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VOGEL_Strategies_on_Waste_Management_in_Vienna

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									INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND SUSTAINABLE PRODUCT MANAGEMENT




Strategies on Waste management in Vienna


 Prof. Dr. Gerhard Vogel
 Head of the Institute of Technology and Sustainable Product management
 Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration


                 Waste management in EU municipal areas
            Scenarios, political options and strategies in 8 EU cities

                                  Firenze 24th April 2009
     Experiences of Vienna

                                 The Development of Real Incomes (GNP/Res)                                 ITSPM
                                            and Waste Amounts                                            Prof. Vogel
                 3
            in m                                                                                  in t
                                              VIENNA , AUSTRIA 1910-1995
     8.000.000                                                                                  800.00


                                                                           1994 = 465
                                                                Secondary
                                                               Materials in t                   600.00
     6.000.000




     4.000.000                                                                                  400.00


                                                                                     HH
                           GNP / Res (real)                                         Waste
                                                                                     in t
     2.000.000                                                                                  200.00




                     1913 = 94            1950 = 100
                                                                                            3
                                                                                HH Waste in m
            0




                                                                                                              2
24th April 2009
      Primary waste minimisation
      indirect measured                                                                                                                                              ITSPM
                                                                                                                                                                   Prof. Vogel

•     Correlation between income (purchasing power) and waste quantities

                                                           Correlation between affluence and waste quantities

                                                                              2005: 1.26
                2005: 1.21                                                                                                  2005: 0.85
                                                                              2001: 1.41      2005: 1.12     2005: 1.09                  kg of household waste
                2001: 1.04                    2005: 0.86                                                                    2001: 0.96
                                                                                              2001: 1.24     2001: 1.17                  per € 100 purchase
                                              2001: 0.90
                                                                2005: 1.06
                                                                                                                                         power
                                                                2001: 1.14


                                 2005: 1.21
                                 2001: 1.24



                                                                                                                                          PPP (€/inh.a)
                                                                                                                                         Purchase power parity (PPP) in
                                                                                                                                         2005 (€/inh.a)
                                                                                                                                         Household waste in 2005
                                                                                                                                         WASTE (kg/inh.a)
                                                                                                                                         (kg/inh.a)



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                         B




                                                                                       St
                                        op
                                       C




                                                                                                                                                                          3
    24th April 2009
  The Hierarchy of elements of WM systems / Evaluation Basis
                                                                                                            ITSPM
                                                                                                          Prof. Vogel

                                        WASTE MINIMISATION HIERARCHY
  PRIORITIES




               PREVENTION
               qualitative    REDUCTION
               PREVENTION     qualitative

               quantitative   REDUCTION                  RECOVER
                              quantitative               Y
                              Reuse
                                             RECYCLING
                                                         MATERIAL
                                                         RECOVERY   ENERGY
                                                                    RECOVERY   PRE-
                                                                               TREATEMENT    COMPACTION
                                                                               OF
                                                                               RESIDUALS     OF
                                                                                             RESIDUALS




                    PRIMARY MEASURES              SECONDARY MEASURES                TERTIARY MEASURES

                                                                         CHRONOLOGICAL ORIENTATION




                                                                                                               4
24th April 2009
   The target of waste management concepts
   within Waste Minimisation
                                                                                                             ITSPM
                                                                                                           Prof. Vogel


                    Waste
                  Prevention           Generated
                                         and
                            Waste
                                       collected
                           Reduction
                                        Waste
                                                         By
                                                    separate coll
                                                   of second mat

                                                                    By
                                                              separate coll of
                                                               biogen mater


                                                                                    By
                                                                                  energy
                                                                                 recovery
                                                                                    net          By
                                                                                             recycling/
                                                                                              recovery
                                                                                            of residuals      By
                                                                                                             tert
                                                                                                           measures




                                                                                                                5
24th April 2009
  Primary waste
  minimisation
                                                                         ITSPM
                                                                       Prof. Vogel
       •          no data on actual reduction figures available /
                  only historical date of Vienna
       •          Affluence indicator/household waste quantity ratio




