                                                                                               2         WEST ESTONIAN ARCHIPELAGO                                                                                                                                                 Estonia                                 1990
    many of which are representative of the Balkan                   largest and most beautiful in Germany and sur                     includes exceptionally well preserved mammal                                                                                                                                                             Date of Inscription: 1980. Criteria: C (ii) (vi)               paintings represent complete cycles of religious
                                                                     rounded by wonderful gardens — was created                                                                                        Date of Inscription: 2004. Criteria: C (i) (iv) CL                 Timur (Tamerlane), from 1389 to 1405. In this part                                                                                   murals on all facades. Their outstanding composi              10   Kavkazskiy                                                            2         NORTH VIDZEME                                                                                                                                                             Latvia                                  1997
    Pleistocene flora. The mountains also have diverse                                                                                 fossils, ranging from fully articulated skeletons to            A landscaped park of 559.90 ha astride the                                                                                               During the Warsaw Uprising in August 1944, more
                                                                     under the patronage of the prince bishops Lothar                                                                                                                                                     ly unfinished building, Persian master builders                                                                                      tion, elegant outline and harmonious colours blend                 Krasnodar Region                                                                VALDAI                                                                                                                                                                    Russian Federation                      2004
    and unique landscapes of great aesthetic value.                                                                                    the contents of stomachs of animals of this period.             Neisse river and the border between Poland and                                                                                           than 85% of Warsaw's historic centre was                                                                                          Date of Inscription: 1999. Criteria: N (ii) (iv)
                                                                     Franz and Friedrich Carl von Schonborn. It was built                                                                                                                                                 experimented with architectural and structural                                                                                       perfectly with the surrounding landscape.
                                                                                                                                   17 Cologne Cathedral                                                Germany, it was created by Prince Hermann von                      solutions later used in the construction of                           destroyed by Nazi troops. After the war, a five year                                                                              The Western Caucasus, extending over 275,000
9 Thracian Tomb of Sveshtari                                         and decorated in the 18th century by an interna                                                                                                                                                                                                                            reconstruction campaign by its citizens resulted in
    Razgrad Province                                                                                                                   State of North Rhine Westphalia                                 Puckler Muskau from 1815 to 1844. Blending                         Samarkand, the capital of the Timurid Empire.                                                                                    5   Historic Centre of Sighisoara                                      ha of the extreme western end of the Caucasus                        NOMINATED SITE FOR BR DESIGNATION TO BE INDICATED:
                                                                     tional team of architects, painters (including                                                                                                                                                                                                                             today's meticulous restoration of the Old Town,
    Date of Inscription: 1985. Criteria: C (i) (iii)                 Tiepolo), sculptors and stucco workers, led by                    Date of Inscription: 1996.                                      seamlessly with the surrounding farmed land                        Today, it is one of the largest and best preserved                                                                                   Mures County, Region of Transylvania                               mountains and located 50 km north east of the
    Discovered in 1982 near the village of Sveshtari, this                                                                             Criteria: C (i) (ii) (iv)                                       scape, the park pioneered new approaches to                        constructions of the Timurid period.                                  with its churches, palaces and market place. It is             Date of Inscription: 1999. Criteria: C (iii) (v)                   Black Sea, is one of the few large mountain areas                                                                                                                   Recommended as a BR including
                                                                     Balthasar Neumann.                                                Begun in 1248, the construction of this Gothic                                                                                                                                                           an outstanding example of a near total reconstruc              Founded by German craftsmen and merchants                                                                                               20         VOLZHSKO KAMSKY                                                                                                                                                           Russian Federation                      –
    3rd century B.C. Thracian tomb reflects the funda                                                                                                                                                  landscape design and influenced the develop                                                                                                                                                                                                                                of Europe that has not experienced significant                                                                                                                      the city of Kazan of which
    mental structural principles of Thracian cult build           4 Pilgrimage Church of Wies                                          masterpiece took place in several stages and was                ment of landscape architecture in Europe and                    2 Petroglyphs within the Archaeological                                  tion of a span of history covering the 13th to the             known as the Saxons of Transylvania, Sighisoara is                 human impact. Its subalpine and alpine pastures
                                                                     Town of Steingaden, State of Bavaria                              not completed until 1880. Over seven centuries,                                                                                    Landscape of Tamgaly                                                  20th century.                                                  a fine example of a small, fortified medieval town
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      the historic centre is a WH site
    ings. The tomb has a unique architectural decor, with                                                                                                                                              America. Designed as a 'painting with plants', it                                                                                                                                                                                                                          have only been grazed by wild animals, and its
                                                                     Date of Inscription: 1983. Criteria: C (i) (iii)                  successive builders were inspired by the same faith                                                                                Almaty Oblast                                                                                                                        which played an important strategic and commer
    polychrome half human, half plant caryatids and                                                                                                                                                    did not seek to evoke classical landscapes, para                   Date of Inscription: 2004. Criteria: C (iii) CL                   6 Old City of Zamosc                                                                                                                  extensive tracts of undisturbed mountain forests,                    BRs IN VICINITY OF BLACK SEA
    painted murals. The 10 female figures carved in high             Miraculously preserved in the beautiful setting of                and a spirit of absolute fidelity to the original plans.        dise, or some lost perfection, instead it used local                                                                                     City and County of Zamosc                                      cial role on the fringes of central Europe for several             extending from the lowlands to the subalpine
                                                                     an Alpine valley, the Church of Wies (1745 54), the               Apart from its exceptional intrinsic value and the                                                                                 Set around the comparatively lush Tamgaly                                                                                            centuries.
