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									    CPS WEST MIDLANDS AND YOU                                  DOMESTIC VIOLENCE                     RACIST AND RELIGIOUS CRIME                                       HOMOPHOBIC CRIME                                          A R E A OV E R V I E W                     CPS WEST MIDLANDS AND YOU

Our commitment                                          Domestic                                 Prosecuting hate                                           Helping you                                                 Area                                                        The Crown

     to you                                           safety for you                              crime for you                                             to feel safe                                            information
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Prosecution Service
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               in the West Midlands
                                                                                                 We regard a racist or religiously-motivated

                                                      1in 4                                                                                                                                                                                                                    YOU
 The CPS is working in
                                                                        women will               incident as:
 partnership with other
                                                                        experience domestic                                                                                                                      CPS West Midlands is the second largest Area in
 criminal justice system                                                                             Any incident which is perceived to be                We regard a homophobic incident as:                    England and Wales, responsible to a population of
                                                      violence at some time in their lives.
 agencies to make the West                                                                            racist or religiously motivated by                                                                         some 2.6 million people. The Area currently
                                                                                                                                                                 Any incident which is perceived
 Midlands a safer place to live,                                                                       the victim or any other person.                                                                           employs 550 members of staff, with 168 of those
 work and play. The chance of
 being a victim in this area is                       2   women are killed every week by a
                                                          current or former partner.             An offence is racially or religiously aggravated if:
                                                                                                                                                                to be homophobic or transphobic
                                                                                                                                                               by the victim or by any other person
                                                                                                                                                                    [including the perpetrator].
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 lawyers. In 2005/06 we prosecuted over 120,000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 cases in the Crown Courts and Magistrates’ Courts.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           …working with
 now at its lowest level for 20
 years.                                               Violence against women and children is a   G at the time of committing the offence, or
                                                                                                                                                          We regard homophobic crimes as particularly
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 West Midlands is one of the most diverse, multi-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 cultural parts of the country. This is reflected in our
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           our community
                                                      crime                                        immediately before or after doing so, the
                                                                                                                                                          serious because they undermine people’s right to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 staff profile and the nature of community engage-
 We have now established 10 Victim and Witness                                                     offender demonstrates towards the victim of the                                                               ments currently being undertaken by CPS.
                                                                                                                                                          feel safe about, and be safe in, their sexual
 Teams across the Area. Staffed by the CPS and        Domestic violence                            offence hostility based on the victim’s
 police, they provide timely information to victims                                                                                                       orientation.                                           The Area divides naturally in to three – The Black
                                                      Rape and sexual assaults                     membership (or presumed membership) of a                                                                      Country (Western Sector), Birmingham (Central
 and witnesses about the progress of their case. We

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      “Future” by Robert Bowers, Brindley Place,
                                                      Forced marriage                              racial or religious group; or
                                                                                                                                                          Such crimes are based on prejudice,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Sector) and Coventry (Eastern Sector).
 aim to provide information to all victims and
                                                      Honour crimes                                                                                       discrimination and hate, and they have no place in
 witnesses within 24 hours of key decisions being                                                                                                                                                                There   are co-located Units with the police at:
                                                      Child abuse                                G the offence is motivated (wholly or partly) by
 reached. We will support victims and witnesses in                                                                                                        an open and democratic society.                           G    Birmingham               G Warley
 order to minimise the concerns often felt at the     Elder abuse                                  hostility towards members of a racial or
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    G    Solihull                 G Wolverhampton
 prospect of giving evidence before a court.          Human trafficking                            religious group based on their membership of
                                                                                                                                                          We regard the homophobic element of any crime             G    Bournville               G Sutton Coldfield
                                                      Prostitution                                 that group.
                                                                                                                                                          as a serious aggravating feature. We are                  G    Brierley Hill            G Walsall
 I hope that you will find the time to read this      Female genital mutilation                                                                           determined to play our part in reducing crime by          G    Coventry                 G West Bromwich
 report and, if you wish to raise any issues of                                                  Certain offences, including assault, harassment,
                                                                                                                                                          bringing offenders to justice.                            G    Halesowen

