HP-UX 11 by somud17

VIEWS: 836 PAGES: 19

									HP-UX 101
The default setup of HP-UX often "messes up" ^C and '@' symbol.
Default HP-UX /etc/profile map interrupt to "DEL" and kill to @.
This cause lot of confusion. So, I recommend that you update your keyboard
mapping once you get to a shell prompt:
        stty intr
        stty kill
        stty -a # check your settings.

SAM
Text User Interface (TUI) for sys config (GUI version avail if DISPLAY set to
working X server).
in /usr/sbin
SAM is your friend. It should be the first place to try if you are admin
from another OS :)
Not as good as aix smitty, but better than solaris that have nothing!
Use TAB key to move around, space key for select. Arrow key works.

--0--

some of the major files location:
/etc/hosts
/etc/nsswitch.conf
/etc/fstab
/etc/lvmconf/vgNN   (binary files, but see all volume grp here)
/sbin/rc.config.d/
/sbin/rc.d/


SYSTEM SETUP
***** Initial system install checklist:   *****


Ensure that / and /usr are fairly big, as these are not not expandable
unless in single user mode (or maybe onlineJFS).
Most other volumes still need to be unmounted before fs can grow,
so estimating correct size is pretty important.
OnlineJFS should allow fs expansion w/o unmount like AIX, but more money.




Get latest of all 4 of BUNDLE11i, HWEnable11i, GoldApp and GoldBase and
install them.
Factory OS install included the latest release of all the above 4 patch
bundles.

After bundles, java patches may still be needed. See:
http://www.hp.com/products1/unix/java/patches/index.html

Upgrading OS.
Default CD media allow for both initial setup and upgrade.
Upgrade has special procedure to install lot of depot first when system still
running. riptide was upgraded from 11.00 to 11.11, seems to run fine.


--------------

Update HP-UX from 10x and 11.0 to 11i:
install update-ux software from CD, then run
/usr/sbin/update-ux -s /cdrom HPUX11i-OE.

Refer to Install and update guide in "Instant Documentation" CD.

--
HP-UX versions
PA-RISC: 10.20 (EOL), 11.00 (11), 11.11 (11i),               11.23 (ca
2005/05)
Itanium:                                       11.20, 11.22, 11.23



BOOT TIME TROUBLESHOOTING
Recovery of unbootable system.
Default setup CD has option to do this. It may help when
VxFS has crashed some critical OS partitions.


booting    HP-UX machine into single user mode.

http://www.unixhub.com/docs/hpux/hpux_boot.html

(Connect dumb terminal to serial console)

Press and hold ESC at the beginning of the boot process
(it should prompt, but if not, just hit ESC like crazy).

In the PDC (firmware processor dependent code), enter
BO to boot. (or BO P0 isl), where P0 is the boot device to use,
whohwn by SEArch.

When it ask whether to use interactive ISL (initial system load), say yes.
a the ISL prompt, enter :
        hpux -is

          [ thre is a 'hpux -lm' for maintenance mode also
            it probably doesn't mount the / fs using normal method
            and thus VxFS stuff will not work
            -lm = lvm maint mode, sometime -is won't work when lvm is corrupted.
            -lq = lvm, ignore failed mirror drive
                  allow booting of machine when one of the mirrored drive
                  have failed.
            ll = list content of /stand, thus see filename of alternate kernel
                  usable via eg -lm /stand/vmunix.alternate
          ]
After this, should see these messages and the login prompt:

Boot
: disk(scsi.6;0)/stand/vmunix
966616+397312+409688 start 0x6c50

     Kernel Startup Messages Omitted

INIT: Overriding default level with level 's'

INIT: SINGLE USER MODE
WARNING: YOU ARE SUPERUSER!!
#

NOTE: The VGA monitor + pc keyboard may show some optinos.
Hit F4 to toggle remote management on (with * on it).
This makes serial console usable.


When booted in single user mode with corrupted fs,
vgchange can be used to tell Veritas Vol Mgrt which device to use.
This is sometime needed even in non-mirrored disk.
vgchange -a y /dev/vg00
lvlnboot -v /dev/vg00

fsck -F vxfs -o full,nolog /dev/vg00/rvol8
               # fsck for drives that have lot of errors, this method
               # may give more instructions to cmd of how to do the cleaning.
               # by specifying -F vxfs, allow use of intent log (journaling)
               # feature of JFS and thus completes much quicker.



