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Grade 3-8 English Language Arts

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         Grade 3-8

English Language Arts Results

            2009
                                                    2

Student Growth Tracked Over Time:
           2006 – 2009
• Grade-by-grade testing began in 2006.
• The tests and data system track the academic
  growth of students over time.
• Example: We can see how 3rd graders in 2006
  are performing as 6th graders in 2009.
• Tracking the growth of students from one
  grade to the next over time: This is crucial to
  the Board of Regents.
                                         3

    Analyze Student Growth
          In 2 Ways:

1. Look at whether students progress
   from Level 1 and 2 to Level 3 and 4
   as they move from one grade to the
   next.
2. Look at growth by student scale
   scores as students move from one
   grade to the next.
                                                                       4

We will show slides in two different ways
  1. In the past we have compared the same
  grade over a series of years – like this example
  for Grade 6:      Percentage of Students at
                                     Levels 3 and 4
                                All Students Tested: 2006-09




                                                               80.9%
                                               66.9%
                        63.2%
         60.4%




                                   Grade 6
                 2006    2007          2008     2009
2. Now we can also show the growth of classes                                                    5

of students as they move from one grade to the
next over the 4 years of grades 3-8 tests. This
example shows the growth of students from 3rd
grade to 6th grade:
                 Percentage of Students at Levels 3 and 4




                                                                           80.9%
                                                        77.6%
         69.0%




                             68.0%




      Grade 3 in         Grade 4 in                Grade 5 in          Grade 6 in
        2006               2007                      2008                2009

  3                                                                                       8
                                      Grade 6 in 2009
                                      Grade 3 in 2006           2006    2007       2008   2009

                                     Class of 2014
   What Are the Results?                       6



1. Moderate gains overall.

2. Students who began the 3-8 grade-by-
   grade curriculum in the early grades are
   often making bigger gains as they
   progress through school than did older
   students who started the grade-by-grade
   curriculum in higher grades, for example,
   grades 6 and 7.

3. More of this year’s students are meeting
   the standards (scoring in Level 3 & 4)
   than did students in those grades 4 years
   ago.
                                                 7

     What Are the Results?
4. Average student scale scores (as opposed to
   the percentage at Level 3 & 4) show
   moderate gains as students have progressed
   from one grade to the next.

5. Middle school performance, which was very
   low when the grade 3-8 curriculum began 4
   years ago, has improved significantly over
   time.

6. Even with the improvements, many students
   still are not meeting the standards.
                                                                                         8
1.   More students are scoring in Level 3 & 4
     across grades 3-8.
      The percentage of students across all grades 3-8
      who are scoring in Level 3 & 4 increased more
      this year.
                Number of Students Tested in Grades 3-8
                                  2006          2007       2008        2009
                Grades 3-8:     1,205,120    1,228,362   1,207,778   1,200,460
                                                                                 77.4%
                                                         68.5%
        61.5%                    63.4%




                                            Grades 3-8
                              2006       2007     2008     2009
                                                                      9


 1. Moderate gains overall. The average
    student scale score across all grades 3-8
    increased moderately this year.


 *A score of 650 is the cutpoint between Level 2 and Level 3.
                                    661                664      668
                  659
650*




                                          Grades 3-8

                             2006    2007     2008     2009
                                     10
 Why Are Average Gains in Scale
Scores Often Smaller Than Gains in
 the Percentage at Level 3 and 4?

• The Answer:
  –Over time, many students have
   improved their performance just
   enough to move over the line (a
   score of 650) from Level 2 to
   Level 3.
  –But the increase in the average
   scale score was often smaller.
                                                            11
    2. Growth: Students who began the grade-by-grade
        curriculum in the early grades are making bigger
        gains as they progress through school than did older
        students who started the grade-by-grade curriculum
        in higher grades.
            Percentage of Students
                                                                                                                                      All Students Tested as They
               at Levels 3 and 4                                                                                                      Move through School, 2006-09
                                                         82.2%




                                                                        80.9%




                                                                                              80.3%
                                                                       77.6%
                                     76.9%
                 75.8%




                                                    71.1%
                                  70.1%




                                                                                                                70.0%
                                                                   69.0%                                                                    2006     2007         2008            2009




                                                                                         68.6%




                                                                                                               68.5%
                                                                   68.0%




                                                                                        68.1%
                                                   67.1%




                                                                                                              67.1%
                                                                                        66.9%


                                                                                                             63.2%


                                                                                                                                    60.4%
                                                                                                                                   57.8%




                                                                                                                                                    57.0%
                                                                                                                                                    56.4%
                                                                                                                                  56.1%




                                                                                                                                                                          49.3%
                  3                 3     4         3     4    5   3     4    5     6     4 5     6      7    5    6 7        8   6     7    8      7       8               8

Grade 3in 2009           Grade 4in 2009       Grade 5in 2009       Grade 6in 2009       Grade 7in 2009       Grade 8in 2009       Grade 9in 2009    Grade 10in 2009       Grade 11in 2009
                                                                   Grade 3 in 2006      Grade 4 in 2006       Grade 5 in 2006     Grade 6 in 2006       Grade 7 in 2006    Grade 8 in 2006

 Class of 2018             Class of 2017       Class of 2016        Class of 2015        Class of 2014         Class of 2013       Class of 2012         Class of 2011      Class of 2010
                                                                                                              12
3. Status: More of this year’s students are meeting
the standards (Level 3 & 4) than did students in
those grades 4 years ago.
                                   Number Tested         2006          2007           2008           2009
                                    Grade 3 =        185,603         198,457         195,777        198,367
                                    Grade 4 =        190,951         197,499         197,016        195,942
  Percentage of Students            Grade 5 =        201,262         202,133         198,022        197,856
                                    Grade 6 =        204,249         204,463         200,505        197,996
     at Levels 3 and 4              Grade 7 =        210,735         211,839         207,278        202,805
                                    Grade 8 =        212,320         213,971         209,180        207,494
                                    Grades 3-8=    1,205,120       1,228,362       1,207,778      1,200,460


