PRE-OPENING by maclaren1


Golden Phrases
Each phrase is answered by something with the word *gold* in it (example OIL; answer is black gold)

1.   Crackers                                                9. California Scout Council
2.   Something in your grandpa's mouth                       10. What Mr. Smith translated
3.   A state nickname                                        11. He said "a verbal contract ain't worth the
4.   Something to live by                                        paper it is written on"
5.   Something that should not be missed                     12. Something nice to *hear*
6.   What was Jason after                                    13. A candy bar
7.   Where a "beverage" is made                              14. Children’s books
8.   Don't jump off this                                     15. Held in February

Tens of thousands of years of erosion had loosened gold nuggets from the solid rock of the Sierra Nevada. Large and
small pieces of placer gold were washed down by mountain streams over the millennia, often just resting in the
stream beds waiting to be picked up by anyone who cared. Gold had not been valued by California Indian cultures--
they regarded other products of nature as precious.

On January 24, 1848 James Marshall discovered gold at Sutter's Mill, touching off the California Gold Rush. A
restless tide of diverse humanity invaded California seeking to change their lives and fortunes. What they and those
who were already there experienced ran the gamut from staggering success to unmitigated disaster. What happened
there in those few short years of the Gold Rush changed not only the lives of those caught up in the rush but the very
nature of California itself — and the nation it had so recently joined.

Many of the immigrants who rushed to California from the eastern United States, Canada or Mexico chose to come
by land. The journey was long, hard and dangerous--a six to nine month trek--and it meant parting from family and
friends. Immigrants crossed the continent in great numbers--at least 32,000 walked overland in 1849, and another
44,000 came in 1850. The "forty-niners" recorded the challenges, hardships, struggles, and dangers they
encountered. Gold fever was quickly diminished by the harsh realities of the trip. Equipment and cherished personal
objects were cast aside in a desperate struggle to survive.

If cholera, exhaustion, starvation, or the on-set of winter in the Sierra didn't claim them, the argonauts arrived in the
foothills of California only to discover that most of the easy placer gold had already been picked up. But they had
survived, and new opportunities awaited them.

Forty-niners rushed to California with visions of gilded promise, but they discovered a harsh reality. Life in the gold
fields exposed the miner to loneliness and homesickness, isolation and physical danger, bad food and illness, and
even death. More than anything, mining was hard work. Fortune might be right around the corner, but so too was
failure. The promises and commitments to remain faithful in body and spirit to families left behind were constantly
tested by the struggles and temptations of the moment.

But the story does not end as the gold fever raged and ebbed. The forces unleashed by the gold rush reverberated for
decades, forging a new California of immense complexity and diversity. You can experience a preview of all this
tonight as we walk in the footsteps of those who were there.

Written by Rnd Tbl Jan @

Cubmaster wearing an old fedora hat, old vest and old jeans.
(No whip, wrong theme)
The Cubmaster is at a table with a metal pie pan and spatula.
In the pie pan, he's put a number of items:
BB-gun pellets, sand, some water (for sound)

Cubmaster: Tonight, we are panning for gold. The 49'er's in California looked for gold in the streams and
riverbeds. It was back breaking work, and they had to keep at if from dawn to dusk. We pan for gold in
Cub Scouting too. Only, the nuggets we look for aren't like these (he takes one pellet out). Our nuggets are
shaped like the hearts of our boys. Each time we help one more boy and encourage him to grow, his heart
gets warmer. And our hearts get a warm glow too. Tonight, let us have fun, panning for gold and looking
for the gold in our boys.

In a cavern, in a canyon, excavating for a mine,
Lived a miner, forty-niner, and his daughter, Clementine.

Oh, my darling, Oh, my darling, Oh, my darling, Clementine,
You are lost and gone forever. Dreadful sorry, Clementine.

Light she was and, like a fairy, and her shoes were number nine,
Herring boxes without topses; sandals were for Clementine.


Drove she ducklings to the water every morning just at nine.
Stubbed her toe upon a splinter, fell into the foaming brine.


