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									Committee on Earth Observation Satellites                        CEOS/16/Doc 7
16th CEOS Plenary Meeting                                              Item 9.1
Frascati, Italy
20-21 November 2002

                             Report on WSSD 2002

                              SUMMARY AND PURPOSE

As one of the major themes for its Chairmanship of CEOS during 2002, ESA has co-
ordinated the involvement of CEOS in the World Summit on Sustainable Development.
This report summarises the efforts and achievements.


The meeting is invited to:
(a) take note the information contained in WSSD Report.
(b) prepare for an active discussion on the way ahead for CEOS and WSSD
    follow-up actions.
             Summary of CEOS involvement in the
    Johannesburg World Summit on Sustainable Development

1    Introduction

As one of the major themes for its Chairmanship of CEOS during 2002, ESA has co-
ordinated the promotion of CEOS in key international bodies and conventions –
building on the efforts of the previous Chair, MEXT/NASDA, and their achievements
in developing links with UNFCCC and IPCC. Our efforts have focused this year on
the inserting space-related language into the negotiated texts of the Summit,
complemented by some communication activities for and at the Summit. WSSD 2002
in Johannesburg brought together more than forty thousand of participants, including
104 heads of State and Government, national delegates and leaders from non-
governmental organizations (NGOs), businesses and other major groups to focus the
world's attention and direct action toward meeting difficult challenges, including
improving people's lives and conserving our natural resources in a world that is
growing in population, with ever-increasing demands for food, water, shelter,
sanitation, energy, health services and economic security.

The official website for the summit ( explains
that “At the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio, the international community adopted Agenda
21, an unprecedented global plan of action for sustainable development. But the best
strategies are only as good as their implementation. Ten years later, the Johannesburg
Summit presents an exciting opportunity for today's leaders to adopt concrete steps
and identify quantifiable targets for better implementing Agenda 21.”

The Summit took place from 26 August to 4 September 2002.

2    Participation in the political process – 12 references in the WSSD Plan of

The CEOS Plenary 2001 in Kyoto mandated ESA to focus the activities of the 2002
Chairmanship of CEOS on the preparation of and participation in the World Summit.
As such, ESA obtained accreditation at the WSSD as an intergovernmental
organisation, which allowed full participation in the Summit and all preparatory
meetings as an observer.

CEOS coordinated and prepared a number of official statements, which have been
delivered at PrepCom meetings in New York (Jan/Feb and Mar/Apr 2002) and Bali
(May/Jun 2002), and the Summit itself. The excellent support from national
delegations of some CEOS members, particularly NASDA and NOAA, has led to the
inclusion of specific references to satellite/earth observation/remote sensing in twelve
paragraphs or sub-paragraphs of the 54-page WSSD Plan of Implementation, which
was one of the two documents adopted by Heads of State. In addition, the 4-page
Johannesburg Declaration refers to the need to “use modern technologies” for better
decision-making for sustainable development.

A summary of the Earth observation references in the WSSD Plan of Implementation
is attached (Annex A), together with the CEOS Statement delivered at the WSSD
Plenary Session (Annex B).

3   Communication activities – The CEOS exhibition stand at Ubuntu Village

CEOS arranged an exhibition stand in Ubuntu Village, which served as a focal point
for all CEOS members to inform visitors and delegates about how space can support
sustainable development. The exhibition booth was used, and staffed, by a number of
space agencies, notably ESA, NASDA, NOAA, DLR, CNES, and others. The stand
followed an integrated design and theme approach based on the CEOS WSSD
brochure “Sustainable Development – The Space Contribution / From Rio to
Johannesburg”. The information material displayed and distributed included various
CEOS publications (WSSD brochure and fact sheets, Handbook, Newsletter, Annual
Report), complemented by publications of other CEOS members (NASA/NOAA
GISD flyers, NASDA brochures, etc.).

4   Communication activities – Publications

CEOS prepared a number of targeted WSSD publications, such as:

       CEOS WSSD Brochure “Sustainable Development – The Space Contribution
        / From Rio to Johannesburg”, 18 pages;
       CEOS WSSD Fact Sheets “Sustainable Development – The Space
        Contribution / From Rio to Johannesburg”, folder plus 30 pages;
       CEOS “Earth Observation Handbook” in hardcopy and CD ROM, 180 pages

In addition, a number of other CEOS publications were displayed and distributed.