************************************************************
clear out attention light in front panel

thru serial console session:

^B , enter 2x
get into gsp mode (Guardian Service Processor cli)
        give access to bios level control of the machine,
        view vfp (virtual front panel), clear hw err log, etc.

sl       #   sys log
e        #   errors
n        #   no filter
q        #   quit

co      # exit back to console
************************************************************


---------- PDC commands ----------
PDC - Processor Dependent Code
Accessed at boot up time by the hardware to boostrap the
system. Step 1 of booting.
Only accessible during boot time.
Need to hit any key when prompted in a 10 seconds windows
during boot process to enter the PDC interaction session.
The window is after all hardware has been checked and before
OS bootstrab process begins.

SEA          Search and display bootable device.
             Booting from CDROM may need to use this to find
             device path to use for booting.

BO                     boot, use default dev
BO PRI                 boot, using primary (default) dev
BO SEC                 boot, using secondary disk. Simple to do dual boot.
BO 0/0/2/1.15          boot via specific path, see SEA.

IN           enter info menu
     ALL     display all info, there will be machine model strings
             to determin what class of machine it is.
             eg 9000/800/A500-5X System Name: riptide
             is A-class. some software like compiler bound to the 800 designation.
             Class info usually not shown in tag/model info in front os system :(

     ME      memory info, tell which bank has what kind of DIMM, vacancy.



---------- ISL commands ----------
ISL - Initial System Loader
Invoked by PDC so that it can load the kernel off /stand
from the hard drive.

Interactions in here allow boot into single user mode, etc.
See HOWTO section and hpux command is in ISL.

hpux       -is                       #   single user mode. No password req!!
hpux       -lm                       #   LVM maintenance boot mode.
hpux       -lm /stand/vmunix.prev    #   boot via specific kernel
hpux       ll                        #   list kernels avai in /stand

-0-
ISL> ?

          HELP           Help Facility
          LS             List ISL utilities
          AUTOBOOT       Set or clear autoboot flag in stable storage
          AUTOSEARCH     Set or clear autosearch flag in stable storage
          PRIMPATH       Modify primary boot path in stable storage
          ALTPATH        Modify alternate boot path in stable storage
          CONSPATH       Modify system console path in stable storage
          DISPLAY        Display boot and console paths in stable storage
          LSAUTOFL       List contents of autoboot file
          FASTSIZE       Sets or displays FASTSIZE
          800SUPPORT     Boots the s800 Support Kernel from the boot device
          700SUPPORT     Boot the s700 Support Kernel from the boot device
      READNVM     Displays contents of one word of NVM
      READSS      Displays contents of one word of stable storage
      LSBATCH     List contents of batch file
      BATCH       Execute commands in batch file
      LSEST       List contents of EST (Extended Self Test) file
      EST         Execute commands in EST (Extended Self Test) file

Enter 'LS' to see a list of the ISL utilities.


---------- GSP commands ----------
GSP - Guardian Service Processor.
BIOS level command, accessible even when machine is
in Power Off state.

Use serial console or LAN console,
hit ^B
default is unsecured so just press enter for username and
password to gain GSP> prompt access.
Accessible all the time, it will not cause any interruption of running
system.
If machine gets into boot process, user session to GSP will end.

HE = help, LI in there list commands:

==== GSP Help ============================================(Administrator)===
AC : Alert display Configuration        PC : Remote Power Control
AR : Automatic System Restart config. PG : PaGing parameter setup
CA : Configure asynch/serial ports      PS : Power management module Status
CL : Console Log- view console history RS : Reset System through RST signal
CO : COnsole- return to console mode    SDM : Set Display Mode (hex or text)
CSP : Connect to remote Service Proc.   SE : SEssion- log into the system
DC : Default Configuration              SL : Show Logs (chassis code buffer)
DI : DIsconnect remote or LAN console SO : Security options & access
control
EL : Enable/disable LAN access          SS : System Status of proc. modules
ER : Enable/disable Remote/modem        TC : Reset via Transfer of Control
HE : Display HElp for menu or command TE : TEll- send a msg. to other
users
IT : Inactivity Timeout settings        VFP : Virtual Front Panel display
LC : LAN configuration                  WHO : Display connected GSP users
LS : LAN Status                         XD : Diagnostics and/or Reset of GSP
MR : Modem Reset                        XU : Upgrade the GSP Firmware
MS : Modem Status