Ruby lips above the water, blowing bubbles soft and fine
But alas I was no swimmer, so I lost my Clementine.


There's a churchyard on the hillside where the flowers grow and twine.
There grow roses 'mongst the posies, fertilized by Clementine.


All ye Cub Scouts, heed the warning to this tragic tale of mine,
Artificial respiration would have saved my Clementine!


BUCKSKIN PIONEER SONG (Adapted by D. Karweik)
Tune: This Land is Your Land
       This land is your land.
       This land is my land.
       From California to the New York Island.
       From the redwood forests,
       To the gulf stream waters,
       This land was made for you and me.
       The old buckskinners
       Roamed the backwood places,
        Far away from all human traces.
        From the mountain highlands,
        To the valley meadows,
        A new land explored for you and me.

        The deer and foxes,
        The bear and otters,
        They were our friends and became our brothers.
        The lived together,
        In nature's bounty
        This land was made for Pioneers.

        Today, the wild woods,
        They still call us,
        The tranquil forests and the lovely stream beds.
        You can still feel
        Like Buckskinners,
        Exploring the land with you and me.

        This land is your land.
        This land is my land.
        From California to the New York Island.
        From the redwood forests,
        Th the gulf stream waters,
        This land was made for you and me.

Tune: Battle Hymn of the Republic
       Who were the fearless pioneers
       Who helped carve out our land,
       Who traveled down the rugged trails
       They were a fearless band.
       They braved the weather and the wilds,
       Those men and women bold,
       Their story should be told.


        Buffalo Bill and Daniel Boone
        Two of the very best.
        Zebulon Pike, Kit Carson,
        And Jim Bridger and the rest.
        Brave pioneers who risked their lives
        To make this country grand
        We thank you for our land.


        Traveling to an unknown land,
        A very brave and daring band,
        Pioneers, we think you're grand,
        For lending us a hand.
Tune: My Darling Clementine
Lyrics by Ron Brown
         Years age, (one-hundred fifty)
         Men moved west in search of gold!
         Some found plenty, some not any;
         Some were hot, and some were cold!

         Scouts can be like forty-niners,
         Searching for a treasure chest,
         Hunting ways of helping others,
         Finding ways to do our best.

         Gold may glitter, gold may sparkle,
         Golden nuggets men might spend;
         But more precious than a gold mine
         Is when you find a new friend!

Tune: The Dying Cowboy
       Oh bury me not, on the lone prairie
       Cause I'm alive, as I can be.
       I've come out west, to see what it's about
       And I tell you, I'm plumb tuckered out!

         I ride the range in the sun and heat
         And, Oh, the pain in my poor seat..
         Always involved in some kind of battle
         Not with people, but with a bunch of cattle.

         As we ride along the cowboys sing
         But I'm too tired to do anything.
         I'm sure you've never heard this from a Cub
         But, I just want to soak in a bathtub!

Fun Facts
Weird Ways West
California-bound airline in 1849!? Don't laugh; it almost happened. Rufus Porter, founder of Scientific American,
planned to fly 49ers west on propeller-driven balloons powered by steam engines. He went to far as to advertise the
expedition, and 200 brave souls signed up for the trip. But the "airline" never got off the ground.

Then there was the "wind wagon," sort of a cross between a sailboat and a wagon. It seemed like a good idea on
paper; after all, it can be very windy in the West. A prototype was built and for a brief moment it barreled across the
plains at the advertised 15 miles-per-hour. Then it went out of control and crashed. The inventor -- Wind-wagon
Thomas -- kept trying for years, but never succeeded.

Others took a more low-tech approach, making the trip with only a simple wheelbarrow. It's hard to imagine pushing
a fully-loaded wheelbarrow for 2,000 miles, but several dozen attempted the trip. For a time, they could outpace
everything on the Trail, but human endurance has its limits. No one is quite sure if any of them made it all the way
with their wheelbarrows. Why all the weird contraptions? Everyone was in a big hurry to get west -- to strike it rich.

