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					         HIGHLAND LITERACY PROJECT
                www.hvlc.org.uk/hlp




     Literacy across
       learning and
         subjects
A CPD package for use by secondary school staff
              and their partners



                                      Aug 2009
Literacy across learning and subjects

Introduction

The pack of CPD materials is based on a series of HMIe “Portrait” documents which
were published over a number of years. The main findings in each document have
been adapted where necessary to emphasise the literacy opportunities detailed in each
report.

The main aim of the package is to support staff to explore the literacy opportunities
which are naturally suited to their subject. This view of literacy in their subject can
then be compared and contrasted with opportunities in other subjects. The outcome
from this should be a better understanding and school agreement of what, where and
how each subject contributes to the development of literacy experiences and
outcomes.

These materials are designed to be used over a series of meetings. They can be used
with staff from a single subject department, with a number of departments or with key
staff from all departments in a school.


Using the resource

Activities are sequential and build on previous ones to develop a “portrait” of literacy
in each subject area.

Support materials should evolve to include additional contexts, exemplars and
illustrations based on staff responses to each activity. The Highland Literacy Team
would welcome revised versions which can be shared with others through our
website.

Subject areas covered by this resource are:
Physical Education
Modern Languages
History
Geography
Science
Business Education
English
Religious & Moral Education
Modern Studies
Technical Education
Home Economics

Notes for coordinators leading activities

Activity 1
This activity is designed to support staff to consider the range of contexts for
developing literacy skills in their subject. It starts by illustrating possible contexts


Highland Literacy Project                                             Coordinator‟s notes
for Physical Education. This list is neither prescriptive nor exhaustive and PE
specialists are welcome to amend and extend this list.

   1. If working with staff from more than one department, teachers should be
      grouped by subject. (If the subject team is big enough, split into groups of 3-
      4 people, with each group selecting a different pupil year group for the
      activity.)
   2. Provide one copy to each group of the HLP summary portrait sheet for PE as
      example (Handout 1) and explain purpose of activity.
   3. Give out one copy of the A3 sheet showing Literacy Criteria and blank
      columns. (included in Handout 2- will need to be enlarged)
   4. Ask staff to reflect on the PE exemplar, then work through the tasks detailed in
      handout 2. They should consider where in existing programmes for the
      chosen year group do they feel they already meet the literacy criteria. These
      are the contexts for supporting literacy in their subject for this particular year
      group.
   5. Where several departments are involved, the final table in handout 2 can be
      used to compare and contrast main opportunities for meeting literacy criteria.
      Each group is asked to note their subject against the main criteria which they
      have highlighted earlier in handout 2.
           Which criteria is well covered by a number of subjects?
           Is their any particular criterion which is only covered by one subject?
           For the year groups considered, which criteria are not covered at all?
           Implications for the department/faculty/school?


Activity 2

In this activity we are reflecting on the definition of “literacy” within a Curriculum for
Excellence. The aim of the activity is to support staff to make the connection between
this definition and the four capacities. By the end of the tasks, teachers should be able
to demonstrate how their subject uses literacy to help learners be more successful,
more responsible, etc.

   1. Read out the CfE definition of literacy: “Literacy is the set of skills which
      allows an individual to engage fully in society and in learning, through the
      different forms of language which society values and finds useful”
   2. Put more simply, we are thinking about Reading, writing, talking and
      listening.
   3. emphasise that structured talking and listening is a very high proportion of
      literacy especially in some subjects so teachers should not to underestimate the
      significance of talking and listening in developing the four capacities.
   4. Bearing this in mind we are going to go back to the four capacities to answer
      this question - What literacy skills do you need to be a successful learner or a
      confident individual etc?
   5. Give out blank A3 sheet [with capacities on it] and A4 example of History.
   6. After tasks, take feedback from 2 subject areas.




Highland Literacy Project                                            Coordinator‟s notes
Activity 3

Here we are asking teachers to reflect on what good literacy practice looks like in the
classroom.
    1. Pose the question - If you were observing someone else‟s lesson in your own
       subject- what would be the features of good practice that you would be
       looking out for?
    2. Give out sheet for own subject (or another suitable subject) with 2 columns –
       „features of good literacy practice‟ and „ACfE capacities‟. A3 versions
       usefully allow more space for adding to the left-hand column.
    3. Ask them in subject pairs or small groups to add to the examples in the left
       hand column given for each subject.
    4. Take feedback – 2 subject areas (different ones from previous two activities)
    5. How could the school‟s existing self-evaluation processes be used/adapted to
       support staff to focus in on literacy through classroom observations – whether
       they be peer or PT/SMT observations? Do existing observation sheets provide
       opportunities for teachers to reflect on literacy outcomes within their teaching?
       Discuss!


Activity 4

This activity is a short one designed to support staff consider how “standards in
literacy” might be shared across learning. Teacher expectations of literacy skills for
any pupil need to be consistently high across the subjects being taken by the learner.
Some young people are very good at doing the minimum required by a teacher – if
he/she can get away with it!

   1. Staff should be organised into cross-curricular/whole school groups.
   2. Give out updated reading for information booklet P7 – S3 and refer staff to
      page 28. This guidance is available from the HLP website. Alternatively,
      reproduce page 28 only and use for the task. However, do highlight this useful
      document!
   3. Look at 10 examples of how literacy expectations could be shared across
      subjects. Discuss what may be useful for your school.
   4. Highlight the dot green if you already do this (or similar), orange if you think
      it may be a possibility and could be discussed with staff, red if it is something
      that would not be useful in your school.
   5. What others ways to practitioners already use to “share the literacy standard”?
      Note these (and pass on to Literacy Team to enable the guidance to updated.


Activity 5

This final activity asks some key questions of participants and asks them to identify a
“next step” – either for their subject, faculty or school.

   1. Give each school a set of the generic questions – preferably printed on card.
   2. Ask them to put cards in order of how well they think their department already
      does each one.


Highland Literacy Project                                           Coordinator‟s notes
   3. Participants should work in small subject groups to arrange the cards from
      strengths on left hand side to developments on right hand side.
   4. From this, jot down the key ones that you think may form the next steps for
      the department/faculty/school.
   5. Gather the selected next step form each group. Compare and contrast. Are
      there any common themes arising which can be taken on board by a
      department, the school‟s literacy coordinators and/or learning and teaching
      group?




Highland Literacy Project                                       Coordinator‟s notes
                HIGHLAND LITERACY PROJECT
                            www.hvlc.org.uk/hlp




         Literacy across
           learning and
             subjects
                               Activity 1




                                                  Aug 2009


Highland Literacy Project                         Activity 1
           Handout 1: Literacy skills learners need to develop across the curriculum1

In developing my literacy skills:
 I communicate, collaborate and build relationships
 I learn to reflect on and explain my thinking
 I reflect on how well I am listening and talking, reading and writing. I respond
   to and act on feedback to help me improve and I provide sensitive and useful
   feedback to others
 I develop my understanding of how language works and what is special, vibrant
   and valuable about other languages and cultures and my own
 I engage with a rich range of texts in different media
 I explore the richness and diversity of language, how it can affect me and the wide
   range of ways in which I and others can be creative
 I appreciate the power of language to influence and bring about change
 I develop an understanding of relationships, motivations, ideas and actions
 I extend and enrich my vocabulary through listening, talking, watching and
   reading
 I take advantage of the opportunities offered by ICT.

(aspects in bold, highlight criteria well met through PE)

Possible contexts for highlighting literacy skills for Physical Education include:
Map reading in orienteering
Creating and describing movement sequences in dance
Use of video camera to describe and discuss and improve techniques
Setting of appropriate goals and targets to improve performance (discussing and
recording)
Dance, gymnastics, individual, team, fitness and water-based experiences
Greater independence in both thought and action in Higher course work
Plan and analyse performance in a systematic way
Outdoor learning
Setting of achievement and personal goals
Break and lunchtime opportunities in leading and supporting active play with younger
peers
Sports leadership programmes
Leading PE activities with primary school pupils
Directing the work of their group and reporting back to the class
Links with Active Schools Coordinator




1
    Literacy Across the Curriculum – a paper for practitioners

Highland Literacy Project                                                  Activity 1
Handout 2: Literacy skills learners need to develop across the curriculum2

Introduction
The literacy experiences and outcomes emphasise the skills which children and young
people need. The overarching experiences for literacy (below) are closely linked to
the four capacities. They can be used in each curriculum area and will help
practitioners to plan a wide range of learning activities. This will help to ensure that
the development of literacy is part of everyday classroom practice. These overarching
experiences are already an important feature of effective practice.

Overarching experiences
In developing my literacy skills:
 I communicate, collaborate and build relationships
 I learn to reflect on and explain my thinking
 I reflect on how well I am listening and talking, reading and writing. I respond to
   and act on feedback to help me improve and I provide sensitive and useful
   feedback to others
 I develop my understanding of how language works and what is special, vibrant
   and valuable about other languages and cultures and my own
 I engage with a rich range of texts in different media
 I explore the richness and diversity of language, how it can affect me and the wide
   range of ways in which I and others can be creative
 I appreciate the power of language to influence and bring about change
 I develop an understanding of relationships, motivations, ideas and actions
 I extend and enrich my vocabulary through listening, talking, watching and reading
 I take advantage of the opportunities offered by ICT.

Task 1
Reflecting on these overarching experiences, use a highlighter to mark those that are
most emphasised within your subject area.

Task 2
Using the highlighted aspects as a basis for reflection:
  consider a current year group
  focus in on a teaching unit
  note in the following table the contexts in which these literacy skills are
     specifically taught and/or used in learning

Task 3
Using the final table, with colleagues from another department, compare and contrast
opportunities to develop these literacy skills which learners need.
Consider:
   where the same overarching skills are a major aspect of both subjects
   where neither subjects picks up on any of these overarching skills
   where certain skills are used, but not taught… where are they taught elsewhere
     in the curriculum?




2
    Literacy Across the Curriculum – a paper for practitioners
Highland Literacy Project                                                     Activity 1
Year ___                                               Subject:__________________

Possible contexts for highlighting identified literacy skills include:




Highland Literacy Project                                                 Activity 1
Literacy criteria well met across subjects


In developing my literacy skills:            Subject   Subject   Subject    Subject
I communicate, collaborate and build
relationships
I learn to reflect on and explain my
thinking
I reflect on how well I am listening and
talking, reading and writing. I respond to
and act on feedback to help me improve
and I provide sensitive and useful
feedback to others
I develop my understanding of how
language works and what is special,
vibrant and valuable about other
languages and cultures and my own
I engage with a rich range of texts in
different media
I explore the richness and diversity of
language, how it can affect me and the
wide range of ways in which I and others
can be creative
I appreciate the power of language to
influence and bring about change
I develop an understanding of
relationships, motivations, ideas and
actions
I extend and enrich my vocabulary
through listening, talking, watching and
reading
I take advantage of the opportunities
offered by ICT.




Highland Literacy Project                                                  Activity 1
                HIGHLAND LITERACY PROJECT
                            www.hvlc.org.uk/hlp




         Literacy across
           learning and
             subjects
                               Activity 2




                                                  Aug 2009


Highland Literacy Project                         Activity 2
                     What literacy skills do pupils need in ………………………………….. [subject] to be…




                    Successful                                          Confident
                    Learners                                           Individuals




                     Responsible                                       Effective
                     Citizens                                          Contributors




Highland Literacy Project                               Activity 3
                                     What literacy skills do pupils need in HISTORY to be…

                              communicate their view                                                   express their views on
                              concisely and convincingly for            are aware                      historical questions,
                              a range of purposes                       of the                         including political, social
evaluate the
usefulness and                                                          nature of                      and cultural issues
validity of                                                             historical
evidence from a                                                         debate and
range of sources                                                        discussion
                                                   present              and respect
                                                   evidence and         the views                        show confidence and
access,
                      Successful                   express their        held by          Confident       competence in
                                                                        others                           expressing these views
evaluate              Learners                     views
                                                   effectively                          Individuals      and can justify them with
and                                                                                                      well founded evidence
synthesise                                         and clearly
evidence of
different
types, using
ICT where
appropriate

have an                                              have an            apply their                           communicate
awareness of                                         awareness of       knowledge                             effectively in
Scotland‟s                                           the values         and literacy                          a range of
past and it                                          and                skills to new                         circumstances
place in the                                         standpoints        situations
UK and the                                           held by others
world and              Responsible                   and are                            Effective
have an                                              prepared to
appreciation           Citizens                      take these                         Contributors     develop organisational
of issues                                            into account                                        skills ands perseverance in
related to                                           in                                                  managing their own work
community                                            establishing                                        and the work of others
and national                                         their own
identity                                             values and
                                                     views


  Highland Literacy Project                                           Activity 3
                HIGHLAND LITERACY PROJECT
                            www.hvlc.org.uk/hlp




         Literacy across
           learning and
             subjects
                               Activity 3




                                                  Aug 2009




Highland Literacy Project                         Activity 3
Features of good literacy practice in Business Education                     ACfE capacities
High expectations with regard to the length, detail and accuracy of          Successful learners:
pupils‟ answers                                                               achieve appropriate skill levels at
                                                                               each stage
Involve pupils in peer marking, self- and group-evaluation
                                                                              can justify and explain key ideas
Ensure pupils have opportunities to write at length                            and concepts orally
Ask questions which make learners think and require them to give              can make reasoned evaluations
extended answers                                                               and justify opinions based on
                                                                               carefully researched evidence
                                                                              can work collaboratively to solve
                                                                               problems concerning social and
                                                                               business challenges
                                                                              can access and successfully
                                                                               interpret a range of statistical data
                                                                               using ICT, where appropriate


Detailed and focused feedback which supports improvements in                 Confident individuals:
future work                                                                   are clear about what is expected
                                                                               of them within the classroom
Displays in departments giving recognition to pupils‟ achievements
                                                                              can express personal views on
Regular opportunities to work collaboratively in both small and                current economic and business
large groups                                                                   events both locally and nationally
Using an enterprise activity to reflect on the factors that contributed       engage effectively in class debates
to the financial success of the exercise and to the importance of              and can justify and explain their
marketing                                                                      decisions



Participate responsibly in the work of the class and show informed           Responsible citizens:
views on subject matter being taught or in discussions                        interpret financial and business
                                                                               data and translate the information
Take on organisational tasks including real life events and activities
                                                                               gained to the benefit of their local
in the school and community
                                                                               community
Demonstrate a “can do” attitude                                               are well informed about consumer
                                                                               matters and are able to use the
Take on roles that allow them to make full use of the skills and
                                                                               knowledge and skills they have
knowledge they have acquired within business education
                                                                               acquired to make informed
                                                                               decisions about financial choices
                                                                              engage with complex political,
                                                                               financial, economic and social
                                                                               issues relating to both he local and
                                                                               wider community



