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DOAJ_STKS_6_okt_2009

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					LUND UNIVERSITY




  Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ),
  the Collection, Current Projects and Plans -
       Supporting Open Access Journals

           Finnish Serials Group seminar,
                 Helsinki 6.10.2009
                     Lars Björnshauge,
                    Director of Libraries
                  Lund University, Sweden

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The early history of DOAJ

   –   Initiated during the first Nordic Conference on
       Scholarly Communication in
       Lund/Copenhagen October 2002
   –   Initially funded by Open Society Institute and
       co-funded by SPARC
   –   Project started January 2003
   –   Service launched 12th of May 2003 with 300+
       journals


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Number of journals listed in the DOAJ


•   May 2003:               300
•   May 2004:              1097
•   May 2005:              1601
•   May 2006:              2230
•   May 2007:              2700
•   May 2008:              3315
•   October 2009:          4361

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Steady growth!
 5000


 4500


 4000


 3500


 3000


 2500                                                             Series1
                                                                  Linear (Series1)
 2000


 1500


 1000


 500


   0
   Sep/02   Jan/04   May/05   Oct/06   Feb/08   Jul/09   Nov/10



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Initial purpose of the DOAJ:

•   Developing & maintaining a list of Open
    Access journals to facilitate
    –   Libraries & Aggregators to integrate OA-
        journals in their catalouges and services
    –   OA-publishers to increase the visibility of their
        journals
    –   End-users to find OA-articles
    –   Authors to find a journal to publish in OA

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It´s all about visibility and dissemination

•   We wanted to contribute to a process where
    increased visibility of Open Access journals
    could generate increased readership, which in
    turn could generate increased citations and
    other valuable usage of the research published,
    which means increased impact, increased
    usage...
                          etc etc


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DOAJ – the basics

•   A collection of open access journals that comply
    to specific criteria:
•   No embargo!
•   Quality control measures,
     – the journal must exercise peer-review or
       editorial quality control
     – scholarly articles as primary content
     – researchers as primary target group
•   Extensive usage rights
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The selection criteria
•   Open Access – our definition:

    Open access journals = journals that have a business
    model that does not charge readers or their institutions
    for access.

    Extensive usage rights: The BOAI definition of "open
    access" = the right of "users to read, download, copy,
    distribute, print, search, or link to the full text of these
    articles"

    These are mandatory criteria for inclusion in DOAJ
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More than a list of OA-journals
•   Services provided:
     – Search service on journal title level for end-users
     – Creating and constantly extending an index of
       metadata on OA-articles
         •   Federated search through a simple interface
         •   +300.000 articles from 1650 journals – 38% of the journals
             and slowly increasing
    –   Metadata harvesting:
         -   Heavily used by libraries, library consortia, commercial
             aggregators (subscription agent & OpenUrl service
             providers) and search engines


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The DOAJ back office – collection
development:

•   Candidates for inclusion:
     – Monitoring lists etc
     – Suggestions from the community - +150 per
       month
•   Collecting information for evaluation against the
    criteria
•   Evaluating – decision – inclusion
•   Continiously monitoring for compliance –
        weeding uncompliant journals
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Usage of the DOAJ services

•   Direct usage from the DOAJ-site:
    – Every month visits from 160+ countries
    – Redirected request constantly above 1 million
    – Distinct host served constantly above 100.000
    – Visits from OAI-harvesters substantial


•   However the indirect usage most important
    – Harvesting from the DOAJ-site


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Global visibility and dissemination of records

•   Integrated in OPAC´s in many, many libraries
•   Several service providers are linking to DOAJ
•   Integrated in the services of aggregators (Serial
    Solutions, Ullrichs, EBSCO, OVID etc.)
•   And OpenURL-providers (Exlibris, EBSCO etc.)

•   Feedback from publishers indicates that DOAJ
    is among the top 5 referral sites.

