probio_2009_Vienna_Boys_Choir by shimeiyan


									          RobeRt and MaRgRit Mondavi                                 Center foR the PeRfoRMing aRts                          | UC davis


                          Photo by Lukas Beck

                                                             Vienna Boys Choir
                                                            A Classical Favorites Series Event
                                                             Sunday, March 15, 2009 • 3 pm
                                                         Jackson Hall, Mondavi Center, UC Davis

                                                Individual Support provided by David and Dolly Fiddyment.

                                                             There will be one intermission.

   The artists and your fellow audience members appreciate silence during the performance. Please be sure that you have switched off cellular phones,
       watch alarms, and pager signals. Videotaping, photographing, and audio recording are strictly forbidden. Violators are subject to removal.

Printed on recycled paper. Please recycle this playbill for reuse.                       MONDAVI CENTER PROGRAM 8               Mar/Apr 2009       |    5

                                                                Vienna Boys Choir
                                                                     Wiener Sängerknaben

                                                                  Andy Icochea Icochea,

                        Alleluia. Video caelos apertos (I See the Open Heavens)                      Gregorian chant

                        O Fortuna (Fortuna Imperatrix Mundi) from: Carmina burana                    Carl Orff

                        Tota pulchra es Maria (You are Wholly Beautiful, Mary). Motet                Maurice Duruflé

                        Lobe den Herren, meine Seele (Praise the Lord, My Soul) from:                Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy
                        Symphony No. 2 in B-flat major, Op. 52 (1840)

                        Pueri concinite (Boys, Begin). Motet for four-part boys’ chorus              Jacobus Gallus

                        Ave verum corpus (Hail, true body), Op. 65, No. 1 (1894)                     Gabriel Fauré
                        Motet for two equal voices and organ

                        Tenebrae factae sunt (Darkness Fell). Motet for four part a cappella choir   Tomás Luis de Victoria

                        Angyalok es pasztorok (The Angels and the Shepherds)                         Zoltan Kodály

                        Die Nacht, Op.17, No. 4, D. 983C (1822)                                      Franz Schubert
                                                                                                     Text: Friedrich Adolf Krummacher

                        Nachthelle (Night Brightness) D. 892 (1826)                                  Franz Schubert
                                                                                                     Text: Johann Gabriel Seidl

                        Et lux in tenebris lucet (And a Light Shines in Darkness)                    Andy Icochea Icochea

                        Salut printemps (Hello, Spring), for women’s voices and orchestra (1882)     Claude Debussy
                                                                                                     Text: Anatole de Ségur

                        Psalm 61 (2006)                                                              Andy Icochea Icochea

                                                                      PoPular sonGs

                        Chiqitita (1979)                                                             Björn Ulvaeus and Benny Anderson

                        I’ve Grown Accustomed to Her Face, from the musical My Fair Lady             Music: Frederick Loewe
                                                                                                     Text: Alan Jay Lerner

                        Seasons of Love, from the musica Rent (1994)                                 Jonathan Larson


                    6     | MONDAVIARTs.ORG
                                                                                                                                  VIENNA BOys ChOIR
                                                    arounD the WorlD in fiVe sonGs
     Tritsch Tratsch (Chit Chat), fast polka, Op. 214                                Johann Strauss, Jr.
                                                                                     Text: Rosl Hujer
                                                                                      Arr. Uwe Theimer

     La passeggiata - Finché sereno è il cielo (The Excursion)                       Gioacchino Rossini
     from Péchés de vieillesse, Volume 1: Album Italiano, No. 12                     Arr. Andy Icochea Icochea

     Dilmano Dilbero, Folk song                                                      Arr. Krassimir Kyurkchiyaski

     La muerte del Angel (The Death of the Angel)                                    Astor Piazolla
                                                                                     Arr. Andy Icochea Icochea

     Arirang. Korean love song, from the province of Kyonggi Do                      Arr. Gerald Wirth

                                                       sonGs from the Choir’s film
                                           SILK ROAD – SONGS ALONG THE ROAD AND TIME

     Sus Xâtin. Ancient Uzbek prayer for rain.                                       Arr. Gerald Wirth

     Ievan Polkka (Eva’s Polka) (1937)                                               Text: Eino Kettunen
                                                                                     Arr. Andy Icochea Icochea

     four Austrian folksongs
     Wann Du durchgehst durchs Tal (When You Walk Through the Valley)                Arr. Gerald Wirth
     Carinthian love song

     Es gibt schoene Wasserl (There are Beautiful Waters)
     Dancing song from the Mühlviertel, Upper Austria

     Und wanns amal schen aper wird (And When It Starts to Thaw).
     Alpine song with yodeling from the town of Eisenerz, Styria

     Waldhansl (John of the Forest)
     Clapping and stamping dance from the Ausseerland, Upper Austria

     He Never Failed Me Yet                                                          Robert Ray
                                                                                     Arr. Andy Icochea Icochea

     Eljen a Magyar (Hail to Hungary). Fast polka, Op. 332 (1869)                    Johann Strauss, Jr.