Asking pupils to share and justify their findings orally and                 Effective contributors:
encouraging others to challenge the views expressed                           work well with each other and
                                                                                teachers
Setting challenging and interesting tasks
                                                                              show they can take a lead in tasks
Opportunities to use ICT to develop their understanding of and                transfer the knowledge and skills
skills in financial techniques in relation to the role of parent, citizen,      acquired in the department and
consumer and worker                                                             apply them to their community
                                                                              show informed views on relevant
                                                                                topics and contribute to class and
                                                                                group discussions




Highland Literacy Project                                                                         Activity 3
Features of good literacy practice in English                           ACfE capacities
Sharing their work regularly with one another and commenting            Successful learners:
constructively on each others‟ work                                      can listen effectively to adults and
                                                                          each other
Well managed activities help children understand and develop their
communication skills                                                     can talk confidently about their
                                                                          feeling and opinions and defend a
Develop skills in information handling using ICT                          point of view
Pupils know how well they are doing in listening and talking             are skilled in researching
                                                                          information from a variety of
Teaching approaches are designed to ensure learners can use higher        sources
order language skills and critical thinking, including organising and    can use their skills in English to
summarising, supporting and justifying points of view and                 support their learning in other
modifying and redefining                                                  areas of the curriculum




Literacy skills are life skills which help learners broaden their       Confident individuals:
horizons and communicate effectively in increasingly varied and          communicate confidently when
demanding situations                                                      talking and writing, in a wide
                                                                          range of contexts
Pupils write regularly for a variety of purposes and real audiences
                                                                         listen attentively and respond
Teachers help pupils experiment with words, sentence structures,          constructively
styles and narrative voices                                              actively develop and apply their
                                                                          language skills across their
                                                                          learning
                                                                         are critical thinkers who can
                                                                          distinguish fact from opinion and
                                                                          are confident about justifying
                                                                          their own point of view




Learning is relevant to their own development and to contemporary       Responsible citizens:
issues for young people                                                  support others, for example by
                                                                          becoming writing buddies or
Research tasks help pupils to become skilled at finding information
                                                                          paired readers
from a variety of sources
                                                                         avoid plagiarism and
Pupils are challenged to discriminate between reliable, misleading        acknowledge sources
and biased information                                                   are open and responsive to the
Pupils take part regularly in class debates and group discussions on      ideas of others and respect others‟
a range of topical issues                                                 opinions




Well defined frameworks to ensure progression in listening and          Effective contributors:
talking, as well as reading and writing                                  have an ability to bring
                                                                           experiences from other areas of
Pupils have the confidence to contribute articulately and the skills
                                                                           the curriculum/life into their
to make contributions constructively
                                                                           English lessons
Connections across subject boundaries have been made                     have particular skills to offer
                                                                           alternative views without creating
                                                                           friction
                                                                         have the ability to follow a train
                                                                           of thought to a conclusion,
                                                                           bringing other members of the
                                                                           discussion along with them


Highland Literacy Project                                                                    Activity 3
Features of good literacy practice in Geography                      ACfE capacities
Effective use of textbooks, maps, posters, DVDs, etc                 Successful learners:
                                                                      gather relevant information from a
Evaluation of researched information and questioning of
                                                                       wide variety of sources, including
assumptions and perceptions of people and places
                                                                       first-hand evidence from research
Gather and interpret first-hand data and evidence                      in the field
                                                                      work collaboratively to complete
Web research and digital presentations
                                                                       investigative tasks, solve problems
Map interpretation                                                     and make reasoned evaluations
Statistical analysis                                                  collate and present information
                                                                       well, and express their findings
                                                                       and opinions concisely
                                                                      use ICT effectively to research,
                                                                       process, present and communicate
                                                                       the outcomes of their work


Investigations and research tasks                                    Confident individuals:
                                                                      express their views on
Role play and debates to develop and communicate views
                                                                       contemporary local, national and
Evaluation of each others‟ work and offering constructive feedback     global issues
                                                                      display competence and self-
Decision-making exercises/scenarios
                                                                       assurance in preparing their
                                                                       evidence and expressing their
                                                                       views
                                                                      discuss issues of global
                                                                       importance with assurance



Lead and organise Eco-school activities and presentations            Responsible citizens:
                                                                      have an awareness of Scotland‟s
Collaborative learning within themes
                                                                       geographical location and inter-
Communication skills required within a local study                     relationships with other countries
                                                                      understand the impact of humans
                                                                       on the landscapes in which they
                                                                       live, and the implications for
                                                                       sustainability
                                                                      use this knowledge to develop an
                                                                       ethical stance and promote greater
                                                                       awareness of environmental issues
                                                                       and conservation




Opportunities for research at greater depth in chosen topic          Effective contributors:
                                                                      apply their acquired knowledge
Enquiry and problem-solving skills in fieldwork
                                                                        and skills in new contexts to solve
Presentation of results                                                 problems
                                                                      communicate effectively through
Role play scenarios
                                                                        debate and discussion, in writing
Extended pieces of highly structured writing                            and through use of ICT
                                                                      participate and take leading roles
                                                                        in school councils, clubs and
                                                                        special interest groups




Highland Literacy Project                                                                Activity 3
Features of good literacy practice in History                          ACfE capacities
Being exposed to a good range of historical evidence, including        Successful learners:
some excellent visual sources                                           evaluate the usefulness and
                                                                         validity of evidence from a range
Systematically evaluate the usefulness of historical evidence
                                                                         of sources
through comparison and contrast between sources, including their
own prior knowledge                                                     communicate their view concisely
                                                                         and convincingly for a range of
Apply higher order skills in source evaluation including maps,           purposes
graphs, videos                                                          access, evaluate and synthesise
                                                                         evidence of different types, using
                                                                         ICT where appropriate
                                                                        present evidence and express their
                                                                         views effectively and clearly



Opportunities for debate and discussion in a range of contexts         Confident individuals:
                                                                        express their views on historical
Debates and discussions are carefully chosen to extend pupils‟
                                                                         questions, including political,
knowledge and understanding
                                                                         social and cultural issues
Opportunities for independent investigation and collaborative           show confidence and competence
learning                                                                 in expressing these views and can
                                                                         justify them with well founded
                                                                         evidence
                                                                        are aware of the nature of
                                                                         historical debate and discussion
                                                                         and respect the views held by
                                                                         others



Developing knowledge, understanding and skills which help them         Responsible citizens:
make sense of contemporary society                                      have an awareness of Scotland‟s
                                                                         past and it place in the UK and the
Ability to analyse situations from the perspective of individual and
                                                                         world and have an appreciation of
collective responsibility
                                                                         issues related to community and
Develop their own values and gain a broader awareness of the             national identity
views of others                                                         have an awareness of the values
                                                                         and standpoints held by others and
Broadening minds and exposing learners to new information
                                                                         are prepared to take these into
                                                                         account in establishing their own
                                                                         values and views




Opportunities to report to groups or the class on their findings       Effective contributors:
                                                                        communicate effectively in a
Engage in lively and productive debate
                                                                          range of circumstances
Engage in extended writing for clear historical purposes                develop organisational skills ands
                                                                          perseverance in managing their
Opportunities to plan their learning, think creatively and
                                                                          own work and the work of others
analytically and express personal viewpoints in relation to
challenging historical questions                                        apply their knowledge and
                                                                          literacy skills to new situations




Highland Literacy Project                                                                  Activity 3
Features of good literacy practice in Modern Languages                 ACfE capacities
Participation in a wide range of activities including games,           Successful learners:
storytelling, poems and songs                                           reflect on how they acquired and
                                                                         learned their first language and
Listening for information
                                                                         how this will help them learn
Reading to find and use information                                      others
                                                                        listen to and show understanding
Reading for enjoyment
                                                                         of language from a variety of
Writing to organise and use information                                  sources
                                                                        have knowledge of language
                                                                         structure that allows them to check
                                                                         the accuracy of his/her language
                                                                         use and create new language
                                                                        look something up if they have
                                                                         forgotten or don‟t know it




                                                                       Confident individuals:
                                                                        talk with others and deliver
                                                                         presentations in their new
                                                                         language
                                                                        listen to and respond to others in
                                                                         extended conversations that are
                                                                         less predictable
                                                                        write about experiences, feelings
                                                                         and opinions and offer reasons for
                                                                         having these viewpoints
                                                                        work independently and make
                                                                         choices about what they do




Read/watch and review news in appropriate modern language              Responsible citizens:
                                                                        have an awareness of life in
Produce leaflets on range of global themes including citizenship and
                                                                         another society and of the issues
sustainability education
                                                                         facing citizens in the countries
                                                                         where the language is spoken




                                                                       Effective contributors:
                                                                        establish and maintain contact
                                                                          with other speakers of the target
                                                                          language




Highland Literacy Project                                                                   Activity 3
Features of good literacy practice in Modern Studies                    ACfE capacities
Being engaged and challenged when taking part in meaningful and         Successful learners:
relevant, social and political debates                                   base reasoned evaluations and
                                                                          justifiable opinions on
Enhanced oral communication skills
                                                                          contemporary social and political
Evaluate the reliability and validity of statistical data and             evidence
information                                                              work collaboratively to solve
                                                                          problems concerning complex
Skills to interrogate data and access relevant information about
                                                                          social and political issues
current affairs
                                                                         access and interpret a range of
Recognise and explain bias and exaggeration in visual, written and        statistical date using ICT where
spoken sources                                                            appropriate
Work in groups to come to joint conclusions, based on evidence and
consensus
Make individual reasoned evaluations, make decisions and justify
opinions based on evidence.




Early engagement in political debate in school and local community      Confident individuals:
                                                                         express personal views on local
Group work in which pupils relate to others and become aware of
                                                                          and global society
their own actions and impact
                                                                         engage fully in decision making
                                                                          exercises
                                                                         participate in social and political
                                                                          debate and discussion in a positive
                                                                          and reasoned manner




Opportunities for active citizenship                                    Responsible citizens:
                                                                         engage with complex political,
Participation in mock elections and through discussing and debating
                                                                          social and economic issues in an
political issues with a range of outside speakers from political
                                                                          appropriate manner
parties, pressure groups and local authority services
                                                                         understand their own and others‟
Opportunities to explore current knowledge and understanding of           rights and responsibilities, and
contemporary political, social and economic world, and Scotland‟s         promote them appropriately
place in it


Participation in arrange of experiences such as charitable activities   Effective contributors:
or organisation of school council elections                              communicate well orally, in
                                                                           writing and using ICT
Contribute to class or group discussions through promoting the
skills of active learning and encouraging critical questioning           develop resilience and self-
                                                                           reliance through participation in
Participate actively in social and political life of the school            vibrant debate and discussion
Communicate to different audiences, perhaps across a group of
schools.




Highland Literacy Project                                                                    Activity 3
Features of good literacy practice in Physical Education             ACfE capacities
Performances by groups, teams and pairs of learners are enhanced     Successful learners:
when teachers arrange for participants to communicate purposefully    understand the effects of physical
with each other                                                        activity and exercise on their body
                                                                       and lifestyles
Learners use technology to improve their performances
                                                                      make reasoned evaluations of their
Learners make reasoned evaluations of their own and others‟            own health and well being
performance during the lesson                                         express themselves creatively
                                                                       within individual and group
                                                                       contexts
                                                                      set and review personal goals for
                                                                       achievement in health and well
                                                                       being


Opportunities to achieve in a wide range of different physical       Confident individuals:
activities and celebrate success                                      work independently and well with
                                                                       others
Extended opportunities for guided discovery, problem solving,
peer- and self-assessment and individualised learning                 reflect critically on a range of
                                                                       health issues and develop
Use of ICT to enrich learning                                          decision-making skills
Pupils direct their learning through discussion                       willingly grasp leadership
                                                                       opportunities




Appreciate and respect contributions made by others                  Responsible citizens:
                                                                      make informed choices and
                                                                       decisions about their involvement
Take part in the social, cultural and sporting life of the school      in physical education
                                                                      evaluate their own and others;
Observe and comment on other learners‟ performances with the aim
                                                                       contribution to team play and
of understanding features leading to high-quality performance
                                                                       performance
                                                                      can cooperate effectively with
                                                                       others to reach a successful
                                                                       outcome




Within their group, developing problem solving techniques as they    Effective contributors:
prepare strategies and solutions                                      can explore and describe feelings,
                                                                        attitudes, relationships and values
                                                                        in relation to health-related
                                                                        activities and interact well with
                                                                        others
                                                                      can participate positively with
                                                                        others in a range of health-
                                                                        enhancing activities,
                                                                        demonstrating initiative,
                                                                        leadership and problem solving
                                                                        abilities
                                                                      can contribute to the content of
                                                                        health and well-being
                                                                        programmes and how they are
                                                                        delivered



Highland Literacy Project                                                                 Activity 3
Features of good literacy practice in Religious & Moral                 ACfE capacities
Education
A wide range of activities, including very good use of ICT              Successful learners:
                                                                         are enthusiastic and motivated by
Reflection on own experience and that of religions of the world as
                                                                          insights and the challenge of
they develop their own beliefs, values and spirituality
                                                                          learning about religion and
Sharing learning through discussion and presentations and consider        morality
implications for own beliefs and values                                  can analysis and reflect on their
                                                                          own beliefs and values in relation
Take account of differing religious, moral and philosophical
                                                                          to learning about others
viewpoints when expressing their own opinions
                                                                         can develop informed personal
Use of a variety of questioning techniques to encourage deeper            opinions which they are able to
levels of thinking                                                        support with valid reasons
Teachers and pupils regularly engage in discussion and help each
other understand how to improve




Pupils are able to discuss and reflect on the questions religions and   Confident individuals:
society ask and the answers which religion give                          have a high level of self-esteem,
                                                                          respect for themselves and for
Pupils are confident about giving their views
                                                                          others
                                                                         are not afraid of ideas which
                                                                          might challenge their own beliefs
                                                                          and values
                                                                         can discuss and express ideas
                                                                          about a wide range of religious,
                                                                          moral and philosophical ideas
                                                                         make informed decisions and
                                                                          accept the consequences for
                                                                          themselves and others

Recognise the importance of diversity and equality through an           Responsible citizens:
understanding of beliefs and values of religions and other stances       encourage respect for all citizens
for living                                                                in society
Engage in learning experiences which promote equality and fairness       are eager to develop a high level
                                                                          of awareness of important global
Develop an awareness of global citizenship                                issues affecting humanity
                                                                         play an active part within their
                                                                          community


All contribute to the work of class                                     Effective contributors:
                                                                         are solution focused
Pupils play an active part in school and community life
                                                                         are creative thinkers who apply
Pupils develop skills of active listening and understand ways of           their learning to new situations
contributing                                                             make a positive contribution to
Pupils work collaboratively and consider how to improve society            the lives of others and are aware
                                                                           of the difference they make
All pupils are developing a range of communication skills, so that
they can contribute
Teachers & pupils regularly discuss and evaluate contributions and
reflect on impact they make




