Pennsylvania State Police Bureau of Criminal Investigation - PowerPoint - PowerPoint by tcw35522

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									        Pennsylvania State Police
      Bureau of Criminal Investigation
            Domestic Security Division
     Risk and Vulnerability Assessment Team (RVAT)




Vulnerability Assessments of
      School Security


           Trooper Shawn R. Mell
                 The Facts

   Everyone is Responsible for School
    Security.

   You Are More Likely to be Killed by
    Lightning vs. a School Incident.

   School Shootings End Quickly (Suicide).
                 The Facts
   We Always Plan for the Last Event, Not the
    Next One.

   We Are At War With Ideological Extremists!

   There is NO Perfect Solution to School
    Security!
           Background Information
   Why Are Schools A Target?

       Easy or Soft Target
       Symbolic Target
       Mass Casualties
       Psychological and Emotional Impact
       Media Attention
       Economic Impact
                                            PA Ranks 3rd in the Nation (28)
          GIRARD – 1/96
         EDINBORO – 4/98
                                                     449 Deaths in U.S. Schools since 1992

                                                   WELLSBORO – 6/03
                           INDIANA – 3/05




                                                                                                   RED HILL –
                                                                                                     5/93
                                                                                                  ARDMORE –
                                                                                                     7/94
                                                                                                  ERDENHEIM –
                                                                                                     12/06




                                                                                                 PHILA – 2/04
                                                                                                PHILA – 11/04
        PITTSBURGH – 10/93
                                            L. ALLEN TWP – 5/05                                  PHILA – 1/05
        PITTSBURGH – 10/93
                                                                                      CHESTER – 10/96
                                                    MANCHESTER – 7/94
                             JOHNSTOWN – 5/03
                                                      RED LION – 4/03
                                                                            LEOLA – 1/93
                                                                        NICKEL MINES – 10/06
09/21/92 – 02/20/08
Source: National School Safety Center
The Basics

   Threat

    Risk

Vulnerability
  Background Information


Do Schools Need a Good
     Security Plan?
               Bath, Michigan
Employee
May 1927
45 Dead




Andrew Kehoe
                Columbine
Student
April 1999
15 Dead



Eric Harris
Dylan Klebold
            Bailey, Colorado
Outsider
September 2006
2 Dead




Duane Morrison
              Beslan, Russia
Terrorists
September 2004
330 Dead ?




Chechnyan Rebels
Manmade / Natural Disaster
  VULNERABILITIES


BUILDING EXTERIOR



  NO SCHOOLS HAVE BEEN IDENTIFIED
                    Vulnerabilities
Parking

Undesignated.
Next to Building.
Uncontrolled-No
Permits.
No Enforcement.
                     Vulnerabilities
Roof Access

Manmade and
Natural Platforms.
Access to HVAC.
Access to Building
thru Roof Hatches.
                     Vulnerabilities
Receptacles

Dumpsters & Trash
Cans.
Man-Portable
Explosive Devices.
Located in Areas
Where People
Congregate.
                     Vulnerabilities
Vegetation

Dense Vegetation.
Limited Observation.
Pipe Bombs
Planted Where
People Congregate.
                    Vulnerabilities
Signage

Too Many to Read.
Confusing.
Incorrect.
Meaningless.
 VULNERABILITIES


ACCESS CONTROLS



  NO SCHOOLS HAVE BEEN IDENTIFIED
                  Vulnerabilities
Vehicle Entry

Unimpeded High
Speed Avenue of
Approach.
No Barriers.
ADA Compliant.
Vehicle Barriers
                  Vulnerabilities
Doors

Unsecured.
Propped Open.
Wear and Tear.
Opened for Stranger.
No Numbering.
                     Vulnerabilities
Entrances

Unsecured During
School Day.
Monitors Assigned.
Immediate Access to
the Interior.
Monitored with CCTV
& Intercom.
                                                                      Reception Office




                    Secured Vestibule/Lobby




                                                                          Window




                     See Comment 1




Comment 1: A visitor will enter through a set of unsecured exterior doors into a secured
entrance lobby area. The interior doors of the lobby are secured with mechanical or
magnetic locking devices controlled remotely from the reception office and proximity
card readers preventing access to the building by unauthorized personnel. The visitor
will approach the reception office located in the entrance lobby that is secured with a
ballistic window to conduct visitor registration procedures and await an escort before
being authorized to enter the building.
                    Vulnerabilities
Signage

