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					A DETAILED GUIDE TO CAE


PA P E R 1 R E A D I N G


General Description                                              Task Types
                                                                 Multiple matching, multiple choice, gapped text.
Paper Format
The paper contains four parts. Each part contains a text and
                                                                 Task Focus
corresponding comprehension tasks. A text may consist of
several short pieces.                                            Understanding gist, main points, detail, text structure or
                                                                 specific information, deducing meaning or recognising
                                                                 opinion/attitude.
Number of Questions
Approximately 45.
                                                                 Answering
                                                                 For all parts of this paper, candidates indicate their answers
Length of Texts
                                                                 by shading the correct lozenges on an answer sheet.
3,000 words approximately overall; 450 – 1,200 words
approximately per text.
                                                                 Timing
                                                                 1 hour 15 minutes.
Text Types
From the following: newspapers, magazines, journals, non-
                                                                 Marks
literary books, leaflets, brochures, etc.
                                                                 One mark is given for each correct answer to the multiple-
From the following: informational, descriptive, narrative,       matching tasks; two marks are given for each correct answer
persuasive, opinion/comment, advice/instructional,               to the multiple-choice and gapped-text tasks.
imaginative/journalistic.




        Part        Task Type                       Number of   Task Format
                    and Focus                       Questions


         1        Multiple matching                    12–18    A text preceded by multiple-matching questions.
                  Main focus: specific                          Candidates must match a prompt from one list to a
                  information                                   prompt in another list, or match prompts to sections in
                                                                the text.


         2        Gapped text                          6 or 7   A text from which paragraphs have been removed and
                  Main focus: text structure                    placed in jumbled order after the text. Candidates must
                                                                decide from where in the text the paragraphs have been
                                                                removed.



         3        Multiple choice                       5–7     A text followed by four-option multiple-choice
                  Main focus: detail, gist,                     questions.
                  opinion/attitude

         4        Multiple matching                    12–22    As Part 1.
                  Main focus: specific
                  information




                                                                                                                       Page 9
P R E PA R I N G F O R PA P E R 1                                  Students should practise skimming and scanning texts,
                                                                   looking for sections of the text which are close in meaning to
                                                                   the wording of the questions. They should be discouraged
Introduction                                                       from selecting an answer solely on the basis of lexical
The Reading paper consists of four parts, tested by means of       proximity, however, since careful reading of a particular part
different types of task. The range of texts and task types         of the text is required to ensure an accurate match in terms
which appear on the Reading paper is intended to encourage         of meaning. Candidates need practice in doing multiple-
familiarity with texts from a range of sources, written for        matching tasks within a certain time-limit and without
different purposes and presented in different formats. The         recourse to a dictionary.
Reading paper aims to test skills which reflect the real-world
needs of learners/users of English at an advanced level, i.e.      Part 2, the gapped-text task, tests understanding of how texts
the ability to process large quantities of text in real time.      are structured and the ability to predict text development.
                                                                   The task requires candidates to select from a number of
The variety of sources used for texts on the Reading paper is      choices the paragraphs which fit the gaps in a text; only one
reflected in the contents of coursebooks and skills books          answer is correct in each case. The task consists of a single-
available for CAE students. Students should also be                page gapped text followed by the extracts from the text and
encouraged to read widely outside the classroom, for their         one extra paragraph which does not fit in any of the gaps.
own needs and interests.                                           Candidates should be trained to read the gapped text first in
                                                                   order to gain an overall idea of the structure and the
                                                                   meaning of the text, and to notice carefully the information
Task Focus and Format
                                                                   and ideas before and after each gap as well as throughout
The task formats included on the Reading paper indicate the        the whole of the gapped text. The way in which a text has
main purposes for reading.                                         been gapped may require the reader to consider large
                                                                   sections of the text, including more than one gap, in order to
Part 1 of the paper, the first multiple-matching task, tests the   reconstitute a particular part of the text. Candidates should
ability to locate particular information, including opinion or     be trained to consider the development of the text as a
attitude, by skimming and scanning a text. The task consists       whole, and not to focus on each gap separately. Sometimes
of one or two sets of questions followed by a single page of       candidates will need to choose carefully between two
text; the text may be continuous, or consist of a group of         extracts as possible answers and will need practice in
short texts or of a text divided into sections. Candidates are     making decisions about which is the most logical extract to
required to match the questions with the relevant                  fill the particular gap. Practice is needed in a wide range of
information from the text. Some of the options will be             linguistic devices which mark the logical and cohesive
correct for more than one question, and there may be more          development of a text, e.g. words and phrases indicating
than one correct answer to some questions; if so, the              time, cause and effect, contrasting arguments, pronouns,
instructions to candidates will indicate this. The range of        repetition, use of verb tenses.
possible answers may be presented in the form of a list of,
for example, names of people or places, titles of books or         Candidates should beware of approaching the gapped-text
films or types of occupation. The questions for the multiple-      task as an exercise requiring them merely to identify extracts
matching task are printed before the text so that the              from the text and sections in the text containing the same
candidate knows what to look for in the text. Where the text       words, including names and dates; the task is designed to
is made up of several sections or shorter texts, it can be         test understanding of the development of ideas, opinions,
helpful to skim the whole text before scanning it for the          events rather than the superficial recognition of individual
specific information required. Candidates should notice the        words.
particular wording of questions since these are intended to
lead the reader to specific information and to disregard           Part 3, the multiple-choice task, tests detailed understanding
irrelevant information. Candidates should practise scanning        of a text, including opinions and attitudes expressed in it.
texts for particular information required and not feel that        Candidates need to read the text closely in order to
they must read every word in the text.                             distinguish between, for example, apparently similar
                                                                   viewpoints, outcomes, reasons. The task consists of a single-
In preparing for Part 1 of the CAE Reading paper, candidates       page text followed by a number of questions; the questions
should practise reading the instructions carefully and             are presented in the same order as the information in the text
noticing the information provided in the instructions              so that candidates can follow the development of the text.
regarding the type of text, its content and the precise nature     The final question may depend on interpretation of the text
of the multiple-matching task. It can be helpful for students      as a whole, e.g. the writer’s purpose, attitude or opinion.
to underline key words in the questions as this helps when         Candidates should read each question very carefully, as well
trying to find the information in the text which provides the      as the four possible answers. The questions can be answered
answers.                                                           correctly only by close reference to the text.