                                 82.2%




                                                 80.9%




                                                                    80.3%
                               77.6%




                                                                                                      77.4%
                   76.9%
       75.8%



                71.1%
    70.1%




                                                                70.0%
    69.0%




               68.6%




                                                                                      68.5%



                                                                                                  68.5%
               68.0%




                           68.1%
   67.1%




                           67.1%




                                            66.9%
                                          63.2%




                                                                                                63.4%
                                                                                               61.5%
                                         60.4%




                                                           57.8%




                                                                                 57.0%
                                                           56.4%




                                                                                 56.1%
                                                                              49.3%

   Grade 3     Grade 4     Grade 5        Grade 6           Grade 7            Grade 8         Grades 3-8

                           2006     2007          2008          2009
                                                     13
 4. Growth in Average Scale Scores
        Has Been Moderate
• Students are graded on a scale from the 400’s
  to the upper 700’s.
• Students at the bottom of the scale are in
  level 1. Students at the top of the scale are in
  level 4.
• The number of students scoring at Level 3
  and 4 increased significantly for some
  classes of students over time.
• But the increase in average scale scores over
  time is smaller.
                                                                                                                                                                         14
Growth: Gains in average student scale
scores are small to moderate.
As students progressed from one grade to the next, the
performance of some classes of students grew very little.
For one class, performance declined.
                                                                                                       All Students Tested as They
*A score of 650 is the cutpoint between                                                                Move through School, 2006-09
Level 2 and Level 3.
                                               675
                                                                                                                 2006       2007     2008       2009
            670




                           670
                           669




                                                              669
                                            667




                                                             667
                                                             667




                                                                                667
                                            666




                                                                                666
                                                            665




                                                                               665


                                                                                                 663

                                                                                                662
                                                                              661


                                                                                                661

                                                                                                661


                                                                                                                    657
                                                                                                                   656
                                                                                                                   655




                                                                                                                                      655
                                                                                                                                     652




                                                                                                                                                        650
650*




                3            3      4       3    4      5   3   4 5     6     4   5    6   7     5 6    7    8     6    7    8       7   8               8

Grade 3 in 2009     Grade 4 in 2009     Grade 5 in 2009     Grade 6 in 2009   Grade 7 in 2009   Grade 8 in 2009    Grade 9 in 2009   Grade 10 in 2009 Grade 11 in 2009
                                                            Grade 3 in 2006   Grade 4 in 2006    Grade 5 in 2006   Grade 6 in 2006   Grade 7 in 2006   Grade 8 in 2006

Class of 2018       Class of 2017       Class of 2016        Class of 2015     Class of 2014      Class of 2013     Class of 2012     Class of 2011     Class of 2010
                                                                                    15
      Status: This year’s students had higher average
      scale scores than did the students in those
      same grades 4 years ago.


 *A score of 650 is the cutpoint between Level 2 and Level 3.




                                   675
       670




                   670
       669

       669
       667




                                  667




                                                   667




                                                               667
                   666
                   665
                   666




                                 665
                                 663




                                                              662
                                                  661
                                                  661




                                                                            661
                                                                           657
                                                 656




                                                             655




                                                                           655
                                                             652




                                                                          650
650




        Grade 3     Grade 4          Grade 5      Grade 6       Grade 7   Grade 8

                              2006     2007    2008   2009
                                                                                                         16
5. Status: Middle school has improved as
more students meet the standards.

When the grade 3-8 tests began in 2006, the percentage of students
achieving Levels 3 & 4 was much poorer in the middle grades than in
the elementary grades. But now performance in middle school has
improved significantly.
                                                                          Percentage of Students
                                                                          at Levels 3 and 4
                                 82.2%




                                                 80.9%




                                                                  80.3%
                               77.6%




                                                                                                 77.4%
                   76.9%
       75.8%



                71.1%
    70.1%




                                                              70.0%
    69.0%




               68.6%




                                                                                  68.5%



                                                                                             68.5%
               68.0%




                           68.1%
   67.1%




                           67.1%




                                            66.9%
                                          63.2%




                                                                                           63.4%
                                                                                          61.5%
                                         60.4%




                                                         57.8%




                                                                             57.0%
                                                         56.4%




                                                                             56.1%
                                                                          49.3%
   Grade 3     Grade 4     Grade 5        Grade 6         Grade 7          Grade 8        Grades 3-8

                           2006      2007       2008        2009
                                                                                             17
      Status: Middle School: Improvement in
      scale scores is smaller.
      There is also improvement in average student scores especially in
      the middle grades – but the improvement in average scores is often
      much smaller than the improvement in the percentage of students in
      Levels 3 & 4.
                                                                 Mean Scale Scores




                             675
      670




                 670
      669

      669




                                                                                   668
      667




                            667




                                          667




                                                        667
                 666
                 665
                 666



                           665




                                                                                  664
                           663




                                                       662
                                         661
                                         661




                                                                     661


                                                                                 661
                                                                                 659
                                                                    657
                                        656




                                                      655




                                                                    655
                                                      652




                                                                   650
650




       Grade 3   Grade 4   Grade 5          Grade 6    Grade 7      Grade 8     Grades 3-8

                           2006      2007     2008    2009
                                            18

   Why the Progress Overall?
• Over time, the State has invested
  significantly more resources in education.
• Universal Pre-Kindergarten has been
  expanding and reaching more students
  each year.
• The grade-by-grade curriculum,
  introduced in 2006, seems to be helping.
  Schools are aligning their instruction with
  the grade-by-grade curriculum.
• Schools have created literacy teams of
  teachers and are increasing professional
  development to improve instruction.
                               19




 Similar Trends Emerge for
Different Groups of Students
          Over Time.
                                                                                                                                                                      20
   Growth: More students with disabilities
   met the standards (scoring in Levels 3 &
   4) as they progressed through school.
                              But achievement is still low.

