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					       IAEA activities and documents
               related to CM

Configuration Management Benchmarking Group
                 Conference

      12-14 June 2006, Richmond, VA

                Csilla TOTH
               (IAEA, NSNI)

                               2006 CMBG Conference
                      Outline

• IAEA

• IAEA Safety Standards

• IAEA Background in Configuration Management

• IAEA present activities related to CM

• IAEA documents related to CM

• Future plans on Configuration Management


                                    2006 CMBG Conference
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
• established as an autonomous organization
  under the United Nations (UN) in 1957
• world's foremost
  intergovernmental
  forum
  for scientific and
  technical co-operation
  in the peaceful use of
  nuclear technology
• 138 Member States        IAEA Headquarters
                             Vienna, Austria

                             2006 CMBG Conference
                           IAEA at a Glance
• 138 Member States                                • 500,000 plus monthly visits to
• 49 years of international                          the Agency’s WorldAtom web
  service since 1957                                 site
• 2,205 professional and support                   • 2 million plus records in the
  staffs                                             International Nuclear
• Budget :                                           Information System(INIS)
   –   $230 M: regular budget for 2005,               – Agency‟s largest bibliographic
   –   $27.7 M: supplemented by extra-budgetary         and reference database
       contributions
                                                   • About 200 publications issued
   –   $75 M: Technical cooperation fund in 2005
                                                     (in print and electronic form)
• 120 approved Coordinated                           in 2005
  Research Projects involving
  1,590 active research contracts
  and agreements.




                                                            2006 CMBG Conference
               Departmental Structure of the IAEA

                          Director General
                           Mr. El Baradei


Department of Technical     Department of                Department of
    Co-operation            Nuclear Energy               Nuclear Safety
   Ms. Ana Maria Cetto      Mr. A. Yuri Sokolov          Mr. T. Taniguchi




    Department of            Department of               Department of
    Administration            Safeguards                  Nuclear SA
      Mr. D. Waller          Mr. O. Heinonen              Mr. W. Burkart




                                                  2006 CMBG Conference
                                       NPP in Member States: Current Status                                       Number of Rea ctors by Age


                                       40


                                                                                                                                                                                                                       221 units more than
                                       35
                                                                                                                                             33
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       20 years operation
                                                        Total 441 units
                                                                                                                                       32


                                       30
Number of Units




                                       25                                                                                         24
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       81 units more than
                                                                                                                                                                                               23
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       30 years operation
                  Number of Reactors




                                                                                                                             22                             22
                                                                                                                                                  21             21

                                       20                                                                                                              19


                                                                                                                                                                                     16
                                                                                                                                                                           15   15                  15
                                       15                                                                               14


                                                                                                                   11                                                                     11                  11
                                                                                                             10                                                                                          10
                                       10                                                     9

                                                                                                                                                                      7                                                7
                                                        6       6               6                  6
                                                5                                   5    5                                                                                                                         5
                                       5                            4   4                               4
                                                            3               3                                                                                                                                               3
                                                    2                                                                                                                                                                                 2    2
                                            1                                                                                                                                                                                    1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                as of March
                                       0
                                            0   1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15    16   17   18   19   20    21   22   23   24   25   26   27   28   29   30   31   32   33   34 35    36   37   38   39   40   2005
                                                                                                                                       Age

                                                                                                                        Age of unit
 Average age of operating NPPs is constantly increased:
     a role of ageing/life management becomes more important.
 IAEA initiated ageing/life management activities in 1980s to:
   • facilitate information exchange among Member States;
   • create guidance documents on this subject.