5   Communication activities – Events and Presentations

CEOS was involved in a number of events in the context of the WSSD, including:

       CEOS/IGOS Side Events at PrepCom III and IV (26 March and 6 June 2002)
       Co-Chairmanship, organisation and presentation of IGOS/ICSU Session at
        Science Forum in Johannesburg (30 Aug)
       2 Presentations at Japanese Side Events (30 Aug and 2 Sep)

6   The Way Forward
CEOS members (notably NASDA, NOAA, ESA) have put a remarkable effort into
the preparation of and participation in the World Summit. The numerous inclusions of
space references in the WSSD Plan of Implementation are a visible output of this
investment, complemented by an enhanced visibility of CEOS within the
environmental/sustainable development community.

An excellent opportunity offers itself to build upon this success through follow-on
activities. To this end, CEOS organizes a High-level CEOS WSSD Follow-Up
conference on 19th November 2002, prior to the 16th CEOS Plenary 2002. In addition,
a CEOS WSSD Follow-up Programme (CWFP) has been developed with space
agencies and will be presented to the 16th CEOS Plenary (see separate document).



                             PLAN OF IMPLEMENTATION

IV. Protecting and managing the natural resource base of economic and social

27. Improve water resource management and scientific understanding of the water cycle
through cooperation in joint observation and research, and for this purpose encourage and
promote knowledge-sharing and provide capacity-building and the transfer of technology, as
mutually agreed, including remote-sensing and satellite technologies, particularly to developing
countries and countries with economies in transition.
35. An integrated, multi-hazard, inclusive approach to address vulnerability, risk assessment
and disaster management, including prevention, mitigation, preparedness, response and
recovery, is an essential element of a safer world in the twenty-first century. Actions are required
at all levels to:
 (c) Strengthen the institutional capacities of countries and promote international joint
observation and research, through improved surface-based monitoring and increased use of
satellite data, dissemination of technical and scientific knowledge, and the provision of
assistance to vulnerable countries;
36. Change in the Earth‟s climate and its adverse effects are a common concern of humankind.
We remain deeply concerned that all countries, particularly developing countries including the
least developed countries and small island developing States, face increased risks of negative
impacts of climate change and recognize that, in this context, the problems of poverty, land
degradation, access to water and food and human health remain at the centre of global attention.
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change is the key instrument for
addressing climate change, a global concern, and we reaffirm our commitment to achieving its
ultimate objective of stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level

that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system, within a time
frame sufficient to allow ecosystems to adapt naturally to climate change, to ensure that food
production is not threatened and to enable economic development to proceed in a sustainable
manner, in accordance with our common but differentiated responsibilities and respective
capabilities. Recalling the United Nations Millennium Declaration, in which heads of State and
Government resolved to make every effort to ensure the entry into force of the Kyoto Protocol
to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, preferably by the tenth
anniversary of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in 2002, and
to embark on the required reduction of emissions of greenhouse gases, States that have ratified
the Kyoto Protocol strongly urge States that have not already done so to ratify the Kyoto
Protocol in a timely manner. Actions at all levels are required to:
       (g) Promote the systematic observation of the Earth‟s atmosphere, land and oceans by
       improving monitoring stations, increasing the use of satellites, and appropriate integration
       of these observations to produce high-quality data that could be disseminated for the use of
       all countries, in particular developing countries;
       (h) Enhance the implementation of national, regional and international strategies to
       monitor the Earth‟s atmosphere, land and oceans including, as appropriate, strategies for
       integrated global observations, inter alia with the cooperation of relevant international
       organisations, especially the United Nations specialized agencies in cooperation with the

VIII. Sustainable development for Africa

59. Deal effectively with natural disasters and conflicts, including their humanitarian and
environmental impacts, recognizing that conflicts in Africa have hindered and in many cases
obliterated both the gains and efforts aimed at sustainable development, with the most
vulnerable members of society, particularly women and children, being the most impacted
victims, through efforts and initiatives, at all levels, to:
     (a)    Provide financial and technical assistance to strengthen the capacities of African
countries, including institutional and human capacity, including at the local level, for effective
disaster management, including observation and early warning systems, assessments,
prevention, preparedness, response and recovery;