                                                                                                      Percentage of Students at
                                                                                                           Levels 3 and 4
                                                48.4%




                                                              44.3%                                     2006          2007    2008          2009




                                                                                 43.5%
                                                             40.7%
                           37.5%
           36.6%


                         30.8%




                                      29.8%




                                                                                                29.4%
                                                                            29.1%
                                     28.0%




                                                        27.6%
                                                        26.6%




                                                                           26.5%




                                                                                               26.6%


                                                                                              24.9%
                                                                          23.9%


                                                                                            19.7%




                                                                                                              17.3%
                                                                                                              16.8%




                                                                                                                              16.1%
                                                                                                                              15.6%
                                                                                                             13.3%




                                                                                                                                                    10.5%
             3            3    4       3    4      5    3   4    5   6    4   5    6   7    5   6 7     8    6    7    8      7       8              8

Grade 3 in 2009 Grade 4 in 2009 Grade 5 in 2009 Grade 6 in 2009 Grade 7 in 2009 Grade 8 in 2009 Grade 9 in 2009                   Grade 10 in         Grade 11 in
                                                                                                                                     2009                2009
                                                        Grade 3 in 2006   Grade 4 in 2006   Grade 5 in 2006 Grade 6 in 2006       Grade 7 in 2006   Grade 8 in 2006

 Class of 2018     Class of 2017   Class of 2016         Class of 2015     Class of 2014     Class of 2013   Class of 2012         Class of 2011     Class of 2010
                                                                                                                                                                                 21

   Growth: Fewer students with
   disabilities are scoring in Level 1
   (showing serious academic difficulties)
   as they move through school.

                                             Percentage of Students at Level 1
                                                             2006           2007             2008        2009


                                                                             38.6%




                                                                                                                                                               38.5%
                                                          37.3%
                                          34.8%




                                                         33.2%




                                                                                                                              33.0%




                                                                                                                                               32.9%
                                         31.7%




                                                                                                       28.0%
                            26.7%




                                                                                                                                            25.4%
                                                                                                                          24.3%
           22.9%




                                                                                                                          22.8%
                          21.3%




                                                                                     21.5%




                                                                                                                 12.4%
                                                                     8.9%




                                                                                                               8.7%
                                                                                                8.3%




                                                                                                               7.8%
                                                  3.1%




                                                                                             1.9%
                                                                  0.7%




Grade 3 in 2009    Grade 4 in 2009   Grade 5 in 2009     Grade 6 in 2009     Grade 7 in 2009           Grade 8 in 2009    Grade 9 in 2009   Grade 10 in 2009 Grade 11 in 2009
                                                         Grade 3 in 2006     Grade 4 in 2006            Grade 5 in 2006   Grade 6 in 2006    Grade 7 in 2006   Grade 8 in 2006

 Class of 2018      Class of 2017     Class of 2016       Class of 2015       Class of 2014              Class of 2013     Class of 2012      Class of 2011     Class of 2010
                                                                                                                                                                             22
Growth: The average scale score for
students with disabilities has also
increased significantly as students have
moved through school.
                                                                             Mean Scale Scores

                                                     650            2006         2007        2008         2009




                                                                  647




                                                                                      645
                                                                 640
            637




                            635




650
                            634




                                                                                                        634
                                                                                   633




                                                                                                       633
                                                                                  631
                                             628


                                                              628




                                                                                                      628
                                            625


                                                             625




                                                                                                     622
                                                                                621




                                                                                                                          620


                                                                                                                                           618
                                                                                                                         617
                                                                                                                        612




                                                                                                                                         610




                                                                                                                                                            608
                3            3      4       3    4      5    3    4 5    6      4    5   6       7    5 6     7   8     6    7   8       7   8               8


Grade 3 in 2009     Grade 4 in 2009     Grade 5 in 2009     Grade 6 in 2009     Grade 7 in 2009      Grade 8 in 2009   Grade 9 in 2009   Grade 10 in 2009 Grade 11 in 2009
                                                            Grade 3 in 2006    Grade 4 in 2006       Grade 5 in 2006   Grade 6 in 2006   Grade 7 in 2006   Grade 8 in 2006

Class of 2018       Class of 2017       Class of 2016        Class of 2015      Class of 2014         Class of 2013     Class of 2012     Class of 2011     Class of 2010
                                                                                                                                                                    23

     Growth: English Language Learners show
     mixed improvement in advancing to Levels 3
     & 4 as they have moved through school.
     Performance is low.

                           Note: 2007 was the first year the federal government
                           required all ELL students to be tested, except for those in
                           this country for one year or less.

                                                                                               Percentage of Students at Levels 3 and 4
           47.7%




                                             42.8%
                             40.9%




                                                                                                         2006       2007         2008     2009
                                                              35.5%
                                                              34.3%

                                                              34.0%
                          33.1%




                                         31.9%
                                         30.5%




                                                                                26.6%


                                                                                25.4%
                                                          23.0%




                                                                                                  20.6%
                                                                             18.9%




                                                                                                 17.4%
                                                                            14.9%




                                                                                               12.6%
                                                                                                                 11.2%
                                                                                              10.4%




                                                                                                                                   8.5%
                                                                                                               7.0%
                                                                                                               6.3%


                                                                                                                                  5.9%


                                                                                                                                                   4.9%
             3             3    4         3    4      5   3    4   5   6    4   5   6    7    5    6 7    8    6    7   8
                                                                                                                                   7 8             8

Grade 3 in 2009    Grade 4 in 2009   Grade 5 in 2009      Grade 6 in 2009   Grade 7 in 2009   Grade 8 in 2009 Grade 9 in 2009    Grade 10 in 2009 Grade 11 in 2009
                                                          Grade 3 in 2006   Grade 4 in 2006    Grade 5 in 2006 Grade 6 in 2006     Grade 7 in 2006 Grade 8 in 2006

 Class of 2018      Class of 2017     Class of 2016        Class of 2015    Class of 2014      Class of 2013   Class of 2012       Class of 2011    Class of 2010
                                                                                                                                                                           24



   Growth: The percentage of English Language
   Learners scoring in Level 1 (showing serious
   academic difficulties) has decreased
   significantly.