Highland Literacy Project                                                                   Activity 3
Features of good literacy practice in Science                          ACfE capacities
Developing knowledge, understanding and higher order skills            Successful learners:
focusing on outcomes to ensure coherence and progression in             provide explanations supported by
science                                                                  evidence and justifications
Developing practical investigation and inquiry skills within arrange    make reasoned evaluations based
of relevant and real life contexts with an appropriate emphasis on       on the strength of evidence
planning, collecting evidence, observing and measuring, recording        available
and presenting, and interpreting and evaluating                         apply knowledge to evidence from
                                                                         observations, experiments,
Choosing challenging topics to study in depth in open-ended              inquiries and investigations to
investigations and projects                                              formulate hypotheses, draw
                                                                         conclusions and make predictions
                                                                         and generalisations
                                                                        think creatively and independently
                                                                         by designing procedures and
                                                                         carrying out experiments to
                                                                         investigate and solve problems
                                                                        use science as a means of
                                                                         developing and using a range of
                                                                         skills in critical thinking as well as
                                                                         literacy, numeracy and ICT
Writing to express a point of view in science                          Confident individuals:
                                                                        relate to others and manage
Using scientific terminology accurately
                                                                         themselves by working on a wide
Providing evidence to support points being made                          range of science enquires,
                                                                         investigations and projects
Working as part of a team to discuss and reflect on ideas,
                                                                        achieve success in practical and
experiences and learning
                                                                         research tasks, problem solving,
Setting learning targets for a unit of work                              data analysis and evaluation,
                                                                         discussion and debate
                                                                        can express and justify their views
                                                                         on science-based issues of
                                                                         importance to society


Research tasks which help learners become skilled at finding and       Responsible citizens:
evaluating information from a variety of sources, including the         develop scientific values of
Internet                                                                 respect for evidence and the
                                                                         opinion of others, honesty in
Participation in field work, engagement with visiting speakers and
                                                                         collecting and presenting data and
work in industry
                                                                         openness to new ideas
Ethical debates and class discussions to develop informed, ethical      evaluate environmental, scientific
views of topical science issues                                          and technological issues, based on
                                                                         their knowledge, understanding
                                                                         and analysis of data
                                                                        develop informed, ethical views
                                                                         of complex scientific issues

Using open-ended questioning which encourages learners to think        Effective contributors:
about scientific concepts and acquire and practice the vocabulary       listen and respond to others and
and language of science                                                   build on others‟ suggestions and
                                                                          ideas
Undertaking specified group roles to ensure teams meet deadlines
                                                                        collaborate effectively in teams
Communicating results of investigations through presentations             during inquiry and investigation
                                                                          tasks and discussions
Developing written communication skills through scientific reports
                                                                        communicate effectively in a
                                                                          range of ways including orally
                                                                          and through scientific report
                                                                          writing


Highland Literacy Project                                                                   Activity 3
Features of good literacy practice in Technical Education            ACfE capacities
Tasks offer substantial choice and scope for personalisation of      Successful learners:
activities                                                            as designers and engineers, apply
                                                                       their increasing wide range of
Programme design includes deliberate strategies to meet the needs
                                                                       knowledge, understanding and
of all pupils
                                                                       intellectual skills
Learning and teaching approaches                                      have awareness of the
                                                                       technologies which form part of
Ethos encourages creativity
                                                                       daily life
                                                                      work effectively individually and
                                                                       in teams to observe, define and
                                                                       predict technological problems,
                                                                       and identify alternative solutions
                                                                      show creativity in applying design
                                                                       principles and ICT applications




Using the opening and conclusion of lessons to show learners how     Confident individuals:
they are progressing in attitudes, knowledge & understanding and      achieve progress with a minimum
skills                                                                 of teacher intervention
Pupils gain confidence from working in teams, solving real            respond well to new challenges or
technological problems and presenting their ideas and solutions to     questions about their tasks
different audiences                                                   seek innovative solutions which
                                                                       require them to go out-with their
                                                                       existing skills and knowledge




Apply practical and problem solving skills for the benefit of the    Responsible citizens:
school and wider community                                            are aware of the impact their
                                                                       actions, and those of others, have
Become informed consumers who can select the goods and services
                                                                       on the environment
they require
                                                                      seek proactively to find ways of
Promote active, responsible citizenship                                addressing needs in their
                                                                       community and more widely
Provide good contexts for core skills of numeracy, literacy, team
working, problem solving & ICT                                        recognise the importance of
                                                                       sustainability as a key factor in
                                                                       design and technology



Active, participative activities for all learners                    Effective contributors:
                                                                      listen carefully to problems being
Activities designed to ensure ideas and views are valued and
                                                                        described, reflect on these and
incorporated into chosen solutions
                                                                        identify contributions which they
Pupils see the career relevance of their learning, and the              and others might make to achieve
contribution they can make to successful businesses and                 a solution
local/national economies                                              work well individually and
                                                                        collectively, clear about their roles
                                                                        in an overall enterprise
                                                                      show creativity in tackling
                                                                        problems, and resilience in taking
                                                                        stock and attempting different
                                                                        approaches




Highland Literacy Project                                                                 Activity 3
Features of good literacy practice in Home Economics                   ACfE capacities
Staff have high expectations for listening, talking, reading and       Successful learners:
writing, based on their knowledge of pupils‟ literacy abilities         learn through practical activity and
                                                                          investigative approaches
Tasks are designed to meet the varying literacy needs of the
learners inc. higher-achieving                                          are able to access a range of relevant
                                                                          and motivating resources, including
Learning is set in stimulating contexts which show the relevance          multi-media and visiting speakers
of literacy in the subject, particularly in relation to vocational      take part in activities which help
opportunities                                                             them develop literacy skills through
Interdisciplinary projects & tasks help learners recognise literacy       enterprise and creativity
links across the curriculum                                             can understand the tasks set and can
                                                                          use their literacy skills well to take
Staff effectively use of questioning to check understanding, make         responsibility for their learning
children think and give extended answers                                enjoy working with others on
Regular discussion with children about their work provides                specific projects
constructive feedback and helps them know how to improve                talk knowledgeably about their work
                                                                          and the success they have achieved
Displays of pupils‟ work in departments, and across the school,        Confident individuals:
celebrate successes and promote the range of activities                 talk about their sense of
undertaken in the subject                                                 achievement from successfully
                                                                          applying literacy, practical and
Children are regularly involved in competitions to help develop
                                                                          organisational skills to tasks set in
their confidence and sense of achievement
                                                                          real life situations
                                                                        respond well when working well in
                                                                          pairs or groups, sharing roles and
                                                                          responsibilities
                                                                        are able to their literacy skills to
                                                                          work independently and have some
                                                                          choice in what they do
                                                                        propose innovative solutions to
                                                                          problems
Place strong emphasis on capabilities and attitudes in relation to     Responsible citizens:
environmental issues                                                    are aware of the impact their actions
                                                                          on others in their families and
Support literacy skills required to make informed choices and
                                                                          communities
appreciate their potential impact
                                                                        make sound judgements as
Involve young people in community activities which meet needs             consumers, appreciating the impact
of others                                                                 that developments in technology,
                                                                          materials and resources can have on
Young people can discuss roles and responsibilities – within
                                                                          their choices
families, the community and the workplace
                                                                        understand the importance of
Global citizenship links with schools abroad & charity                    respect for others
fundraising opportunities                                               show determination and resilience
                                                                          when working to tight timescales
                                                                          within practical activities
Programmes include strong focus on problem solving, using ICT          Effective contributors:
                                                                        make valuable contributions to pupil
Learners have good opportunities to work in teams and make
                                                                          council, health promoting working
effective contributions to the outcomes for the group
                                                                          groups, etc
Innovative solutions to problems are promoted                           take the initiative & show effective
                                                                          leadership skills
Teachers help learners see the relevance of their learning to future
working and personal lives                                              are attentive in class discussion,
                                                                          value the contribution of others, and
                                                                          propose useful ideas and solutions
                                                                        communicate ideas effectively to
                                                                          others, inc. through ICT




Highland Literacy Project                                                                     Activity 3
                HIGHLAND LITERACY PROJECT
                            www.hvlc.org.uk/hlp




         Literacy across
           learning and
             subjects
                               Activity 4




                                                  Aug 2009

Highland Literacy Project                         Activity 4
Reading for information P1 – S3, page 28

Expectations
Discussions and decisions need to be made across subjects to ensure that expectations
in reading/writing for information are both constant and consistently high. This will
include text to be used, presentation, punctuation and spelling.(see HLP spelling
booklet „spelling across the curriculum‟)

Ideas of how to do this may include
   Year display of reading/writing for information outside every subject. Samples
      of pupil‟s work will guide other teachers and will show the standard of work;
      expectations in content, presentation, spelling, punctuation etc. Display should
      be of an average collaborative lesson completed over a maximum of two periods
      and not done at home. This has proved to be very successful in standardising
      work. To illustrate the standard of text(s) used, displays should include a copy
      and/or a list of other sources. The displays need to change each term to show
      progression.
   Visiting each others‟ classes for observation. This is an excellent way of class
      teachers seeing expectations in terms of pupil independence, their ability to
      work collaboratively, texts used, tasks given and the pace of teaching and
      learning.
   Pupil Folders. These are carried by the pupils from class to class and contain
      samples of reading and writing for information from across the full range of
      subjects. Samples of the text used are included if appropriate e.g. if a
      multimodal text was used then it may just be listed.
   Sampling of work. Facility heads gather a sample of individual work from 6
      pupils of varying ability. The samples should be from the same 6 pupils in all
      subject areas. These are compared and consistency discussed. The results would
      be fed back at departmental meetings and strategies decided. This is a good
      exercise to do one per term for each year group.
   Facility heads visiting other departments for observation. Observation can be
      casual or part of the school‟s monitoring procedures. Observation of good
      teaching and learning is universal across all subjects.
   Two or more subject areas planning and working together on one topic (see
      previous page) allows for a standardised model of expectations.
   Subject teachers comparing the text they plan to use for reading for information
      in their own subjects. How do they compare? Are they of a similar standard in
      complexity, length? Is their a need for differentiation or are the pupils to be
      supported by working collaboratively?
   Staff across subjects discussing expectations for higher ability pupils – is this
      constant? How do they plan to challenge them?
   Staff across subjects agreeing on the level of independence expected from pupils
      with additional support needs. Is this constant? How can they develop these
      skills consistently across all subjects?
   Also staff discussing and agreeing on levels of independence for all pupils.

Other ways of sharing the literacy standard include




Highland Literacy Project                                                   Activity 4
                HIGHLAND LITERACY PROJECT
                            www.hvlc.org.uk/hlp




         Literacy across
           learning and
             subjects
                               Activity 5




                                                  Aug 2009


Highland Literacy Project                         Activity 5
How well do we…

use learning and teaching           give good feedback on
approaches which do more            how to improve their
than convey information?            literacy skills?




 develop higher order            encourage pupils to feel
  skills of communication          confident about
  such as expressing               expressing their views in
  opinion, offering                discussion, both with
  explanations or reaching         teachers and each
  conclusions based on             other?
  their evidence?

 support investigative work      opportunities for pupils
  which involves significant       to listen to, respect and
  degrees of personal
                                   respond constructively
  responsibility for
                                   to the views of others?
  identification of sources of
  information, organisation of
  tasks and materials and the
  formation of personal and
  group presentations?
 plan and pace courses to        provide meaningful
  allow time for debate            contexts for extended
  and discussion                   writing which takes
                                   account of each pupils’
                                   maturity and contextual
                                   knowledge?
How well do we…

 support lower attaining      demonstrate, discuss,
  pupils to structure their     evaluate and review
  extended writing?             progress as an important
                                feature of the lesson?



 support literacy skills      ensure that we provide
  from S1 required for          experiences which
  SQA qualifications            involve all pupils at all
                                times during the lesson?




 begin lessons with an        build on learners’ prior
  overview which shares         knowledge and literacy
  purposes and sets             skills to allow them to
  expectations?                 fully contribute
                                effectively in lessons?



 engage pupils in problem     ensure that we provide
  solving and collaborative     experiences which
  tasks?                        involve all pupils at all
                                times during the lesson?
 liaise with our associated o set high expectations
  primary schools to build     which stretch and
  on children’s literacy       extend their literacy
  experiences?                 skills?

 use questioning develop     effective use ICT to
  understanding, thinking      enhance literacy and
  and encourage                learning?
  discussion?
 gather young people’s       plan programmes and
  views of what works well     activities which ensure
  and what could be            that learners contribute
  improved?                    through listening,
                               talking, reading and
                               writing, and develop
                               confidence?
 provide opportunities for  highlight literacy skills
  learners to present          in our planning?
  results of investigations
  to their class or a wider
  audience?
 plan for learners to take  develop literacy skills
  part in regular discussion   that enable children to
  and debate about topical     make sound decisions as
  issues                       responsible consumers
                               and citizens?
 promote the role of HE      successfully enhance
  in development of            learners enjoyment of
  (literacy) skills and        learning and encourage
  knowledge important to       effective contributions
  future employment?           to the activities
                               involved?
    HIGHLAND LITERACY PROJECT
            www.hvlc.org.uk/hlp




 Literacy across
   learning and
     subjects
Appendix 1: Capacities through literacy




                                  Aug 2009
  EXAMPLE



                            What literacy skills do pupils need in BUSINESS EDUCATION to be…

                                                                                                                                  can express personal views
                                     can justify and explain key                       are clear                                  on current economic and
                                     ideas and concepts orally                         about what is                              business events both
                                                                                       expected of                                locally and nationally
                                                                                       them within
                                                                                       the classroom
                                                      can make reasoned
                                                      evaluations and justify
                                                      opinions based on carefully                                                   engage effectively in
can work
                       Successful                     researched evidence
                                                                                                                Confident           class debates and can
                                                                                                                                    justify and explain their
collaboratively        Learners                                                                                Individuals          decisions
to solve
problems                                            can access and successfully
concerning                                          interpret a range of statistical
social and                                          data using ICT, where
business                                            appropriate
challenges

                                                                                                                                         show they can take a
                                                    engage with complex                                                                  lead in tasks
                                                    political, financial, economic       work well with each
                                                    and social issues relating to        other and teachers
interpret
financial and                                       both he local and wider
business data                                       community
and translate                                                                                                                       transfer the knowledge and
the                     Responsible                                                                            Effective            skills acquired in the
                        Citizens                                                                               Contributors
information                                                                                                                         department and apply them
                                                      are well informed about
gained to the                                                                                                                       to their community
                                                      consumer matters and are
benefit of
                                                      able to use the knowledge
their local
                                                      and skills they have acquired
community                                                                                                                       show informed views on relevant
                                                      to make informed decisions
                                                      about financial choices                                                   topics and contribute to class and
                                                                                                                                group discussions