IX. Means of implementation*

104. Assist developing countries, through international cooperation, in enhancing their
capacity in their efforts to address issues pertaining to environmental protection including in
their formulation and implementation of policies for environmental management and protection,
including through urgent actions at all levels to:
       (b) Promote and, where appropriate, improve their use of satellite technologies for
quality data collection, verification and updating, and further improvement of aerial and ground-
*    Because the structure of chapter IX was changed in the course of negotiations, so that its paragraph numbering no longer
corresponds to the earlier version contained in document A/CONF.199/L.1, Latin ordinal numbers (bis, ter etc.) are used after paragraph
119 until the end of the chapter in order not to disrupt the paragraph numbering of the following chapter, which was not so changed.

based observations, in support of their efforts to collect quality, accurate, long-term, consistent
and reliable data;
                                              * * *
119.septies Promote the development and wider use of earth observation technologies,
including satellite remote sensing, global mapping and geographic information systems, to
collect quality data on environmental impacts, land use and land-use changes, including through
urgent actions at all levels to:
      (a) Strengthen cooperation and coordination among global observing systems and
research programmes for integrated global observations, taking into account the need for
building capacity and sharing of data from ground-based observations, satellite remote sensing
and other sources among all countries;
      (b) Develop information systems that make the sharing of valuable data possible,
including the active exchange of Earth observation data;
      (c) Encourage initiatives and partnerships for global mapping.

119.octies Support countries, particularly developing countries, in their national efforts to:
       (b) Use satellite and remote-sensing technologies for data collection and further
improvement of ground-based observations;
       (c) Access, explore and use geographic information by utilizing the technologies of
satellite remote sensing, satellite global positioning, mapping and geographic information

119.noviens Support efforts to prevent and mitigate the impacts of natural disasters, including
through urgent actions at all levels to:
       (b) Translate available data, particularly from global meteorological observation systems,
      into timely and useful products.

                                                        Committee on Earth Observation Satellites
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________

                                                        The World Summit on Sustainable Development

                                                                     26 August – 4 September 2002
                                                                      Johannesburg, South Africa

                                                                                         Statement by the

                                         Committee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS)
                                                          Delivered by
                                              Prof. José Achache, CEOS Chairman

               CEOS, c/o European Space Agency, 8-10, rue Mario Nikis, 75738 PARIS Cedex 15, France

Mr Chairman,

I would like to further elaborate on the Statement, which was made on behalf of CEOS, the
Committee of Earth Observation Satellites, at previous PrepCom meetings in relation to the
contribution of advanced technologies such as Earth observation satellites to Sustainable
Development. I recall that, currently, 23 space agencies and 20 other national and international
organizations participate in CEOS, whose main task is to coordinate internationally all civil
space-borne missions designed to observe and monitor our planet.

I wish to repeat a single sentence from the PrepCom II statement of CEOS, namely that “There
is no sustainable development without adequate information about the state of the Earth and its

I should like to convey the satisfaction expressed by the CEOS member organisations in
response to the specific acknowledgements of the crucial role of Earth observation for
sustainable development in the Draft Plan of Implementation of the World Summit on
Sustainable Development.

This reflects the major progress accomplished since Rio - thanks to the development of a new
generation of Earth observation satellites with improved performance, such as: day and night
observing capabilities, „cloud-piercing‟ sensors, or high resolution sensors allowing us to
observe finer details of the Earth‟s surface. At the same time, we have seen availability of less
expensive, more capable computers, and of more user-friendly software for imagery processing.
Progress has also been made in the integration of space-based and in-situ observing systems in
order to provide new capabilities and a cost-effective overall mix of observations to meet user
needs. In particular the IGOS (Integrated Global Observing Strategy) Partnership, proposed as a
Type II partnership, which brings together the major organizations responsible for space and
terrestrial observations of the Earth environment, is making significant contributions in this area
(Annex B to this paper has details of the IGOS Partners). Such progress, together with growing
use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and the Internet, has encouraged the
development of new geo-information products and services in support of decision-making for a
diverse range of applications – spanning socio-economic, environmental, and security-related
domains. All of the above has resulted in a wide acceptance of satellite Earth observation data
and integrated information services in developed countries.

