Segal-Sassatelli-in-Helsinki

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					            Art Festivals and the
          European Public Culture



Jérôme Segal, ICCR Vienna, Austria
Monica Sassatelli, University of Sussex, UK

Presentation at the EFRP Workshop
Urban Impact of Artistic Festivals
Helsinki, 11-12 April 2008


        Jérôme Segal (ICCR Vienna) & Monica Sassatelli (University of Sussex)‫‏‬
     Art Festivals and the European Public Culture


Aims of the project:
  Examine the role of festivals as sites of trans-national
  identifications and democratic debate

  Identify and focus on the (aesthetic) public sphere

  Consider its role not only as containing depictions
  of social reality but as autonomous social fields

   A contribution to a comparative cultural sociology
    of contemporary European society


        Jérôme Segal (ICCR Vienna) & Monica Sassatelli (University of Sussex)‫‏‬
      Art Festivals and the European Public Culture

 Festivals are an important expression of aesthetic public culture

Two hypotheses:

1. Festivals are sites to analyse trans-national identities and gain a
better understanding of the meaning of Europeanization


   How do festivals frame the discourse of identity in relation to arts,
   with particular attention to the local /European and local/global
   interfaces as well as the issue of cultural diversity?


   How can we interpret trans-national /cosmopolitan
   identifications as seen through festivals?



           Jérôme Segal (ICCR Vienna) & Monica Sassatelli (University of Sussex)‫‏‬
    Art Festivals and the European Public Culture


2. Festivals can be seen as places enhancing democratic debate

How do festivals use aesthetic forms to symbolize, represent and
communicate social and political life (European / national / sub-
national) from the perspective of different actors, including
programme directors, funding promoters, performing artists
and the audience?


How do festivals provide sites of competition for access to
resources, status and power and how this competition impacts on
debates about representation, openness and the public sphere?




         Jérôme Segal (ICCR Vienna) & Monica Sassatelli (University of Sussex)‫‏‬
     Art Festivals and the European Public Culture

Urban impact of festivals: cosmopolitanism and the city
    In contemporary major art festivals different elements are drawn
   together from different cultures, including global culture.

    Whilst drawing on and creating place distinctiveness, urban festivals
   also emphasise the encounter with outside artists, cultures and
   publics.

    They display, draw on and enhance a cosmopolitan character
   that urban theories have always connected to the city.

    Their official rhetoric often supports the idea of cosmopolitan
   transcultural exchange and its relevance for contemporary identities.

    They provide a viewpoint on current urban identities and on
   cosmopolitanism seen not as an abstract or exclusively élite driven
   phenomenon, but as it enters the public debate and culture.


          Jérôme Segal (ICCR Vienna) & Monica Sassatelli (University of Sussex)‫‏‬
 The corpus


                                                   1982
                                 1987
                                                                        1973

          1991
                                                       2006
                      1993             2001                                     1966



1895
                                                           1951
                   1946             1951




       Jérôme Segal (ICCR Vienna) & Monica Sassatelli (University of Sussex)‫‏‬
                          Urban mixed-arts festivals
Some of the major European festivals are mixed-arts and multi-thematic,
with a strong focus on the urban milieu.
These festivals are key components of the urban imagination in the new
global condition.

 Our case studies:
Wiener Festwochen (Austria)‫‏‬               One of the most renowned festivals in Europe. Among
                                           its characteristics is the search for innovation and new
                                           (mixed) forms of arts.



                                 The   Biennale   claims    to   promote   avant-garde      and
Venice Biennale                  experimentation in all the arts with a “multidisciplinary model
(Italy)‫‏‬                         which characterizes its unique nature”. (Venice Biennale
                                 website)‫‏‬



                                 “The Festival prides itself on innovation and invention, whether it’s
Brighton Festival                re-imagining the city's traditional spaces with extraordinary
                                 performances or reinventing the art of performance itself in the
(UK)‫‏‬                            city’s unexplored landscapes”.(Brighton Festival website)‫‏‬

                Jérôme Segal (ICCR Vienna) & Monica Sassatelli (University of Sussex)‫‏‬
                                    Film festivals
  Cinema shapes consciousness more than any other medium.
  The history of the major film festivals reflects the history and economy of the
  20th century
                                      The first, established in 1932 and largely marked by the
                                      fascist years. Since the 1950s, it is more focused on the
          Venice                      cineast public.
          (Italy)‫‏‬
                                           The most important from the economic
                                           perspective. It was launched twice in 1939 and
Cannes                                     1946 as an alternative to the Venice festival.
(France)‫‏‬
                                            Founded in 1951, this festival tries to balance
                                            the interests of the general audience with
                                            those of professionals.
         Berlin
         (Germany)‫‏‬
                                       The notion of identity is at the core of this
                                       festival. It has grown into the biggest Jewish film
Jewish Film                            festival in Europe.
Festival in
Vienna
(Austria)‫‏‬                                             Also literature and music…
              Jérôme Segal (ICCR Vienna) & Monica Sassatelli (University of Sussex)‫‏‬
      Art Festivals and the European Public Culture


Research phases
  1. Background research

  2. Historical Analysis

  3. Case Studies                        Case studies research methods
  4. Analysis and Comparison                        Interviews
                                                    Network and organizational
                                                    analysis

                                                    Media analysis
                                                    Fieldwork observation
                                                    Focus groups


           Jérôme Segal (ICCR Vienna) & Monica Sassatelli (University of Sussex)‫‏‬
     Art Festivals and the European Public Culture


How we are to accomplish this ? Who is involved?


           The Interdisciplinary Centre for Comparative Research in
           the Social Sciences (ICCR, Vienna, Austria)‫‏‬


 School of Social Sciences and Cultural
 Studies University of Sussex (Brighton, UK)‫‏‬



           Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes (Paris, France)


                Fondazione di ricerca Istituto Carlo Cattaneo
                                                (Bologna, Italy)‫‏‬

          Jérôme Segal (ICCR Vienna) & Monica Sassatelli (University of Sussex)‫‏‬
     Art Festivals and the European Public Culture

Interdisciplinary approach                              Dissemination
What will anthropology, sociology
                                                       Project website
and history bring?
                                                    www.euro-festival.org
New insights for tourism
studies, urban studies;
suggestions for the
promotion of European
arts…


Two external workshops

Arts and Cultural Sociology, Vienna, ICCR, 26-27 February 2009
Creativity, Culture, Democracy and European Art Festivals,
Bologna, Istituto Cattaneo, Autumn 2010
         Jérôme Segal (ICCR Vienna) & Monica Sassatelli (University of Sussex)‫‏‬

				
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