 concern with us, our contact details are below.      Freephone 24-hour National Domestic        criminal damage and public order offences, can be
                                                      Violence Helpline: 0808 2000 247           prosecuted specifically as racially or religiously-
                                                                                                                                                          The Area continues to train its prosecutors to equip
 David Blundell                                       Perpetrators’ phoneline RESPECT:           aggravated offences.
                                                                                                                                                          them with up to date skills and knowledge required
 Chief Crown Prosecutor,                              0845 122 8609                                                                                       to prosecute homophobic crime cases. In February
 CPS West Midlands                                                                               With any other offence where there is evidence of
                                                                                                                                                          2006 we launched our Homophobic Action Plan
                                                                                                 racial or religious aggravation, the defendant faces a
   Area HQ, Colmore Gate, 2 Colmore Row,                                                                                                                  and hosted a seminar to provide guidance and
             Birmingham B3 2QA;                                                                  harsher sentence than if he or she were found guilty
                                                                                                                                                          advice to prosecutors on handling cases of this
   tel: 0121 262 1300 (Switchboard); e-mail:                                                     of a non-racial or religious crime.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   SUPPORTING THE
C P S W E S T M I D L A N D S : W H AT W E D O               CODE FOR CROWN PROSECUTORS                                                                 VICTIMS OF CRIME                                          LOCAL COMMUNITY                               CPS WEST MIDLANDS AND YOU                                CPS WEST MIDLANDS AND YOU

What the CPS                                                Justice for you                                                                Keeping you                                                     Supporting                                        Working for                                                  Working
                                                                                                                                                                                                              you                                                                                                     together for you
does for you                                                The Code for Crown
                                                            Prosecutors is a public
                                                                                                                                            informed                                                                                                            you
                                                            document, issued by the
The Crown Prosecution Service was set up in 1986
                                                            Director of Public
                                                                                            The Code                                       No Witness No Justice                                      One of the continued main priorities for the Area
                                                                                                                                                                                                      in 2005-2006 was to increase the public’s             We are committed in ensuring all of our staff             In 2003 a new Local Criminal Justice Board was
to prosecute criminal cases investigated by the
                                                            Prosecutions that sets out                                                                                                                confidence in the CPS. Through the successful         posses the right skills to perform their duties and to    created to transform the way the criminal justice
police in England and Wales. In undertaking this            the general principles                                                         At the heart of No Witness No Justice are the              community engagement programme, which we              provide a world class prosecution service to the          system works. The overall aim of the new Board is
role, the CPS:                                              Crown Prosecutors should                      The Code for Crown Prosecutors
                                                                                                                                           Witness Care Units, which now provide an                   have been running over the last three years, the      community that we serve.                                  to catch, convict and rehabilitate more criminals in
                                                            follow when they make                                                          enhanced level of service to all victims and               Area is proud to say that we continued to achieve                                                               the West Midlands.
G advises the police on cases for possible                  decisions on cases.                                                            witnesses in England and Wales in cases where a                                                                  Since its launch in 2004, we have sponsored 46
                                                                                                                                                                                                      this priority and in May 2005 at the prestigious
  prosecution                                                                                                                              charge has been brought. This includes completing          inaugural Law Society and the Commission for          members of staff to progress through the CPS Law
                                                                                            Prosecution                                                                                                                                                                                                               The Board was established after national research
G reviews cases submitted by the police for                                                                                                needs assessments, to identify childcare or

