Bhandari by shimeiyan

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									              Open Doors 2008
Report on International Educational Exchange

 Produced by the Institute of International Education
               with support from the
     Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs
         of the U.S. Department of State

      4th Annual IIE Best Practices Conference
                    March 19, 2009
   International Students in the U.S.


 Annual survey of international students at U.S.
  campuses

 Timeframe: 2007/08

 Respondents: Regionally and nationally
  accredited U.S. higher education institutions
Total Enrollment, 2007/08
The number of international students in the U.S. increased 7% in
2007/08 to a record high of 623,805 international students.
       700,000
       600,000
       500,000
       400,000
       300,000
       200,000
       100,000
            0
                 53/54
                 56/57
                 59/60
                 62/63
                 65/66
                 68/69
                 71/72
                 74/75
                 77/78
                 80/81
                 83/84
                 86/87
                 89/90
                 92/93
                 95/96
                 98/99
                 01/02
                 04/05
                 07/08
New Enrollment, 2007/08
New international student enrollment increased 10% to 173,122 in
2007/08, following increases of 10% and 8% the previous two years.

       200,000


       150,000
                                                         Other
                                                         Graduate
       100,000
                                                         Undergraduate

        50,000


            0
                 2004/05   2005/06   2006/07   2007/08
Places of Origin, 2007/08
Top Places of Origin, 2007/08
                                               2007/08         %
Rank   Place of Origin   2006/07   2007/08   % of Total   Change     Students from the
       WORLD TOTAL       582,984   623,805       100.0        7.0
1      India              83,833    94,563         15.2      12.8   top 5 places of origin
2
3
       China
       South Korea
                          67,723
                          62,392
                                    81,127
                                    69,124
                                                   13.0
                                                   11.1
                                                             19.8
                                                             10.8
                                                                    comprise 49% of all
4      Japan              35,282    33,974          5.4      -3.7   international students
5      Canada             28,280    29,051          4.7       2.7
6      Taiwan             29,094    29,001          4.6      -0.3
7      Mexico             13,826    14,837          2.4       7.3    Notable increases:
8      Turkey             11,506    12,030          1.9       4.6
9      Saudi Arabia        7,886     9,873          1.6      25.2   India 13%, China 20%,
10     Thailand            8,886     9,004          1.4       1.3
11     Nepal               7,754     8,936          1.4      15.2   South Korea 11%,
12     Germany             8,656     8,907          1.4       2.9   Saudi Arabia 25%,
13     Vietnam             6,036     8,769          1.4      45.3
14     United Kingdom      8,438     8,367          1.3      -0.8   Nepal 15%, Vietnam
15     Hong Kong           7,722     8,286          1.3       7.3
16     Indonesia           7,338     7,692          1.2       4.8   45%
17     Brazil              7,126     7,578          1.2       6.3
18     France              6,704     7,050          1.1       5.2
19     Colombia            6,750     6,662          1.1      -1.3
20     Nigeria             5,943     6,222          1.0       4.7
Place of Origin Trends, 2000–2007

100,000


 80,000
                                                            India
                                                            China
 60,000
                                                            Korea
                                                            Japan
 40,000


 20,000
          00/01 01/02 02/03 03/04 04/05 05/06 06/07 07/08
U.S. States and Regions
The top 5 host states (California, New York, Texas, Massachusetts and
Illinois) hosted 43% of international students in 2007/08.
  U.S. Host Institutions
 International students tend to be concentrated in a relatively small
  number of large research institutions.
 55% of international students were enrolled at the 153 institutions
  hosting over 1,000 international students.
 The top 20 host institutions hosted 16% of all international students.
                                                                   42%
                                                              Institutions with
   100%                                                             <1,000
                                                                International
                 281,468                                                        Hosting Fewer than 1,000
                                                                     Institutions
                                                                  Students
    80%
                  (45%)                                             International Students
    60%

    40%                                                             Institutions Hosting 1,000 or More
                 342,337
                                                                    International Students
    20%           (55%)
                                             153
     0%
          Total Students: 623,805 Total Institutions: 1,713
Top 10 Host Institutions, 2007/08
Rank   Institution                                  State    Total
1      University of Southern California            CA       7,189
2      New York University                          NY       6,404
3      Columbia University                          NY       6,297
4      University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign   IL       5,933
5      Purdue University - Main Campus              IN       5,772
6      University of Michigan - Ann Arbor           MI       5,748
7      University of California - Los Angeles       CA       5,557
8      University of Texas - Austin                 TX       5,550
9      Harvard University                           MA       4,948
10     Boston University                            MA       4,789
       TOP 10 TOTAL (9% of all int’l students)              58,187
                            Types of Institutions
                          400
Total students (1,000s)




                          300
                                                                                                    Doctorate institutions
                                                                                                    host the largest
                          200                                                                       number of international
                          100
                                                                                                    students (60% of the
                                                                                                    total).
                            0
                                Doctorate   Master's    Baccalaureate   Associate's   Specialized

                          10

                           8                                                                        Master’s institutions
 Percent change




                           6
                                                                                                    saw the largest
                                                                                                    percentage increase
                           4                                                                        this year.
                           2

                           0
                                Doctorate   Master's   Baccalaureate Associate's Specialized
Fields of Study
33% of international students are studying in the fields of Business &
management and Engineering, the top 2 fields of study.

