Nursing Interventions and Tips on How to Answer Nursing
Exam Questions on Increased Intra Ocular Pressure
Know what may cause it
Increased intra ocular pressure is may be caused by glaucoma. In this case
the trabecular network which drains the fluid from the eyes is blocked so
there is no place for the fluid to go due to the obstruction.
Know the signs
Pain in and around the eyes may occur in transient attacks. The person may
be nauseous and may also vomit. Their vision may become blurred.
Measurement of the persons IOP by tonometry may be greater than 50 mm
Know methods of preventing increasing IOP
Avoiding bending over at the waist prevents increased IOP
Not straining during movements prevents increased IOP (give stool
Not coughing or sneezing prevents increased IOP
Avoid medication that increase IOP like anticholinergics and corticosteroids
unless prescribed by physician in a case where the benefits outweigh the
Increased IOP is a medical emergency that requires immediate treatment
and exams usually test to see if you know what to do in an emergency.
When you come across questions on increased IOP, keep these tips in mind.