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					                                         CARPED ANNUAL REPORT 2001 – 2002




CARPED
Thirteenth Annual Report 2001-2002




Centre for Action Research and Peoples Development
8-3-228/267 Rahmath Nagar, Yousufguda, Hyderabad – 500 045 INDIA




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                                                     CARPED ANNUAL REPORT 2001 – 2002




Centre for Action Research & People’s Development

(CARPED) Thirteenth Annual Report - 2001- 2002

This year witnessed significant expansion in the areas of child rights and natural resource
management. Activities in the areas of child rights have also addressed issues related to
child’s health and survival rights. Capacity building of balwadi teachers in large scale in
the Khammam Diocese has been organized for the CRS. Environment education
programme was introduced in Kowdipally mandal through capacity building and
environment education resource centers (EERC). We have taken up several activities also
addressing the issues of reproductive health in responding to problems of health affecting
children and women. Mobilizing the pregnant women into groups for improved health
behavior has been an important activity.

A host of activities were initiated focused on adolescent girls, youth in general and
reproductive age group. Youth motivation activities have also focused on right to
development and social issues mainly focused on tribal regions and Telangana region.

In terms of sectoral interventions, we have covered sanitation and school health issues as
well during this year. Another area of target group covered this year is Child Domestic
Workers in Hyderabad city.

Natural resource management focused activities have covered the challenges faced by the
community in gaining control over the forest through effective interpretation of the space
available in the form of joint forest management. Besides, interventions in his area also
focused on community mobilization ion people’s participation in thanks management.
Strengthening of farmers groups and self help among the rural poor continued to be the
areas of attention this year. Advocacy and capacity building of Vana Samrakshana
Samithi and the NGOs facilitating the process has been very effective during the year.



CHILD RIGHTS

Child status in Kowdipally mandal – benchmarking

Child status in the mandal has been documented covering all the settlements of
Kowdipally mandal. Educational and health status of the children has been documented.
Data on the child status vis-à-vis caste, sex and economic status would be analysed for
understanding the patterns of deprivation and need for remedial strategies. It has been
undertaken in all the settlements as part of the National Alliance for Fundamental Right


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to Education (NAFRE) database exercise. This database is expected to guide us in
assessing the changes taking place in regard to child’s survival, development and
protection.

CARPED has also assisted Child Relief & You (CRY) in designing the framework for
the benchmarking exercise and coordination of printing and distribution of the schedules
to all its partners in the state.


Elementary Education

This year, we have promoted child education among the children of Lambada community
and children from marginalized sections of the society in the mandal, through one day
centre, fourteen evening centres and supporting 5 govt. schools through para teachers.
Besides, motivating parents and community for participatory involvement in child
education and child rights has taken an intensive form through mass mobilization
approaches. Primarily focus in this sector had been providing education for those to
whom it had not been accessible and improving the conditions of schooling in general
through advocacy and community mobilisation.

Twenty settlements had the benefit of educational inputs of NFE centres. These centres
have been continuing over the years with the support of CRY. Peddammagadda Thanda
school commenced operation from 1st August 2001. This day-centre is being developed
into a model for future schools in the region with play facilities.

Coverage

Children covered under education programme are 470. Besides around 1500 children are
supported through para teachers.

Nearly 1000 children are covered under general health camps, diagnosed and identified
medical ailments have been controlled and cured. About 3000 children from 10 schools
have been covered under Eye camps and found the most common ailments are Vitamin A
deficiency. It is proposed to address the issue with support from Sight & Life.

Adolescent girls literacy & vocational training: Two chelli sanghams have been formed
for adolescent girls. Six adolescent girls have been enrolled into Mahila Pranganam at
Sangareddy for vocational training and education. Assistance is required to help
adolescent girls pursue further studies and obtain vocational training.


School Sanitation and Hygiene

Schools, supposed to be well equipped and rich in infrastructure compared to the
individual housing conditions, have been most neglected in the rural areas. Schools do
not have nay sanitation facilities worth mentioning. Efforts have been initiated to



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improve schools in the area of sanitation and infrastructure. Construction of toilets in
schools in 10 villages has been initiated and is expected to be completed by June 2002

Differentially abled Children

CARPED provided 2 tricycles to Ram Singh, 11-year-old boy and Narsimhulu, 14 year
old boy to improve mobility.

Referral services
Ganya, a 12 year old physically challenged boy from Mallakkacheru, has been referred to
Sweekar- Upkar, Secunderabad for physiotherapy.

Strengthening of formal schooling

Community participation and accountability is the essential element for effective
functioning of the schools in the rural areas. Village Education Committees (VECs) are
the medium for improving conditions of schools and bringing the desired changes in the
area of community participation in elementary education. We formed and strengthened
VECs and para teachers in the mandal to make Government Schools function to near
normalcy.