The $100 drink of water
Would you spend $100 for a glass of water? Some 49ers on the California Trail did. Because of poor planning,
many western-bound 49ers were unprepared for the hot, dry deserts of Nevada. A few sharp businessmen in
California knew this and took advantage of the situation. They traveled eastward with barrels of water. Extremely
thirsty, many 49ers paid $1, $5, even $100 for a glass of precious water.
But water was not the only expensive item on the Oregon-California Trail. For example, at the start of the journey,
flour could be purchased for $4.00 a barrel, but further along the price rose to a sky-high $1.00 per pint. Other
staples could also be quite expensive:
Sugar $1.50 per pint
Coffee $1.00 per pint
Liquor $4.00 per pint
Surprisingly, there were other staples that were amazingly cheap. For example, at Ft. Laramie, bacon could be had
for a penny per pound. Those who had excess bacon often considered it worthless and dumped it by the side of the
road. One emigrant reported seeing ten tons on one pile. Why the wide disparity in prices? The basic laws of supply
and demand were at work. Most wagon trains took too much bacon and so it had little trading value. Water, on the
other hand was in short supply and thus commanded a high price.

Traffic on the Trail
Bumper-to-bumper highway congestion isn't just a modern phenomena. Rush hour traffic on the Oregon-California
trail was just as bad -- probably worse. The image of a lone wagon on the endless prairie is largely myth; it's more
accurate to imagine a moving city. Many reported seeing wagons all the way to the horizon day after day. And just
like today's highways, there was quite a bit of jockeying for position. The goal was to get in front of the pack because
anyone who was behind had to eat the billowing dust kicked up by the wagons ahead. Competition was fierce; those
in the back often had to put on goggles just to see. The crowded conditions got even worse in the evening when the
wagons came together to camp. Many 49ers discovered that previous wagon trains had overgrazed the prairie, and so
there was no remaining grass for the oxen and mules to graze. So it was not uncommon for 49ers to venture miles off
the trail in the evening in search of grass for their animals. A more serious consequence of all this crowding was
poor sanitation. Each new wagon train dug their latrines near the previous group's -- and there was often leakage into
the water supply. The result was illness and death.

To California via Antarctica
Not every 49er used the Oregon -California Trail. There were other routes to gold country -- one came perilously
close to Antarctica! Those who did not want to endure a four month walk across the west, traveled to California by
ship. Trouble was, there was no direct water route to the west coast. So a ship leaving New York had to travel all the
way to the tip of South America -- skirting the edge of the Antarctic continent -- before heading north to California.
It was a difficult trip that sometimes took a complete year. So it was inevitable that several shortcuts were developed
for the gold-crazed 49ers who were in a big hurry to get west. The most popular cutoff involved taking a ship to the
Isthmus of Panama, then trekking overland to the Pacific side (remember, there was no Panama Canal then) where
another ship would pick them up -- hopefully. When the 49ers got to the Pacific side, they waited and waited for
weeks, or even months. When a ship finally did arrive, passage might cost $500 or $1000, and sometimes there was
no space at any price. Even worse, many of the Pacific-side ships were unseaworthy and sank en route. In the end,
many regretted not taking the overland route.

The Stinky Trail
Imagine the sunburn you'd get from being outside from sunup to sundown every day for six months. No sunblock.
No lotion. That was reality for the California-bound 49ers -- most wound up with leathery, sunbaked skin. But that
was just the beginning. Imagine sweating profusely in 90 degree heat day after day -- but never taking a bath or
shower. That too was typical of life on the trail. And remember, this was before the days of t-shirts and shorts.
Women wore long dresses for the most part, and men wore long pants. And there wasn't even much changing of
clothes. They wore the same clothes day after day. Could it get any worse? Yes. They often had no choice but to
drink rancid water, which had the inevitable result: diarrhea. For many, it was a chronic condition. All these factors
combined to create some rather deplorable hygienic conditions. Even the native tribes were repulsed by the smell.
The Native Americans, who bathed regularly, thought the emigrants were uncivilized because of their poor hygiene.

