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					Ingredients to a Good Advisor

       Joseph S. Francisco
      Mónica Martínez-Avilés
    Claudette M. Rosado-Reyes
               What is an Advisor?
• An educator who
  advises students in
  academic and
  personal matters.
• One who advises
  another, especially
  officially or
  consultant, counselor,
          Advisor: Mentor and Coach
• Professional and personal relationship with advisors (in
  harmony and balance) can motivate students to work harder
  and provide a sense of belonging and direction.
• MENTOR = deep personal interest, personally involved—a
  friend who cares about you and your long term
• COACH = develops specific skills for the task, challenges
  and performance expectations at work.
                         Mentor                       Coach
   Focus                 Individual                   Performance
   Role                  Facilitator with no agenda   Specific agenda
   Relationship          Self selecting               Comes with the job
   Source of influence   Perceived value              Position
   Personal returns      Affirmation/learning         Teamwork/performance
   Arena                 Life                         Task related
Ingredients for a GOOD Advisor
               •   HUMAN
               •   Role model
               •   Enthusiastic
               •   Supportive
               •   Respectful
               •   Available
               •   Organized
               •   Open door policy
               •   Good communication
           Roles of an Advisor

• Guiding students'
• Getting them involved
  in the wider research
• Finding financial
• Finding a position
  after graduation
Interacting with Students
       Tradeoffs that have to be made in each
       advisor-student relationship are:
        – Amount of direction
           • Self-directed/hands-off vs. ``spoon-feeding''
             topics and research projects.
        – Personal interactions and psychological
           • Do they want advice on career, family, and
             the like? Are you willing and able to give it,
             or to find someone else to advise them?
        – Amount and type of CONSTRUCTIVE criticism
           • General directions vs. specific suggestions
             for improvement.
        – Frequency of interaction
           • Daily vs. once a semester.
Improving the Atmosphere of
     Your Interactions
            • Meet over lunch or coffee
              to make interactions more
              relaxed and less stressful.
            • Strive to maintain an open,
              honest relationship.
              Respect your students as
            • Tell them if you think
              they're asking for too much
              or too little time or
      Advisor-Protégé Relationships
• Find in your advisor someone who
  – Listen respectfully to your ideas, even when he/she
    disagrees with them
  – Believes in you under any circumstance, even when others
    might doubt your abilities
  – Share his/her own real-life experiences as a professional
    and as a person
     • Help you develop your definition of success, since success can be
       achieved in a number of ways
  – Macro and micro manage with balance the culture of the
    work place
Issues for Women
           • Impostor Syndrome
           • Isolation
           • Low self-esteem
           • Harassment and
           • Unusual time
             pressures arising
             from family
           • Lack of a support
           • Lack of relevant
 Women as Advisors and Mentors

• Help other women in navigating their
  careers while guiding them in combining
  full-time careers with satisfying personal
  and family lives
• Universities are urged to involve female
  faculty members in all aspects of
  university life
  – Leadership and decision-making roles
    Female Advisors Empowering
• Students learn that mutual empowering
  relationships mobilize the energies, resources
  and strengths of both people
  – Mitigate situations that bring about unspoken
    stereotypes of female vs. male roles
• Psychosocial functions
  – Role Modeling
     • Model diversity in women’s lives today
  – Acceptance and Affirmation
• Career Functions
  – Sponsorship, coaching and networking
 Students Thoughts on the Matter…
What to look for in an advisor:
– Schedules regular meeting with individual students (as opposed to
  saying drop in anytime, which makes the student have to look for the
  professor and guess when he/she is around)
– Actually shows up for scheduled meetings
– Funds students
– Encourages students to write and submit papers
– Takes students to conferences (with a paper? without a paper?)
– Introduces students to colleagues when at conferences
– Points out workshops, interesting mailing lists, professional societies,
  and current publications of interest to the student
– Gives the kind of help *you want/need* for finding research topics
– Is currently up-to-date on research in field
– Allows students to take proper credit for their work
– Writes good letters of recommendation
– Helps students find jobs (recommends people to contact? contacts
  people for the students?)
           In Summary…
In order to be a good advisor, you have to
relate to your graduate students as
individuals, not just as anonymous
research assistants or tickets to tenure
and co-authored publications. A good
advisor will help their students to identify
their strengths and weaknesses, to build
on the former, and to work on overcoming
the latter.
• Graduate School and Advisor Advice

• How to Be a Good Graduate Student|Advisor

• Women Mentoring Women

• Mentoring