 Page 10
Candidates should be encouraged to read the text before
reading the multiple-choice questions.

Preparation for the multiple-choice task should include
practice in reading a text quickly for a first overall
impression, followed by close reading of the text in order to
prevent any misunderstandings which may lead candidates
to choose an answer subsequently proved wrong.

Part 4 of the Reading paper complements Part 1; both are
multiple-matching tasks, testing candidates’ ability to locate
specific information in a text. The task usually requires
candidates to scan a two-page text; this may be continuous
or made up of a group of shorter texts or sections of text. The
advice on preparation for Part 1 also applies to
Part 4; in addition, candidates should be reminded to fold
out the second page of the text so that all the information is
available to them simultaneously.

When preparing for the examination, it is helpful for
candidates to spend time going through past papers. The
Reading paper has a standard structure and format so that
candidates will know, in general terms, what to expect in
each part of the paper. The number of questions within a
task may vary for different Reading tests.

It is important to familiarise candidates with the instructions
on the front page of the question paper, and for each part of
the test; candidates should also be familiar with the
technique of indicating their answers on the separate answer
sheet so that they can do this quickly and accurately. Some
candidates prefer to transfer their answers at the end of each
task rather than wait until the end of the examination, in
case they do not finish the paper.




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Page 12
                                                     Part 1
                                                                   Travel Companions
          Indicate your answers on the separate answer sheet.
                                                                      have this problem with                                                  the book itself. For instance, the
                                                                      guide books. I read too                                                 Caribbean Islands Handbook
                                                                      many hurriedly (usually on                                              from the dourly named Trade
                                                                      a plane) and then forget                                                and Travel Publications had also
                                                                      them and my debt to them.                                               accompanied me around the
                                                                When I’m travelling, I soon learn                                             Caribbean. This comes from the
                                                                I
                                                                which to reach for first (perhaps
                                                                the safest indicator of which is
                                                                                                                                              same stable as the South
                                                                                                                                              American Handbook, now in its
           Note:
                                                                best). But a few countries later I                                            70th edition, and widely held to
                                                                have forgotten perhaps not which I                                            be the greatest guide book of all
                                                                chose, but almost certainly why.                                              time.
                                                                Good ones are the kick-start for                                                  For erudition and encyclopedic
                                                                the experience, rather than the                                               scope, the South American
                                                                experience itself.                     Mark Ottaway looks at the best         volume is without equal. But,
                                                                   So, drawing up a shortlist of        travel guide books available          though not without a certain wry
                                                                the best guide book series seemed                                             humour (and on occasions
                                                                                                                                                                                           PA P E R 1 R E A D I N G S A M P L E PA P E R