Golden Nugget Neckerchief Slide
2 inch square of heavy duty aluminum foil
1/2 inch (or 5/8 inch) plastic ring

Crumple the foil into a wad. Carefully uncrumple and shape into a globe-shaped mold. Fill the mold with plaster
(you may need to use a toothpick to make sure you fill all the nooks and crannies). Put the plastic ring in the top
Let the plaster harden. Now find some gray paint and some gold glitter. Let the plaster harden. Carefully
peel away the foil. Paint the plaster with gray paint, will dry quickly. Put on a second coat of paint and,
while still wet, immediately sprinkle nugget with gold glitter.

"Gold" Panning for Youngsters"
by Dick Oakes
Dick Oakes, a member of the Gold Prospectors of the Rockies has sent this
note for our CSRT. Thanks, Dick!

Get some sand, pebbles, and rocks (make sure all is washed free of mud, and also some kind of germ killer) and mix
them together. Make up small sandwich bags for the number of Scouts filled two-thirds full of the "materials." Into
each bag, drop five BBs, which will be the fake "nuggets." Also, you might go to one of the stores that sell different
kinds of polished stones and get a piece or two of fools gold (iron pyrites) for each bag.

For gold pans, use old pie tins you can pick up from the thrift stores in your area. The panning can be done in
washtubs or large plastic tubs of lukewarm water (no reason to subject 'em to ice water as we have to pan in!).

You can use 35mm film canisters as containers for the "gold" to be put into when it is found.

If you can find someone who has panned before to give a quick lesson before everyone starts, all the better.
Otherwise, check out the library for a book that may have the techniques shown and described. Here's a short bit that
may help otherwise:

Dump the bag of "materials" into the pan (any more than a bagful will take far longer to pan out). Hold the pan on
both sides, slip it underwater, and shake it side to side to get the water mixed in. While the pan is still underwater,
stir the materials with the fingers (to separate any dirt from the rocks) then pick out any larger rocks and discard
them into the tub. Now begin to agitate the pan in a circular motion to settle the heavier elements, such as black sand
(magnetite) and gold (and BBs) to the bottom. Keep discarding the larger pebbles (looking at them to be certain they
aren't gold nuggets!).

Tilt the pan slightly away from you and begin to lift it out of the water with a sloshing forward-and-back motion to
wash the lighter materials off of the top and over the far edge of the pan. Flatten out the pan just under the water
again and agitate in a circular motion to resettle the materials and heavier elements to the bottom.

Again do the tilting forward-and-back motion to wash off the lighter materials. Continue alternating between
agitate/circulate and tilt/slosh until you are down to the heavier elements. Take the pan out of the water, leaving a
little bit of water in the pan, and circulate the water around the bottom, revealing the fool's gold (pyrites) and gold

Planning Your Trip to the Gold Rush
        Figure out how many steps it took for a 49er to walk to California. First, measure one of your normal steps
         from front heel to back heel. How many inches is it? Next, divide 63360 (the number of inches in a mile) by
         that number. Now you have figured the number of steps in a mile. Now, multiply the number of steps by
         2,000 miles -- the distance to California. The answer is the number of steps it would take for you to walk
         from Missouri to California.

        To understand what life was like for the 49ers, try going through an evening without any modern
         conveniences. No electric lights, ball point pens, or TV etc.. Make a complete list of all the things you gave
         up. (You might make an exception for bathrooms!)

        Many of the 49ers were teenagers who left home on a 2,000 mile journey to California. Some walked the
         entire distance on foot! If you were planning to journey 2,000 miles across the wilderness, what would you
         take along? Remember, there are no supply points along the way; you must pack everything you need to last
         3 months. Make a list of your supplies.

        Before they left for California, the 49ers plotted their route west. With a modern map, plot YOUR route to
         Sacramento. Try to find the fastest route.