Too Many to Read.
Limited Instructions.
Confusing.
No CCTV Warning.
  VULNERABILITIES


BUILDING INTERIOR



  NO SCHOOLS HAVE BEEN IDENTIFIED
                   Vulnerabilities
Classrooms

Required to Lock
Door with a Key
from Hallway.
Exposure to the
Threat.
Not Secured During
the School Day.
                    Vulnerabilities
Common Areas

Cannot Secure.
Too Many Doors to
Secure.
Keyholder Not
Available.
Escape Routes.
                   Vulnerabilities
Advertising

Displaying Floor Plans.
Displaying Emergency
Procedures.
Student Manuals with
Floor Plans and
Emergency
Procedures.
                Communications
   Public Address System
       Audible Throughout the Building.
       Audible in Noisy Common Areas.
       Connected to Back-up Power System.
       Functions When Phones Disabled if Phone
        System is Used as PA System.
       Back-up System Available.
                  Communications
   Internal Communications
       Communication Between Office and Classroom/
        Common Areas.
       Email Capability.
           Email is NOT a Primary Means of Communication.
       Portable Communications.
       Alert System to County Communications or
        Contracted Monitoring Service.
       Mass Communication with Parents and Media.
               Communications
   Websites
       Photographs of Key Staff Members.
       Floor Plans – Check Contractor Website.
       Bus Routes with Times.
       Mass Communication with Parents and Media.
FLOOR PLAN COPIED FROM
 A CONTRACTOR WEBSITE
POLICIES and PROCEDURES
School Security Officer

Uniformed and Unarmed




 FIRST TARGET!
                      Searches
   TLO vs. New Jersey *
   Random vs. Mandatory.
   Magnetometers/Wands Available.
   Search Teams Identified and Trained.
   Person and Property.
   No Law Enforcement Presence.

    * Consult Your Solicitor Before Implementing Search
      Policy and Procedures.
Think About This!
         Lockdown Procedures
   NO SENSE OF URGENCY.
   Classroom Door Locks.
   Inability to Lock Common Areas.
   Use of Codes.
   Lack of Procedures.
   No Lockdown Drills.
             Lockdown Procedures
   Interior Threat
       Alert over PA System in Plain Language – (“Lockdown
        Procedures in Effect – Interior”) NO CODES.
       Quick search of Immediate Hallway for Students.
       Close and Lock Door.
       Move Students to Corner Away from the Door.
       Open the Blinds.
       Turn off the Lights.
       Remain in the Classroom Until the Room is Opened and the All
        Clear is Given by a Familiar Faculty Member with Uniformed
        Police Officer.

    Note: Be aware that the intruder may pull the fire alarm
      in an attempt to get people into the hallway.
             Lockdown Procedures
   Exterior Threat
       Alert over PA System in Plain Language – (“Lockdown
        Procedures in Effect – Exterior”) NO CODES.
       Account for All Students.
       Close and Lock Door.
       Close the Blinds.
       Continue on with Class Instruction.
       Remain in the Classroom Until the All Clear is Announced Over
        the PA System.

    Note: Be prepared to move to another area of the building
      if the threat is immediately outside of the classroom.
            Lockdown Procedures
   Administrative Lockdown (Searches)
       Alert over PA System in Plain Language – (“Restrictive
        Movement Procedures in Effect”) NO CODES.
       Account for All Students.
       Close and Lock Door.
       Continue on with Class Instruction.
       Remain in the Classroom Until the All Clear is
        Announced Over the PA System.

    Note: This includes the employees not involved in the
      search.
SCHOOL BUSES
                 School Buses
   Communication Between Operator and
    Transportation Division or School.
   Buses Secured When Parked.
   Global Positioning Satellite Devices and Rooftop
    Markings.
   Training Drivers on Security Procedures.
   Background Checks on Operators.
          Conclusion
    Mindset:          Change it!
                                     See
    Discipline:       Enforce It!   Contact
    Vigilance:        “SCAN”        Ask
    Planning:         Do It!        Notify
    Training:         Never Stop!
             Crawl / Walk / Run


“Take Ownership of Your School”
DISCUSSION PERIOD
        Requesting an Assessment

   Contact Trooper Shawn R. Mell
        Risk and Vulnerability Assessment Team
        Pennsylvania State Police, Domestic Security Office


     717-773-5873 (cell) or 717-346-4085
     smell@state.pa.us

								
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