-0-

CO      return to console mode, exit GSP.
        contrast to exit, which will logoff a telnet to the LAN console
session.
LS, LC Show and configure LAN console settings (IP, hostname, etc),
        extremely useful, make sure to configure it!
TC      Send signal to OS, force it to do a core dump and reboot.
        Probably similar to Sun OBP sync cmd.
RS      Harshes restart of system, no OS interaction, no core.
       SUN OBM reset.
PC     allow turning machine on/off. Can perform power cycle.
       GSP and LAN console will remain usable after power off.
       Contrast to SUN LOM and AIX serial access,
       just need to have power fed into machine.
PS     Monitor status of power supply, fan, etc.

SL     Show log, GSP level logging, with timestamp in UTC/GMT.
       Use this command to clear attention light.
CL     Show text message that has been displayed to the console.

VFP     display a virtual front panel, a mirror of the LED in front of
machine.


RANDOM DAILY TASKS


changing hostname of a machine

/etc/rc.config.d/netconf         # top, see HOSTNAME="name"
/etc/hosts
/var/adm/inetd.sec               # may not be needed.

hostname NEWNAME (use this instead of reboot)

don't use set_parm
sam okay, but check files above.



move machine to new subnet, maybe use sam instead of config file changes for
IP/NIC settings or else
need to edit multiple places.



creating /dev/zero

cd /dev
mknod zero c 3 0x000004
chown bin:sys zero
chmod 666 zero


Change system default timezone:
edit /etc/TIMEZONE to be:
TZ=PST8PDT
export TZ



Setting up NIS with predefinied list of servers.
/etc/rc.config.d/nameserver ::
NIS_DOMAIN-"titaniumleg.com"
(verify with domainname, immediate activation via domainname titaniumleg.com)

/var/yp/secureservers ::
10.215.10.255 10.215.10.17
10.215.20.255 10.215.20.21
10.215.30.255 10.215.30.6
10.215.40.255 10.215.40.199

/usr/lib/netsvc/yp/ypbind

Note that ypinit can only be used to setup master or slave server
not to init client config.




                                STORAGE
DISK
swap/paging

swapinfo
swapon /dev/vg01/lvol2          # activate swap partition

/etc/fstab entry:
/dev/vg01/lvol2 /        swap   defaults 0 0 # swap device


/usr/sbin/sam goto
Performance Monitors -> System Properties
        there are tabs for cpu and memory info


VOLUME MANAGEMENT
creating root and swap volumes (using LVM)
[Adapted from Unix Sys Admin Handbook (USAH) p146.]
ioscan -fnC disk               # scan for disk dev path
pvcreate -B /dev/rdsk/c3t15d0 # mark disk for use as PV in LVM
dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/rdsk/c3t15d0 bs=64k count=10
                               # wipe out obsolete LVM marking on disk so that
                               # pvcreate will not complain, re run pvcreate
cmd

mkdir /dev/vg01
mknod /dev/vg01/group c 64 0xNN0000    # c 64 is disk major number
                                       # 0xNN0000 is uniq minor number hex,
try 01, 02, ...
                                       # eg, chk against ls -l /dev/vg*/group

vgcreate -s8 /dev/vg01 /dev/dsk/c3t15d0        # create a new vol grp. w/ Phy
Extend = 8 mb

mkboot /dev/rdsk/c3t15d0               # make it bootable disk

lvcreate -C y -r n -L 1024 /dev/vg01   # create contiguous dev lvol1 size 1024
MB
lvcreate -C y -r n -L 1024 /dev/vg01   # ditto, will be named lvol2
automatically

lvlnboot -r /dev/vg01/lvol1            # make lvol1 a boot partition
lvlnboot -s /dev/vg01/lvol2            # make lvol2 a swap dev


newfs -F vxfs /dev/vg01/rlvol1         # create the fs as veritas fs
swapon /dev/vg01/lvol2                 # activate swap
vi /etc/fstab...

