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					      FP7 Specific Programme

        « People »
          Policies and
   Marie Curie Actions


       Dr. Barbara Rhode
Adviser to the Director of Directorate T
    Directorate General Research



                                           1
                   Policy background

 We are now in the year 2007,
 After the German unification in 1990 also Europe re-united
 In these past 17 years the EU has extended its Membership
  from
     12 EU Member States in 1990 to
     27 EU Member States in 2007

 Our aim is not only to create an integrated “Single Market” with
  all 27 Member States
 but to also create the “European Research Area”
     overcoming fragmentation
     and integrating the different research
      infrastructures of our Member States.
                                                                     2
          The “European Research Area” (ERA)


 As our financial instrument, the EU RTD Framework Programme
  (FP) is very attractive for ambitious research countries
     more countries that are not Members of the EU ( CH, NO,
      IS, IL…)
     are associated to the FP.
 Their governments pay actively into the FP in relation to their GDP
     and their researchers have to gain these funds back by
      excellence.
 Altogether there is a potential of 36 European countries that
  collaborate together in science and technology.
 This is what we call the ERA, the European Research Area.

                                                                        3
                      The role of
       the “Marie Curie” fellowship Programme

 Therefore the EU has a long experience in networking between
  researchers of the European countries
    to connect them
    and invite them and to prepare them for a better
     collaboration in the “Co-operation” of research projects


 The “Marie Curie Fellowship Programme” is a very important
  instrument to connect
    experienced
    as well as young researchers in the ERA.



                                                                 4
      FP7 – Specific Programmes

Cooperation – Collaborative research

     Ideas – Frontier Research

     People – Human Potential

  Capacities – Research Capacity
                  +
           JRC (non-nuclear)

            JRC (nuclear)

               Euratom

                                       5
                           under FP7 -
                          New philosophy

   With „People’, the 7th Research Framework Programme continues
    the Marie Curie Mobility programme
     Mobility of researchers always contains the possibility that
      researcher never return, that they become “a brain drain”,
     No good news for policy maker, having invested in a person


   Advanced countries however, need to provide excellent training for
    their research communities. No excellent career today is made without
    mobility.
        Therefore:
     From the traditional negative consideration of calculating the
      “brain drain” versus “brain gain”
     We acknowledge of the fact that any excellent science career
      today has to be international - “brain circulation or “brain
      exchange”.                                                            6
                       Arguments
         for the international dimension of MC



1. Transition from a “Mobility” programme
    to an active “career development” programme acquiring
     additional qualifications and targeted trainings through
     international mobility.
2. Lay the foundation of future joint research projects
    Any mobility grant is based on research project and best
     and promising institutes working in similar fields should be
     connected
3. Important to build relations and link institutes


                                                                    7
        In the frame of the PEOPLE programme:
                  “Marie Curie Actions”


To date:
 Successful and well known
 Important international dimension
 The programme exists now for more than 10 years
 Since FP5 a specific international component
 The volume has been constantly increasing


With FP7
 Duplication of the budget from FP6:
 Budget of € 4,75 billion, i.e.
     From €430 million in 2007
     to €900 million in 2013

                                                    8
      II. The People Programme –
              Marie Curie Actions

4,7 Billion € in FP7 for 7 years
 Guiding Principles:
    Continuity of FP6,
    with focus on structuring impact on our MS
    increased private sector participation
    Strengthened international dimension
    Balanced gender objective, also reintegration
    No thematic priorities

                                                     9
Nobel Prize   Physics 1903 and Chemistry 1911   1
                                                0
            The Nobel Prize in Physics 2007
    "for the discovery of Giant Magneto resistance




     Peter Grünberg           Albert Fert
Forschungszentrum Jülich   Unité Mixte de Physique
  Jülich, Germany            CNRS/THALES
                                                     1
                                 Orsay, France       1
            Invitation to Taiwan
to more actively participate in “Marie Curie”


1. All FP7 actions in general are open to
   international participation
2. TW may also participate in those Marie
  Curie activities that are specifically
  designed for the international community




                                                1
                                                2
                       Statistics
            Marie Curie fellowships with TW
                Submitted proposals         Contracts concluded
                all          TW             all          TW
Incoming        2 223        1              372          -
international
Fellowships
Outgoing        1 550        1              271          -
International
fellowships
Research        participants participants   participants participants
Training
Networks        24 158       -              2 203        -




                                                                        1
                                                                        3
“People” – 5 Marie Curie building blocks
                     1. Initial training:
            •Networks for Early stage researchers

       2. Life long training and career development:
                 • Intra European Fellowships
             • Co-funding of national programmes