     Kaiserwalzer (Emperor’s Waltz). Waltz, Op. 437 (1888)                           Johann Strauss, Jr.
                                                                                     Text: Viktor Gomboz
                                                                                     Arr. Gerald Wirth

     Program subject to change

Printed on recycled paper. Please recycle this playbill for reuse.          MONDAVI CENTER PROGRAM 8       Mar/Apr 2009   |   7

                    Andy Icochea Icochea, choirmaster                                      the choir’s rich tradition, Wirth also explores new ways to create
                    Andy Icochea Icochea became choirmaster of the Vienna Boys             and make music. He has instigated a number of projects involving
                    Choir in 2005. He has since led the choir on tours of China,           world music, a cappella pop, and film music.
                    Cyprus, Germany, Guatemala, Ireland, Japan, Mexico, Panama,
                    Switzerland, Taiwan, and the U.S. Among the highlights were con-       Vienna Boys Choir
                    certs in Vienna’s Musikverein, Dublin’s National Concert Hall, the     Boys have been singing at the court of the Holy Roman Emperor
                    Palacio de Bellas Artes in México City, Symphony Hall in Chicago,      since the early 15th century. In 1498, more than half a millen-
                    New York’s Carnegie Hall, and the Kimmel Center in Philadelphia.       nium ago, Emperor Maximilian I moved his court and his court
                                                                                           musicians to Vienna. He gave instructions that there were to be six
                    In addition to the international tours, Icochea Icochea prepares       singing boys among his musicians. Historians have settled on 1498
                    the boys for the performances of Mass at the Imperial Chapel, for      as the foundation date of the Vienna Hofmusikkapelle and—in
                    performances at the Vienna State Opera and Volksoper, as well as       consequence—the Vienna Boys Choir. Until 1918, the choir sang
                    performances of symphonic works conducted by Adam Fischer,             exclusively for the imperial court, at mass, at private concerts and
                    Riccardo Muti, Franz Welser-Möst, and Simone Young. He regular-        functions, and on state occasions.
                    ly conducts the boys’ choir, the Chorus Viennensis, and the Vienna
                    Chamber Orchestra in the choir’s Friday concert series at Vienna’s     Musicians like Heinrich Isaac, Paul Hofhaimer, Heinrich Ignaz,
                    Musikverein.                                                           Franz Biber, Johann Joseph Fux, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,
                                                                                           Antonio Caldara, Antonio Salieri, and Anton Bruckner worked
                    As a conductor, he led the world premieres of Carlo Pedini’s           with the choir. Composers Jacobus Gallus and Franz Schubert and
                    opera Il Miracolo and Marco Pontini’s opera Togliti il Mantello in     conductors Hans Richter, Felix Mottl, and Clemens Krauss were
                    Citta della Pieve, Italy. He is Music Director and founder of the      themselves choristers. Brothers Joseph and Michael Haydn were
                    Ensemble Vienna Nova which he has led in successful performanc-        members of the choir of St. Stephen’s Cathedral and frequently
                    es of such operas as The Abduction from the Serail, The Magic Flute,   sang with the imperial boys’ choir.
                    and The Elixir of Love at Theater L.E.O. in Vienna, where he also
                    serves as Music Director. In 2005, Icochea conducted the Sinfonica     In 1918, after the breakdown of the Habsburg Empire, the Austrian
                    Nacional del Peru in a concert that included the Peruvian pre-         government took over the court opera, its orchestra, and the adult
                    miere of Roberto Sierra’s Concerto Barroco for guitar and orchestra    singers, but not the boys’ choir. The Vienna Boys Choir owes its
                    and Federico Tarazona’s Concerto Alpamayo 2 for hatun charango         survival to the initiative of Josef Schnitt, who became Dean of
                    and orchestra. His own compositions have been published by             the Imperial Chapel in 1921. Schnitt established the boys’ choir
                    Ediciones Julia.                                                       as a private institution: the former court choir boys became the