                                                      Percentage of Students at Level 1
                                                             2006          2007        2008        2009




                                                                                                                                                         46.6%
                                                                                                                      39.4%




                                                                                                                                       39.0%
                                                                                                                                      36.8%
                                                                                                                     36.6%
                                                                               36.4%




                                                                                                                    34.2%
                                                         31.5%
                                                         30.8%




                                                                                                         30.3%
                                                                            27.5%
                                          25.9%
                                         23.8%
                           18.4%




                                                                                                    15.9%
                          14.8%
           13.9%




                                                                                                   13.7%
                                                                                                  11.8%
                                                                                          11.1%
                                                                    9.8%




                                                                                       3.7%
                                                  3.5%




                                                                 0.8%




Grade 3 in 2009    Grade 4 in 2009   Grade 5 in 2009     Grade 6 in 2009    Grade 7 in 2009       Grade 8 in 2009   Grade 9 in 2009   Grade 10 in 2009 Grade 11 in 2009
                                                         Grade 3 in 2006    Grade 4 in 2006       Grade 5 in 2006   Grade 6 in 2006    Grade 7 in 2006   Grade 8 in 2006

 Class of 2018      Class of 2017     Class of 2016       Class of 2015      Class of 2014         Class of 2013     Class of 2012      Class of 2011     Class of 2010
                                                                                                                                                                             25
Growth: The increase in average scale scores
for English Language Learners has been
greater than the increase in the percentage of
students scoring at Levels 3 and 4.
                                                                             Mean Scale Scores
                                                                     2006        2007        2008         2009

                                                646
            645




                                                                  644
                            639
                            638




                                                                636

                                                                636




                                                                                   636
 650
                                            633
                                            631




                                                                                 627




                                                                                                       627
                                                                                625
                                                             624




                                                                                623




                                                                                                      623
                                                                                                     621
                                                                                                     619




                                                                                                                          609
                                                                                                                          608




                                                                                                                                         606
                                                                                                                                         605


                                                                                                                                                            602
                                                                                                                        600
                3            3      4       3    4      5    3    4 5    6      4    5   6       7    5 6     7   8     6    7   8       7   8               8


Grade 3 in 2009     Grade 4 in 2009     Grade 5 in 2009     Grade 6 in 2009     Grade 7 in 2009      Grade 8 in 2009   Grade 9 in 2009   Grade 10 in 2009 Grade 11 in 2009
                                                            Grade 3 in 2006    Grade 4 in 2006       Grade 5 in 2006   Grade 6 in 2006   Grade 7 in 2006   Grade 8 in 2006

Class of 2018       Class of 2017       Class of 2016        Class of 2015      Class of 2014         Class of 2013     Class of 2012     Class of 2011     Class of 2010
                                                                                             26

Across all Grades 3-8, Black, Hispanic, and
American Indian students have experienced
the most growth in meeting the standards.


                    Percentage of Students at Levels 3 and 4
     86.6%




                                                                      85.9%
   79.6%




                                                                    79.0%
  77.6%




                                                                                    77.4%
 75.6%




                                                                  75.4%
                                                                 71.8%
                                                        68.9%




                                                                                 68.5%
                                        64.8%
                        64.3%




                                                                               63.4%
                                                                              61.5%
                                                    57.3%
                    52.9%




                                    52.6%




                                                 50.8%
                                                46.5%
                                 46.1%
                                 45.6%
                 45.2%
                42.4%




   Asian            Black          Hispanic        American        White      Total Public
                                                Indian/Alaskan
                                                     Native
             2006    2007       2008    2009
                                                                                                                                         27

 Across all Grades 3-8, Black, Hispanic, and
 American Indian students also had the most
 growth in average scale scores.

                                                                                                          Mean Scale Scores
                        679




                                                                                                           660
                                                                                                    654
      675




                                                                                                                                   675
                  674




                                                                                              650
                                                                         650




                                                                                        645
            673




                              641
                                    646




                                                                   645




                                                                                                                       672
                                                                                                                             672
                                                             644




                                                                               657
                                                657




                                                                                                                 669
                                          651

650




            Asian                   Black                          Hispanic                 American                   White
                                                                                      Indian/Alaskan Native

                                                      2006     2007       2008       2009
                                                                                                                                                                      28

Growth: More Black students reached Levels 3 &
4 as they moved through school. The gains are
larger than for White and Asian students.

                                                              2006         2007       2008    2009

                           Percentage of Black Students Scoring at Levels 3 and 4
                                                70.2%




                                                                 69.2%




                                                                                   67.0%
                             64.9%




                                                               64.2%
           63.3%




                                           56.5%
                          56.3%




                                                                                                  54.3%
                                                                              51.8%




                                                                                                 51.8%
                                                          51.3%
                                         51.1%




                                                                             51.2%
                                                          50.7%




                                                                             50.0%

                                                                                               48.9%
                                                                                              44.4%


                                                                                                                41.3%
                                                                                                               37.9%
                                                                                                               37.0%


                                                                                                                                 36.6%
                                                                                                                                 35.9%




                                                                                                                                                     28.1%
             3             3    4         3    4      5   3    4   5   6     4    5   6   7   5    6 7    8    6    7   8        7      8             8


Grade 3 in 2009    Grade 4 in 2009   Grade 5 in 2009      Grade 6 in 2009   Grade 7 in 2009   Grade 8 in 2009 Grade 9 in 2009    Grade 10 in 2009 Grade 11 in 2009
                                                          Grade 3 in 2006   Grade 4 in 2006    Grade 5 in 2006 Grade 6 in 2006     Grade 7 in 2006 Grade 8 in 2006

 Class of 2018      Class of 2017     Class of 2016        Class of 2015     Class of 2014     Class of 2013   Class of 2012         Class of 2011    Class of 2010
                                                                                                                                                                            29
Growth: Black students made larger gains
in average scale scores as they
progressed through school than did White
and Asian students.
                                                                        Mean Scale Scores
                                                                   2006        2007         2008        2009
                                                     663
            658




                             658




                                                                658




                                                                                  657
                            656




                                                               656
                                            651

                                                              651




                                                                                651




                                                                                                      651
                                            650




                                                                               650
                                                             649


                                                                               649




                                                                                                     649
                                                                                                     648
                                                                                                    646




                                                                                                                        642
 650




                                                                                                                       639
                                                                                                                       639




                                                                                                                                         639
                                                                                                                                        634




                                                                                                                                                           631
                3            3      4       3    4      5    3    4 5    6     4    5   6       7    5 6     7   8     6    7   8       7   8               8


Grade 3 in 2009     Grade 4 in 2009     Grade 5 in 2009     Grade 6 in 2009    Grade 7 in 2009      Grade 8 in 2009   Grade 9 in 2009   Grade 10 in 2009 Grade 11 in 2009
                                                            Grade 3 in 2006   Grade 4 in 2006       Grade 5 in 2006   Grade 6 in 2006   Grade 7 in 2006   Grade 8 in 2006