   Literacy is the set of skills which allows an individual to engage fully in society and in learning, through the different forms of language which society
                                                      values and finds useful” – ACfE definition of literacy.
  EXAMPLE



                                        What literacy skills do pupils need in ENGLISH to be…
                                                                                   listen
                                     can talk confidently about their              attentively                                    communicate confidently
                                     feeling and opinions and                      and respond                                    when talking and writing,
can listen                           defend a point of view                        constructively                                 in a wide range of contexts
effectively to
adults and each
other                                                  are skilled in            are critical
                                                       researching information   thinkers who
                                                       from a variety of         can distinguish                                    actively develop and
                       Successful                      sources                   fact from
                                                                                 opinion and are
                                                                                                           Confident                apply their language
                                                                                                                                    skills across their
                       Learners                     can use their skills in
                                                                                 confident about          Individuals               learning
                                                                                 justifying their
                                                    English to support their
                                                                                 own point of
                                                    learning in other areas of
                                                                                 view
                                                    the curriculum
                                                                                                                                        have an ability to bring
                                                                                                                                        experiences from other
                                                                                 have particular skills                                 areas of the
                                                                                 to offer alternative                                   curriculum/life into
                                                         support others, for                                                            their English lessons
                                                                                 views without
                                                         example by
                                                                                 creating friction
are open and                                             becoming writing
responsive to                                            buddies or paired
the ideas of                                             readers
others and
respect                 Responsible                                                                       Effective
others‟
opinions                Citizens                                                                          Contributors              have the ability to follow
                                                                                                                                    a train of thought to a
                                                      avoid plagiarism
                                                                                                                                    conclusion, bringing
                                                      and acknowledge
                                                                                                                                    other members of the
                                                      sources                                                                       discussion along with
                                                                                                                                    them


   Literacy is the set of skills which allows an individual to engage fully in society and in learning, through the different forms of language which society
                                                      values and finds useful” – ACfE definition of literacy.
  EXAMPLE



                                     What literacy skills do pupils need in GEOGRAPHY to be…
                                        gather relevant information
collate and                             from a wide variety of sources,                                                           display competence and
present                                                                             discuss issues                                self-assurance in preparing
                                        including first-hand evidence
information well,                                                                   of global                                     their evidence and
                                        from research in the field
and express their                                                                   importance                                    expressing their views
findings and                                                                        with
opinions                                                                            assurance
concisely
                                                    use ICT
                                                    effectively to                                                                  express their views on
work
                       Successful                   research,                                                    Confident          contemporary local,
                                                                                                                                    national and global
collaborative          Learners                     process, present
                                                    and                                                         Individuals         issues
ly to
complete                                            communicate
investigative                                       the outcomes of
tasks, solve                                        their work
problems and                                                                                                                            apply their acquired
make                                                                                                                                    knowledge and skills
reasoned                                                                                 participate and take
                                                                                                                                        in new contexts to
evaluations                                                                              leading roles in
                                                                                                                                        solve problems
                                                       understand the                    school councils,
                                                       impact of humans                  clubs and special
                                                       on the landscapes                 interest groups
have an
awareness of                                           in which they live,
Scotland‟s                                             and the
geographical                                           implications for
location and            Responsible                    sustainability                                           Effective
                                                       and…
                        Citizens                                                                                Contributors
inter-
                                                                                                                                    communicate effectively
relationships
                                                                                                                                    through debate and
with other
                                                                                                                                    discussion, in writing and
countries                                           … use this knowledge to develop                                                 through use of ICT
                                                    an ethical stance and promote
                                                    greater awareness of environmental
                                                    issues and conservation

   Literacy is the set of skills which allows an individual to engage fully in society and in learning, through the different forms of language which society
                                                      values and finds useful” – ACfE definition of literacy.
 EXAMPLE



                             What literacy skills do pupils need in MODERN LANGUAGES to be…
reflect on how
they acquired                                                                                                                    talk with others and deliver
                                    listen to and show                            listen to and                                  presentations in their new
and learned
                                    understanding of language                     respond to                                     language
their first
language and                        from a variety of sources                     others in
how this will                                                                     extended
                                                                                  conversations
help them learn
                                                                                  that are less
others
                                                                                  predictable

                        Successful                                                                     Confident                   work independently and
                                                                                                                                   make choices about what
                        Learners                                                                      Individuals                  they do


                                                  have knowledge of language
                                                  structure that allows them to
                                                  check the accuracy of his/her
                                                  language use and create new                                                  write about experiences,
                                                  language                                                                     feelings and opinions
 look something up if
                                                                                                                               and offer reasons for
 they have forgotten
                                                                                                                               having these viewpoints
 or don‟t know it


                                                    have an awareness
                                                    of life in another
                        Responsible                 society and of the
                                                    issues facing
                                                                                                      Effective
                        Citizens                    citizens in the                                   Contributors                 establish and maintain
                                                    countries where                                                                contact with other speakers
                                                    the language is                                                                of the target language
                                                    spoken




  Literacy is the set of skills which allows an individual to engage fully in society and in learning, through the different forms of language which society
                                                     values and finds useful” – ACfE definition of literacy.
  EXAMPLE



                                  What literacy skills do pupils need in MODERN STUDIES to be…

                                                                                                                                  express personal views on
                         access and interpret a range of statistical date       engage fully                                      local and global society
                         using ICT where appropriate                            in decision
                                                                                making
                                                                                exercises


work
collaboratively                                                                                                                     participate in social and
to solve               Successful                       base reasoned                                   Confident                   political debate and
                                                        evaluations and                                                             discussion in a positive
problems
concerning             Learners                         justifiable opinions                           Individuals                  and reasoned manner
complex social                                          on contemporary
                                                        social and political
and political
                                                        evidence
issues


                                                                                                                                        communicate well
                                                                                                                                        orally, in writing and
                                                                                                                                        using ICT

engage with                                                 understand their
complex                                                     own and others‟
political,                                                  rights and
social and                                                  responsibilities,
economic                                                    and promote them
issues in an            Responsible                         appropriately                              Effective
appropriate
manner
                        Citizens                                                                       Contributors                 develop resilience and
                                                                                                                                    self-reliance through
                                                                                                                                    participation in vibrant
                                                                                                                                    debate and discussion




   Literacy is the set of skills which allows an individual to engage fully in society and in learning, through the different forms of language which society
                                                      values and finds useful” – ACfE definition of literacy.
  EXAMPLE



                             What literacy skills do pupils need in PHYSICAL EDUCATION to be…
                                     reflect on, and understand the
                                     effects of physical activity and                                                             work independently and
                                                                                willingly                                         well with others
set and review                       exercise on their body and
                                                                                grasp
personal goals                       lifestyles
                                                                                leadership
for achievement                                                                 opportunities
in health and
well being
                                                       express
                                                       themselves                                                                   reflect critically on a
make
                       Successful                      creatively                                          Confident                range of health issues
                                                                                                                                    and develop decision-
reasoned               Learners                        within
                                                       individual                                         Individuals               making skills
evaluations
of their own                                           and group
health and                                             contexts
well being
                                                                                                                                        can participate
                                                                                  can contribute to the                                 positively with others
                                                                                  content of health                                     in a range of health-
                                                                                  and well-being                                        enhancing activities,
                                                         evaluate their own       programmes and                                        demonstrating
                                                         and others;              how they are                                          initiative, leadership
                                                         contribution to          delivered                                             and problem solving
make
informed                                                 team play and                                                                  abilities
choices and                                              performance
decisions
about their             Responsible                                                                       Effective
                        Citizens                                                                          Contributors
involvement
                                                       can cooperate                                                                can explore and describe
in physical
                                                       effectively with                                                             feelings, attitudes,
education
                                                       others to reach a                                                            relationships and values in
                                                       successful                                                                   relation to health-related
                                                       outcome                                                                      activities and interact well
                                                                                                                                    with others


   Literacy is the set of skills which allows an individual to engage fully in society and in learning, through the different forms of language which society
                                                      values and finds useful” – ACfE definition of literacy.
  EXAMPLE



                                        What literacy skills do pupils need in HISTORY to be…

                                 communicate their view                                                                           express their views on
                                 concisely and convincingly for                   are aware                                       historical questions,
                                 a range of purposes                              of the                                          including political, social
evaluate the
usefulness and                                                                    nature of                                       and cultural issues
validity of                                                                       historical
evidence from a                                                                   debate and
range of sources                                                                  discussion
                                                      present                     and respect
                                                      evidence and                the views                                         show confidence and
access,
                       Successful                     express their               held by               Confident                   competence in
                                                                                  others                                            expressing these views
evaluate               Learners                       views
                                                      effectively                                      Individuals                  and can justify them with
and                                                                                                                                 well founded evidence
synthesise                                            and clearly
evidence of
different
types, using
ICT where
appropriate
                                                        have an
                                                        awareness of              apply their                                            communicate
have an                                                                           knowledge                                              effectively in
                                                        the values
awareness of                                                                      and literacy                                           a range of
                                                        and
Scotland‟s                                              standpoints               skills to new                                          circumstances
past and it                                             held by others            situations
place in the
                                                        and are
UK and the
world and               Responsible                     prepared to                                    Effective
                                                        take these
have an                 Citizens                        into account                                   Contributors                 develop organisational
appreciation                                            in                                                                          skills ands perseverance in
of issues                                               establishing                                                                managing their own work
related to                                                                                                                          and the work of others
                                                        their own
community
                                                        values and
and national
                                                        views
identity

   Literacy is the set of skills which allows an individual to engage fully in society and in learning, through the different forms of language which society
                                                      values and finds useful” – ACfE definition of literacy.
  EXAMPLE



                             What literacy skills do pupils need in PHYSICAL EDUCATION to be…
                                     reflect on, and understand the
                                     effects of physical activity and                                                             work independently and
                                                                                willingly                                         well with others
set and review                       exercise on their body and
                                                                                grasp
personal goals                       lifestyles
                                                                                leadership
for achievement                                                                 opportunities
in health and
well being
                                                       express
                                                       themselves                                                                   reflect critically on a
make
                       Successful                      creatively                                          Confident                range of health issues
                                                                                                                                    and develop decision-
reasoned               Learners                        within
                                                       individual                                         Individuals               making skills
evaluations
of their own                                           and group
health and                                             contexts
well being
                                                                                                                                        can participate
                                                                                  can contribute to the                                 positively with others
                                                                                  content of health                                     in a range of health-
                                                                                  and well-being                                        enhancing activities,
                                                         evaluate their own       programmes and                                        demonstrating
                                                         and others;              how they are                                          initiative, leadership
                                                         contribution to          delivered                                             and problem solving
make
informed                                                 team play and                                                                  abilities
choices and                                              performance
decisions
about their             Responsible                                                                       Effective
                        Citizens                                                                          Contributors
involvement
                                                       can cooperate                                                                can explore and describe
in physical
                                                       effectively with                                                             feelings, attitudes,
education
                                                       others to reach a                                                            relationships and values in
                                                       successful                                                                   relation to health-related
                                                       outcome                                                                      activities and interact well
                                                                                                                                    with others


   Literacy is the set of skills which allows an individual to engage fully in society and in learning, through the different forms of language which society
                                                      values and finds useful” – ACfE definition of literacy.
  EXAMPLE




use science as a
                                        What literacy skills do pupils need in SCIENCE to be…
means of
developing and                                                                                                                    relate to others and manage
using a range of                     provide explanations supported                   can express                                 themselves by working on
skills in critical                   by evidence and justifications                   and justify                                 a wide range of science
thinking as well                                                                      their views on                              enquires, investigations
as literacy,                                                                          science-based                               and projects
numeracy and                                                                          issues of
ICT                                                   make reasoned                   importance to
                                                      evaluations based on the        society
                                                      strength of evidence                                                          achieve success in
think creatively
                       Successful                     available
                                                                                                                Confident           practical and research
                                                                                                                                    tasks, problem solving,
and                    Learners                     apply knowledge to evidence                                Individuals          data analysis and
independently                                                                                                                       evaluation, discussion
                                                    from observations,
by designing                                                                                                                        and debate
procedures and                                      experiments, inquiries and
carrying out                                        investigations to formulate
                                                    hypotheses, draw conclusions
experiments to
                                                    and make predictions and
investigate and
                                                    generalisations                     collaborate
solve problems
                                                                                        effectively in teams
                                                                                                                                        listen and respond to
                                                       develop scientific values of     during inquiry and
                                                                                                                                        others and build on
                                                       respect for evidence and         investigation tasks
                                                                                        and discussions                                 others‟ suggestions
develop                                                the opinion of others,                                                           and ideas
informed,                                              honesty in collecting and
ethical views                                          presenting data and
of complex                                             openness to new ideas
scientific              Responsible                                                                            Effective
                        Citizens                                                                               Contributors
issues
                                                     evaluate environmental,                                                        communicate effectively in
                                                     scientific and technological                                                   a range of ways including
                                                     issues, based on their                                                         orally and through
                                                     knowledge, understanding                                                       scientific report writing
                                                     and analysis of data



   Literacy is the set of skills which allows an individual to engage fully in society and in learning, through the different forms of language which society
                                                      values and finds useful” – ACfE definition of literacy.
  EXAMPLE




as designers
                           What literacy skills do pupils need in TECHNICAL EDUCATION to be…
and engineers,
apply their                                                                                                                       achieve progress with a
increasing wide                                                                    seek                                           minimum of teacher
range of                                                                           innovative                                     intervention
knowledge,                                      have awareness of the
                                                                                   solutions
understanding                                   technologies which form
                                                                                   which require
and intellectual                                part of daily life                 them to go
skills                                                                             out-with their
                                                                                   existing skills
                                                                                   and                                              respond well to new
show creativity
                       Successful                                                  knowledge               Confident                challenges or
                                                                                                                                    questions about their
in applying            Learners                   work effectively individually                           Individuals               tasks
design
                                                  and in teams to observe,
principles and
ICT                                               define and predict
                                                  technological problems, and
applications
                                                  identify alternative solutions
                                                                                                                                        listen carefully to
                                                                                   show creativity in                                   problems being
                                                                                   tackling problems,                                   described, reflect on
                                                                                   and resilience in                                    these and identify
                                                      seek proactively             taking stock and                                     contributions which
                                                      to find ways of              attempting different                                 they and others might
                                                      addressing needs             approaches                                           make to achieve a
are aware of
the impact                                            in their                                                                          solution
their actions,                                        community and
and those of                                          more widely
others, have            Responsible                                                                       Effective
                        Citizens                                                                          Contributors
on the
                                                                                                                                    work well individually and
environment
                                                                                                                                    collectively, clear about
                                                   recognise the
                                                                                                                                    their roles in an overall
                                                   importance of
                                                                                                                                    enterprise
                                                   sustainability as a key
                                                   factor in design and
                                                   technology