# swap addition like this req disk to have a boot partition, even on 2nd
disk.
# sam may provide easier alternative.
# also, may need to set kernel param maxswapchunk which limit max swap size
in byte
# calc as swchunk * DEV_BSIZE, whose def are 2048 and 1024, resp.



non "system" volumes can be created as, eg /usr/local:
lvcreate /dev/vg00
lvextend -L 2000 /dev/vg00/lvol11     # allocate 2 GB for the Log Vol.
newfs -F vxfs /dev/vg00/rlvol11               # lvol11 assigned dyn from above

Clean up procedure, reverse of create...
lvrmboot -r /dev/vg01                 # remove root vol req for the LV.
                                      # undo lvlnboot -r and -s
lvremove /dev/vg01/lvol2              # remove the logic vol lvol2 from vg01
lvremove /dev/vg01/lvol1
vgremove vg                           # remove the whole vol grp

bdf                                    # df, berkeley version

growfing the fs:
lvdisplay /dev/vg00/lvolX
# find out LE value
umount /fsmount
lvextend -l le_number /dev/vg00/lvolX #   where le_number is new LE value
                                      #   or -L sizeInMB (final size)
extendfs /dev/vg00/lvolX              #   will fill up all allocated LE, JFS
fsadm -F vxfs size /fsmount           #   increase fs for onlineJFS.
mount /fsmount

unless have onlineJFS, need unmount before extend.   /var, /usr need boot into
single user mode (ISL hpux -is, -lm main mode won't work!)
lvextend, extendfs, then reboot to increase such fs.
Not sure how to do / !!
NOTE
/, /stand and swap require special policy of 'contiguous', and thus cannot be extended!
(They usually correspond to lvol1 to lvol3). Wizar can do it by migrating to another
disk and if onlineJFS is used.



Setup boot disk mirroring
Boot disk mirroring.

Adapted from HP-UX 11i system administration handbook and toolkit, 2nd Ed, by
Poniatowski. p140
Here is the procedure to mirror root disk, which uses HPUX native LVM, and not the
Veritas Volume Manager that the OS also ships with.


         WARNING


         While this mirroring software is native to the HP-UX OS, it is an option that requires more money.
         lvextend -m is the mirroring option that need license to be activated.

###
### ++ TODO: find out how to determine if machine has license for mirroring.
###


# eg, existing vg00 is in /dev/dsk/c1t2d0 (0/0/1/1.2.0)
# new drive for mirror is /dev/dsk/c2t2d0 (0/0/2/0.2.0)


The /etc/fstab before mirroring is:
        /dev/vg00/lvol3        /          vxfs   delaylog   0   1
        /dev/vg00/lvol1        /stand     hfs    defaults   0   1
        /dev/vg00/lvol4        /tmp       vxfs   delaylog   0   2
        /dev/vg00/lvol5        /lhome     vxfs   delaylog   0   2
        /dev/vg00/lvol6        /opt       vxfs   delaylog   0   2
        /dev/vg00/lvol7        /usr       vxfs   delaylog   0   2
        /dev/vg00/lvol8        /var       vxfs   delaylog   0   2
ioscan -funC disk
pvdisplay /dev/dsk/c1t2d0                     # get lvm info of existing disk.
pvdisplay /dev/dsk/c2t2d0                     # get err, no lvm def on it, raw disk.

pvcreate -B /dev/rdsk/c2t2d0                  # add physical disk to be used by LVM
vgextend /dev/vg00 /dev/dsk/c2t2d0            # incorporate new disk to existing vg00
# do some checking
strings /etc/lvmtab                     # see new disk used by lvm
lifls /dev/rdsk/c1t2d0                  # see lot of boot util
lifls /dev/rdsk/c2t2d0                  # no boot util, add next...

mkboot /dev/rdsk/c2t2d0                       #
mkboot -a "hpux -lq" /dev/rdsk/c2t2d0 # SECONDARY disk, add AUTO, low quorum
mkboot -a "hpux -lq" /dev/rdsk/c1t2d0 # PRIMARY disk, low quorum (??)

lifls /dev/rdsk/c2t2d0                  # see boot util, but not as extensive
                                        # as primary disk. It is ok.