Class of 2018       Class of 2017       Class of 2016        Class of 2015     Class of 2014         Class of 2013     Class of 2012     Class of 2011     Class of 2010
                                                                                                                                                                        30

Growth: More Hispanic students reached Levels 3
& 4 as they moved through school. The gains are
larger than for White and Asian students.
          The percentage of this year’s Hispanic 4th, 5th, and 7th
          graders scoring in Levels 3 & 4 increased significantly
          as they moved from one grade to the next through
          school over the 4 years.            71.6%




                                                                69.7%
                                                                                                                  Percentage of Students at




                                                                                  66.8%
                                                              65.3%
                             64.8%
           63.8%




                                                                                                                       Levels 3 and 4
                                                            58.9%
                                         56.8%




                                                                              55.5%
                                                                                                                  2006         2007         2008       2009




                                                                                                 54.5%
                         53.7%




                                                                                                52.4%


                                                                                                52.6%
                                       50.7%




                                                         50.8%




                                                                            50.0%
                                                                           48.0%


                                                                                             44.7%


                                                                                                                43.3%
                                                                                                               39.8%


                                                                                                                                38.5%
                                                                                                                                37.6%
                                                                                                              37.3%




                                                                                                                                                      31.5%
             3            3    4         3    4      5   3   4    5   6    4   5    6   7    5   6 7     8    6    7   8        7       8              8

Grade 3 in 2009 Grade 4 in 2009 Grade 5 in 2009 Grade 6 in 2009 Grade 7 in 2009 Grade 8 in 2009 Grade 9 in 2009                     Grade 10 in         Grade 11 in
                                                                                                                                       2009                2009
                                                         Grade 3 in 2006   Grade 4 in 2006   Grade 5 in 2006 Grade 6 in 2006        Grade 7 in 2006   Grade 8 in 2006

 Class of 2018     Class of 2017     Class of 2016        Class of 2015     Class of 2014     Class of 2013   Class of 2012          Class of 2011     Class of 2010
                                                                                                                                                                            31
Growth: Hispanic students have often
made larger gains in average scale scores
as they progressed through school than
have White and Asian students.
                                                                      2006      2007        2008         2009
                                                                        Mean Scale Scores
                                                     664




                                                                 659
            658




                             657




                                                                657

                                                               656




                                                                                 656
                            653




                                                                                653
                                            651




                                                                                                      651
                                            650




                                                                               649
                                                                               649




                                                                                                     649
                                                             648




                                                                                                    648
                                                                                                    647


                                                                                                                        641

                                                                                                                        641
 650




                                                                                                                       639




                                                                                                                                         638
                                                                                                                                        636




                                                                                                                                                           634
                3            3      4       3    4      5    3    4    5 6     4    5   6       7   5   6    7   8     6    7   8       7   8               8


Grade 3 in 2009     Grade 4 in 2009     Grade 5 in 2009     Grade 6 in 2009    Grade 7 in 2009      Grade 8 in 2009   Grade 9 in 2009   Grade 10 in 2009 Grade 11 in 2009
                                                            Grade 3 in 2006   Grade 4 in 2006       Grade 5 in 2006   Grade 6 in 2006   Grade 7 in 2006   Grade 8 in 2006

Class of 2018       Class of 2017       Class of 2016        Class of 2015     Class of 2014         Class of 2013     Class of 2012     Class of 2011     Class of 2010
                                                                                                                                                                      32
Growth: White students often made smaller
gains in reaching Levels 3 & 4 as they
progressed through school than did Black and
Hispanic students, but overall performance is
much higher.     2006 2007 2008 2009



                                             90.0%




                                                                                 89.4%
                                                              88.5%
                                                             86.3%
                           85.0%
           83.8%


                          80.7%




                                         80.7%




                                                                                                80.3%
                                                                             80.0%
                                                           79.4%




                                                                                                79.3%
                                                                             78.8%
                                                                                                                Percentage of Students at Levels 3 and 4
                                        78.4%




                                                                                               77.3%
                                                          77.2%




                                                                            77.1%




                                                                                              75.4%


                                                                                                                71.5%
                                                                                                                70.3%




                                                                                                                                  70.2%
                                                                                                               68.2%

                                                                                                                                 68.3%




                                                                                                                                                     61.0%
             3             3    4         3    4      5   3   4    5   6    4   5   6    7     5   6 7    8    6    7   8        7      8             8


Grade 3 in 2009    Grade 4 in 2009   Grade 5 in 2009      Grade 6 in 2009   Grade 7 in 2009   Grade 8 in 2009 Grade 9 in 2009    Grade 10 in 2009 Grade 11 in 2009
                                                          Grade 3 in 2006   Grade 4 in 2006    Grade 5 in 2006 Grade 6 in 2006    Grade 7 in 2006 Grade 8 in 2006

 Class of 2018      Class of 2017     Class of 2016        Class of 2015    Class of 2014      Class of 2013   Class of 2012         Class of 2011    Class of 2010
                                                                                                                                                                          33


Growth: Average scale scores for White
students have declined for some students
as they moved through school.

                                                                       Mean Scale Scores
                                                                      2006        2007         2008       2009
                                            683
                         679
           678




                         678

                                         678


                                                           677
                                        676


                                                          675




                                                                                675
                                                          674

                                                                               674


                                                                               674
                                                         672




                                                                                                   672
                                                                                                  670
                                                                             669




                                                                                                 669
                                                                                                 668


                                                                                                                    667
                                                                                                                   666




                                                                                                                                      666
                                                                                                                   665


                                                                                                                                     663




                                                                                                                                                        661
 650




             3            3    4         3    4      5   3    4   5    6      4    5 6    7       5   6    7   8   6   7    8          7 8              8


Grade 3 in 2009   Grade 4 in 2009   Grade 5 in 2009      Grade 6 in 2009     Grade 7 in 2009     Grade 8 in 2009   Grade 9 in 2009   Grade 10 in 2009 Grade 11 in 2009
                                                         Grade 3 in 2006     Grade 4 in 2006     Grade 5 in 2006   Grade 6 in 2006    Grade 7 in 2006   Grade 8 in 2006

 Class of 2018     Class of 2017     Class of 2016        Class of 2015       Class of 2014       Class of 2013     Class of 2012      Class of 2011     Class of 2010
 Status: However, this year’s White                                          34


 students have higher average scale
 scores than White students in those
 grades did 4 years before.




