Scientific Achievements - DOC by asafwewe

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									Unit H02 Monthly Report: May 2008
                                                      Scientific Achievements

CCU welcomes 2 classes of Italian and                               properties, filters and impactors, size spectrometers,
European school on open day                                         particle counters, nephelometer.
CCU staff welcomed a class of the Lyceo Technico di                 This course is was targetted at PhD students, young
Luino and a class of the European school in Varese to               scientists, and personnel from aerosol measuring
the EMEP station and laboratory. Demonstrations of                  stations involved in EUSAAR, EUCAARI, GAW, and
the mechanism behind greenhouse warming and the                     ACCENT
                                                                    Ref: JRC>IES>H02>24001
effects that aerosol particles exert in the were given,
to raise awareness regarding the processes behind                   CCU scientist interview for RAI educational
climate change.
Ref: JRC>IES>H02>24001                                              television
                                                                    CCU scientist Fabrizia Cavalli was interviewed by the
Paper on Impact of Nitrogen in the ocean in                         Italian television channel RAI educational on the
Science                                                             measurement activities related to air pollution
CCU Scientist was co-author in the a recent publication             monitoring. Fabrizia showed the EMEP station, and
on the impact of nitrogen deposition into the world's               explained the institutional framework and the daily
oceans.                                                             work involved in carrying out the measurements.
                                                                    Ref: JRC>IES>H02>24001
A large amount of nitrogen compounds is emitted into
the atmosphere                                                      Defining atmospheric emissions budgets for
by humans, through the burning of fossil fuels and the
use of
                                                                    possible IPCC 5th Assessment report
fertilizers. This enters the globe's oceans, where it acts          CCU staff member John van Aardenne participated in a
as a                                                                meeting in Paris on May 15 where the global emission
fertilizer and increases the production of marine plant             inventory community gathered to define a dataset of
life,                                                               greenhouse gas and precursor emissions (pre-
including algae. That increase draws down carbon                    industrial to year 2000). The purpose of such an
dioxide (CO2 )                                                      emission dataset is allowing Climate and Earth System
from the atmosphere, leading to the removal of up to                models runs to be available for a possible IPCC 5th
10 % of the                                                         assessment report on climate change and climate
CO2 emitted by human activities, and reducing its                   policy. Results from the Emission Database for Global
greenhouse                                                          Atmospheric Research (EDGAR) developed in CCU
warming potential. However, bacterial processing of                 such as global grid maps and a global methane
this nitrogen in                                                    emissions inventory will be used as default. For
the oceans may also lead to additional emissions of                 precursor emissions work performed by CCU for the
the potent                                                          UNECE Task Force on Hemispheric Transport of Air
greenhouse gas nitrous oxide (N2O), cancelling out                  Pollution will be incorporated in this activity.
about
                                                                    Ref: JRC>IES>H02>24003
two-thirds of the apparent gains from the CO2
removal. A vital part                                               Task Force on             Integrated      Assessment
of this study was the modelled nitrogen deposition,
retrieved from                                                      Modelling (TFIAM)
recent international multi-model studies organised and              Rita Van Dingenen attended the 34th meeting of Task
analysed by                                                         Force on Integrated Assessment Modelling (TFIAM),
JRC scientists.                                                     held in Madrid from 7 to 9 May 2008. She presented a
                                                                    globally coherent impact assessment of air pollution
The work continues in a project endorsed by the                     (ozone and PM10) on human health. The results
United Nations                                                      indicate that current legislation will lead to a decrease
Economic Commission for Europe (UN-ECE). It studies                 in premature mortalities in Europe, but not in Asia
the impacts of                                                      where a strong increase in PM levels and associated
transport of air pollution in the northern hemisphere of            health damage is still projected. The study further
the planet,                                                         highlighted the strong need for a harmonized
with a long-standing organisational and scientific input            approach of health impact assessments (in particular
from the JRC.                                                       for PM), as various approaches that have been applied
Link:http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/320/5878/893/Ref:   and published in the past (WHO, World Bank, OECD,
JRC>IES>H02>24001                                                   CAFE-project,...) lead to results that may vary over an
                                                                    order    of    magnitude      for   a     given    region.
CCU Scientist lectures on aerosol course for
you scientists                                                      Ref: JRC>IES>H02>24003
Dr. J.P. Putaud lectured a aerosol course covering
measurement techniques . The course covered basic
                                                                    Invited presentation at IPCC expert meeting on
definitions,  mechanical    properties,   electrical                emissions from agriculture and forestry
The IPCC Expert Meeting on "IPCC Guidance on                  Frank Raes gave a plenary keynote lecture, early in
estimating emissions and removals of greenhouse               the conference, in which he stepped out of his usual
gases from land uses such as agriculture and forestry"        scientific domain, and provoked the audience by
was held in Helsinki, Finland 13-15 May, 2008. In the         saying:
meeting, CCU scientist Suvi Monni gave an invited              - our society is moving away from nature, hence it is
presentation   on     "Uncertainty   estimation   and         increasingly difficult to implement environmental
management in AFOLU (agriculture, forestry and other          policies
land uses) sector". The related background paper was          - sustainability is a concept as important as the ideals
coauthored by Giacomo Grassi and Ardian Leip, also            of the French Revolution, we cannot NOT talk about it.
from CCU.                                                     - In the following two days the need of "reconnecting
Ref: JRC>IES>H02>24003                                        to nature" and the need of "a revolution" became
                                                              recurrent themes in the discussions.
Bridging the Gap Conference - IES active                      IES (Eimear Kelleher) set up a parallel session on
participation                                                 adaptation to climate change. This session was well
The focus of this Conference was in bridging the gap          attended and the format/style was very interactive -
between knowledge and action, or in different words,          nominated speakers gave a brief presentation followed
the gaps in research, policy, and society response. The       by interactive questions and answers in 3 smaller
conference aimed at a real interaction among                  contact groups - minutes of this session were written
attendees, and succeeded by breaking through the              up and reported back to the Conference by 3 neutral
usual set-up of presentations.                                participants from different sectors.
                                                              Link:http://ccu.jrc.it/Ref: JRC>IES>H02>24001




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