###
### The next steps will actually perform the mirror,
### and it will fail if -m mirroring option is not activated with valid
license
###

lvextend -m 1 /dev/vg00/lvol1   /dev/dsk/c2t2d0 # add mirror for lvol1=/stand
lvextend -m 1 /dev/vg00/lvol2   /dev/dsk/c2t2d0 # add mirror for lvol2=/ (root)
lvextend -m 1 /dev/vg00/lvol3   /dev/dsk/c2t2d0 # add mirror for lvol3=(swap)
# Repeat for all lvolX...
lvextend -m 1 /dev/vg00/lvol8   /dev/dsk/c2t2d0   #   add   mirror   for lvol8=(/var)
lvextend -m 1 /dev/vg00/lvol7   /dev/dsk/c2t2d0   #   add   mirror   for lvol7=(/usr)
lvextend -m 1 /dev/vg00/lvol6   /dev/dsk/c2t2d0   #   add   mirror   for lvol6=(/opt)
lvextend -m 1 /dev/vg00/lvol5   /dev/dsk/c2t2d0   #   add   mirror   for
lvol5=(/lhome)
lvextend -m 1 /dev/vg00/lvol4   /dev/dsk/c2t2d0   # add mirror for lvol4=(/tmp)

setboot                                 # check current PDC bootpath
setboot -a 0/0/2/0.2.0                  # set PDC> BO SEC (if needed)

###
### To undo the mirroring prep work:
###

vgreduce /dev/vg00 /dev/dsk/c2t2d0
pvremove /dev/rdsk/c2t2d0

###
###   Replacing a mirror disk   149
###

vgcfgrestore -n /dev/vgXX /dev/rdsk/c...                     # vol grp conf
restore
vgchange -a y /dev/vgXX                                       # change vol grp to
avai
lable (-a y)
vgsync /dev/vgXX                                              # resync logical vol
in
vol grp.

###
### Replace mirrored disk boot disk
### In addition to normal mirror disk replacements steps above,
### add:
###

mkboot /dev/rdsk/c.t...
mkboot -a "hpux lq" /dev/rdsk/c...

reboot # vgcfgbackup is run automatically on reboot


Other Volume Management Commands
HP-UX >= 11 default boot disk is under control of LVM - Logical Volume Manager.
Note
HP-UX shipws with TWO LVM. An native version for core OS partitions, and
Veritas Volume Manager for use with data partitions. Filesystem created by LVM can
be hfs (/stand, boot stuff) and vxfs (root, /var, /usr, etc). Further note that in addition
to vxfs, HP talks about JFS and onlineJFS, see fsck.
To some extend, this is akin to Solaris, whereby some admin use the Sun Volume
Manager (Disk Suite) for OS disks, and Veritas for data disks. HP-UX just happen to
ship both pre-installed.
LVM devices are /dev/vg00/lvolN
VxVm devices are /dev/vx/dsk/rootdg/volNN

LVM cmds are lv... pv... vg...
VxVm cmds are vx...

---

LV = logical volume, similar to partition/slide of solaris.

ioscan -fnC disk                   # scan for all hard drives (+ cd/dvd).

diskinfo

pvcreate -B /dev/rdsk/c3t15d0 # init a raw disk dev as dev for LVM -- ie make
a PV.
pvremove /dev/rdsk/cXtXd0     # reverse/undo of pvcreate
pvdisplay /dev/dsk/c1t15d0    # display physical vol info (disk to vol grp
info)
                              # dev path from ioscan output

vgdisplay -v vg00                  # display (verbose) vol grp info
                                   # vg00 = root vol grp (system files)
                                   # /etc/lvmconf list all vol grp in system

lvdisplay -v /dev/vg00/lvol8       # show logical to phy extents map for logical
vol

# a few more commands. some sample eg in LVM mirroring section.

vgextend         # vol grp, add disk to
vgreduce         # vol grp, remove disk from
vgremove         # vol grp, remove it completely (all log vol in it will be
gone)
lvcreate          #   logi   vol, create (initial setup)
lvextend          #   logi   vol, add space (physical extents) or mirror config
lvreduce          #   logi   vol, reduce space or remove mirror
lvchange          #   logi   vol, change allocation policy (congtiguous, etc)
lvremove          #   logi   vol, remove it completely (fs will be gone)
lvlnboot          #   make   lv bootable.

newfs, extendfs etc are applied to LV to make usable filesystem.