                    3. Industry dimension:
        • Industry-academia partnership and pathways


               4. International dimension:
                  • Outgoing fellowships
                  •Incoming fellowships


                    5. Specific actions
                   Such as:, ERA-More;
                                                       1
                                                       4
            4. International dimension
          Outgoing fellowships (from EU)
Career development/ life-long training for EU
   researchers :
EU outgoing individual fellowships, to be trained in a
  third country institute or organisation

    at least 4 years after graduation
    Funding for up to 3 years in total
          -- with 1-2 years abroad
    To establish cooperation
    Based on a personal „career development plan‟
    Mandatory return fellowship

                                                         1
                                                         5
                  4. International dimension
                     Incoming fellowships

Incoming individual fellowships for top class researchers to upgrade
    their qualification in the EU and Ass and be trained in competences
    they could not acquire in the home country.

         at least four years after graduation (post doc)
         to develop cooperation
         Proposal is submitted by the researcher together with the
          host organisation
         For 1 to 2 years
         Salary plus contribution towards research related costs
         Eventually a 1 year return phase for researchers from ICPC




                                                                          1
                                                                          6
                     1. Initial training:
        Marie Curie Networks for early stage training

     Allowances given to “early-stage” ( up to five years after
      graduation, time for PhD +) researchers and senior « visiting
      scientists » positions
Networks linking, participants from 3 MS and Ass. Countries as the
   hosts of high quality training programmes – additional host from
   third countries possible


     Desirable, the involvement of private business sector
     open to researchers from third countries
       Vacancies will be published and can be looked up on the
        “mobility portal” –
     Containing short training events (conferences, summer
      schools, training courses) – “mobility portal”
                                                                      1
                                                                      7
           2. Marie Curie Intra European fellowships
                     for career development

Life-long training & career development (4 years + after graduation =
     post doc but also later)


In two modes

1.   Traditional mode: selection/funding of fellows through call at EC level
        – international not excluded, but more sense to go for the
         international directly
2. New « Co-funding » mode – with structuring effect - date: 2007 not fixed
        Selection for « co-funding » of existing or new national, regional and
         international fellowship programmes
        Researchers apply to the co-funded national programmes;
         programmes operate following own standards

        “Vacancies”         mobility portal                                     1
                                                                                  8
                              FP7: ERC “Starting Grants” vs.
                        Marie Curie “Individual Fellowships”

                        Major differences:
           Marie Curie                                ERC
     Individual Fellowships                     Starting Grants
 (Intra-European or Incoming)
Training and skills                 To stimulate frontier research
for the development                 led by a "principal investigator“ (PI)
of individual researcher            and performed by an excellent team
Temporary nature                    Commitment of the host institution to
(1/2 years)                         the PI to at least the duration of the
                                    project (max 5 years)
At any time of career               Specific career phase
(life-long training)                (2-9 years after PhD)
Mobility requirement                No mobility required
Fixed-amount fellowship for         Full project funding with full flexibility
researcher alone                    including staff, equipment, etc.
€100 000-250 000                    up to € 2m                                   1
                                                                                 9
       3. Marie Curie Industry partnerships and pathways



   Enhance cooperation and skills exchange between
    academia and industry on a common research project


     At least two different Member States or Associated
      countries (one from EU 27) and in addition possible: third
      partners
     At least one organisation from each sector
     Funding for 3-4 years
     Networking activities, workshops/conferences, including
      for researchers from outside the partnership
                                                                   2
                                                                   0
                                                               Call Opens Call Closes/Cut-off      Budget
Action                                       Call ID                                               (€ million)

CO-Funding of Regional, national &          FP7-PEOPLE-          16 November        19 February
International Programmes                    2007-2-3-COFUND             2007              2008           65
                                            FP7-PEOPLE-          30 November
NIGHT Researchers' Night                    NIGHT-2008                  2007     05 March 2008            3

IAPP Industry Academia Partnerships &       FP7-PEOPLE-          30 November
Pathways                                    IAPP- 2008                  2007     25 March 2008           45
                                            FP7-PEOPLE-          30 November
IRSES International Staff Exchanges         IRSES-2008                  2007     28 March 2008           25

ERG European Reintegration Grants 1st cut   FP7-PEOPLE-          30 November
off                                         ERG- 2008                   2008       03 April 2008          7

IRG International Reintegration Grant 1st   FP7-PEOPLE- IRG-     30 November
cut off                                     2008                        2008       03 April 2008         17
                                            FP7-PEOPLE- IEF-         19 March
IEF Intra-European Fellowships              2008                         2008    19 August 2008          75