                              683
      679
      678

      678




                678
      677




                674

                676
                675




                             675
                             674




                                                           674
                             672




                                             672
                                            670
                                            669




                                                          669




                                                                    668
                                            666




                                                                    666
                                                         665




                                                                   665
                                                         663




                                                                   661
650




      Grade 3   Grade 4          Grade 5      Grade 6    Grade 7   Grade 8

                          2006     2007    2008   2009
                             Mean Scale Scores
                                                                                                             35
Across all Grades 3-8, districts in all
need/resource categories have made significant
gains in the percentage of students scoring in
Levels 3 & 4.




                                                                                      91.8%
                                                                                    87.5%
                                                                                   84.8%
                                                                          84.2%

                                                                                  82.9%
  Percentage of Students at Levels 3 and 4




                                                                                                     77.4%
                                                                       76.7%
                                                            76.3%



                                                                     73.0%
                                          70.9%
         68.8%




                                                                    69.2%




                                                                                                 68.5%
                                                        66.8%




                                                                                               63.4%
                                                      62.0%




                                                                                              61.5%
                                      60.6%
     57.6%




                          56.9%




                                                    56.7%
                                    54.9%
                                   52.4%
  50.7%
  50.8%




                      46.4%
                  38.7%
                  37.3%




  New York City   Large City      Urban-Suburban         Rural       Average        Low       Total Public

                                     2006         2007      2008    2009
                                                                                      36

      Across all grades 3-8, scale score gains
      have generally been much smaller.
         2006-2009 ELA: Grades 3-8 Need/Resource Capacity Category
                            Mean Scale Scores


                                  2006    2007    2008    2009




                                                                 683
                                                                 681
                                                                 681
                                                                 680
                                                   673
                                                   665
                                                   669
                                                   669




                                                                          668
                                           665
                                           653




                                                                         664
         662




                                662



                                          661




                                                                        661
                                650




                                          659




                                                                        659
                               656
        655




                               653
                   652
       651
       649




                  646
                  636
                  640




650




       New York   Large City    Urban-    Rural     Average      Low   Total Public
         City                  Suburban
                                                                                                                                                                  37
Growth: In New York City, students who began
the 3-8 grade-by-grade curriculum in the early
grades are making bigger gains as they progress
through school than did older students who started the
grade-by-grade curriculum in higher grades, e.g., grades
6 and 7.
                                                 74.7%                                                           Percentage of Students at




                                                                72.6%
                                                                                                                      Levels 3 and 4




                                                                                 70.9%
            69.4%




                                                               69.2%
                              68.9%




                                                            61.5%
                                            61.3%



                                                                                                                     2006      2007       2008       2009
                           59.9%




                                                                                                  59.5%
                                                                             58.9%




                                                                                                 57.0%
                                                                                                 56.7%
                                          56.4%




                                                                            56.1%
                                                          56.0%




                                                                           52.7%


                                                                                              49.7%


                                                                                                                 48.6%
                                                                                                                45.4%


                                                                                                                                 44.2%
                                                                                                               43.0%


                                                                                                                                41.8%


                                                                                                                                                  36.6%
             3              3    4        3    4      5   3   4   5   6    4   5   6      7    5   6 7    8   6 6    7    8    7 7    8          8 8


Grade 3 in 2009     Grade 4 in 2009   Grade 5 in 2009     Grade 6 in 2009 Grade 7 in 2009     Grade 8 in 2009  Grade 9 in 2009 Grade 10 in 2009 Grade 11 in 2009
                                                          Grade 3 in 2006 Grade 4 in 2006     Grade 5 in 2006 Grade 6 in 2006  Grade 7 in 2006  Grade 8 in 2006

 Class of 2018       Class of 2017    Class of 2016       Class of 2015   Class of 2014       Class of 2013    Class of 2012    Class of 2011     Class of 2010
                                                                                                              38

Status: More of this year’s New York City
students are scoring in Level 3 & 4 than did
students in those grades 4 years ago.


                                                                              Percentage of Students at




                                   74.7%
                                                                                   Levels 3 and 4




                                                    72.6%




                                                                      70.9%
      69.4%




                                 69.2%
                   68.9%




                                                                                                      68.8%
   61.5%




                61.3%
  59.9%




                                                                  59.5%
               58.9%




                                                                                                  57.6%
                                                                                       57.0%
                            56.7%
 56.4%




                            56.1%
              56.0%




                                            52.7%




                                                                                               50.8%
                                                                                               50.7%
                                           49.7%
                                           48.6%




                                                            45.4%
                                                            44.2%




                                                                                 43.0%
                                                                                 41.8%
  Grade 3     Grade 4       Grade 5         Grade 6          Grade 7           36.6%
                                                                                Grade 8        Grades 3-8
                           2006      2007     2008           2009
                                                                                                                                                                            39

Growth: The average scale score of New York
City students has generally increased as
students have progressed from one grade to the
next through school.
                                                                        Mean Scale Scores
                                                                     2006       2007        2008         2009
                                                     669
            664




                             663




                                                               662
                                                               661

                                                               661




                                                                                 660
                            659




                                            657




                                                                                657
                                            656




                                                                                656




                                                                                                     655
                                                             654




                                                                                                     654


                                                                                                    653
                                                                               652


                                                                                                    652




                                                                                                                        647
                                                                                                                       646
                                                                                                                       645




                                                                                                                                        643
                                                                                                                                        642
650




                                                                                                                                                           639
                3            3      4       3    4      5    3    4 5    6     4    5   6       7    5 6     7   8     6    7   8       7   8               8


Grade 3 in 2009     Grade 4 in 2009     Grade 5 in 2009     Grade 6 in 2009    Grade 7 in 2009      Grade 8 in 2009   Grade 9 in 2009   Grade 10 in 2009 Grade 11 in 2009
                                                            Grade 3 in 2006   Grade 4 in 2006       Grade 5 in 2006   Grade 6 in 2006   Grade 7 in 2006   Grade 8 in 2006

Class of 2018       Class of 2017       Class of 2016        Class of 2015     Class of 2014         Class of 2013     Class of 2012     Class of 2011     Class of 2010
                                                                                   40

      Status: New York City students in 2009 have
      higher scale scores than did students in those
      same grades 4 years ago. That’s especially
      true in the middle grades.