Many of these applications, developed and used in industrialised countries – some of which
have become indispensable tools for modern societies - are of direct relevance to Sustainable
Development. The best-known example is meteorology, a fully operational public service
which relies heavily on the use of a network of satellites deployed in a well coordinated way in
polar and geo-stationary orbits. High quality weather forecasts are crucial for many socio-
economic activities such as agriculture, air traffic, tourism, early warning and prevention of

extreme weather events, to name just a few. But meteorology is not the only domain of
intensive use of Earth observation satellite data. Today, satellite Earth observation is also
commonly used in cartography, management of land use, forestry and water resources,
desertification monitoring, coastal zone protection, fisheries management and industry support,
and monitoring of agricultural production for improved food security.

CEOS has a significant number of members from developing countries and countries with
economies in transition: Argentina, Brazil, China, India, Korea, Russia, South Africa, Thailand
and Ukraine. In these countries, Earth observation plays a key role in support of the goal of
Sustainable Development, in particular in the provision of information to assist decision-
making targeted at the alleviation and eradication of poverty, environment monitoring and
preservation and natural resource protection and management.

I would also like to highlight a Type-2 Partnership, coordinated by CEOS, “Earth Observation
Education and Training.” Together with the U.N. Environment Programme, U.N. Office of
Outer Space Affairs, the Regional Centres for Space Science and Technology Education,
affiliated with the U.N., and other centres, the partnership will facilitate education and training
in satellite-based Earth observation techniques, data analysis, interpretation, use and application
in support of the objectives of Agenda 21. The intent is to:
 highlight capacity building in the use of satellite data for sustainable development purposes;
 increase awareness, particularly among developing countries, of the respective training
    programs; and
 facilitate coordination among CEOS agencies to provide instructors, materials, and
    technology transfer when possible.
CEOS is committed to assist in raising awareness of the value of Earth observation satellite data
and equipping developing countries with the knowledge necessary to benefit from key

I should like to take this opportunity to mention some specific initiatives taken by CEOS
Members and Associates, which take advantage of space information and support the objectives
of the WSSD for developing countries as outlined in Chapters IV, VII, VIII and IX of the Draft
Plan of Implementation. In particular, these examples are GISD (Geographic Information for
Sustainable Development), GMES (Global Monitoring for Environment and Security),
GOFC/GOLD (Global Observation for Forest Cover/Global Observations of Land Cover
Dynamics), GOOS (Global Ocean Observing Systems) –Africa, WHC (World Heritage
Conservation), and the Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) mission.

The Delegates to the World Summit on Sustainable Development are invited to:

           1. RE-AFFIRM the high importance of satellite Earth observations in providing
              valuable and, in some cases, unique information in support of Sustainable


           2. PROVIDE international support to further develop the transfer of technology
              and capacity building required for decision-making in support of Sustainable
              Development in developing countries.
           3. ENCOURAGE and PROMOTE international and regional cooperation for
              education on practical applications and benefits of satellite Earth observations
              for developing countries.
           4. RECOGNIZE the Committee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS) as the
              technical focal point for the implementation of actions related to Earth
              observation following from WSSD and as a primary source of information for
              the Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD) in its overall coordination
              responsibility. This coordination will also be done in close liaison with UN
              Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space.
           5. ENCOURAGE strengthened partnerships between observation planners and
              international treaties of relevance to Sustainable Development – to ensure that
              future observation programmes reflect the information needs of users for every
              day management and protection of the developing world.

In order to synthesize the many wordings in the current Plan of Implementation which
specifically mention Earth observation in the various chapters of the text, CEOS would like to
propose the following single paragraph as a critical element of the Political Declaration:

       "We reaffirm the need for timely, quality, long-term, global information as a basis for
       sound decision making. We therefore recognize the need for integrating satellite
       measurements with ground information to better understand the Earth and contribute to
       protecting its environment for future generations."

This paragraph, Mr Chairman has been carefully drafted and agreed by the CEOS Members.
We therefore do hope that this proposal finds your and the Delegates consent.

Thank you, Mr Chairman.