                                                                a touch high-handed – especially           The Lonely Planets are             a barely suppressed joy at
                                                                when you add the vagaries of the       usually stronger east of Suez, and     unearthing arcane information),
                                                                series to the equation, for even       capture the sheer joy of travelling    one wishes it would allow itself
                                                                the best produces its share of         somewhat better. Neither objects       to be outrageously subjective
                                                                hopeless volumes.                      to the generalisation that the         once in a while. This probably
                                                                   What turned it into the confident   Rough Guides are travels by            explains why it was rarely the
                                                                work of minutes rather than days       writers, whereas their Australian      first I reached for. The Caribbean
                                                                of agonising was a simple and,         rivals are written by travellers.      is a place for colour and gut
                                                                once I had thought of it, obvious          To complain, as critics            reactions, rather than deadpan
                                                                test. All that was necessary was       occasionally have, that these          assessment.
                                                                to imagine I was going some-           guides are guilty of attracting too        The Michelin green guides are
                                                                where I knew absolutely nothing        many people to unspoiled spots,        good value and manage the
                                                                about and ask myself what guide        is to miss the point. It proves that   balancing act between opinion
                                                                books I would look at first. The       both series are good guide books.      and solid information to per-
                                                                efficacy of this ploy was such             The Rough Guide empire             fection. Michelin’s star system
                                                                that, when I asked a few other         emerged from unpromising be-           (from three for ‘worth the
                                                                people to do the same, it came as      ginnings. The very first one,          journey’ downwards) tells the
                                                                no surprise to find that we were       written 10 years ago, was the          newcomer to a region exactly
                                                                in almost total agreement.             book on Greece its young authors       what and where its priorities are,
                                                                   The first two were the easiest.     wanted, but couldn’t find. It had      and is the best aid to planning an
                                                                Without any question my first          many defects not worth dwelling        itinerary from scratch that I
                                                                stop would be the Lonely Planet        on now (the current edition is         know. There is nothing on
                                                                and the Rough Guide series. I          excellent), but for similar reasons    restaurants and hotels, of course,
                                                                couldn’t, and wouldn’t, choose         I was slow to appreciate the value     and the red guides with which the
                                                                between them in advance. There         of the Cadogan series. Its Greek       green mesh ingeniously, though
                                                                is more between titles within the      volume, by its most prolific           excellent works of reference in
                                                                series than there is between the       author, is widely admired. But I       their way, do not entirely fill
                                                                series themselves. If both             have rarely found it worth             the gap. Michelin is no good
                                                                covered my destinations (as they       consulting.                            on atmosphere – or people.
                                                                usually do), I would want them             It was not until a recent trawl    Personally, they interest me more
                                                                both in my hand luggage.               of Caribbean islands that I found      than buildings and museums.
                                                                   Both are practical and tell you     the Cadogan volume was the one             The future almost certainly
                                                                the things you really want to          I was reaching for first. It was the   lies with more graphically
                                                                know (such as where to get a           one which really captured the          adventurous guides. Among
                                                                good cheap meal, and the bus to        ‘feel’of the islands. It also had      those warranting honourable
                                                                your next destination). Both           reliable recommendations.              mention are the Access series on
                                                                started with the young backpacker          Further investigation revealed     American and European cities,
                                                                in mind, and both are now              the series to be the best-written of   with its user-friendly layout, and
                                                                broadening their target readership     all, with a record of bringing on      the stunning artwork of the new,
                                                                to include the more affluent 30-       promising young writers, as well       and few, Everyman guides,
                                                                plus reader.                           as capturing such established          which are literally a joy to hold.
                                                                   The Rough Guides, perhaps           stars as Michael Haag, whose           In this video age, it will no longer
                                                                the more even of the two series,       Egypt it has just published.           be enough to tell people how to
                                                                tend to be stronger on Europe and      Prague, New York, Portugal and         use the buses. You need to show
                                                                the cultural background, and the       Morocco are particularly good          them the ticket machines, too.
                                                                more obsessed with what is now         titles.
                                                                termed political correctness (yet          The best book for a
                                                                they rarely have anything to do        destination depends on the
                                                                with politics).                        destination and you, as well as on