   Literacy is the set of skills which allows an individual to engage fully in society and in learning, through the different forms of language which society
                                                      values and finds useful” – ACfE definition of literacy.
  EXAMPLE




    are able to
                                What literacy skills do pupils need in HOME ECONOMICS to be…
    access a
                           learn through practical
    range of                                                                                                                         respond well when
                           activity and
    relevant and                                             enjoy working with         are able to                                  working well in pairs or
    motivating             investigative approaches
                                                             others on specific         their literacy                               groups, sharing roles and
    resources,                                               projects                   skills to work                               responsibilities
    including                                                                           independently
    multi-media                                                                         and have some
    and visiting                                        take part in activities         choice in what
    speakers                                            which help them develop         they do
                                                        literacy skills through                                                        talk about their sense of
can understand
                       Successful                       enterprise and creativity
                                                                                                                       Confident       achievement from
                                                                                                                                       successfully applying
the tasks set          Learners                                                                                       Individuals      literacy, practical and
and can use                                                                                                                            organisational skills to
their literacy                                        talk knowledgeably about                                                         tasks set in real life
skills well to                                        their work and the success                                                       situations
take                                                  they have achieved                propose innovative
responsibility
                                                                                        solutions to
for their
                                                                                        problems
learning
                                                      make sound judgements as                                                             take the initiative &
                                                      consumers, appreciating the            communicate ideas                             show effective
                                                      impact that developments in            effectively to others,                        leadership skills
 are aware of                                                                               inc. through ICT
  the impact                                          technology, materials and
  their actions                                       resources can have on their
                                                      choices                                                                              make valuable
  on others in
                                                                                                                                           contributions to pupil
                        Responsible                                                                                   Effective
  their families
                                                                                                                                           council, health promoting
  and
                                                                                                                                           working groups, etc
  communities           Citizens                        show determination and resilience                             Contributors
                                                        when working to tight timescales
                                                        within practical activities                                                     are attentive in class discussion,
                                                                                                                                        value the contribution of others,
                                                              understand the importance of                                              and propose useful ideas and
                                                              respect for others                                                        solutions


   Literacy is the set of skills which allows an individual to engage fully in society and in learning, through the different forms of language which society
                                                      values and finds useful” – ACfE definition of literacy.
   HIGHLAND LITERACY PROJECT
          www.hvlc.org.uk/hlp




Literacy across
  learning and
    subjects
Appendix 2: Subject summary sheets




                                May 2009
A literacy portrait of Business Education3

Features of good literacy              ACfE capacities                       Literacy criteria                Possible contexts                Key Questions
practice
High expectations with regard to       Successful learners:                  In developing my literacy        Enterprise themes                Where do we already (or
the length, detail and accuracy of      achieve appropriate skill levels    skills:                                                           need to):
                                                                                                              Citizenship and sustainability
pupils‟ answers                          at each stage                        I communicate, collaborate                                       take good account of
                                                                                                              education
Involve pupils in peer marking,         can justify and explain key ideas      and build relationships                                           learners‟ previous
self- and group-evaluation               and concepts orally                  I learn to reflect on and      Business links which endorse        experiences in primary
                                        can make reasoned evaluations          explain my thinking           the value the learning in           and S1/2?
Ensure pupils have opportunities         and justify opinions based on        I reflect on how well I am     business education as             show pupils how to
to write at length                       carefully researched evidence          listening and talking,        important life and vocational       improve the quality of
Ask questions which make                can work collaboratively to            reading and writing. I        skills                              their work prior to
                                         solve problems concerning              respond to and act on                                             submitting it for marking?
learners think and require them to                                                                            Presentation to class of
give extended answers                    social and business challenges         feedback to help me           research topic with “Q&A”
                                        can access and successfully            improve and I provide         session
                                         interpret a range of statistical       sensitive and useful
                                         data using ICT, where                  feedback to others
                                         appropriate                          I develop my
Detailed and focused feedback          Confident individuals:                   understanding of how                                           Where do we already (or
which supports improvements in          are clear about what is expected       language works and what is                                     need to):
future work                              of them within the classroom           special, vibrant and                                            support learners to work
Displays in departments giving          can express personal views on          valuable about other                                              independently?
recognition to pupils‟                   current economic and business          languages and cultures and                                      ensure tasks are
                                         events both locally and                my own                                                            differentiated and set at
achievements
                                         nationally                           I engage with a rich range                                         appropriate levels to
Regular opportunities to work           engage effectively in class            of texts in different media                                       ensure success for all
collaboratively in both small and        debates and can justify and          I explore the richness and                                         learners?
large groups                             explain their decisions                diversity of language, how
                                                                                it can affect me and the
Using an enterprise activity to
                                                                                wide range of ways in
reflect on the factors that
                                                                                which I and others can be
contributed to the financial
                                                                                creative
success of the exercise and to the
                                                                              I appreciate the power of
importance of marketing
                                                                                language to influence and
Participate responsibly in the         Responsible citizens:                    bring about change            Produce an extended report       Where do we already (or
work of the class and show              interpret financial and business     I develop an understanding     that details ways in             need to):
informed views on subject matter         data and translate the                 of relationships,             organisations can raise money,    link activities and tasks to
                                         information gained to the              motivations, ideas and        pay for goods and services and      learners‟ other subjects

3
    Business Education – a portrait of current practice in Scottish secondary school (HMIe 2008)
Features of good literacy            ACfE capacities                        Literacy criteria                Possible contexts                 Key Questions
practice
being taught or in discussions         benefit of their local community       actions                        outline the advantages and          and real-life contexts
                                      are well informed about               I extend and enrich my         disadvantages of methods           provide opportunities for
Take on organisational tasks
                                       consumer matters and are able          vocabulary through             identified                          learners to relate to others
including real life events and
                                       to use the knowledge and skills        listening, talking, watching                                       through collaborative
activities in the school and                                                                                 Give an informed talk on the
                                       they have acquired to make             and reading                                                        activities or active
community                                                                                                    main sources of income and
                                       informed decisions about              I take advantage of the        expenditure within local and
                                                                                                                                                 citizenship?
Demonstrate a “can do” attitude        financial choices                      opportunities offered by       national government
                                      engage with complex political,         ICT.
Take on roles that allow them to
                                       financial, economic and social
make full use of the skills and
                                       issues relating to both he local
knowledge they have acquired
                                       and wider community
within business education
Asking pupils to share and justify   Effective contributors:                                                 Groups working together to        Where do we already (or
their findings orally and             work well with each other and                                         research the internet with each   need to):
encouraging others to challenge         teachers                                                             group extracting details of        structure activities to
the views expressed                   show they can take a lead in                                          flights, hotels, excursions and      encourage pupils to
                                        tasks                                                                prices relating to different         demonstrate their
Setting challenging and
interesting tasks                     transfer the knowledge and                                            European countries. Publish          different talents and
                                        skills acquired in the                                               as a holiday brochure.               roles?
Opportunities to use ICT to             department and apply them to                                         Contributing to the school         support pupils to
develop their understanding of          their community                                                                                           communicate in different
                                                                                                             website
and skills in financial techniques    show informed views on                                                                                     ways within the
in relation to the role of parent,      relevant topics and contribute to                                                                         classroom through
citizen, consumer and worker            class and group discussions                                                                               preparing wall displays,
                                                                                                                                                  presentations to class,
                                                                                                                                                  designing leaflets and
                                                                                                                                                  handouts for other pupils?
A literacy portrait of English4

Features of good literacy               ACfE capacities                        Literacy criteria                Possible contexts                Key Questions
practice
Sharing their work regularly with       Successful learners:                   In developing my literacy        Working in groups, review a      Where do we already (or
one another and commenting               can listen effectively to adults     skills:                          range of articles on “youth      need to):
constructively on each others‟            and each other                        I communicate, collaborate     crime”, collating a report and    give pupils enough time
work                                     can talk confidently about their        and build relationships       feeding back to other groups        to think and discuss issues
Well managed activities help              feeling and opinions and defend       I learn to reflect on and      Rehearse how to arrive at a
                                                                                                                                                    fully, to help them form
                                          a point of view                         explain my thinking                                               views and reach
children understand and develop                                                                                 well argued group response,
their communication skills               are skilled in researching            I reflect on how well I am     then apply skills in maths
                                                                                                                                                    decisions?
                                          information from a variety of           listening and talking,        problem solving, etc              ensure that pupils are able
Develop skills in information             sources                                 reading and writing. I                                            to explain their thinking
handling using ICT                       can use their skills in English to      respond to and act on         Using mp3 players, listen to        orally and in extended
                                          support their learning in other         feedback to help me           and comment upon audio texts        written responses?
Pupils know how well they are
doing in listening and talking            areas of the curriculum                 improve and I provide         Create own digital texts          support effective
                                                                                  sensitive and useful          combining original narrative        reference skills, note-
Teaching approaches are designed                                                  feedback to others                                                making and information
                                                                                                                with audio, graphics and video
to ensure learners can use higher                                               I develop my                                                       handling?
order language skills and critical                                                understanding of how          Supporting essay writing
thinking, including organising and                                                language works and what is    across other subjects
summarising, supporting and                                                       special, vibrant and          Leading role in school
justifying points of view and                                                     valuable about other          assemblies
modifying and redefining                                                          languages and cultures and
                                                                                  my own                        Involvement in school shows
                                                                                I engage with a rich range     Literacy skills required for
                                                                                  of texts in different media   work placements
                                                                                I explore the richness and
Literacy skills are life skills which   Confident individuals:                    diversity of language, how    Using knowledge of Scots         Where do we already (or
help learners broaden their              communicate confidently when            it can affect me and the      language to present own “Tam     need to):
horizons and communicate                  talking and writing, in a wide          wide range of ways in         O‟Shanter”                        ensure that pupils know
effectively in increasingly varied        range of contexts                       which I and others can be                                         clearly what skills they
                                                                                                                Making books/leaflets for
and demanding situations                 listen attentively and respond          creative                      younger peers
                                                                                                                                                    have and how to use them
Pupils write regularly for a variety      constructively                        I appreciate the power of                                          effectively for different
of purposes and real audiences           actively develop and apply their        language to influence and     Paired reading tutors               purposes?
                                          language skills across their            bring about change                                              focus on the integrated
                                                                                                                Using ICT to publish own
Teachers help pupils experiment           learning                              I develop an understanding     writing
                                                                                                                                                    development of langauag
with words, sentence structures,         are critical thinkers who can           of relationships,                                                 skills (rather than
styles and narrative voices               distinguish fact from opinion           motivations, ideas and        Drama performances                  prepareing pupils for tests

4
    English – a portrait of current practice in Scottish secondary school (HMIe 2007)
Features of good literacy             ACfE capacities                        Literacy criteria                Possible contexts                Key Questions
practice
                                        and are confident about                actions                        Oral presentations                  or assessments)
                                        justifying their own point of         I extend and enrich my
                                        view                                   vocabulary through
Learning is relevant to their own     Responsible citizens:                    listening, talking, watching   Discursive writing on anti-      Where do we already (or
development and to contemporary        support others, for example by         and reading                    social behaviour orders,         need to):
issues for young people                 becoming writing buddies or           I take advantage of the        teenage obesity, size zero and    engage pupils in
                                        paired readers                         opportunities offered by       local issues                        reflecting on and
Research tasks help pupils to
become skilled at finding              avoid plagiarism and                   ICT.                                                               discussing topical issues,
                                        acknowledge sources                                                                                       and how are these related
information from a variety of
sources                                are open and responsive to the                                                                            to specific literacy and
                                        ideas of others and respect                                                                               communication skills?
Pupils are challenged to                others‟ opinions                                                                                        identify the particular
discriminate between reliable,                                                                                                                    literacy skills considered
misleading and biased information                                                                                                                 essential for responsible
                                                                                                                                                  citizens?
Pupils take part regularly in class
debates and group discussions on
a range of topical issues
Well defined frameworks to            Effective contributors:                                                 Group discussion for analysis    Where do we already (or
ensure progression in listening        have an ability to bring                                              of text                          need to):
and talking, as well as reading and      experiences from other areas of                                                                        ensure that all pupils
                                                                                                              Set searching questions on a
writing                                  the curriculum/life into their                                                                           contribute fully when
                                                                                                              selected text
                                         English lessons                                                                                          learning?
Pupils have the confidence to
contribute articulately and the        have particular skills to offer                                                                         identify opportunities for
skills to make contributions             alternative views without                                                                                pupils to contribute the
constructively                           creating friction                                                                                        knowledge and skills they
                                       have the ability to follow a train                                                                        bring with them from
Connections across subject               of thought to a conclusion,                                                                              home, hobbies and
boundaries have been made                bringing other members of the                                                                            interests and other
                                         discussion along with them                                                                               curriculum areas?
                                                                                                                                                help pupils develop the
                                                                                                                                                  confidence and breadth of
                                                                                                                                                  knowledge about how
                                                                                                                                                  language works so they
                                                                                                                                                  become skilful,
                                                                                                                                                  independent
                                                                                                                                                  communicators across the
                                                                                                                                                  curriculum?
A literacy portrait of Geography5

Features of good literacy              ACfE capacities                      Literacy criteria                Possible contexts                  Key Questions
practice
Effective use of textbooks, maps,      Successful learners:                 In developing my literacy        Map reading and interpretation     Where do we already (or
posters, DVDs, etc                      gather relevant information        skills:                                                             need to):
                                                                                                             External visits
                                         from a wide variety of sources,     I communicate, collaborate                                         build on didactic delivery
Evaluation of researched
                                         including first-hand evidence         and build relationships       Fieldwork activities                  of large amounts of
information and questioning of
assumptions and perceptions of
                                         from research in the field          I learn to reflect on and                                            information to give
                                                                                                             School links is less
people and places                       work collaboratively to               explain my thinking                                                 opportunities for pupils to
                                                                                                             economically developed
                                         complete investigative tasks,       I reflect on how well I am     countries including exchange
                                                                                                                                                   evaluate information?
Gather and interpret first-hand          solve problems and make               listening and talking,                                            ensure that pupils are
                                                                                                             visits
data and evidence                        reasoned evaluations                  reading and writing. I                                              aware of the relevance of
Web research and digital                collate and present information       respond to and act on                                               skills they have learned
                                         well, and express their findings      feedback to help me                                                 by applying them in other
presentations
                                         and opinions concisely                improve and I provide                                               contexts?
Map interpretation                      use ICT effectively to research,      sensitive and useful                                              offer a programme of
Statistical analysis                     process, present and                  feedback to others                                                  fieldwork activities which
                                         communicate the outcomes of         I develop my                                                         are planned
                                         their work                            understanding of how                                                progressively?
                                                                               language works and what is
                                                                               special, vibrant and
Investigations and research tasks      Confident individuals:                  valuable about other          Geography clubs                    Where do we already (or
                                        express their views on                languages and cultures and                                       need to):
Role play and debates to develop                                                                             Educational excursions/trips
                                         contemporary local, national          my own                                                            value contributions to
and communicate views
                                         and global issues                   I engage with a rich range     Visiting speakers from                discussions and debates to
Evaluation of each others‟ work         display competence and self-          of texts in different media   universities, aid organisations,      stimulate further learning?
and offering constructive                assurance in preparing their        I explore the richness and     etc                                 enable pupils to present
feedback                                 evidence and expressing their         diversity of language, how                                          the results of their
                                                                                                             Enterprising approaches to
                                         views                                 it can affect me and the                                            investigations to others in
Decision-making                                                                                              themes, e.g. location for a new
exercises/scenarios                     discuss issues of global              wide range of ways in         leisure development in the
                                                                                                                                                   the class, or to a wider
                                         importance with assurance             which I and others can be                                           audience?
                                                                                                             locality
                                                                               creative                                                          teach pupils to assess their
                                                                             I appreciate the power of                                            own and others‟ work and
                                                                               language to influence and                                           provide feedback to
                                                                               bring about change                                                  improve learning?
Lead and organise Eco-school           Responsible citizens:                 I develop an understanding     Studies of the local area          Where do we already (or
activities and presentations            have an awareness of                  of relationships,                                                need to):
                                                                                                             The developed and developing
                                         Scotland‟s geographical               motivations, ideas and                                            take a lead in sustainable