    relief on the walls of the central chamber and the                                                                                                                                                 plants to enhance the inherent qualities of the                    Gorge, amidst the vast, arid Chu Ili mountains, is                    Date of Inscription: 1992. Criteria: C (iv)                                                                                       zone, are unique in Europe. The site has a great
    decoration of the lunette in its vault are the only              work of architect Dominikus Zimmermann, is a                      artistic masterpieces it contains, Cologne                      existing landscape. This integrated landscape                                                                                            Zamosc was founded in the 16th century by the                                                                                     diversity of ecosystems, with important endemic                      10         KAMTCHIA                                                                                                                                                                  Bulgaria                                1977
                                                                     masterpiece of Bavarian Rococo — exuberant,                                                                                                                                                          a remarkable concentration of some 5,000 petro                                                                                   6   Wooden Churches of Maramures
    examples of this type found so far in the Thracian                                                                                 Cathedral testifies to the enduring strength of                 extends into the town of Muskau with green pas                                                                                           chancellor Jan Zamoysky on the trade route linking             Maramures County, Region of Transylvania                           plants and wildlife, and is the place of origin and                  11         OUZOUNBOUDJAK                                                                                                                                                             Bulgaria                                1977
                                                                     colourful and joyful.                                             European Christianity.                                                                                                             glyphs (rock carvings) dating from the second half
    lands. It is a remarkable reminder of the culture of                                                                                                                                               sages that formed urban parks framing areas for                    of the second millennium BC to the beginning of                       western and northern Europe with the Black Sea.                Date of Inscription: 1999. Criteria: C (iv)                        reintroduction of the mountain subspecies of the                      5         DANUBE DELTA TRANSBOUNDARY BIOSPHERE RESERVE                                                                                                                              Romania/Ukraine                         1998
    the Getes, a Thracian people who were in contact              5 Castles of Augustusburg and Falkenlust at                      18 Bauhaus and its Sites in Weimar and Dessau                       development. The town thus became a design                         the 20th century. Distributed among 48 complex                        Modelled on Italian theories of the 'ideal city' and         These eight churches are outstanding examples                        European bison.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Ukraine                                 1984
    with the Hellenistic and Hyperborean worlds,                                                                                                                                                       component in a utopian landscape. The site also                                                                                          built by the architect Bernando Morando, a native            of a range of architectural solutions from different 11 Historic and Architectural Complex of the
                                                                     Bruhl                                                             States of Saxony Anhalt and Thuringia                                                                                              es with associated settlements and burial                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Ukraine                                 1985
    according to ancient geographers.                                State of North Rhine Westphalia                                   Date of Inscription: 1996. Criteria: C (ii) (iv) (vi)           features a reconstructed castle, bridges and an                    grounds, they are testimonies to the husbandry,                       of Padua, Zamosc is a perfect example of a late              periods and areas. They show the variety of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        3         ASKANIYA NOVA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Kazan Kremlin                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Russian Federation                      1997
                                                                     Date of Inscription: 1984. Criteria: C (ii) (iv)                  Between 1919 and 1933, the Bauhaus School,                      arboretum.                                                         social organization and rituals of pastoral peo                       16th century Renaissance town. It has retained its           designs and craftsmanship adopted in these nar          City of Kazan, Republic of Tartarstan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       18         TEBERDA
                  Area                             45 227 km2
                                                                     Set in an idyllic garden landscape, Augustusburg                  based first in Weimar and then in Dessau, revolu             30 Dresden Elbe Valley                                                ples. Human settlements in the site are often                         original layout and fortifications and a large number        row, high, timber constructions with their charac       Date of Inscription: 2000. Criteria: C (ii) (iii) (iv)
