Global_Vienna_theory

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					Global Vienna – Vienna:
global?

    Andrea Komlosy
    Gerhard Strohmeier
Vienna: Capital of Austria

 Vienna: Important part of Austrian history for a long
  time
 Changing manifestations of Austria:
     Roman Limes Provinces (1-5th c. AC)
     Frontier Province (Mark) (803-1156), 996 “Ostarrichi”
     Duchy (1156) – state sovereignty
     Regnum (1192-1699)
     World Empire (1516-1556)
     Continental Empire (1699-1918)
     Republic (1918-38, 1945ff)
 Often part of larger political units: Holy Roman
 Empire, German Confederation, Greater Germany,
 European Union
Conceptualizing Austria
1st: There is no natural geographical territory, defined Austrian.
2nd: Our perception starts from the territory of today's Austrian state
   (= Republic of Austria)
3rd: In history the Austrian state had different territories with
   changing boundaries, as well as in the history of the other
   successor states.
4th: There is no Austrian people in an ethnic sense; Austrian people
   are the people that belong to the respective state: +) subjects of
   the Duke, Archduke, King, Emperor or whatever; +) citizens of
   the Empire, Republic. The Austrian population consists of various
   ethnic groups (peoples), which form the nation.

 Political nation: Austrian
 Ethnic nation / peoples: German, Czech, Magyar, Croat, …
A global perspective… ?

   How do Viennese relate to and interact with the
    world? (a node in a network, centre of Europe, …)
   Viennese impacts on the world
   International/global impacts on Vienna
   Vienna: A “Global City”?

global history?
 Historical developments rooted and driven by inter-
  actions between actors from several world-regions:
  how do they impact local/regional/national
  developments, where and how do they meet/inter-
  mingle with specific domestic factors?
How shall we conceive “global”?

 Multi-layered understanding of relations across Austrian
  borders (changing in quality, quantity, significance,
  intensity, distance, and direction)


regional        Neighbour states and    Individuals and groups
                regions

continental     Other European states   Political, cultural, economic

transcontinental Non-European states    institutional
Inter-national or inter-regional?


 Shall  we include inter-regional
  relations into a global
  perspective?
 e.g. Core-periphery relations,
  inter-ethnic relations in Austria?
Vienna: a stage for global history

How do Capitals’ relations differ from inter-state
   relations? Are they representative for the country, or
   are they specific, condensed, exceptional and
   untypical?
Approaches:
a) Viennese history seen through interactions with
   other parts of the world
b) Viennese history as a reflection and expression of
   global history in the capital, respectively in Austria
   (Mark, Duchy, Empire, Republic)
A Global over-strech?

 If almost everything has global impacts, how
 to avoid global overstretch?
 Emphasizing on
   a) Influences, transfers, encounters and conflicts

   b) Integration and disintegration, association -
   dissociation, dominance - hegemony –
   dependency, that characterize all inter-relations.
Specific themes for a global history of
Vienna:
   Diplomacy, international relations
   International organizations, conferences
   Cultural transfers -> <
   Church and City
   Urban autonomy versus central state influence
   Economic relations
   Vienna’s role in the global economy
   Migrations -> <-
   Asylum and expulsion
   Self-perception and representation
Specific regions for a global history of
Vienna:
   Western Europe
   Eastern and south eastern Europe
   Ottoman Empire and Balkans
   Austrian – German relationship
   Relations with the successor states of the HM
   East-west relations and Neutrality
Vienna: A Global City?

„Global Cities“: geographic term by Saskia
  Sassen („Mega-Cities“, „World Cities“)
…important node in global economic system…
Sassen: … some 45 cities in the world …

Is Vienna a global city?
Global Cities

Some characteristics:
- Active influence in international politics and
  world affairs
- Fairly large population

- Multicultural population

- Cultural importance (Media, Arts)

- Important financial institutions, corporate
  headquarters
- Important traffic node