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                                                            Part 2
                                                                                                                     A   He actually started toying with the team and        E   However, by the time they arrived, the
                                                                                                                         trying to gain attention. He would increase             dolphin had started to swim unsupported.
          For questions 18–23, choose which of the paragraphs A–G on page 5 fit into the numbered gaps in the
                                                                                                                         his heart rate and show distress so a team              The press picked up on the story and
          following magazine article. There is one extra paragraph which does not fit in any of the gaps. Indicate
                                                                                                                         member had to quickly suit up to check him              descended on the Sea Life Centre wanting
          your answers on the separate answer sheet.
                                                                                                                         over. But as the person entered the pool,               stories, pictures and any information they
                                                                                                                         his heart rate returned to normal.                      could get hold of. And they wanted a name.
                                                                                                                                                                                 Mark and the other team members had a
                                                                                                                                                                                 hasty think and came up with 'Muddy' – after
                                                                                                                     B   It is large but has only a small opening so,            all, it was found at Mudeford.
                                                                                                                         once in, getting out isn't easy. The boats at
                                                                                                                         the event would have panicked the creature
                                                                                                                         and it ended up beached, battered and               F   Now the battle to save its life could begin,
                                                                                                                         drained of energy.                                      but a transportation problem arose. How do
                                                                                                                                                                                 you get a grown dolphin back to the Sea Life
                                                                                                                                                                                 Centre without a vehicle big enough?
                                                                                                                     C   The story actually appeared in several
                                                                                                                         national newspapers as well as the local
                                                                                                                         press.    Publicity is very important for           G   The creature was so weakened by the
                                                                                                                         charities like the Marine Life Rescue,                  ordeal that it could not even keep itself afloat
                                                                                                                         providing precious exposure which pleases               and had to be walked in the tank to stop it
                                                                                                                         the sponsor companies and highlights the                from just sinking to the bottom and
                                                                                                                         team's work.                                            drowning. Most people can only walk a
                                                                                                                                                                                 dolphin for around 20 minutes to half an
                                                                                                                                                                                 hour. Holding a 150 kg animal away from
                                                                                                                     D   Luck then seemed to be on the team's side               your body and walking through water at sea
                                                                                                                         when a double-glazing van-driver stopped to             temperature saps your strength.
                                                                                                                         investigate. The driver offered his services
                                                                                                                         to transport the dolphin back to the Sea Life
                                                                                                                         Centre and a lady spectator gave the team a
                                                                                                                         brand new cooler box to store valuable
                                                                                                                         water to keep the dolphin moist.




                                                                                                                                     Remember to put your answers on the separate answer sheet.

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                   Part 3                    24 Why were there sometimes problems between Mackintosh and his clients?

                            On your answer       A    Mackintosh resented interference from his clients.
          sheet,                                 B    Clients refused to pay him in full for his work.
                                                 C    Mackintosh did not pay enough attention to detail.
                                                 D    Clients did not like the changes Mackintosh made.


                                             25 According to the writer, Mackintosh decided to enter the competition because

                                                 A    not many drawings had to be submitted.
                                                 B    no designs were required for furniture.
                                                 C    there was no need to worry about cost.
                                                 D    he had designed similar buildings before.


                                             26 What was significant about Mackintosh's entry for the competition?

                                                 A    It was considered to be ahead of its time.
                                                 B    It was based on architecture from Austria and Germany.
                                                 C    It changed the opinion of him in his own country.
                                                 D    It was the most attractive building he had designed.


                                             27 Mackintosh's original designs for the Art Lover's House

                                                 A    included areas intended for commercial use.
                                                 B    gave full information about the interior.
                                                 C    concentrated on external features.
                                                 D    were incomplete in certain respects.


                                             28 If Mackintosh could see the Art Lover's House now, the writer feels he would probably

                                                 A    think that it had cost too much.
                                                 B    wish he had completed his designs.
                                                 C    think it was an improvement on his design.
                                                 D    approve of Roxburgh's approach to building it.




