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					             United Nations
     Economic Commission for Europe


                                     A conducive regulatory
                                     framework for reaching
                                           objectives

                                    Madrid, 24 February 2009




                                            Virginia Tanase
                                       Transport Division, UNECE

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe - Transport Division   1
                   UNECE Region

      +USA




United Nations Economic Commission for Europe - Transport Division
                UNECE - 60 years of work
            Social Rules                                     Road Traffic Rules
            (driving and rest hours)


                                                          Road Signs and Signals
            Drivers‟ License
                                                         Infrastructure (standards
                                                         and parameters, tunnel
              Vehicles Regulations                       safety, all land modes)

                                                             Statistics
              Border Crossing
Customs
              Facilitation
                                                          Dangerous Goods


          United Nations Economic Commission for Europe - Transport Division
        UNECE 60 years of work
                  www.unece.org/trans




United Nations Economic Commission for Europe - Transport Division
                              The project
“Improving Global Road Safety: setting regional and
  national road traffic casualty reduction targets”

• Overarching objective: to assist low and middle
  income countries to develop regional and national
  road traffic casualty reduction targets and to provide
  them with examples of good road safety practice that
  could help them to achieve the targets selected by
  2015

• Duration: to be carried out by the five UN regional
  commissions in 2008-2009

• Budget: $658,000

      United Nations Economic Commission for Europe - Transport Division
                                  The project

Main activity: organization of seminar(s) in each
Regional Commission

     -         ECA, ECLAC, ESCAP: 15 countries
     -         ECE: 7-10 countries
     -         ESCWA: 5-8 countries

Beneficiaries: Ministries of Interior, Transport,
Health and Education, NGOs active in road
safety, and all road users

      United Nations Economic Commission for Europe - Transport Division
                    Existing road safety targets

  Road safety strategies that include targets are
  more successful and really worked for
  developed countries
  Regional casualty reduction targets include:

• European Union and European Conference of Ministers of Transport to
  reduce fatalities by 50% by 2010 and 2012 respectively
    • Additional steps possible: Belarus (-100 accidents/year), Russian
      Federation (-10% injured every year, on a province basis)

• UNESCAP Ministers agreed to cut deaths by 600,000 by 2015

• UNECA Ministers of Health & Transport agreed to reduce road fatalities
  by 50% by 2015


          United Nations Economic Commission for Europe - Transport Division
       Minimum expected outcome of the project

• Setting of targets at national, sub-regional,
  regional levels and improved safety on the
  roads

• Findings of the project communicated to/taken
  into account by the ministerial conference on
  road safety to be organized in November 2009
  in Russian Federation

• Awareness and commitment, to ensure follow-
  up and sustainability


       United Nations Economic Commission for Europe - Transport Division
                 What future without action?
Regional Forecast for Growth in Road Traffic Fatalities

          World Bank Region                          % Change
                                                     2000 - 2020
  South Asia                                             144%
  East Asia & Pacific                                    80%
  Sub-Saharan Africa                                     80%
  Middle East & North Africa                             68%
  Latin America & Caribbean                              48%
  Europe & Central Asia                                  18%
  Sub-total                                              83%
  High-income countries                                  -28%
  Global total                                           66%


      United Nations Economic Commission for Europe - Transport Division
              What actions to improve future?
  Set targets, adopt them formally and work towards achieving
  them!!!

• Adapt them to local specificities so as to enhance impact
   – province/state level (case of large countries)

• Define a number of targets in terms of different road safety
  problems or groups of road users
   – separate targets for drinking and driving, use of seatbelts and
     child restraints and wearing of helmets

• Design targets that are easy to measure, to create confidence and
  motivation

• Set benchmarks and intermediate targets against which you can
  evaluate the progress and which may point to the need for
  remedial action

