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bloodborne pathogens handout with quiz.doc by kzdocs

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This worksheet is excellent for training of new employees. At the end of the worksheet is a quiz for participants

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									                               Bloodborne Pathogens

What are they?
• Microorganisms, such as viruses or bacteria that are carried in the blood and can cause
  disease in people.
• Include malaria, syphilis but Hepatitis B (HBV) and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
  are the two specifically addressed by OSHA Bloodborne Pathogen Standard.

Hepatitis B
• Virus that infects the liver.
• Transmitted primarily through blood to blood contact.
• Usually causes inflammation of the liver, but can lead to more serious conditions such as
  cirrhosis and liver cancer.
• No cure or specific treatment but many people who contract it develop antibodies which
  help get over the infection and protect them from getting again.
• Hepatitis B is very durable and can survive in dried blood for up to 7 days.
• Symptoms very much like flue fatigue, possible stomach pain, loss of appetite and
                                  —


  nausea. Can develop jaundice and darkened urine.
• Those infected may not show symptoms for sometime.
• After exposure it can take 1-9 months before symptoms are noticeable.
• Of primary concern for individuals who may come in contact with blood or infectious
  materials in a non first-aid or medical care situation.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
• AIDS, acquired immune deficiency syndrome, is caused by the HIV virus
• Once infected with HIV may take years before AIDS actually develops
• HIV attacks the body’s immune system, weakening it so that it cannot fight deadly
  diseases.
• Fatal disease with no know cure.
  HIV virus is very fragile and will not survive very long outside of the human body.
• Of primary concern to employees providing first aid or medical care in situations involving
  fresh blood or other infecti
								
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