                                                              Remember to put your answers on the separate answer sheet.



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                                                              Part 4



          Indicate your answers on the separate answer sheet.
            For questions 29 – 46, answer by choosing from the list of races (A – G).
            Some of the choices may be required more than once.

            Note: When more then one answer is required, these may be given In any order.




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Page 16
                                   WORLD’S TOP DISTANCE RACES
            We’ve scoured the globe to find the world's best distance events – and we’ve                                             E    THE MÉDOC AND GRAVES MARATHON                                   G    LONDON MARATHON
            found them, 7 races which you simply must run if you get the chance.                                                     It may not be the ideal race to set a world best in,                 Inspired by Chris Brasher’s trip to New York in
                                                                                                                                     but if it’s fun and frivolity you want throughout                    1980, the race has now surpassed its older
                                                                                                                                     your 42 kilometres, then Médoc has it in                             American cousin in numbers of applicants,
          A            SWISS ALPINE RACES                                      C            BOSTON MARATHON                          abundance. It features an extraordinary party in                     entrants and finishers. In 1994, with the finish
                                                                                                                                     the grounds of an ancient château, a route that                      moved from Westminster Bridge back down the
          This is as beautiful – and tortuous – as it sounds:                  Qualifying for Boston has become a goal for           cuts through the cloistered, manicured private                       Mall to the steps of Buckingham Palace, the
          the Swiss Alpine races take runners through                          runners everywhere. Arguably the world’s most         vineyards of the region, and the kind of                             number of finishers reached a historic high of
          verdant upland meadows and deep woods on                             famous marathon (now over 100 years old),             hospitality and atmosphere that no other event                       25,000.
          primitive running trails. Runners travel through                     Boston was known to sports fans decades               can match.                                                                 The now familiar flat-to-downhill course,
          tunnels, over high wooden bridges, up flights of                     before there was any such thing as a running               Fancy dress is the order of the day, with                       starting at Greenwich Park and on Blackheath
          steps and through mountain villages, with only                       boom. While the event has been modernised to          wide-eyed villagers turning out to cheer on                          Common and passing the Cutty Sark, the Tower
          yodelling spectators to break the silence.                           accommodate the financial realities of big-time       hordes of runners as they make their slow                            of London and the Houses of Parliament along
               Two of the three races (the 28-kilometre                        marathoning, Boston retains many of its charms        progress from the wine parishes of Pauillac,                         the way, packs in more history than a
          Landwasserlauf and the 67-kilometre ‘marathon’)                      and traditions from the old days. One is              St Estèphe, St Julien and Margaux. Finishers                         secondary-school textbook.
          begin benignly enough on a stadium track in                          the Monday noon start (Patriots Day in                get an open-air supper and take home a                                     Competition for places is intense, with the
          Davos (at 5,000 m), a centre for high-altitude                       Massachusetts) at Hopkinton's village green.          wooden-cased bottle of claret, a pendant cast as                     lottery for ‘open’ spots denting more than a few
          sports training in Europe. The mid-distance                               The Boston experience includes Hopkinton’s       a bunch of grapes and a knapsack to carry the                        British club runners’ ambitions. Not only is the
          Sertiglauf covers the last 39 kilometres of the                      crowded and frantic start, the deafening cheers       goodies in. Understandably, the French make up                       race the world’s biggest in numerical terms, it
          marathon course, providing runners with the                          from the women of Wellesley College, the reality      the lion’s share of the field, but although large                    also raises the most money for charity. Cartoon
          challenge of crossing the 3,000 m Sertig Pass.                       test of the Newton Hills (including, at 17 miles,     tour groups are discouraged, single competitors                      characters, charging rhinos and Zulu warriors all
               Founded as recently as 1986, the races                          the infamous Heartbreak Hill) and a downtown          or small independent groups are welcomed with                        find their way onto the start line, with thousands
          already attract more than 2,000 runners from                         Boston finish in front of thousands of spectators.    open arms. Apply early – it’s the most popular                       of pounds riding on their successful finish.
          over 20 countries to the south-eastern, German-                      Runners take over the city the weekend before,        marathon in France and always heavily over-
          speaking quadrant of Switzerland. A training                         with exhibitions, warm-up runs along the Charles      subscribed. But with all that for under a fiver, it’s
          camp, held the week before the race, includes                        River and famous-runner sightings among               not hard to understand why.
          alpine running and hiking in the mountains to                        the leading activities. Moderately demanding
          help runners to acclimatise to the altitude.                         qualifying standards limit the field to about 7,000
                                                                               and add prestige to the event.
                                                                                                                                     F    BOLDER BOULDER

