APA Style

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					APA Citation Style
        Documenting
        Sources: References
        List & In-text Citations




                   College of DuPage Library
                                Revised 2/09
Why Use APA Format?

   Allows readers to locate your sources easily.
   Provides consistent format within a discipline.
   Protects you from plagiarism.
   Gives you credibility as an author.




                                    College of DuPage Library
                                          Revised 2/09
Where Do I Find the APA Format?

   Publication Manual of the American Psychological
    Association (5th ed., 2001)
    The “Bible” of the APA style. Often called the “APA
    Manual.”
   APA Style Guide to Electronic References (2007).
    Update to the Publication Manual.
   C.O.D. Library Web site
    www.cod.edu/library > Citing Sources > APA
    Examples and other helpful Web sites
                                       College of DuPage Library
                                             Revised 2/09
Title Page

   Papers in APA style require a title page.
   Include the paper’s title and your name,
    course, professor’s name, date.
   Ask your instructor for title page
    requirements!
   Student Paper Example


                                    College of DuPage Library
                                          Revised 2/09
Paper Format

   Ask your instructor for requirements!
   12 pt. Times Roman font preferred or a non-
    serif font, but ask your instructor.
   Double-spaced.
   1 inch margins.
   Abbreviated title is header for all pages.
   Pages are numbered.
                                  College of DuPage Library
                                        Revised 2/09
Quotations: Examples

   See pages 117-118 in the APA manual.
   Also see OWL (Purdue University) Web site




                                 College of DuPage Library
                                       Revised 2/09
Paraphrasing: Examples

   See pages 349-350 in the APA manual.
   Also see OWL (Purdue University) Web site




                                 College of DuPage Library
                                       Revised 2/09
Complete Paper Example

   Student Paper Example
   Also see example in APA manual.




                                College of DuPage Library
                                      Revised 2/09
APA References List

   Called “References,” alphabetized by item (author or
    title).
   A list of every source that you make reference to in
    your paper.
   Provides the information necessary for a reader to
    locate and retrieve any sources cited in your paper.
   Each source cited in the paper must appear on the
    References list, and vice versa.


                                        College of DuPage Library
                                              Revised 2/09
References List: Example

   Student paper example
    Go to the end of the paper to see the
    “References.”




                                   College of DuPage Library
                                         Revised 2/09
Reference Citations

   Citations should contain the following
    information: author’s name, title of work,
    publication information, to the extent that you
    can find this information about the source.




                                    College of DuPage Library
                                          Revised 2/09
Book: Example

Schneck, C. (2007). Sleep: The mysteries, the
     problems, and the solutions. New York:
     Avery.




Citations should be double-spaced with a hanging indent.


                                                   College of DuPage Library
                                                         Revised 2/09
Article in Reference Book (e.g.
Encyclopedia): Example

   Frey, R. J. (2003). Post-traumatic stress
        disorder. In The Gale encyclopedia of mental
        disorders (Vol. 2, pp. 786-789). Detroit: Gale.




Citations should be double-spaced with a hanging indent.



                                                           College of DuPage Library
                                                                 Revised 2/09
Chapter/Article in Edited Book:
Example

Mattia, J.I., & Zimmerman, M. (2001).
      Epidemiology. In W.J. Livesley (Ed.),
      Handbook of personality disorders:
      Theory, research, and treatment (pp.
      107-123). New York: Guilford Press.


Citations should be double-spaced with a hanging indent.

                                                   College of DuPage Library
                                                         Revised 2/09
Journal Article (Print): Example

Verona, E., & Kilmer, A. (2007). Stress
     exposure and affective modulation of
     aggressive behavior in men and women.
     Journal of Abnormal Psychology 116(2),
     410-421.


Citations should be double-spaced with a hanging indent.

                                                   College of DuPage Library
                                                         Revised 2/09
Journal Article (electronic, from subscription
database) with no DOI: Example

Norvilitus, J. M., Szablicki, P. B., & Wilson, S.
      D. (2003). Factors influencing levels
      of credit-card debt in college students.
      Journal of Applied Social Psychology,
      33(5), 935-947. Retrieved January 27,
      2009, from Academic OneFile
      database.

Citations should be double-spaced with a hanging indent.

                                                   College of DuPage Library
                                                         Revised 2/09
Journal Article (electronic, from subscription
database) with DOI: Example


Andersson, G. (2009). Foster children: A
     longitudinal study of placements and
     family relationships. International Journal
     of Social Welfare, 18(1), 13-26.
     doi:10.1111/j.1468-2397.2008.00570.x




                                  College of DuPage Library
                                        Revised 2/09
Web Site (No Author): Example

Obsessive-compulsive disorder. (2007,
    September 16). National Institute of
    Mental Health. Retrieved September 30,
    2007, from http://www.nimh.nih.gov/
    health/topics/obsessive-compulsive-
    disorder-ocd/index.shtml


Citations should be double-spaced with a hanging indent.

                                                   College of DuPage Library
                                                         Revised 2/09
Web Site (No Date): Example

Archer, Z. (n.d.). Exploring nonverbal
     communication. Retrieved February 10,
     2009, from http://zzyx.ucsc.edu/~archer




Citations should be double-spaced with a hanging indent.

                                                   College of DuPage Library
                                                         Revised 2/09
Image: Example

   Netter, F. (2005). Heart [Electronic
       illustration]. Retrieved February 10, 2009,
       from http:// www.usip.edu/museum/
       netter_detail3.htm.




                                   College of DuPage Library
                                         Revised 2/09
Image (No Author, No Title, No Date):
Example

   [Untitled image of a chest X-ray]. Retrieved
       February 10, 2009, from
       http://www.merritt.edu/~radte/.




                                   College of DuPage Library
                                         Revised 2/09
Other Examples

   Go to Web sites listed on the Citing Sources
    page under “Other Resources” for more
    examples and explanations.
   Google it! e.g. magazine article APA style,
    but be careful to use a good Web site.




                                   College of DuPage Library
                                         Revised 2/09
In-text Citations

   Sometimes called parenthetical citations.
   Done within the text of your paper after
    you’ve quoted or paraphrased from a source.
   Each source cited in the paper must appear
    on your “References” list, and vice versa.




                                 College of DuPage Library
                                       Revised 2/09
Example of “Signal Phrase”

   Social historian Richard Sennett (1980)
    names the tendency to come to terms with
    difficult experiences a "purification process"
    whereby "threatening or painful dissonances
    are warded off to preserve intact a clear and
    articulated image of oneself and one’s place
    in the world" (p. 11).


                                    College of DuPage Library
                                          Revised 2/09
Another Type of In-Text Citation

   The tendency to come to terms with difficult
    experiences is referred to as a "purification
    process" whereby "threatening or painful
    dissonances are warded off to preserve
    intact a clear and articulated image of
    oneself and one’s place in the world"
    (Sennett, 1980, p.11).


                                    College of DuPage Library
                                          Revised 2/09
Source with No Author: Example

   Several critics of the concept of the
    transparent society ask if a large society
    would be able to handle the complete loss of
    privacy ("Surveillance Society," 1998, p.
    115).
   Use an abbreviated version of the title.



                                  College of DuPage Library
                                        Revised 2/09
Help with APA Citation

   Citing Sources page on Library’s Web site
   Library’s Reference Desk—in person, email,
    or IM
   Writing & Reading Center
    IC 3040 & Library 3018
    (630) 942-3355 or make appointment online


                                 College of DuPage Library
                                       Revised 2/09

				
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