                                                                                           Wiener Sängerknaben (Vienna Boys Choir). The imperial uniform
                    Icochea Icochea was born in Lima, Peru. He began piano and             was replaced by the sailor suit, then the height of boys’ fashion.
                    music theory studies at the age of seven at Instituto Musical Bach     Funding was not enough to pay for the boys’ upkeep, and in 1926,
                    and later enrolled as a piano student at the Conservatorio Nacional    the choir started to give concerts outside of the chapel, performing
                    de Musica del Peru. At the same time, he read arts and sciences at     motets, secular works, and—at the boys’ request—children’s oper-
                    the Catholic University of Peru. He holds a degree in piano per-       as. The impact was amazing. Within a year, the choir performed in
                    formance, magna cum laude, from Westminster Choir College in           Berlin (where Erich Kleiber conducted them), Prague, and Zurich.
                    Princeton, New Jersey. He also studied orchestral conducting at the    Further tours followed: Athens and Riga (1928), then Spain,
                    Wiener Konservatorium in Vienna.                                       France, Denmark, Norway, and Sweden (1929), the United States
                                                                                           (1932), Australia (1934), and South America (1936).
                    As a member of the Westminster Symphonic Choir, he sang with
                    orchestras such as the New York Philharmonic, the Philadelphia         Today there are around 100 choristers between the ages of 10 and
                    Orchestra, the Konzertgebouw Orchestra, and the New Jersey             14, divided into four touring choirs. The four choirs give around
                    Symphony, under Riccardo Muti, Wolfgang Sawallisch, Riccardo           300 concerts and performances each year in front of almost half a
                    Chailly, Sir Colin Davis, and Zdenek Macal among others. He was        million people. Each group spends nine to 11 weeks of the school
                    guest conductor for the Concerto Competition Concert and the           year on tour. They visit virtually all European countries, and they
                    Composers Concert with the Westminster Community Orchestra.            are frequent guests in Asia, Australia, and the Americas. Together
                    Upon arrival in Vienna, he joined the Arnold Schoenberg Choir.         with members of the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra and the
                    With this ensemble, he sang under Erwin Ortner, Nikolaus               Vienna State Opera Chorus, the Vienna Boys Choir maintains the
                    Harnoncourt, Sir Simon Rattle, Adam Fischer and others,                tradition of the imperial musicians: as Hofmusikkapelle they pro-
                    with such orchestras as the Wiener Philharmoniker, Berliner            vide the music for the Sunday Mass in Vienna’s Imperial Chapel, as
                    Philharmoniker, and Concentus Musicus Wien.                            they have done since 1498. Dr. Franz Schlosser became the choir’s
                                                                                           director in 2008.
                    Gerald Wirth, artistic director
                    Gerald Wirth received his first musical training as a member of the    Repertoire
                    choir and at the Bruckner Konservatorium in Linz, Austria, where       The choir’s repertoire includes everything from medieval to con-
                    he studied voice, oboe, and piano. He has conducted choirs and         temporary and experimental music. Motets and lieder for boys’
                    orchestras in many countries, and played and sung in a number of       choir form the core of the touring repertoire, along with the choir’s
                    ensembles. He has written two children’s operas, a Mass, motets,       own arrangements of quintessentially Viennese music: waltzes
                    and countless arrangements for choirs. Many of his works have          and polkas by Strauss, Lanner, and Lehar. Both the choir and
                    been performed internationally. In 2001, Wirth became the artistic     the Hofmusikkapelle have a long tradition of commissioning new
                    director of the Vienna Boys Choir. While he is keenly aware of         works. Austrian composers Heinz Kratochwil, Ernst Krenek, and
                                                                                           Balduin Sulzer have written works for the choir.