5
    Modern Studies – a portrait of current practice in Scottish secondary school (HMIe 2007)
Features of good literacy       ACfE capacities                      Literacy criteria                Possible contexts                Key Questions
practice
Collaborative learning within     location and inter-relationships     actions                        world                              development education
themes                            with other countries                I extend and enrich my                                            initiatives in our school?
                                                                                                      Use of natural resources and
                                 understand the impact of             vocabulary through                                               have an emphasis on
Communication skills required                                                                         associated impacts/tensions
                                  humans on the landscapes in          listening, talking, watching                                      developing environmental
within a local study
                                  which they live, and the             and reading                    Natural and man-made               issues at all stages?
                                  implications for sustainability     I take advantage of the        disasters                         work with other
                                 use this knowledge to develop        opportunities offered by                                          colleagues to ensure that
                                                                                                      Climate change and its effects
                                  an ethical stance and promote        ICT.                                                              pupils develop a balance
                                  greater awareness of                                                Contrasting lifestyles across      and planned overview of
                                  environmental issues and                                            the world                          environmental issues and
                                  conservation                                                                                           their impact on humanity?
                                                                                                      Reasons for social, economic
                                                                                                      and cultural differences
                                                                                                      Eco-schools and sustainability
                                                                                                      education
Opportunities for research at   Effective contributors:                                               Eco School committee             Where do we already (or
greater depth in chosen topic    apply their acquired knowledge                                      membership                       need to):
                                   and skills in new contexts to                                                                        engage pupils often
Enquiry and problem-solving                                                                           Planning inquires into new
                                   solve problems                                                                                         enough, and deeply
skills in fieldwork                                                                                   urban or industrial
                                 communicate effectively                                             developments
                                                                                                                                          enough, in discussion and
Presentation of results            through debate and discussion,                                                                         debate about
                                   in writing and through use of                                      Fundraising for identified          contemporary issues?
Role play scenarios
                                   ICT                                                                charities working in              encourage pupils to plan
Extended pieces of highly        participate and take leading                                        developing regions                  their own investigations
structured writing                 roles in school councils, clubs                                                                        and pursue their own
                                   and special interest groups                                                                            choice of topics in their
                                                                                                                                          research?
                                                                                                                                        provide help and guidance
                                                                                                                                          in developing pupils‟
                                                                                                                                          skills in extended writing
                                                                                                                                          for specific purposes?
A literacy portrait of History6

Features of good literacy              ACfE capacities                        Literacy criteria                Possible contexts   Key Questions
practice
Being exposed to a good range of       Successful learners:                   In developing my literacy                            Where do we already (or
historical evidence, including          evaluate the usefulness and          skills:                                              need to):
some excellent visual sources            validity of evidence from a           I communicate, collaborate                          use learning and teaching
                                         range of sources                        and build relationships                              approaches which do
Systematically evaluate the
usefulness of historical evidence       communicate their view                I learn to reflect on and                             more than convey
                                         concisely and convincingly for a        explain my thinking                                  information?
through comparison and contrast
between sources, including their         range of purposes                     I reflect on how well I am                          provide meaningful
own prior knowledge                     access, evaluate and synthesise         listening and talking,                               contexts for extended
                                         evidence of different types,            reading and writing. I                               writing which takes
Apply higher order skills in             using ICT where appropriate             respond to and act on                                account of each pupils‟
source evaluation including maps,       present evidence and express            feedback to help me                                  maturity and contextual
graphs, videos                           their views effectively and             improve and I provide                                knowledge?
                                         clearly                                 sensitive and useful                               support lower attaining
                                                                                 feedback to others                                   pupils to structure their
                                                                               I develop my                                          extended writing?
                                                                                 understanding of how                               promote effective use of
                                                                                 language works and what is                           ICT to access and present
                                                                                 special, vibrant and                                 information?
                                                                                 valuable about other                               develop higher order
                                                                                 languages and cultures and                           skills of communication
                                                                                 my own                                               e.g. expressing opinion,
                                                                               I engage with a rich range                            offering explanations or
                                                                                 of texts in different media                          reaching conclusions
                                                                               I explore the richness and                            based on their evidence?
Opportunities for debate and           Confident individuals:                    diversity of language, how                        Where do we already (or
discussion in a range of contexts       express their views on historical       it can affect me and the                          need to):
                                         questions, including political,         wide range of ways in                              encourage pupils to feel
Debates and discussions are
                                         social and cultural issues              which I and others can be                            confident about
carefully chosen to extend pupils‟
knowledge and understanding             show confidence and                     creative                                             expressing their views in
                                         competence in expressing these        I appreciate the power of                             discussion, both with
Opportunities for independent            views and can justify them with         language to influence and                            teachers and each other?
investigation and collaborative          well founded evidence                   bring about change                                 give good feedback on
learning                                are aware of the nature of            I develop an understanding                            how to improve their
                                         historical debate and discussion        of relationships,                                    literacy skills?
                                         and respect the views held by           motivations, ideas and                             opportunities for pupils to

6
    History – a portrait of current practice in Scottish secondary school (HMIe 2007)
Features of good literacy            ACfE capacities                        Literacy criteria                Possible contexts                  Key Questions
practice
                                        others                                actions                                                              listen to, respect and
                                                                             I extend and enrich my                                               respond constructively to
                                                                              vocabulary through                                                   the views of others?
Developing knowledge,                Responsible citizens:                    listening, talking, watching   Issues related to human rights,    Where do we already (or
understanding and skills which        have an awareness of                   and reading                    cultural diversity, political      need to):
help them make sense of                Scotland‟s past and it place in       I take advantage of the        processes and social pressures      offer progressively
contemporary society                   the UK and the world and have          opportunities offered by                                             demanding opportunities
                                                                                                             Application to modern
                                       an appreciation of issues related      ICT.                                                                 to debate and discuss
Ability to analyse situations from                                                                           parallels and circumstances
                                       to community and national                                                                                   historical issues and
the perspective of individual and
                                       identity                                                              Impact of heritage                    develop the confidence to
collective responsibility
                                      have an awareness of the values                                                                             express their own views?
                                                                                                             Impact of international issues
Develop their own values and           and standpoints held by others
                                                                                                             on local communities
gain a broader awareness of the        and are prepared to take these
views of others                        into account in establishing                                          Discussion of values and
                                       their own values and views                                            motivation of historical
Broadening minds and exposing
                                                                                                             characters
learners to new information
                                                                                                             Opportunities to debate and
                                                                                                             discuss political, social, moral
                                                                                                             and ethical issues in historical
                                                                                                             context
Opportunities to report to groups    Effective contributors:                                                 Advanced Higher dissertation       Where do we already (or
or the class on their findings        communicate effectively in a                                                                             need to):
                                        range of circumstances                                                                                   plan and pace courses to
Engage in lively and productive
debate                                develop organisational skills                                                                               allow time for debate and
                                        ands perseverance in managing                                                                              discussion
Engage in extended writing for          their own work and the work of                                                                           support investigative
clear historical purposes               others                                                                                                     work which involves
Opportunities to plan their           apply their knowledge and                                                                                   significant degrees of
                                        literacy skills to new situations                                                                          personal responsibility for
learning, think creatively and
                                                                                                                                                   identification of sources
analytically and express personal
                                                                                                                                                   of information,
viewpoints in relation to
                                                                                                                                                   organisation of tasks and
challenging historical questions
                                                                                                                                                   materials and the
                                                                                                                                                   formation of personal and
                                                                                                                                                   group presentations?
A literacy portrait of Modern Languages7

Features of good literacy          ACfE capacities                      Literacy criteria                Possible contexts               Key Questions
practice
Participation in a wide range of   Successful learners:                 In developing my literacy        Powerpoint presentations on     Where do we already (or
activities including games,         reflect on how they acquired       skills:                          cultural topics                 need to):
storytelling, poems and songs        and learned their first language    I communicate, collaborate                                      plan for learners to work
                                                                                                         School awards for European
                                     and how this will help them           and build relationships                                          together and communicate
Listening for information                                                                                citizenship
                                     learn others                        I learn to reflect on and                                         with each other in
Reading to find and use             listen to and show                    explain my thinking           Organising social programme        interesting and motivating
information                          understanding of language from      I reflect on how well I am     for foreign visitors               ways?
                                     a variety of sources                  listening and talking,                                         link language learning
Reading for enjoyment                                                                                    Learning and exploring use of
                                    have knowledge of language            reading and writing. I        number systems
                                                                                                                                            with progress in English?
Writing to organise and use          structure that allows them to         respond to and act on                                          provide sufficient support
information                          check the accuracy of his/her         feedback to help me                                              for lower attaining pupils
                                     language use and create new           improve and I provide                                            to succeed?
                                     language                              sensitive and useful
                                    look something up if they have        feedback to others
                                     forgotten or don‟t know it          I develop my
                                   Confident individuals:                  understanding of how          Production of drama sketch      Where do we already (or
                                    talk with others and deliver          language works and what is                                    need to):
                                                                                                         Production of storybook
                                     presentations in their new            special, vibrant and                                           provide opportunities for
                                     language                              valuable about other          Peer support for younger           learners to make creative
                                    listen to and respond to others       languages and cultures and    pupils                             use of language?
                                     in extended conversations that        my own                                                         ask questions which make
                                     are less predictable                I engage with a rich range                                        learners think and require
                                    write about experiences,              of texts in different media                                      them to give extended
                                     feelings and opinions and offer     I explore the richness and                                        answers?
                                     reasons for having these              diversity of language, how
                                     viewpoints                            it can affect me and the
                                    work independently and make           wide range of ways in
                                     choices about what they do            which I and others can be
Read/watch and review news in      Responsible citizens:                   creative                      Downloaded texts (adapted       Where do we already (or
appropriate modern language         have an awareness of life in        I appreciate the power of      where required) on global       need to):
                                     another society and of the            language to influence and     themes                           work with other
Produce leaflets on range of                                               bring about change
                                     issues facing citizens in the                                                                          colleagues to develop
global themes including                                                  I develop an understanding     Watching DVD clips of
                                     countries where the language is                                                                        cross-curricular projects
citizenship and sustainability                                             of relationships,             previous evening‟s news from
                                     spoken                                                                                                 relating to language and

7
 Modern Languages – a portrait of current practice in Scottish secondary school (HMIe Feb 2007)
Developing the four capacities: focusing on successful learners in primary schools (HMIe 2007)
Features of good literacy   ACfE capacities                        Literacy criteria                Possible contexts               Key Questions
practice
education                                                            motivations, ideas and         appropriate language channels      culture?
                                                                     actions                                                         engage pupils often
                                                                                                    “Pen friend” opportunities
                                                                    I extend and enrich my                                            enough, and deeply
                                                                     vocabulary through             Fair trade theme                   enough, in discussion and
                                                                     listening, talking, watching                                      debate about
                                                                                                    Major characteristics of
                                                                     and reading                                                       contemporary issues?
                                                                                                    countries who speak the
                                                                    I take advantage of the                                         encourage pupils to plan
                                                                                                    language
                                                                     opportunities offered by                                          their own investigations
                                                                     ICT.                                                              and pursue their own
                                                                                                                                       choice of topics in their
                                                                                                                                       research?
                            Effective contributors:                                                 Drama/play production           Where do we already (or
                             establish and maintain contact                                                                        need to):
                                                                                                    Text for school magazine
                               with other speakers of the target                                                                     provide help and guidance
                                                                                                    and/or website
                               language                                                                                                in developing pupils‟
                                                                                                    Use of multi-modal texts           skills in extended writing
                                                                                                                                       for specific purposes?
                                                                                                    Podcasting & blogging
A literacy portrait of Modern Studies8

Features of good literacy              ACfE capacities                      Literacy criteria                Possible contexts          Key Questions
practice
Being engaged and challenged           Successful learners:                 In developing my literacy        Social change              Where do we already (or
when taking part in meaningful          base reasoned evaluations and      skills:                                                     need to):
                                                                                                             Closure of local amenity
and relevant, social and political       justifiable opinions on             I communicate, collaborate                                 develop learners‟ critical
debates                                  contemporary social and               and build relationships                                     thinking skills beyond a
Enhanced oral communication
                                         political evidence                  I learn to reflect on and                                    basic evaluation of
skills                                  work collaboratively to solve         explain my thinking                                         evidence?
                                         problems concerning complex         I reflect on how well I am                                 enable learners to develop
Evaluate the reliability and             social and political issues           listening and talking,                                      higher order skills of
validity of statistical data and        access and interpret a range of       reading and writing. I                                      communication such as
information                              statistical date using ICT where      respond to and act on                                       expressing opinion,
                                         appropriate                           feedback to help me                                         offering explanations or
Skills to interrogate data and
                                                                               improve and I provide                                       justifying reasoned
access relevant information about
                                                                               sensitive and useful                                        argument, based on their
current affairs
                                                                               feedback to others                                          findings?
Recognise and explain bias and                                               I develop my                                               ensure lively, focused
exaggeration in visual, written and                                            understanding of how                                        debates and discussions
spoken sources                                                                 language works and what is                                  about topical social and
Work in groups to come to joint                                                special, vibrant and                                        political issues?
conclusions, based on evidence                                                 valuable about other                                      challenge all learners to
and consensus                                                                  languages and cultures and                                  give opinions and carry
                                                                               my own                                                      out challenging research
Make individual reasoned                                                     I engage with a rich range                                   and methods of enquiry?
evaluations, make decisions and                                                of texts in different media                               in role play and
justify opinions based on                                                    I explore the richness and                                   simulation exercises,
evidence.                                                                      diversity of language, how                                  ensure learners appreciate
                                                                               it can affect me and the                                    practical economic and
                                                                               wide range of ways in                                       political constraints when
                                                                               which I and others can be                                   making decisions?
Early engagement in political          Confident individuals:                  creative                                                 Where do we already (or
debate in school and local              express personal views on local     I appreciate the power of                                 need to):
community                                and global society                    language to influence and                                 encourage confidence in
Group work in which pupils relate       engage fully in decision making       bring about change                                          written communication
to others and become aware of            exercises                           I develop an understanding                                   and organised written
their own actions and impact            participate in social and             of relationships,                                           argument through regular
                                         political debate and discussion       motivations, ideas and                                      practice in essay and