                                                                                                                                                                                           2006 CMBG Conference
        IAEA Statute (Article III.A.6)


• “To establish or adopt… [in consultation with…]
  standards of safety for the protection of health
  and minimization of danger to life and property”

• “…and to provide for the application of these
  standards”




                                  2006 CMBG Conference
    HIERARCHY OF THE IAEA SAFETY STANDARDS
                    SERIES
                                                                                   Basic objectives, concepts
                                                                                   and principles to ensure
                                                                                   safety
                                                      SAFETY
Requirements which must                            FUNDAMENTALS
be satisfied to ensure safety

     “Shall Statements”                              (SS No. 110)



                     SAFETY OF NUCLEAR POWER                       SAFETY OF NUCLEAR POWER
                          PLANTS: DESIGN                              PLANTS: OPERATION
                                (SSS No. NS-R-1)                           (SSS No. NS-R-2)



                SAFETY GUIDES
                                                           SAFETY GUIDES


                                      Recommended actions, conditions or
                                      procedures for meeting safety requirements

                                                 “Should Statements”

                                                                             2006 CMBG Conference
                  OVERVIEW OF THE IAEA SAFETY
                          STANDARDS


                                                     Thematic areas                                Facilities and activities
  THE SAFETY STANDARDS
                                                    Legal and governmental infrastructure            Nuclear power plants
COVER SAFETY IN FIVE AREAS
                                                    Emergency preparednessand response               Research reactors
  Safety of nuclear facilities
                                                    Management systems                               Fuel cycle facilities
  Radiation protection and safety of radiation
  sources                                           Assessment and verification                      Radiation related facilities andactivities
  Safe management of radioactive waste
                                                    Site evaluation                                                             f
                                                                                                     Waste treatment and disposalacilities
  Safe transport of radioactive material
                                                    Radiation protection                             Transport of radioactivematerial
  General safety (cross-cutting themes)
                                                    Radioactive waste management

                                                    Decommissioning

                                                    Rehabilitation of contaminatedareas




                                   IAEA Safety Standards are available on: www.iaea.org



                                                                                            2006 CMBG Conference
Safety Series No. 110, Safety Fundamentals
     The Safety of Nuclear Installations
In chapter 5. TECHNICAL ASPECTS OF SAFETY
                 – Basic objectives, concepts and principles of safety

For example:
• 504….design principles have been formulated to achieve the goal of
   accident prevention and mitigation with high confidence.

• 510. … “operation of the nuclear installation must be controlled in
  accordance with a set of operational limits and conditions … operation
  must be carried out by adequately trained and authorized personnel in
  accordance with detailed, validated and approved procedures” …
  Principle 17

• 512. …”operation procedures must provide staff with instructions for
  the response to anticipated operational occurrences” …
  Principle 20


                                                                         2006 CMBG Conference
 Safety Requirements NS-R-1
 Safety of NPPs: Design 1/2

Chapter 5. Requirements for plant design
• The design process shall establish a set of
  requirements and limitations for safe operation,
  including: (1) safety system settings; (2) control
  system and procedural constraints on process
  variables and other important parameters; (3)
  requirements for maintenance, testing and
  inspection of the plant to ensure that structures,
  systems and components function as intended in
  the design, with the ALARA principle taken into
  consideration; (4) clearly defined operational
  configurations, including operational restrictions in
  the event of safety system outages.
       [ Section 5.26]


                               2006 CMBG Conference
 Safety Requirements NS-R-1
 Safety of NPPs: Design 2/2

Chapter 6.
Requirements for design of plant systems

• The handling and storage systems for non-
  irradiated fuel shall be designed: (1) to
  prevent criticality by a specified margin by
  physical means or processes, preferably by
  the use of geometrically safe
  configurations, even under plant states of
  optimum moderation;
      [Section 6.96]


                           2006 CMBG Conference
 Safety Requirements NS-R-2
Safety of NPPs: Operation 1/2

   •    “The Operating Organisation shall ensure
       that: …documentation is up to date … [
       Section 2.13]

   • …the plant shall be adequately monitored and
     maintained in order to protect plant
     equipment, to support the testing phase and
     to continue to maintain consistency with the
     safety analysis report. Records of operations
     and maintenance shall be kept starting from
     the initial energization and operation of each
     plant system, and they shall be retained by the
     operating organization [Section 4.8]