FILESYSTEM
mounting cdrom:

mount -o ro -F cdfs /dev/dsk/c2t1d0 /mnt/cdrom

alternate approach (diff format? iona cd):
pfs_mountd &
pfsd &
pfs_mount /dev/rdsk/c2t1d0 /mnt/cdrom
pfs_umount /mnt/cdrom




             CONNECTIVITY (NETWORK)
NFS
automount typical auto startup (from ps):
/usr/lib/netsvc/fs/automount/automount -f /etc/auto_master -D ARCH=SC_HPUX        #
old automount
/usr/lib/netsvc/fs/autofs/automountd -D ARCH=SC_HPUX                              #
newer autofs, /net may need some OS path in PARISC

/etc/rc.config.d/nfsconf                              # set both to be sure!
        AUTO_OPTIONS="-f $AUTO_MASTER -D ARCH=SC_HPUX"        #older automount
        AUTOMOUNTD_OPTIONS="-D ARCH=SC_HPUX"          #newer autofs
        see sambple config in hpux/nfsconf

/sbin/init.d/nfs.client              start          # automount/autofs, can read the
std out from this script

startup file is in /sbin/init.d/nfs.client

Note that if NIS map auto.master use undescore like auto_home,
hpux won't be able to translate that to auto.home
As such, a slew of files need to be added in /etc/auto_home with conent of
+auto.home

/etc/auto.products                   ::      +auto.products
/etc/auto.automnt                    ::      +auto.automnt
Converting NIS server to have map with '.' should work.
But afraid break other OS platform, not well tested yet.
But Ohio NIS use that and it works fine!
Ass hole before created the SNAFU for me.

For compatibility issues, it is probably best to avoid both . and _ in the
filename
There should not be reason why one can't use auto_master to have entries
like:
/products      autoproducts    # ie, no . or _

Not sure of the effect on auto_home and auto_direct

NFS

/etc/fstab

/dev/vg00/lvol8             /usr    vxfs   delaylog        0 2
netapp:/vol/vol1/users/sa   /mnt/sa nfs    rw,intr,hard    0 0


/etc/exports

/opt      -ro
/var      -ro

exportfs -a



NIC
lanscan               # list all NIC, ifconfig -a doesn't work.
        -v            # verbose, show nic and driver, etc
ifconfig lan0         # almost all NIC are lanX
lanadmin -x 0         # tell what is current NIC config, eg duplex
                              # 0 is NMID from lanscan.
lanadmin -X 100FD 0   # force settings, for this session only.

ioscan -fnC lan       # id card type and driver.
lsdev -C lan          # list all devices of Class lan

/etc/rc.config.d/hp*conf
eg      hpbtlanconf    = btlan                # a-class build-in NIC
        hpgsc100conf   = btlan4 hsc j3515a    # some old box add on nic
        hpbasetconf    = btlan1
        hpbase100conf = btlan3 Internal (core) LAN card
        hppci100conf   = btlan5 "external" pci card A5230A
        hpsppci100conf = btlan6 V-class pci lan card
        # Update this file to
        # hard coded NIC settings (speed and duplex, eg 100 FD)
        # remember to add the card interface eg lan0 in the name
        # section, or it will have no effect!
        # can also change settings via lanadmin -X 100fd
        # but it will not live thru reboot.
Determining / setting nic duplex and speed
http://forums1.itrc.hp.com/service/forums/questionanswer.do?threadId=684614


network driver patch for some old (a-class?) machine btlan
PHNE_22727     patch for btlan for hpux 11.11, older, stable, safe patch
PHNE_23465     latest btlan patch, have some warnings. if work, autoneg will
work better.


NETWORK CONFIG

change DNS servers
/etc/resolv.conf               # same as solaris/aix.
sam, networking and communications, DNS (BIND), DNS Resolver
use Menu, Actions, Set Default Domain... to add "search" for other dns
domains.
config file edit is easier, only 1 file.

change ip/netmask:
sam, networking and communications, network interface cards
# this even allow for speed duplex settings!! Advance has mac address and
mtu.
/etc/rc.config.d/netconf       # IP_ADDRESS[0]="10.10.10.123" SUBNET_MASK[0]
                               # BROADCAST_ADDRESS[0]="" (blank seems to work,
auto calc?)
/etc/hosts                     # enter new IP of machine.