        Imagine that you are to travel back in time to become a 49er. You are allowed to take along one modern
         invention; something that will fit in your pocket. What would you take? Why?

Steal the Treasure
• 1 Gold Nugget (see above craft)
• 1 Blindfold
• 1 Chair (optional)
The cubs sit in a circle around a chair. Place the gold nugget under the chair and sit a blindfolded cub 'guard' on the
chair. Nominate a cub to try to steal the gold nugget without the guard noticing. If the guard hears him approaching
he can point straight at the cub. He is detected and must return to his seat. Nominate another player to nominate him
(pointing to nominate is best otherwise, the guard may know which way the cub is approaching from). Once a cub
successfully picks up the gold nugget the guard (without blindfold) chases the villain round the circle once and back
to the villain's seat. If the villain gets back without getting caught he becomes the guard. To make this game work
the guard must point directly at the moving cub waving an arm around in the general direction is not enough.

Three Coins at the Fountain
• 7 Coins
• 4 Chairs
Divided the troop or pack into 4 teams, and number off each member of the team. Position 4 chairs in a square
roughly 15 feet apart for the teams to wait behind. Place the 6 coins (of low values incase any get lost) in the middle
of the square. When you call a number, a player from each team must try to get 3 coins onto the seat of their chair.
They may only carry one coin at a time and must place the coins they retrieve on their chair to be easily visible. Once
all the coins have disappeared from the center they may steal coins from other players.

Wink Murder
This is a nice quiet game. All the players sit in a circle except one, the detective, who must leave the room to allow a
'murderer' to be nominated. The detective must find and reveal the correct identity of the murderer. The murderer can
kill by winking at any of the other players in the circle who must then collapse - hopefully not making too much
sound. He may 'win' the game by murdering all the other players or by the detective incorrectly guessing the identity
of the murderer. Once a round has been played the murderer becomes the detective and a new murderer is
Bucket Relay
From (Jim Speirs) - 'Games Galore', BSC publication
• Two buckets per team
• Water
Fill one of the buckets half-full with water, and leave the other empty. On 'Go', the first player runs to the other end
of the playing area where the buckets have been placed, pours the water into the other bucket, leaves the empty
bucket there, and carries the full bucket to the next player in line. The second player takes the bucket with water
down to the other end of the playing area and empties it into the empty bucket. He then picks up the full bucket and
carries it back. The relay is finished when all have had a turn. The winner is the team with their water intact.

Patience Relay
• A pack of playing cards for every 4 teams
Separate the cards into a suit per team. Lay out the 10 number cards (including ace) in any order face down at the
end of the hall. One at a time the boys run up and turn over a card. If it is not the Ace then they turn it face down
again and run back to their team and the next player has a go. When the ace is turned up they can lay it face up. The
next card needed is the two and so on. Play continues until one team has all its cards turned face up. Requires team to
use memory and team-work to reduce errors.

Trading Post
• Sell Price list (1 per team + 1 per leader)
• Buy Price list (1 per team + 1 per leader)
• Raw materials
• Paper Currency
At the start of the game, each team is given the same amount of currency. They then have to decide what they are
going to buy from you in order to make something to sell back to you for a profit. Most things that you buy back
should result in a profit, but you should put in some items that produce no profit or even a loss. For example the
team should buy poles and a blanket to build a simple stretcher or pen, paper and compass to produce a map of the
locality, triangular bandage to demonstrate an arm sling. From experience, the best method to organize leaders is to
allocate each leader a different theme such as pioneering, first aid, navigation, etc. These leaders can then award
money, or even refuse the item, fairly depending on the quality.

The Lost Quarter
Need: 5 or more scouts.
Scene: One person acts as a lamp post, shining a flashlight on the ground. Another is groping around in the pool of
light. (He's Scout One).
A third person enters, sees Scout One, and asks: "What are you looking for?"
Scout One: "A quarter that I lost".
He joins # 1, and helps him search. A fourth and fifth enter and repeat the above scene.
Finally one of them asks Scout One: "Where did you loose the quarter ?"
Scout One: (Pointing away) "Over there"
Other Scout: "Then why are you looking here ?"
Scout One: "Because the light is better over here!"

