policies and protocols for infection control, the prevention of infection, the ability to demonstrate extreme measures are taken to prevent the cause of infection in and around the workplace. This protocol is geared more towards the surgical setting but can be customized to meet any health care setting as most of them are universal precautions based policies.
Traffic Patterns in the Policy # 0157 Operating Room Effective: Reviewed: Revised: 1. POLICY. 1.1 To minimize the risk of nosocomial/surgical site infection of the facility will plan, design and implement an established traffic flow pattern. 2. PROCEDURE. 2.1 The Unrestricted Area – where street clothes are permitted. Includes the business office, lobby, pre-op area, PACU, lounges and the corridors adjoining the pre-op area and recovery room the boundaries leading to the OR suite. 2.2 The Semi-Restricted Area – where scrub attire, hats, and shoe covers are required. Includes the Operating Room Department decontamination room, and instrument reprocessing area. Traffic in the Semi-Restricted area is limited to authorized personnel and patients. 2.3 The Restricted Area – requires the wearing of masks and head coverings in addition to the scrub attire of the semi-restricted area and consists of the operating rooms during surgical procedures. 2.3.1 The flow of clean and sterile supplies and equipment should be separated form contaminated supplies, equipment and waste by space, time or traffic pattern. 2.3.2 Supplies prepared outside the surgical suite should be transported to the suite maintaining cleanliness and sterility. 2.3.3 The flow of contaminated supplies must not coincide with the flow of clean supplies in the same area. Contaminated supplies must be covered and/or contained. 2.3.4 Movement of personnel from unrestricted areas to either Semi- Restricted or Restricted areas should be through transition zone such as PACU. 2.3.5 Movement of personnel should be kept to a minimum while procedures are in progress. Page 1 of 2 2.3.6 Doors to the operating room or procedure room must be kept closed except during movement of patients, personnel, supplies and equipment. The air pressure within each operating room (Restricted Area) should be greater than the air pressure in the Semi-Restricted Area. Leaving the door open can disrupt pressurization and cause turbulent airflow that can increase airborne contamination. Page 2 of 2
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