                              2006 CMBG Conference
 Safety Requirements NS-R-2
Safety of NPPs: Operation 2/2

   Chapter 5. Plant Operations

 • Operational limits and conditions shall be
   developed to ensure that the plant is operated in
   accordance with the design assumptions and
   intent.
        [Section 5.1]
 • The operating organization shall ensure that an
   appropriate surveillance programme is
   established and implemented to ensure
   compliance with the operational limits and
   conditions and that its results are evaluated and
   retained [Section 5.5]



                             2006 CMBG Conference
              Safety Guide NS-G-1.1
Software for Computer Based Systems Important to
                  Safety in NPPs

 Safety Guides

 NS-G-1.1 – 1.12
  recommend actions, conditions or
  procedures for meeting safety
  requirements. Recommendations
  in Safety Guides are expressed as
  „should‟ statements..
                               2006 CMBG Conference
              Safety Guide NS-G-2.2
  Operational Limits and Conditions and Operating
               Procedures for NPPs
NS-G-2.1 – 2.10
– Safety limits
– Limiting safety system settings
– Limits and conditions for normal
  operation
– Surveillance requirements
– Operating procedures (OP)
– Development of operating procedures
– Compliance with OLC and OP

                                  2006 CMBG Conference
                  Safety Guide NS-G-2.10
              Periodic Safety Review of NPPs

PSR as a comprehensive integrated
systematic safety review is a
complementary tool to the existing types
of reviews and carried out at regular
intervals to deal with
•   changes in safety standards, safety concepts
    and operating practices,
•   the cumulative effect of ageing,
    modifications, modifications in design basis,
    plant design and procedures,
•   feedback of operating experience,
                                             2006 CMBG Conference
IAEA Background in Configuration Management

 Regular Budget
 • “Configuration Management in Nuclear Power Plants” (IAEA
   TECDOC 1335, issued January 2003)
 • “Application of Configuration Management in Nuclear
    Power Plants “
    – (New IAEA Safety Report – draft –to issue in 2006)
      (Focus on examples of events and challenges to CM)
 • Technical Meeting on CM (Vienna-2005)

 Technical Cooperation Projects
 • European Regional Projects
    – Workshops on CM and Design Basis Documents (RER)
 • Country TC Projects (Bulgaria, Russia-2006)

 Extra budgetary Projects (China-2006)

                                               2006 CMBG Conference
            IAEA-TECDOC-1335



• Issued January 2003
• “Configuration
  Management in Nuclear
  Power Plants”
• IAEA Guideline Document

• Available on IAEA web site
  www.iaea.org


                               2006 CMBG Conference
                IAEA-TECDOC-1335

                  Table of Contents


1. Introduction
2. Plant Configuration Management Program
• Process for Improving the Existing Configuration
  Management Practice
• Conclusion and Recommendations
  References
  Annexes A-J


                                  2006 CMBG Conference
           IAEA-TECDOC-1335
                      Annexes
Annex A   Terminology
Annex B   Assessments
Annex C   Examples of top management instructions
Annex D   Development of methods and tools
Annex E   Design bases considerations
Annex F   Design document reconstitution program
Annex G   Setting priorities and structuring of existing
          documentation
Annex H   Samples of “good practices”
Annex I   Summary of IAEA OSART missions
Annex J   Status of CM in Member States
                                   2006 CMBG Conference
IAEA-TECDOC-1335



           CM Objective from
          IAEA-TECDOC-1335
                same as
           ANSI CM-1.0 -2000

            ...speaking the
            same language



             2006 CMBG Conference
 SKALTO: Knowledge Sharing: Safety Knowledge-base on
           Ageing and Long Term Operation

Objective:
to develop a framework for sharing knowledge on ageing
management and long term operation




                                Scope:
                                •   Ageing Management
                                •   Periodic Safety Review
                                •   Configuration Management
                                •   Design Basis Data Management




                                       2006 CMBG Conference
 SKALTO: Structure & Major Contents
                                         1. Nuclear Safety Standards and Guides
                                               • Relevant IAEA Safety Standards, INSAG
                                               • National Requirements, International
                                                 Recommendations