         United Nations Economic Commission for Europe - Transport Division
             Road safety and risk perception
                                         • shark = high risk
                                         • Fear of every beach holiday
                                         • 71 shark attacks in 2007,
                                           but…
                                         • 5-10 deaths a year
                                        • coconut = low risk
                                        • symbol of holidays,
                                        but…
                                        • about 150 deaths
                                          a year caused by
                                          falling coconuts
Source: UN World Tourism Organization


           United Nations Economic Commission for Europe - Transport Division
     Road safety basic legislation
Legal instruments

 Convention on Road Traffic, Vienna 1968
  (consolidated)
 Convention on Road Signs and Signals, Vienna
  1968 (consolidated)

Sets of best practices

 Consolidated Resolution on Road Traffic (R.E.1
 Consolidated Resolution on Road Signs and
  Signals (R.E.2)


     United Nations Economic Commission for Europe - Transport Division
          Road Traffic, 1949




AR, CL,CU, DO, EC, GT, PY, PE, PT, ES, VE


   United Nations Economic Commission for Europe - Transport Division
Protocol to 1949-Signs and Signals




  CU, DO, EC, PT, ES


    United Nations Economic Commission for Europe - Transport Division
        Convention on Road Traffic, Vienna 1968


 Facilitates international road traffic in 68 countries,
 Enhances road safety

through
 Uniform rules
   – for drivers and other road users
   – for road vehicles

 Set of best practices: Resolution on Road Traffic
  (R.E.1)- modernization to be completed in March „09

       United Nations Economic Commission for Europe - Transport Division
         Road Traffic, 1968




BR, CU, PE, UY, plus
CL,CR, EC, PT, ES and VE- signed but not ratified


  United Nations Economic Commission for Europe - Transport Division
             Convention on Road Signs
                and Signals, 1968
 Improves road safety through education based on
  common standards in 58 countries

 Over 200 internationally agreed signs & signals
  (danger warning, regulatory, informative)

 Norms for traffic lights, road markings, variable
  message signs, road works and level-crossings signs

 Set of best practices: Resolution on Road Signs and
  Signals (R.E.2)- updated in 2008

      United Nations Economic Commission for Europe - Transport Division
  Road Signs and Signals, 1968




CL, CU, plus
BR,CR, EC, PT, ES and VE- signed but not ratified


  United Nations Economic Commission for Europe - Transport Division
                  Conclusion (1)

 Multilateral legal instruments can yield
  substantial benefits to public and private
  sectors

 For this to happen, they must be fully and
  effectively implemented: implementation
  is a national competency.

     United Nations Economic Commission for Europe - Transport Division
                 Accession versus implementation




Source: FIA European Bureau



          United Nations Economic Commission for Europe - Transport Division
           Accession versus implementation




Source: FIA European Bureau


           United Nations Economic Commission for Europe - Transport Division
Accession versus implementation




  United Nations Economic Commission for Europe - Transport Division
             Accession versus implementation




AIT/FIA Information Centre (OTA)


             United Nations Economic Commission for Europe - Transport Division
               Accession versus implementation




AIT/FIA Information Centre (OTA)


             United Nations Economic Commission for Europe - Transport Division
         Accession versus implementation




Source: FIA European Bureau



          United Nations Economic Commission for Europe - Transport Division
             Accession versus implementation




Source: FIA European Bureau


           United Nations Economic Commission for Europe - Transport Division
                  Accession versus implementation




AIT/FIA Information Centre (OTA)


             United Nations Economic Commission for Europe - Transport Division
                Conclusion (2)
  Essential for improving road safety:

 Conducive environment: harmonized laws,
  institutions and practices and effective enforcement!
 Strong political will, committment and consistency at
  national, sub-regional and regional levels to reach the
  goal
 Public-Private Partnership- make everybody care!

  If not, efforts are denatured, resulting in barriers to
  the welfare of society and to the development of the
  economy as a whole.

       United Nations Economic Commission for Europe - Transport Division
                  United Nations
          Economic Commission for Europe

Thank you for your kind attention!




                   www.unece.org/trans
   United Nations Economic Commission for Europe - Transport Division   29

				
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