                               Business &
                              Management           Undeclared 3%

              Engineering        19%
                                                   Education 3%
                 17%
                                                   Humanities 3%

        Physical & Life                             Agriculture 2%
        Sciences 9%

                                                     Other 11%
          Social Sciences              Intensive
                9% Math &                English
                      Computer Arts Health 5%
                        8%           5%
                               6%
   Financial Contributions: Over $15 billion
 U.S. Department of Commerce: $15.7 billion
 NAFSA-sponsored economic impact analysis using Open Doors
  enrollment data: $15.5 billion
 Almost two-thirds of international students rely primarily upon personal
  and family funds to pay for their studies.

                                                         Current
                            U.S. College or
                                                        Employment
                              University
                                                           5%
                                 26%

                                              Other
                                              12%      Home Gov't/
                     Personal &                        University 3%
                       Family
                                                      Other Foreign &
                        62%
                                                      Int'l Sources 2%
                                                      Other U.S. Source
                                                             2%
             Fall 2008 Online Snapshot

Conducted jointly among members of:
 American Association of Community Colleges (AACC)
 American Association of State Colleges and Universities (AASCU)
 Association of American Universities (AAU)
 American Council on Education (ACE)
 Council of Graduate Schools (CGS)
 Institute of International Education (IIE)
 NAFSA: Association of International Educators
 National Association of State Universities and Land-Grant Colleges
  (NASULGC)
Fall 2008 Online Snapshot: International Enrollments
 Snapshot of what educators observed at start of Fall 2008 term
 Survey conducted between Oct 6-24, 2008
 778 campuses responded
                            Institutional Affiliation of Respondents
                                     Total Responses: 778

 30%
        27% (208)                                      27% (208)


                    22% (169)
                                      20% (152)
 20%




 10%


                                                                         3% (21)
                                                                                     2% (19)

 0%
       Doctorate    Master's        Baccalaureate     Associate's      Specialized   Other
Factors Affecting Increases in Enrollment
Factors cited by U.S. campuses:
 Growing reputation and visibility of U.S. institutions abroad
 More active recruitment efforts
 Weak dollar
                                                   Major Reasons for Increases


           Grow ing reputation and visibility of my institution abroad                                             265 (34%)


                   More active recruitment efforts by my institution                                           250 (32%)


                Weak dollar made U.S. tuition costs more attractive                              150 (19%)


       Increased number of linkages w ith international universities                      117 (15%)


                                                                Other               89 (11%)

                 Less concern by international students about visa
                                                                                    87 (11%)
                                    availability
              New academic programming targeted to international
                                                                              52 (7%)
                      students such as ESL programs

                   Increased number of joint/dual degree programs             50 (6%)


                                                                         0   50     100        150     200   250      300
Types of Proactive Steps
   New staff/additional staff time devoted to int’l recruitment
   New international programs/collaborations
   New funding for international recruitment trips and marketing
   Recruitment is concentrated on Asia, (esp. China and SE Asia)
               If your institution has devoted more resources for int'l student recruitment trips,
                                    which countries/regions did you focus on?


              China                                                                           29%

          Other Asia                                            17%

              Korea                                           16%

               India                                          16%

       Latin America                                      14%

              Japan                               11%

         Middle East                              11%

             Europe                           10%

              Other                    7%

              Africa            4%

                       0%       5%          10%         15%           20%       25%        30%       35%
Project Atlas: Tracking Global Student Mobility

           http://atlas.iienetwork.org
Global Share of International Students
 In 2007, the U.S. hosted 20% of international students worldwide.

                            U.S.
                            20%                        U.K. 13%

                                                               France 8%


                                                                 Germany 8%

                     All others                                Australia 7%
                        28%                        China 7%
                                        Japan Canada
                                         4%     5%

Source: Project Atlas 2007 data from partner organizations and UNESCO/OECD 2006 data
 Higher Education Capacity
  The 623,805 international students in the U.S. comprise less than 4%
   of total U.S. higher education enrollment, with only 153 institutions
   hosting 55% of all international students in the U.S.

                                   25                Leading Five Countries' International Enrollment
    International Enrollment (%)




                                                                                                          21.1
                                                    as a Percent of Total Higher Education Enrollment
                                   20
                                                                                              15.8
                                   15                                        12.4
                                                            11.2
                                   10
                                    5       3.5

                                    0
                                        United States      France          Germany      United Kingdom   Australia


Sources: Project Atlas 2007 data from partner organizations and UNESCO/OECD 2006 data

								
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