SAP Orientation

					ERP
ERP
E – Enterprise
R – Resource
P – Planning
ERP
Enterprise Resource Planning, is a software
driven business management system, which
integrates all facets of the business,
including Planning, Manufacturing, Sales
and Marketing.

ERP as a business solution aims to help the
management by setting better business
practices and equipping them with the right
information to take timely decisions.
ERP career exist
distinctly in two areas:

 Implementation
 Development
ERP Software Packages
SAP
BAAN Logistics
People Soft HRMS
Oracle Applications Finance
JD Edwards
MFG Pro
Ramco Marshal PP,PM,MM
SAP
SAP
The name SAP being a German company, is an
acronym for “Systeme Anwendungen, Produkte in der
Datenverarbeitung”.


This is translated into English as:
   Systems Applications, and Products in
             Data Processing
SAP
The third generation set of highly
integrated software modules that
perform common business functions
based on multi-national leading
practices. Takes care of any
Enterprise however diverse it may
be in operations, spread over the
SAP was founded in 1972 by five people.
1. Wellenreuther
2. Hopp
3. Hector
4. Plattner
5. Tchira
  FACTS ABOUT SAP
Leading global provider of client/server
business software solutions.
Number 1 vendor of standard business
application software, with a world-wide market
share of 33%.
4th largest independent software supplier in
the world.
Available in 14 languages.
8 of the Top 10 US corporations use SAP.
More than 7500 customers in over 90 countries
have chosen SAP.
8 Reasons to use SAP
Global Basis
Faster Speed
Flexibility for changes (Business & IT)
Agility (quickness, alertness)
Extended Supply Chain Management
Reach New Opportunity
Knowledge Sharing
Creativity Focus
   SAP R/2
    R/2 is SAP AG mainframe solution and was
    first compact software package for the whole
    spectrum of business applications. SAP R/2
    runs on mainframes, such as IBM, Siemens,
    Amdahl. The current version of R/2 is 6.1. This
    mainframe solution is not open, although with
    the help of ALE (Application Link Enabled)
    technology, R/2 can be linked to system and
    share online data.

SAP AG is the company name AG stands for Aktiengesellschaft,
which means in English “Incorporation”.
SAP R/3
SAP R/3 is SAP's integrated software solution for
client/server and distributed open systems. SAP’s
R/3 is the world’s most-used standard business
software for client/server computing. R/3 meets the
needs of a customer from the small companies to
multi-billion dollar companies. The software is
highly customizable using SAP’s proprietary
programming language, ABAP/4.
R/2
Real Time Two Tier Architecture
In R/2 we have got two layer concept:

      1st Layer
                      PRESENTATION LAYER


    2nd Layer
                       APPLICATION LAYER
                        DATABASE LAYER
R/2
Real Time Two Tier Architecture
       Presentation Servers (Front Ends, Clients)




          Application Server / Database Server
R/3
Real Time Three Tier Architecture

          PRESENTATION LAYER



           APPLICATION LAYER



            DATABASE LAYER
R/3
Real Time Three Tier Architecture
       Presentation Servers (Front Ends, Clients)




                                  Application Server




                                  Database Server
    Request come from Presentation Server



          DISPATCHER
                                      D.
                                     Queue
A
S


    WP      WP        WP     WP
                 Buffer



      To Database Server
All requests that come in from presentation
server are directed first to the dispatcher.
The dispatcher writes them first to the
dispatcher queue.
The dispatcher pulls the requests from the
queue on a first-in, first-out basis.
Each request is then allocated to the first
available work process.
A work process handles one process at a
time.
MM      PP      SD   FI   HR




         ABAP/4


             BASIS


     OPERATING SYSTEM
Basis is like an operating system for R/3. It sits
between the ABAP/4 code and the computer's
operating system. SAP likes to call it
middleware because it sits in the middle.


Basis provides runtime environment for ABAP/4
programs.