      Mean Scale Scores




                                     669
        664




                      663




                                                     662
        661




                                    661




                                                                  660
       659



                     657

                     657
       656




                     654




                                   656




                                                                 655
                                   654




                                                                           653
                                                    652
                                                    652




                                                                          647
                                                   646




                                                               645




                                                                         643
                                                               642




                                                                         639
650




        Grade 3       Grade 4          Grade 5      Grade 6    Grade 7   Grade 8

                                2006     2007    2008   2009
                                                                                                                                                                             41
Growth: In the Big 4 Cities, students who began
the 3-8 grade-by-grade curriculum in the early
grades are making bigger gains as they progress
through school than did older students who started the
grade-by-grade curriculum in higher grades, e.g., grades
6 and 7.
                                                                                                                   Percentage of Students at
                                                                                                                        Levels 3 and 4



                                                                 65.0%
                                                 62.9%

                                                                                                                    2006        2007       2008           2009




                                                                                  59.2%
                                                              57.4%
                              57.0%
            53.7%




                                             50.5%




                                                                              49.2%

                                                                              48.6%
                           48.1%




                                                          46.4%
                                                          45.7%




                                                                             44.9%




                                                                                                    44.1%
                                                                                                    44.0%
                                                                                                   43.7%
                                          43.0%




                                                                                                  39.0%


                                                                                                                         37.4%

                                                                                                                      31.3%


                                                                                                                                          31.0%
                                                                                                                      30.0%


                                                                                                                                         29.5%




                                                                                                                                                             24.2%
             3              3    4        3    4      5   3   4    5   6     4    5   6       7    5    6 7    8     6 6    7    8      7 7    8            8 8

Grade 3 in 2009     Grade 4 in 2009   Grade 5 in 2009     Grade 6 in 2009    Grade 7 in 2009      Grade 8 in 2009     Grade 9 in 2009    Grade 10 in 2009 Grade 11 in 2009
                                                          Grade 3 in 2006   Grade 4 in 2006       Grade 5 in 2006    Grade 6 in 2006     Grade 7 in 2006    Grade 8 in 2006

 Class of 2018       Class of 2017    Class of 2016        Class of 2015     Class of 2014         Class of 2013      Class of 2012       Class of 2011      Class of 2010
                                                                                                                    42

Status: In the Big 4 Cities, more of this year’s
students are scoring in Level 3 & 4 than did
students in those same grades 4 years ago.

                         Percentage of Students at Levels 3 and 4




                                                      65.0%
                                 62.9%




                                                                            59.2%
                               57.4%
                 57.0%




                                                                                                            56.9%
     53.7%



              50.5%
              49.2%




                                              48.6%
   48.1%



             46.4%




                                                                                                        46.4%
  45.7%




                          44.9%




                                                                    44.0%




                                                                                            44.1%
                          43.7%
 43.0%




                                          39.0%




                                                                                                    38.7%
                                         37.4%




                                                                                                    37.3%
                                                                                       31.3%
                                                                                       31.0%
                                                              30.0%
                                                              29.5%




                                                                                    24.2%
 Grade 3     Grade 4       Grade 5        Grade 6              Grade 7               Grade 8        Grades 3-8
                         2006     2007        2008            2009
                                                                                                                                                                                43

Growth: In the Big 4, there has been a net gain in
average scale scores as students have
progressed from one grade to the next through 4
years of school.
                                                                                                                               Mean Scale Scores
                                                                                                                         2006       2007         2008   2009
                                                        659




                                                                  656




                                                                                   653
                            652
           651




                                                                 651
                            650




                                                                                  648

                                                                                  648
                                                                647
                                              646




                                                                                 645
                                              644




                                                               644




                                                                                                        644
                                                                                                        644
                                                                                                        643
                                                                                                       640




                                                                                                                          636
                                                                                                                          635




                                                                                                                                            633
 650




                                                                                                                         631


                                                                                                                                           627




                                                                                                                                                              626
                 3             3      4        3    4      5     3   4 5    6     4    5   6       7     5 6    7    8     6    7   8        7    8             8

Grade 3 in 2009      Grade 4 in 2009      Grade 5 in 2009      Grade 6 in 2009   Grade 7 in 2009       Grade 8 in 2009   Grade 9 in 2009   Grade 10 in 2009 Grade 11 in 2009
                                                               Grade 3 in 2006   Grade 4 in 2006       Grade 5 in 2006   Grade 6 in 2006    Grade 7 in 2006   Grade 8 in 2006

 Class of 2018        Class of 2017        Class of 2016        Class of 2015     Class of 2014         Class of 2013     Class of 2012      Class of 2011     Class of 2010
                                                                               44

Status: In the Big 4, students this year have
higher scale scores than did students in those
same grades 4 years ago. That’s especially true in
the middle grades.

                                                          Mean Scale Scores




                                659




                                                656




                                                             653
                 652
       651




                               651
       650



                648




                                               648
      647




                646
                644




                              645
      644




                                                            644




                                                                      644
                                              643
                             640




                                                                     636
                                             635




                                                                     633
                                                          631




                                                                    626
650




      Grade 3   Grade 4          Grade 5      Grade 6    Grade 7     Grade 8

                          2006     2007    2008   2009
                                                                                                  45
Across all Grades 3-8, in each of the Big 5
Cities, the percentage of students scoring
in Levels 3 & 4 has significantly increased
over the past 4 years.




                                                                                          77.4%
                                         Percentage of Students
        68.8%




                                                                                      68.5%
                                            at Levels 3 and 4




                                                                           65.2%



                                                                                    63.4%
                                                                                   61.5%
    57.6%




                                           56.0%




                                                                       55.6%
                          54.4%




                                                          52.7%

                                                                     51.1%
 50.7%
 50.8%




                                                                   46.7%
                                       46.6%
                     42.5%




                                                      42.1%
                                    38.4%
                                    38.4%




                                                    37.3%
                  34.5%




                                                   34.0%
                30.1%




New York City     Buffalo            Rochester     Syracuse          Yonkers       Total Public
                                  2006    2007      2008          2009
                                                                                         46

      Across all Grades 3-8, in each of the Big 5
      Cities, students’ average scores have
      increased over the past 4 years.