Advocacy for protection and promotion of child rights
This year witnessed significant work aimed at community mobilization on issues related
to pre schools, enhancing access to children through new DPEP centers, elimination of
child labour and addressing the problem of child trafficking in the region. Advocacy
involved mobilizing the community, media, local NGOs and collaboration and dialogue
with the officials.

A two-day orientation programme on Child Rights was organized on 18th November
2001, for newly elected Panchayat Presidents, MPTCs, Mandal level political leaders,
MEO, MDO, MRO and VEC members. Issues discussed included: elementary education,
93rd Amendment, Child labour, child trafficking, child marriage and other child related
issues. The members resolved to stand by NAFRE’s proposed changes to the 93rd
Amendment. Three members volunteered to represent the mandal and participated at the
93rd amendment rally held on 28th November 2001 at New Delhi.

Action Research on Child trafficking among the Lambada community

CARPED has participated and assisted in a state level study on the causative analysis of
child trafficking among the Lambada community, and participated in consultations on the
study design organized by the UNICEF, CRAPED has participated in field study of the
problem in Shivampeta Mandal, Medak.




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Teachers Meeting on Child Trafficking was held on 18th July 2001, to provide orientation
on the study and logistics. The problem of Lambada children being sold was discussed at
length. Survey on Lambada Child Problem in Shivampeta mandal was carried out in July
2001 after a brief Orientation programme on Research Methodology on 24th July 2001 to
study sale of Lambada children organized by UNICEF.

Campaign against child marriages among the Gangireddula community- a public
debate

The problem of child marriages has been debated in the mandal with active media
support. The problem of child marriages especially among the Gangireddulagudem is
being raised for larger debate to control recurrence of it as the children in their first 2 to 3
years age are married in this community. It is planned to arrest such incidents from
recurring in future. As a step towards that, media is sensitized and data is being provided
to the community elders and the media. Several dailies have covered the issue.
Representatives of APMSS have been also apprised of the issue and their help is also
sought to build public opinion in favor of controlling this problem. This is a serious
violation of child rights and a curse for the girl children. Kala jatha campaign has been
organized from 10th to 22nd April and a Press Meets has been held on May 8, 2001 at
Sangareddy.

The inhabitant’s felt needs and actual needs were assessed and 3 SHGs were formed.
P.D. DRDA in principle agreed to sanction one school building, one anganwadi, a road,
drinking water, and health facilities, and old age pensions to the inhabitants of
Gangireddulagudem. CARPED is engaged in monitoring and translation of promises into
action by building community pressure on the government machinery. The community
has responded positively by canceling the next mass ceremony of child marriage
scheduled for early 2003.

We are planning a long-term strategy in collaboration with members of civil society and
authorities of women & child welfare to address the issue of child marriages among the
Gangireddula community in the entire district.


Campaign against child trafficking among the Lambada tribal community

Two meetings with the District Collector (on 27/04/2001 and 10/05/2001) and a state
level consultation at the Secretariat with Secretaries from different child oriented
departments took place on the issue of Lambada children being sold in the mandal and
neighboring mandals.

The Secretary, Women & Child Welfare graced the meeting held on 4th September 2001
at the Secretariat. Representatives of UNICEF, NGOs, academics, activists and other
state officials participated in this meeting. CARPED representatives discussed the
problem of child trafficking and the deplorable state of the pre school children and the
problems of health care seriously affecting women and children in the mandal. As a result



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of the concerted efforts of advocacy, 32 schools have been sanctioned already 17 new
centers have been started in the mandal.

District Collector, Project Director of DRDA visited the affected areas and proposed
development activities to improve the situation. Formed a forum to address the issue of
child trafficking. Organized meetings with members of the Lambada community, elected
members of Panchayat Raj, the media and NGOs.


State level dialogue with NGOs

Child Rights Forum was held on 12th May 2001, CARPED raised the problem of child
rights in the mandal and the problems of Lambada community. State level workshop on
Child Rights held on 11th to 13th July 2001 at SAMSKAR. Nizamabad.

Dialogue with APMSS representatives on strategies of community mobilization for total
literacy campaign was held on 12th May 2001. APMSS visited Burugugadda to observe
“Total Literacy campaign”. APMSS representatives interacted with the villagers,
volunteers and the learners and held group discussions with CARPED team.

ECE centres

CARPED has taken up community mobilization for getting Pre schools and alternative
schools sanctioned in the mandal as part of Education Guarantee Scheme (Sarva Shiksha
Abhiyan). Early Child Education (ECE) centres have been started in eighteen settlements
in September 2001.