                                            FP7-PEOPLE- IIF-         19 March
IIF International Incoming Fellowships      2008                         2008    19 August 2008          25
                                            FP7-PEOPLE- IOF-         19 March
IOF International Outgoing Fellowship       2008                         2008    19 August 2008          25
                                            FP7-PEOPLE- ITN-                       02 September
ITN Initial Training Networks               2008                 04 April 2008             2008         185

ERG European Reintegration Grants 2nd cut   FP7-PEOPLE-          30 November       03 April 2008
off                                         ERG- 2008                   2008      08 October 08

IRG International Reintegration Grant 2nd   FP7-PEOPLE- IRG-     30 November       03 April 2008
cut off                                     2008                        2008      08 October 08

CO-Funding of Regional, national &          FP7-PEOPLE-          19 November        19 February
International Programmes                    COFUND- 2008                2008              2009
                                                                                                                 2
                                                                                                                 1
       II. Specific actions (Dir C)
to remove obstacles and enhancing career
               perspectives



1. Mobility Portal
2. ERA-More Network
3. ERA LINK for the diaspora



                                           2
                                           2
     1.   The Mobility web portal




http://europa.eu.int/eracareers



                                    2
                                    3
The redesigned European Researcher’s Mobility Portal
           (http://ec.europa.eu/eracareers)
            Taiwan web site?




 Is there a mobility web site that could
  be linked to the portal?




                                            2
                                            5
                      2. ERA-More
          “Help Desk and Customised assistance”

   ERA-MORE, the European Network of Mobility Centres.
   The network displayed on the portal
   As a researcher you have free access to a Europe wide
    customised assistance service offered by ERA-MORE
   These 200 centres in 32 countries assist researchers in all
    matters relating to professional and daily life, including
      information on legal issues,
      social security,
      health and
      taxes,
      everyday life
      as well as family support.
   Click on the country you are interested in to contact the local
    Mobility Centre.


                                                                      2
                                                                      6
                     3. ERA- and NERE Link
                Networking of the Scientific Diaspora -
                              Rationale



 Diaspora actions for both European Researchers Abroad (ERA-
  Link) and Non-European Researchers in Europe (NERE-Link)

 A patrimony of knowledge lost if researchers are not connected
  with their homeland

 FP7 actions to ensure that a potential loss is transformed into a
  valuable resource

 Both ERA-Link and NERE-Link are needed for an open,
  competitive and attractive labor market for researchers



                                                                      2
                                                                      7
          Networking of Scientific Diaspora
                  – Current Status

 ERA-Link successfully launched in USA with
  membership exceeding now 3000

 Launching of ERA-Link in countries/regions beyond
  the USA is starting now Japan, Australia, Canada

 First surveys for ERA-Link expansion starting now –
  our Science Councilor will explain later

 Surveys and studies to initiate NERE-Link are
  planned for 2008


                                                        2
                                                        8
              v. Additional
             Policy Elements




1. European Researchers Charter
2. & Code of conduct for the
   recruitment of researchers
3. Scientific visa



                                  2
                                  9
    To be
implemented....
     on a
  voluntary
     basis




              3
              0
                       The Aim of
                 the Code and the Charter

 Enhancement of quality
 Clarify commitments and obligations
 Ethical standards and professional responsibility
 Accountability and supervision
 Working conditions
 Funding and salaries
 Gender and equal opportunities
 Selection and transparency
 Recognitions of qualifications etc…


                                                      3
                                                      1
                   3. "Scientific visa"



 A European Directive (adopted by Council October 2005)
    procedure for non-EU scientists to carry out a research
      project in Europe
 creating a specific residence permit
    for foreign researchers
    independently from their contractual status (employee, self-
     employed, "stipendee").
 By signing a "hosting agreement"
    with an accredited public or private European research
     organisation.

                                                                    3
                                                                    2
                    Hosting Agreement

 The "hosting agreement" is a contract to certify the researcher's
  status
 With reference to his/her possession of
         scientific skills,
         financial means
         and health insurance.
 On the basis of this contract, and with standard conditions
         absence of threat to public policy,
         health and security,
         possession of valid travel document
 the immigration authorities of the host country will rapidly deliver
  the residence permit.

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                  Further Information


Seventh Framework Programme:
 http://ec.europa.eu./research/fp7/home_en.html

Newsletter Europe4Researchers:
 http://ec.europa.eu/eracareers/index_en.cfm?l1=16

European Researchers - Mobility Portal
 http://ec.europa.eu./eracareers/index_en.cfm

EU research:
 http://ec.europa.eu/research/index_en.cfm

Information requests (e-mail):
 research@ec.europa.eu.

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Thank you for your Attention!


 barbara.rhode@cec.eu.int




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