                                         2. Basic Knowledge and Guidance
                                               • Abbreviations and terminologies
                                               • Key basic reference documents
                                               • IAEA Guidance documents

                                         3. Relevant Safety Activities
                                               • IAEA AMAT missions
                                               • IAEA Meeting proceedings

                                         4. Safety Research and Development
                                             • IAEA CRP reports
                                             • Other national/ international reports
                                         5. Education and Training
                                               • Standard training modules Past workshop/
                                                 seminar materials

                                         6. Links to IAEA data-base and other sites

• A limited scope version is already available at the IAEA web page (SALTO page):
  http://www.ns.iaea.org/projects/salto/default.htm

                                                        2006 CMBG Conference
IAEA Safety Standards and Guidance Documents on Ageing/ Life
                        Management

          Safety of Nuclear              Safety of Nuclear                          Safety of Research
          Power Plant                    Power Plant            NS R-4              Reactors
          Design                         Operation             (DS 272)             NS R-4
          NS R-1                         NS R-2                                     (DS 272)




                                                                       Safety
                                          Safety Guide
        Safety Guide                                                    Guide
                                DS 382    on Ageing
        on PSR                            Management                    on CM
                                                                       ???

                     Component                                                        Safety Report
  Programmatic                           Ageing          Guideline on
                     Specific                                                         on CM
  Guidelines (4+1)                       Management      activities for effective
                     Guidelines (11+2)
                                         Review          life management (2)
                                         guideline (1)


                                                                                        Safety report
                                                                                       on application of
                                                                                        configuration
                                                                                        Management




                                                             2006 CMBG Conference
     European Regional Projects (2001-2003)
RER/9/069 (2001-2003)

WWER Design Basis Documentation Management System
 (for WWER 1000, in 2003 it was extended for WWER 440)

Objectives:
• To develop / adapt a methodology for systematic reconstitution of the
  design basis documentation (DBD) for WWERs.
• To train the plant experts in application of the methodology so
  developed. (NOT completed)
Achievements:
• Guideline on “Design Bases Documentation (DBD) Collation and
  Maintenance for WWERs” for developing national guidelines
• National Guidelines were developed
• LP ECCS pilot – DBDs were developed and reviewed

Participants: Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Hungary,
  Russia, Slovakia, Ukraine
                                                   2006 CMBG Conference
  European Regional Projects (2005 – 2006)
       Improvement of Design Basis and Configuration
          Management Documentation (RER/9/082)

Time frame:            2005 – 2006
Objective:
• To improve the understanding of the need for and the expected
  content of Documentation of the Design Basis of NPPs
• To improve the understanding of the interaction between the design
  basis documentation, Configuration Management and the safety and
  operation of the NPPs.
Participants:
   Armenia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Lithuania, Romania,
  Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine
Workshops in 2005 (Vienna - Austria, Paks - Hungary, Sofia - Bulgaria)



                                               2006 CMBG Conference
             Draft Safety Report
“Application of Configuration Management in
           Nuclear Power Plants“
•   IAEA Safety Standard Series
•   Developed to provide practical
    applications
•   Focus on examples of
       events and challenges to CM
       advice on meeting challenges
•   Working Title: “Application of
    Configuration Management in Nuclear
    Power Plants”
                                   2006 CMBG Conference
             Draft Safety Report
“Application of Configuration Management in
           Nuclear Power Plants“

                  Table of Contents
1. Introduction
2. Structuring and Improving CM
3. Applications of Configuration Management
• Organisational and Human Factors aspects
• Self Assessments and Performance Indicators
  Annexes
                                  2006 CMBG Conference
                 Draft Safety Report
“Application of Configuration Management in Nuclear
                    Power Plants“
                       CM Principles
•   Protect Design Basis – Ensure compliance with design
    basis
•   Modify the Plant – Design change control process
•   Operate the Plant – Keep operational configuration
    control at all times.
•   Maintain the Plant – Keep configuration during
    maintenance activities at all times.
•   Test the Plant – Review physical status of
    the plant in conformity with design basis.
                                       2006 CMBG Conference
             Protect Design Basis –
       Ensure compliance with design basis
Safety Committee / Self Assessment / PSR / PSA
•   The Operating Organization for Nuclear Power Plants,
    Safety Standards Series No. NS-G-2,4, IAEA, Vienna
    (2001).
•   Safety Assessment and Verification for Nuclear
    Power Plants, Safety Standards Series No. NS-G-1.2,
    IAEA, Vienna (2002).
•   Periodic Safety Review of Nuclear Power Plants,
    Safety Standards Series No. NS-G-2.10, IAEA, Vienna
    (2001).


