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					The Asian Tsunami
  One year on…
                          A time to remember …
        On 26 December 2004 a powerful tsunami flooded coastal areas of
        several Asian countries.
        More than 224,000 people died. Many more lost people they loved.
        About 1.8 million people lost their homes.
        Within the last year Oxfam has helped more than 1.8 million people in
        seven countries to start rebuilding their lives.
Photo: Jim Holmes/Oxfam
Oxfam was already there when disaster struck…

 The tsunami was caused by a huge earthquake in the Indian Ocean, near
 the coast of Indonesia.
 The tsunami hit coastal areas in Indonesia, India, the Andaman and
 Nicobar Islands, Burma, the Maldives and Thailand –and even Somalia,
 Kenya and Tanzania in Africa.
 Oxfam has been working in this region for more than 30 years and was
 able to respond quickly.
                                 Huge challenges

                   Roads and bridges were washed away. This made it very
                   difficult to reach the people who needed help.

                   In some places, Oxfam had to use helicopters to reach

Photo: Jane Beesley/Oxfam
                         Clean water prevents disease

            In the weeks after the tsunami, Oxfam‟s main concern was to
            save lives. There was lots of unclean water around – and this
            could have made many more people very ill.
            Oxfam helped to stop this happening. In the camps where
            people were staying, Oxfam provided clean water in large tanks
            and built emergency latrines (basic toilets).

Photo: Howard Davies/Oxfam
                  Health messages on the radio

        In the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, people learnt how to stay healthy
        by listening to messages on the radio.

        The radio messages give simple advice that saves lives.
        Oxfam has given radios to people who have lost their homes. It is
        working with a radio station called „All India Radio‟ to give out these
        health messages.

Photo: Rajendra Shaw /Oxfam
                              Rebuilding homes…

    One of the most important things to do is to rebuild people‟s homes. In
    many areas, nearly all homes were destroyed.

    Building new houses takes a long time. However, Oxfam estimated that by
    26 December 2005, around 20% of the 1.8 million people made homeless
    were in permanent housing.

Photo: Rajendra Shaw /Oxfam
Rebuilding homes
Oxfam has worked with local
people to build new houses in
many of the affected countries.

Mira (aged 10) and her father,
Aiyub, live in Indonesia. They lived
in a tent for several months after
the tsunami.

They have now moved into a new
house built by Oxfam.

                                        Mira wanted a small cupboard
                                        in her new room, just like in her
                                        old house.
                                        Mira explained: “The fridge
                                        belonged to us before the
                                        tsunami. It doesn‟t work
                                        anymore…it was taken and
                                        thrown around by the tsunami. I
                                        rescued it and made it into a

                                       Photos: Oxfam
                           Rebuilding people‟s futures
      The tsunami destroyed people‟s jobs as well as their homes – by ruining
      farmland, mangroves, fishing boats and tourist facilities.

      In Indonesia, 25 per cent of the population lost their main ways of
      earning money. Without money, they cannot buy the things they need.

      In Aceh, Oxfam has helped local people to replant more than 1 million
      mangroves in coastal mud-banks. This will help them earn money again.
      Since the disaster, Oxfam has worked with 29 partner organisations to
      help more that 600,000 people rebuild their lives.

Photo: Jim Holmes /Oxfam
    New tools, new skills, new job – and a new future

         Ramriratheep Paramalingam is 17 years old. His village in Sri Lanka
         was flattened by the tsunami.

         Oxfam gave Ramriratheep and 30 other young people toolkits and
         trained them to build new homes. These young people helped
         Oxfam to build houses so that people could move out of camps and
         back into the village.

         For Ramriratheep these new skills and tools mean that he can
         rebuild his future and earn the money he needs.
Photo: Howard Davies/Oxfam
                     Oxfam says women are important!
       More women than men died in the tsunami.
       For many women survivors, life is hard. Many men do not listen to their
       views and some women have been abused by men in their own homes.
       Oxfam tries to ensure that women have a say in their future and that
       they are safe from violence.

      In Sri Lanka, the water tanks do not provide water only. Oxfam has used
      them to display important messages about how violence against women
      affects the whole family. The messages say that families are better
      when men treat women as equals.

Photo: Jenny Enarsson/Oxfam
                                    The future
       Rebuilding homes and people‟s lives takes a long time. It will be several
       years before all survivors have permanent homes.

                  The good news is… there is real hope for the future.
                 Day by day, more schools are opening and more families are
                   moving into new homes. These homes are often better
                   than the old ones that were destroyed by the tsunami.

Photo: Rajendra Shaw /Oxfam
                                    Oxfam says
                               Thank You!

             Oxfam would like to thank everyone sincerely who has supported
              their work in the region. People‟s generosity has made a real
                 difference to the lives of those affected by the tsunami.

Photo: Howard Davies/Oxfam

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