                                                                            6
24th April 2009
  Waste Minimization pilot project Vienna 1990 /1992                                                       ITSPM
                                                                                                         Prof. Vogel

          direct measured



                                       PROJECT                    Waste prev.     Waste min. Rate       De-
                                                                                  of
                   Vienna´s        Start            End          Waste reduct.    waste prev./ red.   material.-
                   20th District
                                                                                                       ratio
                                   in kg/ Inh.a   in kg/ Inh.a     in kg/ Inh.a        in %

                  HH waste
                  mass
                  sec. mater.       212            180               32                15,1             1,2
                  plus residual
                  waste




                                                                                                               7
24th April 2009
  Waste Minimization pilot project Vienna 1990 /1992                 ITSPM
                                                                   Prof. Vogel
     Influence of the market
     Min and max waste production by different packaging systems
      in kg/inh.y




                    BEVERAGES            milkproducts                   8
24th April 2009
  Waste Minimization pilot project Vienna 2004/2006
  Example of education                                  ITSPM
                                                      Prof. Vogel




                                    41,5 l


                                   116,3 l




                                                           9
24th April 2009
     Waste Minimization pilot project Vienna 2004/2006
     Example of education on immaterial consumption
                                                                                 ITSPM
                                                                               Prof. Vogel
     Diploma thesis (DTSP) comparison of wellness centres
                                                                      5 kg
                     Total waste in kg
                     per 100,- €
                                                             3,73 purchasing
                             material consumption                 an own
                                                                  Ergometer


expenses in €                                                         2,5 kg



                                                            1,37 Club Danube

                        immaterial consumption              0,53 Kieser
                                                            0,32 Manhattan
                                                            0,07 Maria Wenig



                                                                                   10
   24th April 2009
                                      ITSPM
                                    Prof. Vogel

          The strategies on reuse


          Flee market on
          internet




                                        11
24th April 2009
                                                        ITSPM
                                                      Prof. Vogel

          The strategies on reuse   repair net-work




          Example Washingmachines


                                                          12
24th April 2009
Secondary waste
minimisation
                                           ITSPM
•     Recycling                          Prof. Vogel

            without recovery of slags
            with recovery of slags
•     Recovery of organic materials
•     Energy recovery (WTE)




                                             13
24th April 2009
      The entropy problem
      Collection – social and economic elements
                                                                                  ITSPM
                                                                                Prof. Vogel

               COSTS/
              ENERGY/
             EMISSIONS




                                                  EFFICIENCY
                                                    100%
                                                           Density of
                                                           materials low,
              Density of                                   share low,
              materials high,                              population density
              Share high                                   low




                                                                                    14
24th April 2009
        The strategies on recycling
                                        ITSPM
                                      Prof. Vogel




                                          15
24th April 2009
     The strategies on recycling

                                                                     ITSPM
                     Use of collection containers in Vienna 2004   Prof. Vogel




                      Paper

                      Glass

                      Plastics

                       Text.

                       Metals

                  Recycling C

                  HHH COL

                   Biowaste

                                                                       16
24th April 2009
     The strategies on recycling

                                     ITSPM
                                   Prof. Vogel




                                       17
24th April 2009
The strategies on MW Incineration
                                          ITSPM
                                        Prof. Vogel


                  Secondary materials
                  Residual Munc Waste




                                            18
24th April 2009
The strategies on MW Incineration

  MWI Plants in Vienna                ITSPM
                                    Prof. Vogel




                                        19
24th April 2009
The strategies on MW Incineration
                                      ITSPM
                                    Prof. Vogel




                                        20
24th April 2009
The strategies on MW Incineration
                                                                                   ITSPM
                  Energy sources for the district heating system in Vienna       Prof. Vogel


                                                     2,9% Fuels




                                                     68,7% Cogeneration
                                                           (of power and heat)




                                                     24,8% Energy from MWI




                                                                                     21
24th April 2009
The management of the public opinion about the incineration plant

                                                                                        ITSPM
  Actual Emission values on the internet and on screens near the plants               Prof. Vogel