                                     2006 CMBG Conference
                   Modify the Plant –
             Design change control process
Design Change Process - Documentation Control Management
•   The Operating Organization for Nuclear Power Plants, Safety Standards
    Series No. NS-G-2,4, IAEA, Vienna (2001).
•   Safety of Nuclear Power Plants: Design, Safety Standards Series No.
    NS-R-1, IAEA, Vienna (2000).
•   Software for Computer Based Systems Important to Safety in Nuclear
    Power Plants, Safety Standards Series No. NS-G-1.1, IAEA, Vienna
    (2000).
•   Instrumentation and control systems important to safety in nuclear
    power plants, Safety Standards Series No. NS-G-1.3, AIEA, Vienna
    (2002)
•   Design of Fuel Handling and Storage Systems for Nuclear Power Plants
    , Safety Standards Series No. NS-G-1.4, IAEA, Vienna (2002).
•   Modifications to Nuclear Power Plants, Safety Standards Series No.
    NS-G-2.3, IAEA, Vienna (2001).
•   Quality Assurance for Safety in Nuclear Power Plants and other
    Nuclear Installations, Safety Series No 50-C/SG-Q, Vienna (1996).
                                                  2006 CMBG Conference
        Operate the Plant – Keep operational
         configuration control at all times
Operation Inside Safety Envelope
•   The Operating Organization for Nuclear Power Plants, Safety
    Standards Series No. NS-G-2,4, IAEA, Vienna (2001).
•   Operational Limits and Conditions and Operating Procedures for
    Nuclear Power Plants, Safety Standards Series No. NS-G-2.2,
    IAEA, Vienna (2000).
•   Software for Computer Based Systems Important to Safety in
    Nuclear Power Plants, Safety Standards Series No. NS-G-1.1,
    IAEA, Vienna (2000).
•   Safety of Nuclear Power Plants: Operation, Safety Standards
    Series No. NS-R-2, IAEA, Vienna (2000).
•   Core Management and Fuel Handling for Nuclear Power Plants,
    Safety Standards Series No. NS-G-2.5, IAEA, Vienna (2002).
                                            2006 CMBG Conference
Maintain the Plant – Keep configuration during
      maintenance activities at all times


  Maintenance Procedures
  •    Maintenance, Surveillance and In-service
      Inspection in Nuclear Power Plants, Safety
      Standards Series No. NS-G-2.6, IAEA, Vienna
      (2002).




                                    2006 CMBG Conference
Test the Plant – Review physical status of the
     plant in conformity with design basis

Test the Plant – Review physical status of the plant in
  conformity with design basis
•   Maintenance, Surveillance and In-service Inspection
    in Nuclear Power Plants, Safety Standards Series
    No. NS-G-2.6, IAEA, Vienna (2002).




                                     2006 CMBG Conference
  Future plans on Configuration Management

• Extension of the RER project “Improvement of Design Basis and
  Configuration Management Documentation” (2007-2008)
  Same Objective:
   –   To improve the Documentation of the Design Basis of NPPs
   –   To improve the understanding of the interaction between the design basis documentation,
       Configuration Management and the safety and operation of the NPP .
  Same Participants:
  Armenia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Lithuania,
  Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine
• Workshops, Training courses under TC Country Projects
• Revision of the Safety Requirements NS-R-2 (to include CM)
• Safety Guide on Configuration Management ???




                                                               2006 CMBG Conference