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Racial Equality Solicitors’ Race Equality Awards      Scholarship Scheme, which offers all grades of staff      showed that in 2000/2001, over five million
  prosecution                                                                                                                              accessibility issues for example, and organising           2005, CPS West Midlands were awarded the              opportunities to higher education.                        crimes were recorded but only a fifth of them (1.2
G where the decision is to prosecute, determines                                                                                           pre-court familiarisation visits.                          winners award in the category ‘Best Service                                                                     million) resulted in offenders being brought to jus-
  the charge in all but minor cases                         Is there enough evidence                                                                                                                  Provider In-House Legal Department and Public         In 2003, we became the first CPS Area to sign up          tice. This is known as the ‘justice gap’. The Board
G prepares cases for court; and                             against the defendant?                                                         Victims’ Code                                              Sector’.                                              to the Public Sector Compact, which has been              is made up of representatives from the Police, CPS,
G presents those cases at court                                                                                                                                                                                                                             created to bring together public sector                   Magistrates’ Court, Crown Court, Probation
                                                                                                                                                                                                      In making this award, the judges were impressed       organisations, raise the profile of public services,      Service, Prison Service and Youth Offending Teams.
                                                            When deciding whether there is enough evidence                                 The Code of Practice for Victims of Crime came             by the range of actives, such as mentoring schemes    staff development and to make the public sector an
Each year we handle around 51,714 magistrates’              to prosecute, Crown Prosecutors must consider                                  into full effect on 3 April 2006.                          with local universities, the use of ethnic media to   employer of choice.
court cases and over 5,450 Crown Court cases. In                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      The Board is particularly concerned at tackling the
                                                            whether evidence can be used in court and is                                                                                              explain and provide information about the work of
2005-06, the Area finalised 111,694 cases in the                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      following four main areas:
                                                            reliable. Crown Prosecutors must be satisfied there is                         The Code of Practice will give victims rights to           the CPS and training staff to work with local         Under this joint working and in conjunction with
magistrates’ court of which 43,855 were referred to         enough evidence to provide a “realistic prospect of                            minimum standards of service from the criminal             communities were all undertaken to try to improve     the Charted Management Institute, the Diploma in          G persistent offenders
for the Pre Charge Decision and 8,409 finalised             conviction” against each defendant.                                            justice system for the first time. This includes           confidence, especially that of BME communities.       Public Service Leadership was created to equip            G specific types of priority crime - street crime,
                                     cases in the                                                                                          notifying vulnerable or intimidated victims within                                                               today’s public service leaders with the skills to           house burglary, usage of knives and hate
                                     Crown                  Is it in the public interest for                                               one working day if there is insufficient evidence to                                                             become public service leaders of tomorrow. In               crimes including domestic violence cases
                                     Court.                                                                                                charge a defendant, and within five working days                                                                 2005, all five CPS managers passed this course.           G weaknesses in the criminal justice process
                                                            the CPS to bring the case to                                                   for all other victims, as well as identifying any      Pictured from left:                                                                                                 G providing support for victims and witnesses.
                                                                                                                                                                                                  CRE Chair Trevor
                                      Pictured left:
                                      Assistant Chief
                                                            court?                                                                         special measures that may be appropriate.
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Philips, Law
                                      Constable David                                                                                                                                             Society Chief
                                      Shaw from West        A prosecution will usually take place unless the                               The CPS is committed to its obligations under the      Executive Janet                                                                                Pictured: The
                                      Midlands Police                                                                                      code, which formalises many of the good things it      Paraskeva, Vinny                                                                               Chief Crown
                                      and Director of       public interest factors against prosecution clearly
                                                                                                                                           is already doing.                                      Bolina, CPS, Lord                                                                              Prosecutor and
                                      Public Prosecutions   outweigh those in favour of prosecution.
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Falconer, Lord                                                                                 Area Business
                                      Ken Macdonald
                                      open the                                                                                                                                                    Chancellor, David                                                                              Manager (centre)
                                      Birmingham                                                                                                                                                  Blundell, CPS,                                                                                 at the passing out
                                      Prosecution Team                                                                                                                                            Nicky Campbell,                                                                                ceremony for the
                                      Unit.                                                                                                                                                       BBC.                                                                                           Diploma in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Public Service

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