8
    Modern Studies – a portrait of current practice in Scottish secondary school (HMIe 2006)
Features of good literacy              ACfE capacities                        Literacy criteria                Possible contexts                  Key Questions
practice
                                         in a positive and reasoned             actions                                                              report writing at an earlier
                                         manner                                I extend and enrich my                                               stage?
Opportunities for active               Responsible citizens:                    vocabulary through             Supporting aid charities and       Where do we already (or
citizenship                             engage with complex political,         listening, talking, watching   debating issues around aid         need to):
                                         social and economic issues in          and reading                    giving                              ensure that learners at all
Participation in mock elections
                                         an appropriate manner                 I take advantage of the                                              stages listen to and
and through discussing and                                                                                     Trips to local authority offices
debating political issues with a        understand their own and               opportunities offered by
                                                                                                               or Scottish Parliament
                                                                                                                                                     engage with outside
range of outside speakers from           others‟ rights and                     ICT.                                                                 speakers?
political parties, pressure groups       responsibilities, and promote                                         Writing to elected                  ensure that we use a wide
                                         them appropriately                                                    representatives about issues          range of resources which
and local authority services
                                                                                                               which affect them                     enable all learners to
Opportunities to explore current                                                                                                                     develop an understanding
                                                                                                               Presentations to Parent
knowledge and understanding of                                                                                                                       of the contemporary
                                                                                                               Council and other audiences
contemporary political, social and                                                                                                                   world, and their place in
economic world, and Scotland‟s                                                                                                                       it?
place in it
Participation in arrange of            Effective contributors:                                                 Mock scenarios to solve            Where do we already (or
experiences such as charitable          communicate well orally, in                                           complex global issues              need to):
activities or organisation of school      writing and using ICT                                                                                    provide extended project-
                                                                                                               Lobby the School Council
council elections                       develop resilience and self-                                                                                based tasks, problem
                                          reliance through participation in                                    Access the views of chair of          solving scenarios and
Contribute to class or group
                                          vibrant debate and discussion                                        education committee                   greater collaboration
discussions through promoting the
                                                                                                                                                     between learners to
skills of active learning and                                                                                  Organise fund raising events
                                                                                                                                                     support a broad range of
encouraging critical questioning                                                                               linked to learning
                                                                                                                                                     literacy skills?
Participate actively in social and                                                                             Organise debates and debating
political life of the school                                                                                   teams
Communicate to different
audiences, perhaps across a group
of schools.
A literacy portrait of Physical Education9

Features of good literacy              ACfE capacities                       Literacy criteria                Possible contexts                Key Questions
practice
Performances by groups, teams          Successful learners:                  In developing my literacy        Map reading in orienteering      Where do we already (or
and pairs of learners are enhanced      understand the effects of           skills:                                                           need to):
                                                                                                              Creating and describing
when teachers arrange for                physical activity and exercise on    I communicate, collaborate                                       support literacy skills
                                                                                                              movement sequences in dance
participants to communicate              their body and lifestyles              and build relationships                                           from S1 required for SQA
purposefully with each other            make reasoned evaluations of         I learn to reflect on and      Use of video camera to              qualifications
Learners use technology to               their own health and well being        explain my thinking           describe and discuss and          begin lessons with an
improve their performances              express themselves creatively        I reflect on how well I am     improve techniques                  overview which shares
                                         within individual and group            listening and talking,                                            purposes and sets
                                                                                                              Setting of appropriate goals
Learners make reasoned                   contexts                               reading and writing. I                                            expectations?
                                                                                                              and targets to improve
evaluations of their own and            set and review personal goals          respond to and act on         performance                       demonstrate, discuss,
others‟ performance during the           for achievement in health and          feedback to help me                                               evaluate and review
lesson                                   well being                             improve and I provide                                             progress as an important
                                                                                sensitive and useful                                              feature of the lesson?
                                                                                feedback to others                                              promote pupil thinking
                                                                              I develop my                                                       and understanding
                                                                                understanding of how                                              through open
                                                                                language works and what is                                        questioning?
Opportunities to achieve in a wide     Confident individuals:                   special, vibrant and          Dance, gymnastics, individual,   Where do we already (or
range of different physical             work independently and well            valuable about other          team, fitness and water-based    need to):
activities and celebrate success         with others                            languages and cultures and    experiences                       interact regularly with
Extended opportunities for guided       reflect critically on a range of       my own
                                                                                                              Greater independence in both
                                                                                                                                                  pupils to provide them
                                         health issues and develop            I engage with a rich range                                         with a clear idea about the
discovery, problem solving, peer-                                                                             thought and action in Higher
                                         decision-making skills                 of texts in different media                                       barriers to their learning
and self-assessment and                                                                                       course work
                                        willingly grasp leadership           I explore the richness and                                         and strategies to
individualised learning
                                         opportunities                          diversity of language, how    Plan and analyse performance        overcome them?
Use of ICT to enrich learning                                                   it can affect me and the      in a systematic way               ensure that we provide
                                                                                wide range of ways in                                             experiences which
Pupils direct their learning                                                                                  Outdoor learning
                                                                                which I and others can be                                         involve all pupils at all
through discussion
                                                                                creative                      Setting of achievement and          times during the lesson?
                                                                              I appreciate the power of      personal goals                    use ICT to enrich
                                                                                language to influence and                                         learners‟ confidence?
Appreciate and respect                 Responsible citizens:                    bring about change            Break and lunchtime              Where do we already (or
contributions made by others            make informed choices and            I develop an understanding     opportunities in leading and     need to):
                                         decisions about their                  of relationships,             supporting active play with       ensure that all young
                                         involvement in physical                motivations, ideas and                                            people can contribute to

9
    Physical Education – a portrait of current practice in Scottish secondary school (HMIe 2007)
Features of good literacy           ACfE capacities                         Literacy criteria                Possible contexts              Key Questions
practice
Take part in the social, cultural     education                               actions                        younger peers                     the wider sporting and
and sporting life of the school      evaluate their own and others;         I extend and enrich my                                           cultural aspects of school
                                      contribution to team play and           vocabulary through                                               and community?
Observe and comment on other
                                      performance                             listening, talking, watching
learners‟ performances with the
aim of understanding features        can cooperate effectively with          and reading
leading to high-quality               others to reach a successful           I take advantage of the
performance                           outcome                                 opportunities offered by
                                                                              ICT.




Within their group, developing      Effective contributors:                                                  Sports leadership programmes   Where do we already (or
problem solving techniques as        can explore and describe                                                                              need to):
                                                                                                             Leading PE activities with
they prepare strategies and            feelings, attitudes, relationships                                                                    build on learners‟ prior
                                                                                                             primary school pupils
solutions                              and values in relation to health-                                                                       knowledge and literacy
                                       related activities and interact                                       Directing the work of their       skills to allow them to
                                       well with others                                                      group and reporting back to       fully contribute
                                     can participate positively with                                        the class                         effectively in lessons?
                                       others in a range of health-
                                                                                                             Links with Active Schools
                                       enhancing activities,
                                                                                                             Coordinators
                                       demonstrating initiative,
                                       leadership and problem solving
                                       abilities
                                     can contribute to the content of
                                       health and well-being
                                       programmes and how they are
                                       delivered
A literacy portrait of Religious and Moral Education10

Features of good literacy              ACfE capacities                       Literacy criteria                 Possible contexts                  Key Questions
practice
A wide range of activities,            Successful learners:                  In developing my literacy         Religious artifacts, multi-        Where do we already (or
including very good use of ICT          are enthusiastic and motivated      skills:                           media materials, visitors, links   need to):
                                         by insights and the challenge of     I communicate, collaborate      with local faith communities        help learners to recognise
Reflection on own experience and
                                         learning about religion and            and build relationships                                              the (literacy) skills they
that of religions of the world as                                                                              Moral dilemmas scenarios
they develop their own beliefs,
                                         morality                             I learn to reflect on and                                             are developing along with
values and spirituality                 can analysis and reflect on their      explain my thinking            Medical ethics scenarios              knowledge and
                                         own beliefs and values in            I reflect on how well I am      Sustainable development
                                                                                                                                                     understanding?
Sharing learning through                 relation to learning about others      listening and talking,                                             encourage pupils to set
                                                                                                               scenarios
discussion and presentations and        can develop informed personal          reading and writing. I                                               high standards in debate
consider implications for own            opinions which they are able to        respond to and act on          Visits to places of worship           and discussion?
beliefs and values                       support with valid reasons             feedback to help me                                                set tasks which require
Take account of differing                                                       improve and I provide                                                challenging research or
religious, moral and philosophical                                              sensitive and useful                                                 methods of enquiry?
viewpoints when expressing their                                                feedback to others                                                 help learners to reflect on
own opinions                                                                  I develop my                                                          their learning, their
                                                                                understanding of how                                                 successes and their next
Use of a variety of questioning                                                 language works and what is                                           steps?
techniques to encourage deeper                                                  special, vibrant and
levels of thinking                                                              valuable about other
Teachers and pupils regularly                                                   languages and cultures and
engage in discussion and help                                                   my own
each other understand how to                                                  I engage with a rich range
improve                                                                         of texts in different media
                                                                              I explore the richness and
Pupils are able to discuss and         Confident individuals:                   diversity of language, how     Interviewing members of            Where do we already (or
reflect on the questions religions      have a high level of self-esteem,      it can affect me and the       different faith communities        need to):
and society ask and the answers          respect for themselves and for         wide range of ways in          and producing news articles         plan programmes and
which religion give                      others                                 which I and others can be      about their views on a rang of        teaching approaches
Pupils are confident about giving       are not afraid of ideas which          creative                       religious and moral views             which ensure that all
their views                              might challenge their own            I appreciate the power of       discussion and debate about
                                                                                                                                                     pupils contribute to the
                                         beliefs and values                     language to influence and                                            class and thereby gain
                                                                                                               controversial matters
                                        can discuss and express ideas          bring about change                                                   confidence?
                                         about a wide range of religious,     I develop an understanding      partnerships with communities       have well developed links
                                         moral and philosophical ideas          of relationships,              in other parts of the world           with organisations and
                                        make informed decisions and            motivations, ideas and         enterprise projects on
                                                                                                                                                     individuals in the wider

10
     Religious and Moral Education – a portrait of current practice in Scottish secondary school (HMIe 2007)
Features of good literacy             ACfE capacities                        Literacy criteria                Possible contexts              Key Questions
practice
                                         accept the consequences for           actions                        environmental issues or           school community who
                                         themselves and others                I extend and enrich my         poverty                           engage with our learners?
                                                                               vocabulary through
Recognise the importance of           Responsible citizens:                                                   anti-bullying campaign         Where do we already (or
                                                                               listening, talking, watching
diversity and equality through an      encourage respect for all                                                                            need to):
                                                                               and reading                    aid charities
understanding of beliefs and            citizens in society                                                                                   ensure that pupils have
                                                                              I take advantage of the
values of religions and other          are eager to develop a high            opportunities offered by
                                                                                                              moral debates on issues such      access to a wide range of
stances for living                      level of awareness of important                                       as war, poverty, aid,             up-to-date information
                                                                               ICT.
                                        global issues affecting                                               biotechnology and the             and viewpoints?
Engage in learning experiences
which promote equality and              humanity                                                              environment                     promote participation in
fairness                               play an active part within their                                      recycling activities
                                                                                                                                                projects, engagement with
                                        community                                                                                               faith groups and voluntary
Develop an awareness of global                                                                                promotion of fair trade           organisations?
citizenship                                                                                                   products                        enable pupils to develop
                                                                                                                                                the skills required to
                                                                                                                                                engage in discussion and
                                                                                                                                                debate to challenge
                                                                                                                                                beliefs and values?
All contribute to the work of class   Effective contributors:                                                 Involvement in religious       Where do we already (or
                                       are solution focused                                                  festivals and celebrations     need to):
Pupils play an active part in
                                       are creative thinkers who apply                                                                       build on learners‟ prior
school and community life                                                                                     working with visitors from
                                         their learning to new situations                                                                       knowledge and literacy
                                                                                                              external agencies
Pupils develop skills of active        make a positive contribution to                                                                         skills to allow them to
listening and understand ways of         the lives of others and are aware                                    create an audio-visual            fully contribute
contributing                             of the difference they make                                          presentation about                effectively in lessons?
                                                                                                              sectarianism                    engage pupils in problem
Pupils work collaboratively and
                                                                                                                                                solving and collaborative
consider how to improve society
                                                                                                                                                tasks?
All pupils are developing a range                                                                                                             challenge and support
of communication skills, so that                                                                                                                pupils‟ opinions and ideas
they can contribute                                                                                                                             and ideas
Teachers & pupils regularly
discuss and evaluate contributions
and reflect on impact they make
A literacy portrait of Science11

Features of good literacy              ACfE capacities                         Literacy criteria                Possible contexts                Key Questions
practice
Developing knowledge,                  Successful learners:                    In developing my literacy        Predicting the results of        Where do we already (or
understanding and higher order          provide explanations supported        skills:                          experiments                      need to):
skills focusing on outcomes to           by evidence and justifications         I communicate, collaborate                                       use questioning to
                                                                                                                Review and development of
ensure coherence and progression        make reasoned evaluations                and build relationships
                                                                                                                S1/S2 courses to increase the
                                                                                                                                                    promote thinking, develop
in science                               based on the strength of               I learn to reflect on and      range and variety of
                                                                                                                                                    understanding and require
                                         evidence available                       explain my thinking                                               learners to give reasons
Developing practical investigation                                                                              investigations
and inquiry skills within arrange       apply knowledge to evidence            I reflect on how well I am                                         for their answers?
of relevant and real life contexts       from observations, experiments,          listening and talking,        Making information posters on     provide sufficient
                                         inquiries and investigations to          reading and writing. I        new topics                          opportunities for learners
with an appropriate emphasis on
planning, collecting evidence,           formulate hypotheses, draw               respond to and act on                                             to create and develop
                                                                                                                Learning out-of-doors
observing and measuring,                 conclusions and make                     feedback to help me                                               experimental procedures
recording and presenting, and            predictions and generalisations          improve and I provide         Field trips                         and solve problems
interpreting and evaluating             think creatively and                     sensitive and useful          Visits to science centres and
                                                                                                                                                    (rather than set
                                         independently by designing               feedback to others                                                instructions)?
                                                                                                                local facilities
Choosing challenging topics to           procedures and carrying out            I develop my                                                     provide appropriate
study in depth in open-ended             experiments to investigate and           understanding of how          Working in school grounds           access to ICT to collect,
investigations and projects              solve problems                           language works and what is    and local environment projects      analyse and present
                                        use science as a means of                special, vibrant and          Using ICT to collect, analyse
                                                                                                                                                    scientific data?
                                         developing and using a range of          valuable about other          and present scientific data
                                         skills in critical thinking as well      languages and cultures and
                                         as literacy, numeracy and ICT            my own
Writing to express a point of view     Confident individuals:                   I engage with a rich range                                      Where do we already (or
in science                              relate to others and manage              of texts in different media                                    need to):
                                         themselves by working on a             I explore the richness and                                       develop independent
Using scientific terminology
                                         wide range of science enquires,          diversity of language, how                                        learning skills, self-
accurately
                                         investigations and projects              it can affect me and the                                          reliance and capacity to
Providing evidence to support           achieve success in practical and         wide range of ways in                                             manage own learning?
points being made                        research tasks, problem solving,         which I and others can be                                       encourage learners to
                                         data analysis and evaluation,            creative                                                          reflect on the impact of
Working as part of a team to
                                         discussion and debate                  I appreciate the power of                                          new evidence on their
discuss and reflect on ideas,
experiences and learning                can express and justify their            language to influence and                                         understanding and views?
                                         views on science-based issues            bring about change                                              ensure that learners know
Setting learning targets for a unit      of importance to society               I develop an understanding                                         clearly what skills they
of work                                                                           of relationships,                                                 have and how to use them
                                                                                  motivations, ideas and                                            for different purposes?