                          8   | MONDAVIARTs.ORG
                                                                                                                                               VIENNA ChOIR BOys
The Vienna Boys Choir performs major choral and symphonic              The Choir School
works, sometimes as part of the Hofmusikkapelle, sometimes             The choir maintains its own school. Almost 250 children study
with other orchestras and men’s choirs. They are regularly asked       and rehearse in the Augartenpalais, a baroque palace and former
to supply soloists for large choral and orchestral works, such as      imperial hunting lodge in Vienna. Beginning with kindergarten,
Bernstein’s Chichester Psalms and Mahler’s Das klagende Lied. In       boys and girls are provided with a complete musical and gen-
recent years, they have performed with the Vienna Philharmonic         eral education through the elementary grades. At age 10, the
Orchestra, the Vienna Symphony Orchestra, the Staatskapelle            most talented boys are selected to join the choir and enter the
Berlin, the Oslo Philharmonic, and the Pittsburgh Symphony             choir’s grammar school. All boys are assigned to one of the tour-
Orchestra. Recent guest conductors include Pierre Boulez,              ing choirs. Academic lessons are taught in small groups. The
Nikolaus Harnoncourt, Mariss Jansons, Zubin Mehta, Riccardo            school has a band, and offers extracurricular activities ranging
Muti (honorary member of the Hofmusikkapelle), Kent Nagano,            from sports (baseball, basketball, fencing, judo, soccer, skating,
Seiji Ozawa, and Simone Young. Choristers also take part in opera      swimming, volleyball) to attending pop concerts, operas, plays,
performances at the Vienna State Opera, the Vienna Volksoper, and      musicals, and movies. The choristers are also encouraged to cre-
the Salzburg Festival.                                                 ate their own projects; a number of them write, act, and direct
                                                                       short sketches or films. All choir boys live in the choir’s own well-
Children’s Operas                                                      appointed boarding school; two to three boys share a room.
Children’s operas are an important part of the repertoire; the boys
all love to act. The choir started performing operas in the 1920s,     Many of the school’s alumni become professional musicians, con-
beginning with classics such as Mozart’s Bastien und Bastienne,        ductors, singers, or instrumentalists, in Vienna and abroad. Almost
Weber’s Abu Hassan, and Haydn’s Der Apotheker. Benjamin                all continue to sing. There are two male voice ensembles made
Britten wrote The Golden Vanity for the choir and conducted its        up entirely of former choristers: the Chorus Viennensis and the
premiere at the Aldeburgh Festival in 1967 in the presence of          Imperial Chapel’s Schola Cantorum.
Queen Elizabeth II. In the last decade, the choir has successfully
produced a number of new operas. Gerald Wirth’s The Journey of         Hotel Residenz Palais Coburg is the Vienna Boys Choir general
the Little Prince and The Tablet of Destinies, an opera based on the   sponsor.
Babylonian myth of Anzu, and Raoul Gehringer’s Moby-Dick, based        Exclusive Tour Management:
on the novel by Herman Melville, were all performed at Vienna’s        Opus 3 Artists
Musikverein.                                                           470 Park Avenue South, 9th Floor North
                                                                       New York, NY 10016
World Music and Cross-over Projects
Since the 1920s, the choir has collected music from around the
world. One of the choir’s goals is to introduce the boys to as many
different styles of music as possible. The choir has commissioned
a number of world music projects. As Gerald Wirth explains, “We
do not claim to play ‘authentic’ world music; we create something
from the original sources that is our own. We want to be faithful
to the source in the sense that we treat it with respect.” Silk Road
is the choir’s third world music project. The colorful journey along
the old trade route was staged by Rebecca Scheiner, a stage direc-
tor at the Vienna State Opera, and features songs from Uzbekistan
and China, a qawwali from Pakistan, a ghazal from Iran, and field
hollers from Tajikistan, all sung in the original languages. Pirates
tells the story of 18th-century pirates, using music from Yemen,
Madagascar, the Caribbean, and Latin America. The choristers,
who also sing popular music, have contributed to a number of
soundtracks for major motion pictures in the U.S., Japan, and

Silk Road – Songs Along the Road and Time
The choir’s opera Silk Road inspired acclaimed director Curt
Faudon to make a film about the globetrotting choristers. For
more than a year, Faudon followed the boys’ lives in Vienna and
on the road, filming the boys at work and at play, on and off stage,
meeting and working with artists from Central Asia, China, and
India. The resulting 90-minute film is a clever blend of fly-on-the
wall documentary, road movie, costume drama, and music, with
stunning footage from across the world and through time; it is
available on DVD and Blu-Ray disc. The unusual, off-beat sound-
track features a cross-section through the choir’s repertoire, with
many first recordings. It has the boys singing in Latin, Arabic,
Chinese, Farsi, French, Marathi, Maori, Savo Finnish, Tajik,
Uyghur, Urdu, Uzbek, and German.

  Printed on recycled paper. Please recycle this playbill for reuse.            MONDAVI CENTER PROGRAM 8           Mar/Apr 2009     |   9

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