                            Annex A – Membership of CEOS
CEOS Members

Organisation                                                Country / Countries

ASI             Agenzia Spaziale Italiana                   Italy
BNSC            British National Space Centre               United Kingdom
CAST            Chinese Academy of Space Technology         China
CNES            Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales          France
CONAE           Comisión de Actividates Espaciales          Argentina
CSA             Canadian Space Agency                       Canada
CSIRO           Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial      Australia
                Research Organisation
DLR             Deutsches Zentrum für Luft-und              Germany
EC              European Commission                         Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France,
                                                            Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxemburg,
                                                            Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden,
                                                            United Kingdom
ESA             European Space Agency                       Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France,
                                                            Germany, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands,
                                                            Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden,
                                                            Switzerland, United Kingdom
EUMETSAT        European Organisation for the               Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France,
                Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites   Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxemburg,
                                                            Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain,
                                                            Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United
INPE            Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais   Brazil
ISRO            Indian Space Research Organisation          India
KARI            Korea Aerospace Research Institute          South Korea
NASA            National Aeronautics and Space              United States of America
NASDA/MEXT      National Space Development Agency of        Japan
                Japan/ Ministry of Education, Culture,
                Sports, Science and Technology
NRSCC           National Remote Sensing Center of China     China
NSAU            National Space Agency of Ukraine            Ukraine
NOAA            National Oceanic and Atmospheric            United States of America
ROSHYDROMET     Russian Federal Service for Hydro-          Russia
                meteorology and Environment Monitoring
ROSAVIAKOSMOS   Russian Aviation and Space Agency           Russia
SNSB            Swedish National Space Board                Sweden
USGS            United States Geological Survey             United States of America


CEOS Associates

Organisation                                                       Country / Countries

CCRS                Canada Centre for Remote Sensing               Canada
CRI                 Crown Research Institute                       New Zealand
CSIR                Satellite Applications Centre (SAC)/           South Africa
                    Council for Scientific and Industrial
ESCAP               Economic and Social Commission of Asia         UN
                    and the Pacific
FAO                 Food and Agriculture Organization              UN
GCOS                Global Climate Observing System                International Programme
GISTDA              Geo-Informatics and Space Technology           Thailand
                    Development Agency
GOOS                Global Ocean Observing System                  International Programme
GTOS                Global Terrestrial Observing System            International Programme
ICSU                International Council for Science              International Programme
IGBP                International Geosphere-Biosphere              International Programme
IOC                 Inter-governmental Oceanographic               UNESCO
IOCCG               International Ocean Colour Coordinating        International Programme
ISPRS               International Society for Photogrammetry       International Programme
                    and Remote Sensing
NRSC                Norwegian Space Centre                         Norway
OSTC                Federal Office for Scientific, Technical and   Belgium
                    Cultural Affairs
UNEP                United Nations Environment Programme           UN
UNOOSA              United Nations Office of Outer Space           UN
WCRP                World Climate Research Programme               International Programme
WMO                 World Meteorological Organisation              UN

CEOS Secretariat Contacts
ESA                                      NASA/NOAA                           MEXT/NASDA
8-10 rue Mario Nikis                     300 E Street, SW                    2-4-1 Hamamatsu-cho,
75738 Paris Cedex 15                     Washington DC 20546                 Minato-ku, Tokyo, 105-8060
France                                   USA                                 Japan       


Annex B – The IGOS Partnership


The IGOS Partnership brings together the efforts of a number of international bodies concerned
with the observational component of global environmental issues, both from a research and a
long-term operational programme perspective. The partners are:

• The Global Observing Systems
Within the last decade, the Global Observing System of the World Weather Watch
(WWW/GOS) and the Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) have been complemented by
the Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS) and the Global Terrestrial Observing System
(GTOS) to produce a set of Global Observing Systems integrating in-situ and remotely sensed
data, with each focusing on a major component of the Earth system. The Global Climate
Observing System (GCOS) has been initiated to integrate the observing needs for climate

• The international agencies which sponsor the Global Observing Systems
The Global Observing Systems are sponsored by a number of international agencies: Food and
Agriculture Organization (FAO), International Council for Science (ICSU), Intergovernmental
Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO (IOC-UNESCO), United Nations Environment
Programme (UNEP), United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
(UNESCO) and World Meteorological Organization (WMO).

• The Committee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS)
CEOS co-ordinates the efforts of space agencies worldwide in the planning of Earth
observation satellite missions and their applications.

• The International Group of Funding Agencies for Global Change Research (IGFA)
National research funding agencies and ministries involved in programming and funding of
global change research collaborate in IGFA.

• The international global change research programmes
The World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) and the International Geosphere-Biosphere
Programme (IGBP) are key international frameworks for nations and institutions to cooperate
in undertaking research into broad planetary environmental issues and in the funding of such

Other organizations prepared to contribute to the development of IGOS may be welcomed as
Partners in future. The Partnership provides a continuing mechanism to oversee the
development of IGOS.

This statement has been prepared by
ESA, CEOS Chair 2002


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