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What the examiners look for

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					How to get a
           What the examiners look for

     1. How much information you can remember

2. Picking and choosing information to fit the question



 C or above
    being asked instead of just writing everything you
                          know

 3. Detailed descriptions or explanations on the topics,
            events and people you have studies



      in
 4. Organising your answer into structured paragraphs

5. An understanding of why something happened, what
        results it had and how it changed things.




    GCSE
6. An awareness of the key features and characteristics
                   of a period in time

7. The ability to use sources well by gaining information




   History
     from them and using them to make conclusions
                    about a key question

8. An understanding of why people have different ideas
           about an event, person or change
               What makes an explanation?



In order to gain a C or above in the exam you must be
aiming to explain all of your answers.

An explanation is a description that also gives reasons
why things have happened or why something is
important.

How can you make sure that you are explaining?

  1. Always include the word because in your answer.
     This will encourage you to give reasons.
  2. Make one point and give a series of reasons for it

e.g. There are many reasons why public health improved in the
latter half of the nineteenth century. Firstly, governments were
more likely to get involved in improving the health of its
citizens. Until the outbreak of cholera in 1842 forced the
government to get involved in matters of public health they took an
attitude known as ‘Laissez-Faire’ which meant that they did not
think the government should become involved in people’s lives and
that they worked best when left alone. The outbreaks of cholera
lead the government to create the Public Heath Act of 1842 and
1875 which made public health the responsibility of the Boards of
Health. This meant that actions could be taken on a large scale.
 What types of questions can I expect in the exam?

Paper One

For the American West section of paper one you will have
               to answer two questions.

   The first question will be a compulsory source based
question in three parts. Part A will require understanding
 of the sources, inference and the ability to combine the
  sources. The wording of the question will be along the
 lines of What can you learn from the sources about…..
Part B will be on the same topic as part A but you will not
have to use the sources. The question could focus on key
    features, change, cause or consequence. Types of
                 question you could see are
Describe the problems faced by/methods used by/impact
                             of….
                In what ways did…change?
               What impact did….have on….?
Part C will also focus on key features, change, cause and
 consequence but as there are more marks available for
  that question you will have to add more detail to your
                           answer.

The second American West question will be an essay style
  question. You will have a choice of two questions; each
 will be supported by source material. The source material
 is there to help you. You do not have to restrict yourself
    to only writing about the information you see in the
sources and you will not lose marks by not referring to the
sources in your answer. Types of questions you might see
                             are
                   How important was….?
          …was the main reason for…Do you agree?
             What impact did…have on…?
            How much did…change in….?
       Why was…so difficult/important/weak in….?

For the Medicine section in paper one you will be required
               to answer TWO QUESTIONS
     You have to do the first question. This tests your
            knowledge of the CORE CONTENT
You will then have a choice of THREE questions (the three
                     extension units)
              ONLY ANSWER ONE OF THESE!

          . Types of question you could see are
Describe the problems faced by/methods used by/impact
                           of….
               In what ways did…change?
              What impact did….have on….?

Questions could also focus on key features, change, cause
 and consequence but as there are more marks available
for that question you will have to add more detail to your
                          answer.
                  How important was….?
        …was the main reason for…Do you agree?
               What impact did…have on…?
               How much did…change in….?
       Why was…so difficult/important/weak in….?

   You might also be asked to compare across periods
   Did more important changes happen in…century or
                     the…century?
        How much did…change between…and…?

               Or put events into context

  Why was…used/done/approached in this way at these
                     times?
     Why was…changed/discovered in this period?
Paper Two

  Paper two will be the second paper you sit. It is worth
                   30% of your final mark.
You will be provided with a set of 10 sources and you will
                have to answer 8 questions.
The sources will be based on part of the nominated topic.
The emphasis of the questions will be on source skills and
while it is necessary to have knowledge of the nominated
 topic it is use of that knowledge IN COMBINATION with
          the sources that will get the best marks.

          Types of questions you will see are:
              1. Comprehension and inference
   e.g. What can you learn from these sources about…?
  This question is designed to test your understanding of
    the source material. Highest marks will be given to
  candidates who take information from the sources and
      make inferences from them. You do not have to
   comment on what cannot be learned or any reliability
                          issues.

                    2. Analysis of sources
  e.g. How can you tell that source…sympathises with…?
    In what ways does source…try to persuade…that…?
     For this question you will need to comment on the
    language/style used in the sources, the information
  included or left out in order to show the opinion of the
                           author.

     3. Comprehension of the sources and use of own
                        knowledge
     e.g. Explain why…using the source and your own
                       knowledge
    Use the source and your own knowledge to explain
                      how…changed
  What part did…play in…? Use the source(s) and your
         own knowledge to explain your answer.
   The key to this question is the combination of the
source AND own knowledge. If you only do one you will
 restrict the number of marks you receive. The highest
 marks can be gained through use of the sources, own
   knowledge and a tight focus on the question being
                         asked.


           4. Evaluation of reliability or utility
    e.g. How useful are…to the historian studying…?
   Do you think the statement in source…is reliable?
 For this question you MUST read the information that
comes with the source as this will help you answer the
question. Do not waste time relating in detail what the
source says. Look at what the source says in the light
 of where it comes from, why it was written and what
                 needs to be found out.

       5. Analysis/evaluation of interpretations and
                        representations
               e.g. How are…portrayed in…?
         How accurately does the author portray…?
            Do you agree with the view that…?
           Why is difficult to find out whether..?
   It is important to understand that historians create
views of history based on evidence and that evidence is
  open to interpretation. Therefore there is often more
     than one view of an issue within history. In this
question you are asked to judge how effective a view is
                     or how accurate.

6. Cross referencing (testing your ability to use sources
                in relation to one another)
   e.g. Does source y support/challenge…in source z?
 How does…in source y help you understand…in source
                            z?
  Does source y suggest that…in source z is accurate?
  Make sure you use both sources effectively with this
     question by clearly explaining HOW the sources
agree/disagree with each other. The highest marks can
be achieved by also considering the weight of evidence.

                7. Reaching conclusions
e.g. Do you think that…was the most important factor
                          in…?
               How important was…in…?
 Use the sources and your own knowledge to explain
                      your answer.
 This is usually the last question in the enquiry. You
 must use at least TWO sources when answering this
  question and your own knowledge to support your
                        answer.
       What do I need to revise for Paper 1?

               American West                   Completed
    The Way of life of the Plains Indians
  Trailblazers, mountain men and trappers
                 The Pioneers
               The Gold Miners
                The Mormons
              The Homesteaders
           Cowboys and Cattlemen
               The Plains Wars
  Why the Plains Indians lost control of the
                    West


          Medicine Through time              Completed
             Prehistoric Medicine
          Ancient Egyptian Medicine
           Ancient Greek Medicine
               Roman Medicine
               The Middle Ages
               Islamic Medicine
          Surgery through the ages
    Renaissance Medicine (e.g. Vesalius)
            Industrial Revolution
         Twentieth Century medicine
  Factors affecting medicine (war, chance,
        social and religious attitudes,
 communications, governments, science and
  technology, individuals and opposition to
                   change)
Causes and cures of disease through the ages
          Anatomy through the ages
       Public health through the ages
       What do I need to revise for Paper 2?



                                           Completed
Women in Medicine 1850-2000 (as doctors,
midwives and nurses)
The development and use of antibiotics
Alexander Fleming
Elizabeth Garrett Anderson

				
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Description: What the examiners look for