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DOAJ –services based on a managed collection unique
in its composition

•   Scope/coverage – all scientific subjects
•   Geographical spread – 100 countries
•   Language spread – 50 languages
•   Publisher spread – as of May 2009:
     – 20 Publishers with 10+ Journals
     – 50 Publishers with 5+ Journals
     – 1800 Publishers with 1 Journal!
     – 2200 Publishers in total


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   Journals in DOAJ per continent
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                             Oceania
                  Asia
                               3%
                  10%                                          North America
                                                                    28%




       Europe
        40%                                                   South America
                                            Africa                 18%
                                             1%



  North America   South America        Africa        Europe     Asia      Oceania
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                       Service for authors

•   Where can I publish if I want to publish in Open
    Access?
    – Golden Open Access
        •   Open Access Journals
             –   Publication Charges?
    –   Hybrid Open Access
        •   Publication charges?




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Improving the quality of OA-journals

•   The evaluation process in itself!
•   Provision of metadata
•   The SPARC-Europé certification - SPARC
    Europe Seal for Open Access Journals
•   Long Term Preservation of Open Access
    Journals




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Cooperation with SPARC Europe:
Certification programme for Open Access Journals


•   SPARC Europe Seal for Open Access
    Journals:
    –   Explicit re-use policies (CC-BY licence)
         •   Allow storage of full-text
         •   Allow data- and/or text-mining
    –   Ability to provide XML-metadata on article level

•   415 journals qualified for the Seal
•   In total 633 journals have a CC-license


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                  Long Term Archiving

         Cooperation with the Royal Library
         of the Netherlands (KB) concerning
      provision of full-text of DOAJ-journals for
                 long term archiving

               Launched April 2009
    Funded by the Swedish Library Association
  35 journals archived, 200 to be archived shortly

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Funding!

•   Primary funding resources:

•   Sponsors
•   Membership
•   Projects (development of the service)

•   Managed the transition from project to service
    and in operation since 6 years!

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Current Membership

•   12 Individuals

•   82 Libraries, Universities & Research Centers
    from 21 countries

•   13 Library Consortia & Associations

•   3 Aggregators and other Service Providers

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What next?

•   Business as usual plus:
•   DOAJ Info Site + Improved usage statistics
•   Continuation of the SPARC Europe Seal project
    and the Long Term Archiving project
•   Advisory Board
•   Publisher Focus Groups/Surveys
•   Journal hosting?
•   Funding!?

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Cooperation with ISTIC (CHINA)

•   MoU with The Institute of Scientific and
    Technical Information of China (ISTIC):
     – DOAJ metadata will be disseminated through
       ISTIC services
     – Parties will facilitate inclusion of Chinese OA-
       journals, incl. production of article metadata
     – Promotion of OA Journals within China
     – Translation of the DOAJ site into Chinese
     – Reviewing and adding Chinese OA-journals
       into DOAJ
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Cooperation with eIFL

•   eIFL – Electronic Information for Libraries –
    www.eifl.net
•   eIFL.net supports wide availability of electronic
    resources in transitional and developing countries. Core
    activities: negotiating affordable subscriptions,,
    supporting national library consortia,open access
    publishing, open source software for libraries and the
    creation of institutional repositories of local content.
•   Initial discussions of cooperation
     – Regional work: reviewing and adding journals into
        DOAJ

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Supporting Open Access Journals

•   Open Access to research is simply a good
    cause!
•   Libraries should support what they value!
•   Libraries should support Open Access journals
•   How can they do that?




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How libraries can support open access journals?

•   Advocate an Open Access policy within the
    university/research institution
•   Providing services for scholarly journals within
    the university/research institution – hosting
    journals
•   Providing funds for publication charges –making
    it easier for researchers to publish in open
    access journals


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How libraries can support open access journals?

•   Sign institutional membership agreements with
    open access publishers
     – PLoS
     – BioMedCentral
     – Hindawi
     – BioLine


•   Become a member of DOAJ!

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        Credits to the wonderful DOAJ-team:
        Anna-Lena Johansson, Sonja Brage,
        Stina Hallin & Salam Baker Shanawa!



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                        And by the way:
                     We still need support!
                Join as a member organisation
         http://www.doaj.org/doaj?func=membership



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