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					          International Management of
           the Internet Address Space

                                    Rob Blokzijl
                                    RIPE Chair

                                 k13@nikhef.nl


Rob Blokzijl   .   Pan-Arab Regional Conference on WSIS, 16 June 2003, Cairo   .   http://www.ripe.net
                                         Overview

               •       WSIS and Internet Management
               •       Internet Infrastructure
               •       IP Address Management
               •       RIPE NCC
               •       Policy Process
               •       RIPE




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Rob Blokzijl       .     Pan-Arab Regional Conference on WSIS, 16 June 2003, Cairo   .   http://www.ripe.net
               Management of Internet Names
                     and Addresses

               “The co-ordination responsibility for
               root servers, domain names, and Internet
               Protocol (IP) address assignment should
               rest with a suitable international, inter-
               governmental organisation”.




Rob Blokzijl      .   Pan-Arab Regional Conference on WSIS, 16 June 2003, Cairo   .   http://www.ripe.net
                       Internet Infrastructure

               •   Domain Names
               •   IP Address Space
               •   Root server system
               •   Cables
               •   Internet standards



                                                                                                              4
Rob Blokzijl       .    Pan-Arab Regional Conference on WSIS, 16 June 2003, Cairo   .   http://www.ripe.net
               What is an IP Address? (1)
    Example:
    My email address:

               k13@nikhef.nl

    will be translated into Internet destination:

               192.16.199.99


                                                                                                          5
Rob Blokzijl    .   Pan-Arab Regional Conference on WSIS, 16 June 2003, Cairo   .   http://www.ripe.net
                What is an IP Address? (2)

     • A number used for Routing

     • Not dependent on Domain Name System

     • IP does Not mean “Intellectual Property”

     • How Many:
               – IPv4: 4.2 x 10**9 (4.2 billion)
               – IPv6: 3.4 x 10**38 (340 undecillion)

                                                                                                            6
Rob Blokzijl      .   Pan-Arab Regional Conference on WSIS, 16 June 2003, Cairo   .   http://www.ripe.net
                                IP Address

    • Fundamental characteristics:
           – Unique
           – Recognised by all Internet Service Providers
             (ISP)




                                                                                                         7
Rob Blokzijl   .   Pan-Arab Regional Conference on WSIS, 16 June 2003, Cairo   .   http://www.ripe.net
               Allocation of IP Addresses


               • Industry self-regulation

               • Participation by all ISPs




                                                                                                          8
Rob Blokzijl    .   Pan-Arab Regional Conference on WSIS, 16 June 2003, Cairo   .   http://www.ripe.net
                                          Pre 1992




                                   “The assignment of numbers is also handled by Jon.
                                   If you are developing a protocol or application that
                                   will require the use of a link, socket, port, protocol, or
               RFC 790             network number please contact Jon to receive a
                1981               number assignment.”
                                                                                                                      9
Rob Blokzijl    .        Pan-Arab Regional Conference on WSIS, 16 June 2003, Cairo     .        http://www.ripe.net
                                               1992




                     RFC 1366
               Geographic Allocations




                                                                                                             10
Rob Blokzijl    .      Pan-Arab Regional Conference on WSIS, 16 June 2003, Cairo   .   http://www.ripe.net
                                           2003




                                                                                                         11
Rob Blokzijl   .   Pan-Arab Regional Conference on WSIS, 16 June 2003, Cairo   .   http://www.ripe.net
                                 RIPE NCC

           • Not-for-profit membership association
           • Membership open to all
           • 3200+ members from 91 countries
               – 124 members from the League of Arab States
           • Long standing history – 10 years
           • Open and transparent
           • Neutral and Impartial


                                                                                                         12
Rob Blokzijl   .   Pan-Arab Regional Conference on WSIS, 16 June 2003, Cairo   .   http://www.ripe.net
               RIPE NCC Members in League of
                        Arab States
                                                     SY        BH
                                                LB                  MA
                                                     2%        2%
                                                6%                  2%
                                      PS   LY                       YE
                                      3%   2%                       1%
                                 SD
                                 1%
                                                                          EG
                                                                         19%
                            JO
                           14%




                      OM
                      1%
                                                                           DZ
                                                                           9%

                                                                           QA
                                                                           1%

                                                                          TN
                                   SA                                     2%
                                  26%                               KW
                                                                    9%
                                                          AE
                                                          3%