change routing:
sam, networking and communications, routes
/etc/rc.config.d/netconf       # ROUTE_DESTINATION[0]="default"
                               # ROUTE_MASK[0]=""
                               # ROUTE_GATEWAY[0]="10.10.10.1"
                               # ROUTE_COUNT[0]="1"           (aix consider it
as 0)

Adding default router in command line:
route add default netmask 255.255.255.0 172.27.188.1 1




SERIAL/CONSOLE PORT
PRINTING
To add a network printer, use sam,
printers and plotters,
LP Spooler,
Printers and Plotters,

go to Actions menu, Add Remote Printer
Name of Queue to add                      --> Use printer name maching
windows
Hostname of remote server                 --> windows print server name
Name of queue on remote server            --> Windows printer name.
Type of print spooler on remote server    --> System V     (ie, don't check
remote is BSD)




                           SYS CONFIG
PACKAGE/SOFTWARE MANAGEMENT
swlist -l product
        list all product/patches in system
swlist | grep -e QPK -e GOLD
        determine if any Quality Pack or Gold Base patch has been installed
        (service pack equiv).
        Apperently, all 4 of BUNDLE11i, HWEnable11i, GoldApp and GoldBase
should be installed on the system.
        Factory OS install included the latest release of all the above 4
patch bundles.
swlist -l product | grep PH
        look for installed patches. -l product seems to be needed for 11i


swinstall -f mysoft -s /mnt/cd
        supposed to install software listed in file mysoft from cdrom

swinstall -s /home/sa/share/software-in-cd/hpux_aC++/aC++Compiler.800.depot
        needed to fully specify the depot file before the damn thing will
recognize the file. It is really just a tar file.

swinstall -s /export/tmp/bash.depot \*
        install everything in the depot (in this case, sure there is bash
only).

       see email about where gnu tools are downloaded
       [http://hpux.cs.utah.edu, depot format, some ins to /usr/local/bin,
       other to /opt, into product specific subdirs!]



PATCH
patch install eg:
(patch is obtained in a "depot" file format, which is really a tar.
Instruction presented in here is also in a text file inside the tar.)

http://www2.itrc.hp.com/service/patch/patchDetail.do?patchid=PHSS_20055&conte
xt=hpux:800:11:00
       1. Back up your system before installing a patch.

       2. Login as root.

       3. Copy the patch to the /tmp directory.

       4. Move to the /tmp directory and unshar the patch:

                  cd /tmp
                  sh PHSS_20055

       5. Run swinstall to install the patch:

[ to check that depot has been downloaded correctly:
  swlist -d @ /full/absolute/path/PHSS_20055.depot
]

                  swinstall -x autoreboot=true -x patch_match_target=true \
                            -s /tmp/PHSS_20055.depot

       By default swinstall will archive the original software in
       /var/adm/sw/save/PHSS_20055. If you do not wish to retain a
       copy of the original software, use the patch_save_files option:

                  swinstall -x autoreboot=true -x patch_match_target=true \
                            -x patch_save_files=false -s /tmp/PHSS_20055.depot

       WARNING: If patch_save_files is false when a patch is installed,
                the patch cannot be deinstalled. Please be careful
                when using this feature.

       For future reference, the contents of the PHSS_20055.text file is
       available in the product readme:

                  swlist -l product -a readme -d @ /tmp/PHSS_20055.depot

       To put this patch on a magnetic tape and install from the
       tape drive, use the command:

                  dd if=/tmp/PHSS_20055.depot of=/dev/rmt/0m bs=2k




KERNEL/SYSTEM TUNING
sysdef                   # show many (but not all) kernel parameters
kmtune -l                # list all kernel parameters, -l for long list (in
/usr/sbin)

ulimit -a         # display all limits, below are probably defaults.

core file size          (blocks,   -c)   2097151
data seg size           (kbytes,   -d)   1048576
file size               (blocks,   -f)   unlimited
max memory size         (kbytes,   -m)   unlimited
open files                    (-n)    2048
pipe size          (512 bytes, -p)    16
stack size            (kbytes, -s)    8192
cpu time             (seconds, -t)    unlimited
max user processes            (-u)    76
virtual memory        (kbytes, -v)    unlimited


ulimit -s       # define stack size.
        governed by kernel static params and def vals
        maxsiz                          8388608 (8k)
        maxsiz_64bit                    8388608
        suggested val for small server 401604608 (max allowed, 383K)

ulimit -n       # define max open files, def kernel values:
        maxfiles        2048   static          4096   # soft
        maxfiles_lim    2048   dynamic         8192   # hard



maxusers        # num of users, base param as multiplier by other params
                # does not actually govern logins.

npty            # pty for user login sessions.
nstrpty         # can set them to 1000
nstrtel

nproc           # max processes that can exist on system, 11i = static
                # def 20 + 8 * MAXUSERS (5988?)

use sam to define new params and build new kernel.
restart is needed.