                  Population                       1,49 mln          Castle (the sumptuous residence of the prince                     tionized architectural and aesthetic concepts and                                                                                  multi layered and show occupation through the                         of buildings that combine Italian and central                teristic tall, slim clock towers at the western end     Built on an ancient site, the Kazan Kremlin dates
                  Capital                          Tallinn
                                                                     archbishops of Cologne) and the Falkenlust hunt                   practices. The buildings put up and decorated by
                                                                                                                                                                                                       State of Saxony
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                European architectural traditions.                           of the building, either single or double roofed                                                                                           BRs IN VICINITY OF THE CASPIAN SEA
     ESTONIA                                                                                                                                                                                           Date of Inscription: 2004. Criteria: C (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) CL      ages. A huge number of ancient burials are also to                                                                                                                                         from the Muslim period of the Golden Horde and
                                                                     ing lodge (a small rural folly) are among the earliest            the school's professors (Walter Gropius, Hannes                 The 18th and 19th century cultural landscape of                    be found including stone enclosures with boxes                    7 Medieval Town of Torun                                         and covered by shingles. As such, they are a par        the Kazan Khanate. It was conquered by Ivan the
                                                                     examples of Rococo architecture in 18th century                   Meyer, Laszlo Moholy Nagy and Wassily                           Dresden Elbe Valley extends some 18 km along                       and cists (middle and late Bronze Age), and                                                                                        ticular vernacular expression of the cultural land      Terrible in 1552 and became the Christian See of                                  17         ASTRAKHANSKY                                                                                                                                                              Russian Federation                      1984
1 Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         City and County of Torun
    County of Harju
                                                                     Germany.                                                          Kandinsky) launched the Modern Movement,                        the river from Ubigau Palace and Ostragehege                       mounds (kurgans) of stone and earth built above                       Date of Inscription: 1997. Criteria: C (ii) (iv)             scape of this mountainous area of northern              the Volga Land. The only surviving Tatar fortress in                               8         ARASBARAN                                                                                                                                                                 Islamic Republic of Iran                1976
    Date of Inscription: 1997. Criteria: C (ii) (iv)              6 St. Mary's Cathedral and St. Michael's Church                      which shaped much of the architecture of the 20th               fields in the northwest to the Pillnitz Palace and                 tombs (early Iron Age to the present). The central                    Torun owes its origins to the Teutonic Order, which          Romania.                                                Russia and an important place of pilgrimage, the                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Islamic Republic of Iran                1976
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        9         MIANKALEH
    The origins of Tallinn date back to the 13th century,            at Hildesheim                                                                                                                     the Elbe River Island in the southeast. It features                canyon contains the densest concentration of                          built a castle there in the mid 13th century as a          7 Dacian Fortresses of the Orastie Mountains              Kazan Kremlin consists of an outstanding group of                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Islamic Republic of Iran                1976
    when a castle was built there by the crusading                   District of Hanover, State of Lower Saxony                                                                                        low meadows, and is crowned by the Pillnitz                        engravings and what are believed to be altars,                        base for the conquest and evangelization of                  Counties of Alba and Hunedoara, Region of Transylvania  historic buildings dating from the 16th to 19th cen
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       10         GOLESTAN
                                                                                                                                   19 Luther Memorials in Eisleben and Wittenberg
    knights of the Teutonic Order. It developed as a                 Date of Inscription: 1985. Criteria: C (i) (ii) (iii)             States of Saxony Anhalt and Thuringia                           Palace and the centre of Dresden with its numer                    suggesting that these places were used for sacri                      Prussia. It soon developed a commercial role as              Date of Inscription: 1999. Criteria: C (ii) (iii) (iv)  turies, integrating remains of earlier structures of
    major centre of the Hanseatic League, and its wealth             St Michael's Church was built between 1010 and                    Date of Inscription: 1996. Criteria: C (iv) (vi)                ous monuments and parks from the 16th to the                       ficial offerings.                                                     part of the Hanseatic League. In the Old and New             Built in the 1st centuries B.C. and A.D. under          the 10th to 16th centuries.

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