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Age of Exploration Student notes

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									                                                Age of Exploration Student Notes
What do you notice about the dates? What do they overlap?




             This map was
         created in 300 BC by
                Ptolemy.
            It was the most
          accurate map of the
             world in 15th
              century AD




CAUSES FOR EXPLORATION

    1.     The _______________________ increased peoples curiosity.

    2.
           *Compass                    *Astrolabe           *sails                 *new maps

    3.     Spices
               a. Where/How had Europeans been introduced to spices?! ___________________________
               System of Trade PRIOR (                ) to exploration
                                                                                               Orient yourself: Star India,
                                                                                               Circle Middle East, Square
                                                                                               Europe, Diamond Italy

                                                                                                 Predict how the spice trade moved




                             Sold to                            Sold to                          Sold to         Spices come from
    What does the rest of Europe try to do to overcome the Middleman?!

                4.
                -Wealth and Opportunity

                5.            (Religion)
                **What religion did Christianity want to prevent from spreading (year: 1400). DON’T LET ME TRICK YOU!


                6. Glory
                -The chance to be a hero

Summary:
In list form, name the 6 causes for exploration




Where did the explorers want to get to?


                                    Who is the first country to lead the
                                    charge for exploration?


                                    ________________________




WHY?
Strong support from the government: Prince __________________________

         **He actually created a school of ___________________________
         What is the significance of this?!



How do YOU THINK you get from Europe to Asia by boat?


How did they actually get there? ________________________________

PORTUGAL’S EXPLORATION

1488: _______________ sailed around the

       _________________________________________________

         **They set up many trading posts along the coast of _________________________. This will have huge implications as the age
         of exploration continues….

1498: ___________________________ reached _____________________ (SUCCESS!!)

1519-1522 ___________________________________: First to sail around the world.
                                                                                             Goods were
                                                  Broke up
        Portugal
      reached Asia
SPAIN’S (SPANISH……CROWN OF CASTILE) EXPLORATION:

1492: _____________________________________ said he could reach Asia by sailing ________ instead of __________.
        **Look back at your Ptolemy map. Does that make sense?!

         He landed in _________________________________--claiming he had reached Asia—and claimed the land for ___________

         *Columbus took ________ journeys. Never once did he reach North America.

Effect of his voyage:

         A LOT of tension between ___________________ and ____________________________.

         Why?
                                                             Treaty of _______________________
Tensions between
                                                             Divided the undiscovered world between

                                                             West of the line=

                                                             East of the line=




SPAIN IN THE AMERICAS

         Spanish ____________________________

                  Came to the new world for ____________________________ (                                               )

                  They were the first settlers in the Americas?**

                             **LIE: Who set up the first settlement in the Americas!?

                                     Where?:

                  How can we reword that phrase to mean truth?

                  Set up __________________________________________

         What impact did they have on

                  Culture?


                  Religion?


                  Racial Blending?
DUTCH EXPLORATION: (Dutch refers to people of which country? ________________________)

1600: Dutch East Indian Trading Company

      **largest _____________________                                  ** Very powerful in Asia
ENGLISH EXPLORATION:

        English goes east:

        1600-England began to explore ____________________

                They created a company called the ____________________________________

        1700-England gains a foothold in ___________________.

        What do you know about this?   (PS—You should know a great deal about this……




        English goes west:

        Spain was concerned with __________ America (though they travel up). England is concerned with _____________ America

        1607: ________________________________

                Settlers escaping ______________________________ from England

        1754: England battles ________________ over control of North America


ATLANTIC SLAVE TRADE: Spans over _______ continents, ________centuries, and millions of people

Divided into two parts: ________________________ Atlantic Slave Trade and ____________________ Atlantic Slave trade

        First AST: Accounts for 3% of slave trade.

        1500s—Slaves needed by _________________________ for cheap labor in the Americas.
              **Why not native populations?

        Why were Africans a good choice?
               A. They were ____________________ to European disease

                B. They were _______________________________________

                C. They were less likely to ____________________________




COLUMBIAN EXCANGE:
         What is it?


         Why is it called the Columbian exchange? GUESS!



         Most important positive results:
                 America sent __________ and ________________ to the rest of the world (helped boost the _________________)

                 Europeans sent ______________________ and ______________________to America.
         Unintentional and negative results:

                  Disease! From Old World to New World: _____________________________

                           Result: __________________ of Native Americans died.

Answer these questions:

    1.   What was the role of religion in the Age of Exploration?


    2.   What was the role of spices in the Age of Exploration?
    3.   If you were in Europe: What does

     New World mean?                 Old World?                  Going East?                       Going West?



    4.   Who was the first to reach India (explorer and his country of origin)?


    5.   Who was the first to sail around the world?!


    6.   What was the Treaty of Tordesillas and how did it come to be?    (Do I sense an ID……..)




    6. Why did they begin to use African slaves as opposed to Native Americans in the New World.


    7.   Which 4 continents did the Atlantic Slave trade span?


    8.   What was the Columbian Exchange?


    9.   How is the Columbian Exchange different than the Atlantic Slave Trade?


    10. What unintended (and negative) consequence was there because of the Columbian Exchange?



MAKING SENSE…..We jump around a bit during this unit (it’s not so chronological) Use this timeline to help yourself organize our
events:

Atlantic Slave Trade-1500
Columbian Exchange Begins: 1492
Bartolomeu Dias sails around Africa: 1488
Vaso de Gama reaches India: 1498
Ferdinand Magellan circumvents the world : 1519-1522
Columbus reaches the Bahamas (first voyage): 1492
The Dutch East Indian Company is the largest sea power in the world: 1600
The British East India Company gains a foothold in India: 1700
Jamestown settlement is established: 1607
Fransisco Pizzaro conquers Peru: 1532
Hernan Cortez claims Mexico for the Spanish Crown: 1519
First Encomienda: 1503



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