ABAP/4 programs do not access operating
system functions directly. Instead, they use
Basis functions to perform file I/O.
TECHNICAL   FUNCTIONAL
Programmer   Administrator
 Programmer                         Administrator


    ABAP / 4                                  BASIS

ABAP / 4
Advanced Business Application Programming /
4th Generation Language
Finance   HR   Logistics
            Finance
This functional area contains the necessary
information on Profitability Analysis,
General Ledger Accounts and Information
on Reporting using the Executive
Information System (EIS).
Finance Modules
FI - FINANCE
CO - CONTROLLING
IM - INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT
TR - TREASURY
EC - ENTERPRISE CONTROLLING
REAL ESTATE MANAGEMENT
    HUMAN RESOURCE

HR module include support on Salary and
Payroll administration as well as areas such
as work schedule models. This core
functional area is very country specific, due
to country – related taxes, employee benefits,
and employment laws.
    HR Modules
PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT
PAYROLL
TIME MANAGEMENT
TRAVEL MANAGEMENT
TRAINING AND EVENT MANAGEMENT
            LOGISTICS
Logistics is the largest of the three functional areas.
It includes, among others, the following modules:-


 SD - SALES & DISTRIBUTION
 PP - PRODUCTION PLANNING
 MM - MATERIAL MANAGEMENT
 WM - WAREHOUSE MANAGEMENT
 QM - QUALITY MANAGEMENT
 Environment, Health and Safety
FICO
   Organizational Structure
   Financial Accounting Global Settings
(Fiscal Year, Posting Period, Document Types, Posting Keys)
   General Ledger Accounting
   Creation and Maintenance of House Bank
   Account Receivable
   Account Payable
   Asset Accounting
   Integration with SD and MM
   Controlling
 PPEnterprise Structure
   Master Data
(Material Master, BOM, Work Center, Routing)
   Sales and Operation Planning
   Demand Management
   Material Requirement Planning
   Capacity Planning
   Repetitive Manufacturing
   Production Control
   KANBAN
   Product Cost Planning
 SD Enterprise Structure
    Master Data ( Creation of Customer and Material )
    Pricing
    Order Management
    Special Functions
(Free Goods, Listing/Exclusion, Item Proposal, Output Control)
    Delivery
    Billing
    Reporting
    Copy Control
    Credit Management
 MM Enterprise Structure
    Material Master
    Vendor Master
    Purchasing
(Purchase Request, RFQ, Price Comparison, Purchase Orders)
    Pricing Procedure
    Inventory Management
(Goods Receipts, Goods Issue, Stock Transfer, Invoice Verification)
    Automatic Account Determination
    Reports
    Vendor Evaluation
HR
SAP-HR Basics
Organizational Management
Personnel Administration
Recruitment
Benefits Administration
Training & Event Management
Personnel Development
Personnel Time Management
Compensation Management and Personnel Cost Planning
 ABAP/4
   SAP R/3 Architecture
   ABAP/4 Development Workbench
   Data Dictionary
   Internal Tables
   Transactions
   Data Transfer (BDC’s)
   Reports
   SAP Scripts
   Overview of Integration Technologies
(ALE, IDOC, EDI, RFC, and BAPI)
      Staffing of SAP Projects
Strategic Thinking -- SAP may be part of a larger change project.
Process Design -- Expertise in the design, change and documenting of
business processes.
Project Management -- Essential throughout the project lifecycle.
Change Management -- Expertise is required in changing the organization.
System Architect -- Overall responsibility for feasibility of the design and
integration issues.
Application Experts -- People with skill in configuring specific modules.
Business Analyst -- Involved in piloting and must be trained.
Trainers -- Training must be given to the users and team members new to
SAP.
SAP Developers -- People who can design and built bolt-on functionality.
Operational Staff -- Responsible for administration, performance and
transition.
 Time Duration for Implementation
Scoping -- 1-2 Months -- Decision Making. Understanding the
Organization.
Analysis -- 3-6 Months -- Documentation, Discussions.
Design -- 2-3 Months -- Modules, Sub Modules, Interfaces, Databases,
Data flow Servers, Terminals, and Back up.
Development -- 2-3 Months -- Parallel with Design. ABAP/4,
Configuration, Applications, Transactions, Reports.
Configuration-- 3-4 Days -- Settings to be done.
Implementation/ 3-4 Months
Testing/Training
Post Implementation Support (Continuous)
SAP R/3 SERVER
HARDWARE
 P-III 900 MHz Processor
 512 MB RAM
 60 GB HDD
SOFTWARE
 WinNT, Win 2000 Server, Unix, Linux,
 Solaris
DATABASE
 Oracle, MS SQL Server, Informix.
SAP R/3 CLIENT
HARDWARE
 Celeron 566 MHz Processor
 128 MB RAM
 10 GB HDD
SOFTWARE
 Windows 98/NT/2000, Unix, Linux. Solaris

				
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posted:3/3/2010
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