Prospectors and Bears
Two prospectors are walking through the forest when they suddenly encounter a grizzly bear! The bear rears up on
his hind legs and lets out a terrifying roar. They're both frozen in their tracks.
The first prospector whispers, "I'm sure glad I wore my running shoes today."
"It doesn't matter what kind of shoes you're wearing, you're not gonna outrun that bear," replies the second.
"I don't have to outrun the bear, I just have to outrun YOU," he answers.

Three Rivers
Scene: Two prospectors meet. First prospector has camp set up and good cooking. Dog is sitting beside him. (Boy on
all fours is dog.) Second prospector comes in pulling mule named Sunshine. (Two boys covered with blanket are
mule.) Props: Pick, pan No. 10 cans for cooking, two beat-up hats, mask for dog (if desired) and blanket for mule.
Prospector 1: Howdy!
Prospector 2: Howdy!
Prospector 1: Any luck?
Prospector 2: Nope!
Prospector 1: Come fur?
Prospector 2: Quite a job.
Prospector 1: Et lately?
Prospector 2: This mornin.
Prospector 1: Hungry?
Prospector 2: Yep.
Prospector 1: Join me?
Prospector 2: Don't mind iffen I do.
Prospector 1: Have a plate.
Prospector 2: (Holds up plate and looks at it) Don't want to seem to be picayunish, but ain't this plate a mite dirty
here in the corner?
Prospector 1: (Looks scornfully at him) Well now, it all depends on how you look at it. But I'll tell you one thing for
sure. It's as clean as Three Rivers can get it.
Prospector 2: (Shakes his head looking at plate) Clean as Three Rivers can get it?
(Mule brays a loud "hee-haw")
Prospector 2: Shut your mouth, Sunshine. You heard what the man said.
(1st prospector dishes out stew and they eat.)
Prospector 2: Mighty good vittles.
Prospector 1: Thanks pardner. Mind handin' me the plates so we kin clean em up?
(2nd prospector hands him the plates)
Prospector 1: (Puts plates on floor and calls loudly over his shoulder) Here Three Rivers. Here Three Rivers.
(Dog comes up and starts licking plates.)

Dogs in the Wild West
One hot and dry day in the Wild West, this dog walks into a saloon and says, "Gimme a beer". Evidently this type of
thing wasn't too rare 'round those parts because the bartender said, "I'm sorry, but we don't serve dogs here." The dog
then took out a silver dollar, dropped it on the bar, and said, "Look, I got money, and I want a beer." This scene had
the potential to get ugly. The bartender, getting a little irate, said one more time, "We do not serve dogs here. Please
leave." The dog growled, so the bartender pulled out a gun and shot the dog in the foot! The dog yelped, and ran out
the door.

The next day, the swinging bar doors were tossed open and in walks the dog that had been in the saloon the day
before. He was dressed all in black. A black cowboy hat, a black vest, three black cowboy boots and one black
bandage. The dog looks around, waits for the talking to quiet down, and says, "I'm lookin' fer the man who shot my

Prospecting for Gold!
        Gold Prospectors of the Rockies [Colorado]

        Danny the Dredger's [Australia]

        Golden Optimist [Colorado]
       Bureau of Land Management - California

       PBS online: Gold Rush

       Gold Fever

       JoAnn Levy

       Malakoff & Co

       The California Gold Country: Highway 49 Revisited

       Old West Music

Answers to the Pre-Opener
1. Golden Grahams
2. Gold tooth
3. Golden State
4. Golden Rule
5. golden opportunity
6. Golden Fleece
7. Golden CO
8. Golden Gate Bridge
9. Golden Council
10. Golden Plates
11. Samuel Goldwyn
12. silence
13. a cup of gold
14. Golden Books
15. Blue And Gold

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