                                                             MVA Spittelau




                  MVA
                  Flötzersteig




                                                                                          22
24th April 2009        http://www.wienenergie.at/fwapp/emissionen/floetzersteig.htm
The management of the public opinion about the incineration plant
                                                                      ITSPM
                                                                    Prof. Vogel




                                                                        23
24th April 2009
The management of the public opinion about the incineration plant
                                                                                                       ITSPM
                                                                                                     Prof. Vogel
   1st strategic environmental planning (SUP) 1999/2000

       1.900.000
                                                                                    1.858.435 t
       1.850.000
       1.800.000
                                                               Trend + 19%
       1.750.000
       1.700.000                                                                    1.778.416 t
                                                    realistisch + 14%
                                                     realistic
       1.650.000
       1.600.000                                   optimistisch + 6%
                                                   optimistic                        1.651.212 t
       1.550.000
                     1.559.081 t
       1.500.000
       1.450.000
       1.400.000
                    2000   2001    2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007   2008     2009        2010



                                                                                                         24
  24th April 2009
The management of the public opinion about the incineration plant
                                                                      ITSPM
                                                                    Prof. Vogel
   1st strategic environmental planning (SUP) 1999/2000




                                                                        25
  24th April 2009
The management of the public opinion about the incineration plant
                                                                            ITSPM
                                                                          Prof. Vogel
   2nd strategic environmental planning (SUP) 2007

        Main questions:
        •      Are new treatement plants neccesary
        •      How to optimise separate collection of metals and HHH
               waste
        •      Management of capacities (Redundant capacities
               neccesary?)
        •      How to optimise the treatement of incineration residuals




                                                                              26
  24th April 2009
The management of the public opinion about the incineration plant
                                                                                     ITSPM
                                                                                   Prof. Vogel
   2nd strategic environmental planning (SUP) 2007

        Main results
        •      HHH waste collection cars on mobile coll. points in 2 districts
        •      New collection containers for metal collection
        •      Optimal treatement of incineration residuals by additional separation of
               non ferrous metals
        •      Baling plant for intermediate storage of RDF as redundant capacity of
               WMI plants
        •      Find a new location for a landfill site




                                                                                          27
  24th April 2009
   24th April 2009
                                                                                                      in %
                                    H
                                        ou
                          Fo              si
                                            ng
                            od
                              ,                ,




                                                               0,0
                                                                      5,0
                                                                              10,0
                                                                                     15,0
                                                                                            20,0
                                                                                                   25,0
                    no                          en
                       n-                            er
                          al                             gy
                            co            Tr
                                               an
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  rn                    ec               be               t
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                     ou
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                 H            od             d
                                                 cu
                    eq             s                 ltu
                       ui             an                 re
                         pm               d
                             en               se
                                 t,               rv
                                      m               ic
                                                                                                                                                                         about the waste management




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                                                                                                                                                                         The management of the public opinion




              Al                         es
                 co                           ta
                    ho                            ur
                                                                                                                                2004/05




                      lic                            an
                          be                             ts
                              ve
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                                               to
                                C                 ba
                                   om                  cc
                                         m                o
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                                                    at
                                                       io
                                                          n
                                                                                                             Expenditures of Austrian private Households




                                          Ed
                                                uc
                                                    at
                                                       io
                                                          n




                                                                     0,5 % Waste Management fess
                     28
                                                                                                                                                             ITSPM
                                                                                                                                                           Prof. Vogel
INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND SUSTAINABLE PRODUCT MANAGEMENT

                                                                           ITNP




    Similar papers of the congress of November 2007 in Vienna
    at
    http://www.wu-wien.ac.at/itnp/downloads/kongress2007/index_eng


    Thank you for your attention


  Prof. Dr. Gerhard Vogel
  Head of the Institute of Technology and Sustainable Product management
  Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration
  Augasse 2 - 6, A -1090 Wien, Austria,
  Tel. +43 1 313 36 4809,
  Fax. + 43 1 313 36 706,
  Mobil Phone: +43 664 13 27 943
  E-Mail: gvogel@wu-wien.ac.at
           http://www.wu-wien.ac.at/itnp

								
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