THE NEED FOR CRIME STATISTICS AT EU LEVEL by qfa60885

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									THE NEED FOR CRIME
STATISTICS AT EU LEVEL




   European Commission
   Directorate-General Justice and
   Home Affairs
   Monika Olsson
Why EU statistics?

Outline:
1) Citizen perceptions

2) Political commitments

3) Existing statistics and future EU
   measures
4) Preview: Current work at EU level on
   developing comparable statistics
Perceived importance at
national level

   Crime and safety are issues of major
    concern to EU citizens
   The Eurobarometer spring 2004, a
    survey of public opinion in the
    European Union, show that a quarter
    of the interviewed persons place
    fighting crime as one of the two most
    important issues facing their country.
Perceived importance at EU
level

   The Eurobarometer survey of autumn
    2003 demonstrate that, according to
    almost nine out of ten citizens polled,
    fighting terrorism and fighting
    organised crime and drug trafficking,
    should be priorities for the European
    Union.
Perceived added value of EU
actions

   Special Eurobarometer survey on
    Justice and Home Affairs from winter
    2003:
   71 % of EU 15 respondents believe
    that prevention of and fight against
    crime would be more effective if it were
    decided jointly at EU level
Commitments at EU level

   The treaty on European Union Art 30 2
    d requires a network on statistics
   Millennium Strategy recommends the
    elaboration of crime statistics as does
    the evaluation of that strategy
   The Dublin Declaration recommends
    the development of a co-ordinated EU
    Crime Statistics Strategy
Commitments, continued

   The assessment of the Tampere
    programme requires the improvement of
    comparability of statistics on crime and
    safety
   The Hague Programme; strengthening
    freedom, security and justice in the EU, will
    most likely encourage the Commission
    initiative to develop comparable information
    on crime and victimisation
Existing sources

   National crime statistics and national
    victimisation studies – compilations –
    varying degrees of analysis
   European Sourcebook of Crime and
    Criminal Justice – info from national
    correspondents
   International Crime Victimisation
    Survey (ICVS) – standardised
    questions
Problems

   International compilations of national data
    not comparable, could even be misleading
   Low comparability of levels even with time-
    consuming analysis and quality-assessment
   Victim surveys lack information on
    organised crime, on serious offences and on
    all MS, very expensive and time consuming
   Lack of quantitative data on organised crime
Future measures
   Already now continuing harmonisation of
    crime definitions, minimum penalties and
    other criminal justice measures
   Future financial perspectives (2007-)
   Growing importance of the area of Justice,
    Freedom and Security – Commission has
    proposed to devote a major share of the
    funds to justice and home affairs
   A majority of funds would be in shared
    management with Member States
Future measures and the need
for statistics

   In order to prioritise measures and
    areas for funding…
   and to monitor their progress
   and evaluate the effectiveness,
   information on levels and trends in
    different regions is necessary
More specifically, statistics are
needed to:

   Make possible to prioritise measures
   Inform risk assessments, threat
    assessments and vulnerability studies
   Inform the benchmarking of
    performance
   Evaluate effectiveness of action
   Enhance Europol Organised Crime
    Report with quantitative data
   Monitor and evaluate Community
    funding programmes
Preview: What will the EU do?

   The objective is to develop Community
    statistics on crime, victimisation and
    criminal justice
   A long-term commitment that will be
    developed step by step, in close
    cooperation between Eurostat and DG
    Justice and Home Affairs within the
    Commission, and with Europol
Preview, continued
   Consultation with Member States essential,
    as with experts in the field, time devoted to
    this during 2004
   The establishment of an expert group by
    Directorate General Justice and Home
    Affairs, to advice the Commission when
    proposing next steps
   A long-term action plan to be presented
    early 2005, based on consultations with MS
    in two settings, summer and autumn 2004

								
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