                                                           Mean Scale Scores




                                                                           668
                                                                           664
          662




                                                                          661
                                                               659

                                                                          659
         655




                                                              650

                                                              653
        651




                         651




                                    651




                                                  650
        649




                                                             647
                                   637

                                   646


                                                 633
                        643




                                                 643
                                  640
                       629




                                                639
                       636




650




       New York City   Buffalo     Rochester    Syracuse      Yonkers     Total Public

                                 2006    2007    2008      2009
Growth: In Buffalo, the percentage of students 47
scoring in Level 3 and 4 has increased
substantially as students have moved from one
grade to the next through school during the past
4 years.
                                          Percentage of Students at Levels 3 and 4
                                                          2006     2007       2008           2009




                                                                    63.5%




                                                                                         61.8%
                                                56.2%
                             54.1%




                                                                52.9%
           48.9%


                          46.9%




                                                                                                    43.8%
                                                                              43.7%




                                                                                                    42.5%
                                           42.3%


                                                           39.8%




                                                                            38.7%
                                                                            37.7%
                                                          37.3%
                                         35.2%




                                                                                                 35.1%
                                                                                                 34.8%




                                                                                                                                       33.3%
                                                                                                                    31.0%

                                                                                                                   28.0%
                                                                                                                   26.9%


                                                                                                                                     26.7%




                                                                                                                                                        20.9%
             3             3    4         3    4      5   3      4 5   6     4 5     6    7       5   6 7    8     6   7    8          7   8             8

Grade 3 in 2009    Grade 4 in 2009   Grade 5 in 2009      Grade 6 in 2009   Grade 7 in 2009      Grade 8 in 2009   Grade 9 in 2009   Grade 10 in 2009 Grade 11 in 2009
                                                          Grade 3 in 2006   Grade 4 in 2006      Grade 5 in 2006   Grade 6 in 2006    Grade 7 in 2006   Grade 8 in 2006

 Class of 2018      Class of 2017     Class of 2016        Class of 2015     Class of 2014        Class of 2013     Class of 2012      Class of 2011     Class of 2010
                                                                                                                                                                            48
 Growth: In Buffalo, the average student scale
 score has typically increased as students have
 moved from one grade to the next through
 school during the past 4 years.
                                                                        Mean Scale Scores
                                                                    2006       2007         2008         2009




                                                                  656
                                                     655




                                                                                    654
                             651
                            649




                                                                649
            648




                                                                                 645




                                                                                                        644
                                                                                                        644
                                                             640




                                                                                640




                                                                                                      640
                                             638


                                                             638
650


                                                                               637




                                                                                                                                              637
                                            636




                                                                                                                        634
                                                                                                    632




                                                                                                                       628
                                                                                                                       628




                                                                                                                                                           624
                                                                                                                                        623
                3            3      4       3    4      5    3    4 5    6     4    5   6       7    5    6 7    8     6    7   8       7     8             8


Grade 3 in 2009     Grade 4 in 2009     Grade 5 in 2009     Grade 6 in 2009    Grade 7 in 2009      Grade 8 in 2009   Grade 9 in 2009   Grade 10 in 2009 Grade 11 in 2009
                                                            Grade 3 in 2006   Grade 4 in 2006       Grade 5 in 2006   Grade 6 in 2006   Grade 7 in 2006   Grade 8 in 2006

Class of 2018       Class of 2017       Class of 2016        Class of 2015     Class of 2014         Class of 2013     Class of 2012     Class of 2011     Class of 2010
                                                                                                                           49

 In Buffalo, more students in every
 grade have met the standards than
 4 years ago.

                   Percentage of Students at Levels 3 and 4




                                                         63.5%




                                                                                 61.8%
                                    56.2%




                                                                                                                   54.4%
                    54.1%



                                   52.9%
      48.9%
     46.9%




                                                                         43.8%
                                                 43.7%




                                                                                                  42.5%



                                                                                                               42.5%
                42.3%
               39.8%




                              38.7%
              37.7%
 37.3%
35.2%




                                             35.1%
                             34.8%




                                                                                                            34.5%
                                                                                              33.3%
                                            31.0%




                                                                                                          30.1%
                                                                                            28.0%
                                                                 26.9%
                                                                 26.7%




                                                                                         20.9%
Grade 3       Grade 4        Grade 5         Grade 6             Grade 7                  Grade 8         Grades 3-8

                            2006     2007        2008            2009
                                                                                        50

      In Buffalo, students in every grade
      have now achieved higher average
      scale scores than 4 years ago.
                                                                Mean Scale Scores




                                          656
                             655




                                                         654
                 651




                                                                              651
       649




                            649
       648




                                         645




                                                        644




                                                                  644



                                                                             643
      640




                638




                           640




                                        640
                638
                637




                                                                 637
      636




                                                                            636
                                                                 634
                          632




                                                                           629
                                       628




                                                      628



                                                                624
                                                     623
650




      Grade 3   Grade 4   Grade 5          Grade 6    Grade 7   Grade 8    Grades 3-8

                          2006      2007     2008    2009
    What Are the Results?                          51




1. Moderate gains overall.

2. Students who began the 3-8 grade-by-grade
   curriculum 4 years ago (and later) are often
   making bigger gains as they progress
   through school than did older students who
   started the grade-by-grade curriculum in
   higher grades, for example, grades 6 and 7.

3. More of this year’s 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th,
   and 8th graders are meeting the standards
   (scoring in Level 3 & 4) than did students in
   those grades 4 years ago.
                                                52

     What Are the Results?
4. When we look at average student scores (as
   opposed to the percentage at Level 3 & 4),
   we see that students have generally made
   smaller gains as they have progressed from
   one grade to the next through school.

5. Middle school performance, which was very
   low when the grade 3-8 curriculum began 4
   years ago, has improved significantly over
   time.

6. Even with the improvements, many students
   still are not meeting the standards.

				
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