                                                                                                          13
Rob Blokzijl    .   Pan-Arab Regional Conference on WSIS, 16 June 2003, Cairo   .   http://www.ripe.net
                    RIPE NCC Activities (1)
Member Services
               • Registration Services
                    – IPv4 addresses
                    – IPv6 addresses
                    – AS numbers
                    – Reverse domain name delegation
                    – Training and Education
               • Test Traffic Measurements


                                                                                                            14
Rob Blokzijl    .     Pan-Arab Regional Conference on WSIS, 16 June 2003, Cairo   .   http://www.ripe.net
               IPv4 Address Space Status
                                             (/8 Blocks)


                                           APNIC
                                    LACNIC
                               ARIN          9 RIPE NCC
                                      1           10
                                16 0.4% 3.5%     3.9%
                               6.3%
                                                                                    Central Registry
                    Experimental                                                           90
                         16                                                              35.1%
                        6.3%



                      IANA Reserve
                           77                                               To IANA Reserve
                         30.1%                               Multicast             21
                                                                16                8.2%
                                                              6.3%
                                                                                                                    15
Rob Blokzijl    .       Pan-Arab Regional Conference on WSIS, 16 June 2003, Cairo      .      http://www.ripe.net
                      RIPE NCC Activities (2)
 Public Services
               • Co-ordination
                 –    RIPE support
                 –    RIPE database maintenance
                 –    Routing Registry Maintenance (RR)
                 –    ENUM
                 –    Liaison with:
                       • LIRs / RIRs / ICANN / IETF / new industry players / etc…
                 – Information dissemination

               • New Projects
                 – Routing Information Service (RIS)
                 – Routing Registry Consistency Check (RRCC)
                 – Deployment of Internet Security Infrastructure (DISI)
                                                                                                              16
Rob Blokzijl      .     Pan-Arab Regional Conference on WSIS, 16 June 2003, Cairo   .   http://www.ripe.net
               Policy Development Principles
• Open                                                       • Transparent
      – Anyone Can Participate                                     – Mailing List Archives
               • This includes Governments
                                                                   – Minutes
      – Policy Fora
                                                                          • Policy Fora
      – Mail Lists
                                                                          • RIR Boards



• Developed Bottom-Up                                        • Documented
      – Internet Community                                         – Formal Policy Documents
      – Technology Changes                                         – Implementation Procedures
      – IETF




                                                                                                                17
Rob Blokzijl       .    Pan-Arab Regional Conference on WSIS, 16 June 2003, Cairo   .     http://www.ripe.net
               Policy Development Process
                                                                                  Put Into Practice
                                                                                  • RIPE NCC
Email Lists                           Consensus                                   • RIPE NCC members
Open Policy Meetings


               Discuss                                                   Implement


                                    Effect on Industry
                                    Interaction with Technology
                    Need                                                         Evaluate
Technology Changes                                                Structured Assessment Process
Industry Requirements
                                                                                                             18
Rob Blokzijl    .    Pan-Arab Regional Conference on WSIS, 16 June 2003, Cairo    .    http://www.ripe.net
                Address Management Policy
                                    Conservation
                                                              •    Efficient Use of Resources
                                                              •    Allocation Based on Need




               Aggregation                                              Registration
                •       Limit Routing Table                                 •    Ensure Uniqueness
                        Growth                                              •    Trouble Shooting
                •       Support Provider-Based
                        Routing Policies
                                                                                                                 19
Rob Blokzijl        .     Pan-Arab Regional Conference on WSIS, 16 June 2003, Cairo   .    http://www.ripe.net
                                          RIPE

           • Policy Development Principles

           • Policy Development Process

           • Address Management Policies




                                                                                                         20
Rob Blokzijl   .   Pan-Arab Regional Conference on WSIS, 16 June 2003, Cairo   .   http://www.ripe.net
                             Conclusions

           • Self-regulation works well

           • If it works why change it?

           • No “international, inter-governmental
             organisation” needed



                                                                                                         21
Rob Blokzijl   .   Pan-Arab Regional Conference on WSIS, 16 June 2003, Cairo   .   http://www.ripe.net
                                     Questions




Rob Blokzijl   .   Pan-Arab Regional Conference on WSIS, 16 June 2003, Cairo   .   http://www.ripe.net

				
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