11
     Science – a portrait of current practice in Scottish secondary school (HMIe 2008)
Features of good literacy            ACfE capacities                       Literacy criteria                Possible contexts                Key Questions
practice
Research tasks which help            Responsible citizens:                   actions                                                         Where do we already (or
learners become skilled at finding    develop scientific values of         I extend and enrich my                                          need to):
and evaluating information from a      respect for evidence and the          vocabulary through                                               focus on areas of topical
variety of sources, including the      opinion of others, honesty in         listening, talking, watching                                       science?
Internet                               collecting and presenting data        and reading                                                      develop learners‟
Participation in field work,
                                       and openness to new ideas            I take advantage of the                                            responsibility in fieldwork
engagement with visiting speakers     evaluate environmental,               opportunities offered by                                           and projects?
and work in industry                   scientific and technological          ICT.                                                             plan for regular debates
                                       issues, based on their                                                                                   and discussions which
Ethical debates and class              knowledge, understanding and                                                                             interest and motivate
discussions to develop informed,       analysis of data                                                                                         them?
ethical views of topical science      develop informed, ethical views                                                                        help learners develop
issues                                 of complex scientific issues                                                                             arguments, opinions and
                                                                                                                                                viewpoints?
Using open-ended questioning         Effective contributors:                                                Science team challenges /        Where do we already (or
which encourages learners to          listen and respond to others and                                     Year Group Challenge             need to):
think about scientific concepts         build on others‟ suggestions and                                                                      develop group work skills
                                                                                                            Extended essay writing at
and acquire and practice the            ideas                                                                                                   and encourage learners to
                                                                                                            Higher and Advanced Higher
vocabulary and language of            collaborate effectively in teams                                                                         listen and build on others‟
science                                 during inquiry and investigation                                    Use of digital camera, digital      ideas?
Undertaking specified group roles       tasks and discussions                                               microscope, etc in                encourage learners to take
to ensure teams meet deadlines        communicate effectively in a                                         presentations                       the initiative and lead in
                                        range of ways including orally                                                                          developing strategies to
Communicating results of                and through scientific report                                                                           solve problems and
investigations through                  writing                                                                                                 challenges and design
presentations                                                                                                                                   practical investigations
                                                                                                                                                and experiments?
Developing written
communication skills through                                                                                                                  help learners apply
scientific reports                                                                                                                              critical thinking to reach
                                                                                                                                                conclusions based on
                                                                                                                                                reliable scientific
                                                                                                                                                evidence, and report their
                                                                                                                                                findings to others?
A literacy portrait of Technical Education12 (craft, design, engineering and graphics)

Features of good literacy               ACfE capacities                      Literacy criteria                Possible contexts           Key Questions
practice
Tasks offer substantial choice and      Successful learners:                 In developing my literacy        F1 in Schools Technology    Where do we already (or
scope for personalisation of             as designers and engineers,        skills:                          Challenge                   need to):
activities                                apply their increasing wide         I communicate, collaborate                                  develop learners‟
                                                                                                              CAD/CAM & CAG projects
                                          range of knowledge,                   and build relationships                                      awareness of technologies
Programme design includes
deliberate strategies to meet the
                                          understanding and intellectual      I learn to reflect on and      Card modelling                 in their immediate
                                          skills                                explain my thinking                                          environment?
needs of all pupils                                                                                           Clay modelling
                                         have awareness of the               I reflect on how well I am                                  raise learners‟ awareness
Learning and teaching approaches          technologies which form part of       listening and talking,                                       of how technologies
build on the enjoyment which              daily life                            reading and writing. I                                       affect them personally, in
most pupils find in designing and        work effectively individually         respond to and act on                                        their community and
making, emphasising real-life             and in teams to observe, define       feedback to help me                                          globally?
contexts and products and using           and predict technological             improve and I provide
ICT fully.                                problems, and identify                sensitive and useful
Ethos encourages creativity               alternative solutions                 feedback to others
                                         show creativity in applying         I develop my
                                          design principles and ICT             understanding of how
                                          applications                          language works and what is
Using the opening and conclusion        Confident individuals:                  special, vibrant and          Experimental construction   Where do we already (or
of lessons to show learners how          achieve progress with a               valuable about other          project                     need to):
they are progressing in attitudes,        minimum of teacher                    languages and cultures and                                 provide useful and
knowledge & understanding and             intervention                          my own                                                       substantial feedback
skills                                   respond well to new challenges      I engage with a rich range                                    which helps learners
                                          or questions about their tasks        of texts in different media                                  improve through clearly
Pupils gain confidence from
                                         seek innovative solutions which     I explore the richness and                                    identified steps to take?
working in teams, solving real
technological problems and                require them to go out-with           diversity of language, how                                 use homework effectively
presenting their ideas and                their existing skills and             it can affect me and the                                     to increase learners‟
                                          knowledge                             wide range of ways in                                        confidence?
solutions to different audiences
                                                                                which I and others can be
Apply practical and problem             Responsible citizens:                   creative                      Use of scarce resources     Where do we already (or
solving skills for the benefit of the    are aware of the impact their       I appreciate the power of                                  need to):
                                                                                                              Consumer skills
school and wider community                actions, and those of others,         language to influence and                                  encourage and exemplify
                                          have on the environment               bring about change                                           good practice in
Become informed consumers who
can select the goods and services        seek proactively to find ways of    I develop an understanding                                    researching information
                                          addressing needs in their             of relationships,                                            about technical and
they require
                                          community and more widely             motivations, ideas and                                       technological

12
     Technical Education – a portrait of current practice in Scottish secondary school (HMIe 2007)
Features of good literacy              ACfE capacities                        Literacy criteria                Possible contexts                Key Questions
practice
Promote active, responsible             recognise the importance of            actions                                                            developments?
citizenship                              sustainability as a key factor in     I extend and enrich my                                           equip our learners to
                                         design and technology                  vocabulary through                                                 exercise judgement in
Provide good contexts for core
                                                                                listening, talking, watching                                       complex social, economic
skills of numeracy, literacy, team
                                                                                and reading                                                        or environmental
working, problem solving & ICT
                                                                               I take advantage of the                                            contexts?
Active, participative activities for   Effective contributors:                  opportunities offered by       Solving a storage problem in a   Where do we already (or
all learners                            listen carefully to problems           ICT.                           bedroom                          need to):
                                          being described, reflect on these                                                                      help learners see how
Activities designed to ensure                                                                                  Designing an energy saving
                                          and identify contributions                                                                               experience in technical
ideas and views are valued and                                                                                 device
                                          which they and others might                                                                              education equips them as
incorporated into chosen solutions
                                          make to achieve a solution                                           Environmental pollution             householders, for leisure
Pupils see the career relevance of      work well individually and                                                                                activities and as informed
                                                                                                               Energy and resources
their learning, and the                   collectively, clear about their                                                                          consumers?
                                                                                                               conservation
contribution they can make to             roles in an overall enterprise
successful businesses and               show creativity in tackling                                           Medical technologies
local/national economies                  problems, and resilience in
                                          taking stock and attempting
                                          different approaches
A literacy portrait of Home Economics13

Features of good literacy              ACfE capacities                        Literacy criteria                Possible contexts                 Key Questions
practice
Staff have high expectations for       Successful learners:                   In developing my literacy        Outdoor cooking as part of        Where do we already (or
listening, talking, reading and         learn through practical activity     skills:                          forestry schools activity         need to):
writing, based on their knowledge        and investigative approaches          I communicate, collaborate                                        liaise with our associated
                                                                                                               Working with Tech Ed to
of pupils‟ literacy abilities           are able to access a range of           and build relationships                                            primary schools to build
                                                                                                               design and construct
Tasks are designed to meet the           relevant and motivating               I learn to reflect on and      gingerbread houses
                                                                                                                                                    on children‟s literacy
                                         resources, including multi-             explain my thinking                                                experiences?
varying literacy needs of the
learners inc. higher-achieving           media and visiting speakers           I reflect on how well I am     Food and Drink Challenge –         set high expectations
                                        take part in activities which help      listening and talking,        multidisciplinary approach           which stretch and extend
Learning is set in stimulating           them develop literacy skills            reading and writing. I                                             their literacy skills?
                                                                                                               Health and Well Being
contexts which show the                  through enterprise and creativity       respond to and act on         transition project with P7         use questioning to
relevance of literacy in the            can understand the tasks set and        feedback to help me           pupils                               develop understanding,
subject, particularly in relation to     can use their literacy skills well      improve and I provide                                              thinking and encourage
vocational opportunities                 to take responsibility for their        sensitive and useful                                               discussion?
Interdisciplinary projects & tasks       learning                                feedback to others                                               effective use ICT to
help learners recognise literacy        enjoy working with others on          I develop my                                                        enhance literacy and
links across the curriculum              specific projects                       understanding of how                                               learning?
                                        talk knowledgeably about their          language works and what is                                       gather young people‟s
Staff effectively use of                 work and the success they have          special, vibrant and                                               views of what works well
questioning to check                     achieved                                valuable about other                                               and what could be
understanding, make children                                                     languages and cultures and                                         improved?
think and give extended answers                                                  my own
Regular discussion with children                                               I engage with a rich range
about their work provides                                                        of texts in different media
constructive feedback and helps                                                I explore the richness and
them know how to improve                                                         diversity of language, how
                                                                                 it can affect me and the
Displays of pupils‟ work in            Confident individuals:                    wide range of ways in         Food development challenge        Where do we already (or
departments, and across the             talk about their sense of               which I and others can be                                       need to):
                                                                                                               S3 hospitality students acting
school, celebrate successes and          achievement from successfully           creative                                                         plan programmes and
                                                                                                               as peer tutors with S1 children
promote the range of activities          applying literacy, practical and      I appreciate the power of      to demonstrate and teach food
                                                                                                                                                    activities whicch ensure
undertaken in the subject                organisational skills to tasks set      language to influence and                                          that learners contribute
                                                                                                               preparation skills
                                         in real life situations                 bring about change                                                 through listening, talking,
Children are regularly involved in
competitions to help develop their      respond well when working             I develop an understanding                                          reading and writing, and
                                         well in pairs or groups, sharing        of relationships,                                                  develop confidence?
confidence and sense of
                                         roles and responsibilities                                                                               provide opportunities for

13
     Home Economics – a portrait of current practice in Scottish secondary school (HMIe 2009)
Features of good literacy             ACfE capacities                          Literacy criteria                Possible contexts                 Key Questions
practice
achievement                            are able to their literacy skills to     motivations, ideas and                                              learners to present results
                                        work independently and have              actions                                                             of investigations to their
                                        some choice in what they do             I extend and enrich my                                              class or a wider audience?
                                       propose innovative solutions to          vocabulary through                                                highlight literacy skills in
                                        problems                                 listening, talking, watching                                        our planning?
Place strong emphasis on              Responsible citizens:                      and reading                    Use of scarce resources           Where do we already (or
capabilities and attitudes in          are aware of the impact their           I take advantage of the                                          need to):
                                                                                                                Consumer skills
relation to environmental issues        actions on others in their               opportunities offered by                                          plan for learners to take
                                        families and communities                 ICT.                           School Health Group activities       part in regular discussion
Support literacy skills required to
make informed choices and              make sound judgements as                                                                                     and debate about topical
                                                                                                                Enterprise café initiative
                                        consumers, appreciating the                                                                                  issues
appreciate their potential impact
                                        impact that developments in                                             Topical debates on organic         develop literacy skills that
Involve young people in                 technology, materials and                                               foods, genetically modified          enable children to make
community activities which meet         resources can have on their                                             foods, tackling obesity,             sound decisions as
needs of others                         choices                                                                 technological development in         responsible consumers
Young people can discuss roles         understand the importance of                                            white goods                          and citizens?
and responsibilities – within           respect for others
families, the community and the        show determination and
workplace                               resilience when working to tight
                                        timescales within practical
Global citizenship links with           activities
schools abroad & charity
fundraising opportunities
Programmes include strong focus       Effective contributors:                                                   Membership of SNAG group          Where do we already (or
on problem solving, using ICT          make valuable contributions to                                          in school                         need to):
                                         pupil council, health promoting                                                                           promote the role of HE in
Learners have good opportunities                                                                                Range of enterprise activities
                                         working groups, etc                                                                                         development of (literacy)
to work in teams and make
effective contributions to the         take the initiative & show                                              Promotion of healthy lifestyles      skills and knowledge
                                         effective leadership skills                                            inc breakfast club                   important to future
outcomes for the group
                                       are attentive in class discussion,                                      Enterprise team challenges
                                                                                                                                                     employment?
Innovative solutions to problems         value the contribution of others,                                                                         successfully enhance
are promoted                             and propose useful ideas and                                                                                learners enjoyment of
                                         solutions                                                                                                   learning and encourage
Teachers help learners see the
relevance of their learning to         communicate ideas effectively                                                                                effective contributions to
                                         to others, inc. through ICT                                                                                 the activities involved?
future working and personal lives

				
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