          B    STRAMILANO 15KM & HALF-MARATHON                                                                                       Set in the Rocky Mountain foothills and with the
                                                                               D    NEW YORK CITY MARATHON                           presence of a core of élite athletes and a fitness-
          Italy’s electrifying Stramilano breaks the pattern                                                                         mad population, one of America’s largest 10-
          for road races by holding separate events in four                    The ‘big daddy’ of the modern big-city                kilometre races is a natural outgrowth of the
          classes of running. On the Saturday, thousands                       megamarathon, the New York traces its humble          Boulder Community. Few cities do a better job of
          of spectators jam the streets at the heart of the                    origins to a four-lap run around Central Park         giving 30,000 runners a memorable day without
          city of 1.7 million people to watch 200 élite men                    which took place in 1970, with 55 finishers.          losing them in the masses. Some 40 wave
          run a four-lap half-marathon. The next day's                         When the race went citywide in 1976, the world        starts, in which runners are grouped with those
          citizens’ 15-kilometre race draws a field of                         took notice, and the field has now ballooned to       of similar ability, ensure a smooth, uncrowded
          around 50,000 from 50 countries to trek from the                     nearly 30,000. Apply early for entry – more           course. The ‘citizen’ divisions begin first, so that
          Piazza Duomo (the square in front of Milan's                         runners are rejected than accepted through New        later everybody gets to watch separate fields of
          massive white marble cathedral, which dates                          York's lottery system.                                élite men and women sprint to the tape in the
          from 1386) to Arena Stadium. About 2,500 non-                             The race starts at the world’s largest           51,000-seat Folsom Field stadium.
          élite runners opt for a half-marathon that begins                    suspension bridge, the Verrazano Narrows,                   To take your mind off the gruelling nature of
          and ends in the stadium. Finally, there’s a                          and finishes among falling autumn leaves in           this hilly, mile-high course, there are entertainers
          6-kilometre junior fun run from the Piazza                           stately Central Park. The meandering point-to-        performing along the way, including belly
          Duomo to the stadium.                                                point course (with some hills) passes through         dancers, gymnasts and rock bands. There are
                Founded in 1972, Stramilano is one of the                      all five New York boroughs, giving runners            10 prizes for each age group, and all finishers
          best deals in international road racing. For the                     a rich sampling of the city's many ethnic             receive a certificate with their official time and
          equivalent of £5, runners receive a programme,                       neighbourhoods and subcultures and weaving            placing. The race has gone from strength to
          medal and T-shirt. Until recently, the race has                      them through crowds of enthusiastic spectators.       strength since 1979, when local banker Steve
          been largely unknown outside Italy, even though                      The race-support covers every imaginable              Bosley and Olympic gold medallist Frank Shorter
          Milan has long been Italy's centre for finance, sport                runner need, from foreign-language translation        created the event.
          and some of the greatest northern Italian cuisine.                   to psychological trauma counselling.


                                                                  0150/1 S97                                                                                                                 0150/1 S97
PA P E R 1 R E A D I N G A N S W E R K E Y


Part 1                                Part 2            Part 3       Part 4
1        D                            18         D                   29       B
                                                        24       A
2        B                            19         G                   30       G
                                                        25       C
3        E                            20         E                   31       C
                                                        26       A
4/5      A/B                          21         C                   32       B
                                                        27       D
6/7      F/G                          22         B                   33       C
                                                        28       D
8        D                            23         A                   34       D
9        C                                                           35       A
10       A                                                           36       D
11       G                                                           37       C
12/13    A/B                                                         38/39    D/G
14       E                                                           40       C
15       C                                                           41/42    B/E
16       E                                                           43       C
17       C                                                           44       A
                                                                     45       D
                                                                     46       F


Questions 1–17 and 29–46 are given one mark each.
Questions 18–28 are given two marks each.
The total score is adjusted to give a mark out of 40.




PA P E R 1 R E A D I N G A N S W E R S H E E T




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