Kernel parameters in default os is not very good for large server, For large java app
servers, get HP tool Java2 Out-of-box and it will plug in all desireble parameters.
Probably good for all server. http://www.hp.com/products1/unix/java/java2/outofbox/
download .depot, swinstal -s /full/path/to/joob_203_1100.depot -x
autoreboot=true \*
Req reboot.
/usr/sbin/kmtune will display the kernel params. It should modify:
maxusers 512
nproc 2048
max_thread_proc 3000
nkthread 6000
nfile 3000
maxfiles 2048
maxfiles_lim 2048
ncallout 6000
maxdsiz 2063835136
tcp_conn_request_max 2048


ADDING INTERNATIONAL LANGUAGE/LOCALE
SUPPORT
By default, all the basic support for international language are
installed. Check with "locale -a".

The CDE language may need to be installed manually:
Insert CD2 of HP-UX 11i Foundation Operating Environment, then
run SAM Software Install and add the CDE bundle of the desired language.


HARDWARE COMMANDS
model - give machine model info
DIAGNOSTIC TOOLS
diagnostics tools:

netfmt -(lot of options) /var/adm/nettl.LOGnnn > /tmp/nettl.txt
        convert the network problem log from binary to text
        options may have been -l -N -n -f


stm, cstm xstm
        hardware diagnostic program. text menu, cli and X based.
        probably not well known, support people use only?

tusk
        some sort of network troubleshooting util.



                         RANDOM STUFF
For those from Solaris background:
Env variables:
SHLIB_PATH                      is used instead of Solaris LD_LIBRARY_PATH
LD_LIBRARY_PATH         for 64 bit version libs. Solaris LD_LIBRARY_PATH64
LIB             There maybe something about the env var also. Not sure.


dos2unix
        Couldn't find such command tool, only found charconv.

charconv
        convert input file to desired output format
        -u = unix LF
        -d = dos   CRLF
        -m = mac   CR
        -i inputfile, default is std in
        -o outputfile, default to std out
        --help more conversion info, including EBCDIC
        eg: cat dostext.txt | charconv -u > unixoutput.txt


Compiler:
        The bundled cc compiler in /usr/ccs/bin/cc_bundled only takes K&R
function prototype syntax, not Ansi C.
        Moneyware aCC is Ansi C compliant and installs to /opt/aCC.
HP-UX Freeware
Info about installing hpux gnu freeware from hpux.cs.utah.edu. into NFS
server central location.
No real need to use SAM to install the package and xfer to NFS server.
Can just do tar trick, see note below. Warning: Some admin may see this as
kludge as
it bypass the software management tool. Your choice :)

/import/hpux1100/usr/local$ cat dir.info

This dir is automounted as /import/hpux1100/usr/local
Various link would exist pointing to the parent dir of /import/hpux1100, such
as /titaniumlegit.
It could also be a symlink from slightly diff version of HP-UX 11.x


These files are gnu freeware depot files for HP-UX 11.00 from
hpux.cs.utah.edu

The source is netapp:/vol/vol1/depot/hpux1100/usr/local

The source depot files are hacked via untar and set of cp commands to put
them into the desired
usr/local/bin etc tree structure:

gunzip *.tar
mkdir untared
cd untared
for item in `ls ../*.depot`; do
        tar xf $item
done

mkdir -p cleaned/usr
cp -pR */*/usr/* cleaned/usr

and finally the cleanred/usr/local dir is moved here.


---

the opt dir is extracted in similar manner:

mkdir -p cleaned/opt
cp -pR */*/opt/*/* cleaned/opt/

---

http://hpux.cs.utah.edu/
Software Porting and Archive Center for HP-UX
Freeware for HP-UX

								
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