A three-day Teachers’ Training on “Joyful learning methodology” was held from 18 th to
20th September 2001, in thanda for all the CRY staff. A school with community
participation has been built with the local available material and environment required for
joyful learning. This is a model school.


Rehabilitation of Children of bonded laborers

Children of bonded laborers have been victims of intergenerational debt and culture of
poverty. In many cases they are also working as jeetagallu (labour on annual contracts) in
the Kowdipally villages. Thirteen such children have been enrolled into CARPED NFE
Centers and consequently mainstreamed into govt. schools.

Community Awareness on Child Domestic Workers

CARPED has always played an active role in issues related to children and their
problems and campaigning for their rights. The research team has identified a sizeable
section of children engaged in domestic works and are deprived of safety nets. We have




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initiated programmes to defend their rights, create awareness, and provide legal guidance
and to fight against their problems.

This activity is supported by GTZ. The activity started in January 2001 and completed by
June 2001. CARPED has identified the groups and the slums where the domestic workers
are high in number. CARPED has helped the domestic workers to form into the groups
and conducted the Community awareness campaigns in the areas, and also provided
counseling for the depressed workers.

CARPED is planning to continue to work for the child domestic workers and provide
safety nets for the children, in the next year.


Teachers Training

A three-day Teacher’s Training programme on Teaching techniques was organized on
21st to 23rd January 2002 at CARPED’s field office. Mr. M.S. Chandra, the resource
person, touched upon the finer aspects of teacher student relationship, joyful learning
methodologies, child psychology and community mobilization.




Promotion of Livelihoods through NRM
Besides, having taken up activities on NRM in 10 villages, we have adopted 6 villages
viz., Mantur, Tuniki (thanda), Mutrajpally thanda (Singamarri Thanda), Kushangadda
thanda, Jaji thanda, Roomla thanda to promote sustainable agricultural practices.
Subsequently, farmers associations were formed.

Micro planning workshops have been conducted to identify the availability of the
resources, and prepared the baseline data of available forest, tanks, kuntas, livestock,
grazing field area and pathway, facilities available in the village ayakattu, wastelands,
cropping pattern, seasonality of wage labour, etc.

Awareness and orientation camps have been organized on non-pesticide management to
popularize NPM methods. There has been good response with a number of farmers
coming forward to apply NPM methods. This also helped in soil conservation and
improved soil fertility. Orientation to farmers on IPM practices of pest management in
paddy and pigeon pea crops.

NPM methods demonstrated and exhibition on the Eco-friendly pest control practices,
training to farmers on preparation of pest control practices with neem seed, eucalyptus
oil, mirchi and cow dung concoctions. An average of 15 farmers per village in the 10
villages of our project area are resorting to bio-manure practices. Developing a kalajatha
team and cultural skits on NPM / NRM in 5 villages, as an effective form of
communication.


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Farmers groups and other CBOs have been motivated to take up vegetation/ afforestation
through plantation of 7250 saplings in the private lands.

Campaign on the importance of intercropping launched in all villages in the month of
September & October 2001.

Soil testing was taken up in 5 villages during November 2001, exhibitions held on
sustainable farming methods in December 2001.

A Network of Water Users Association has been formed to facilitate collective action
among the members of the bodies engaged in management of village tanks. A dialogue of
WUA chairmen was held in May 2001 towards strengthening the network. These
meetings with WUA Chairpersons and discussions on Tank management, tank repairs
have helped the community to mobilize around Rs 60 lahks from the government.
Government sanctioned Rs.60 lakhs for reconstruction of 14 tanks in Kowdipally mandal.
Of which already Rs.21 lakhs has been released to the villagers.

Tank desiltation activity was taken up, in Thimmapur with the help of NABARD.
CARPED motivated the farmers the necessity of silt applications in Thimmapur, Kazipet,
Manthur, Jajithanda villages and all the farmers collectively worked together, engaged
the tractors on their own in the silt application process.

Community has been organized on the need for fighting against corrupt practices of
government staff in minor irrigation matters. It is planned to take the matter to the high
court for fair practices in tank improvement activities and policies. Farmers of
Mutrajipally and Mantur villages conducted Dharnas at MDO office on water issues.

CARPED’s motivation towards savings, resulted in formation of Mahila credit groups


Formation of 8 farmers’ associations in 6 villages: Series of meetings with small
farmers were held regularly on collective action and farmers issues. These farmers’
groups became the for a for discussing local specific problems and share knowledge &
information about sustainable practices, organize exposure visits etc. They were provided
with guidelines, suggestions on low input investment with better output results, soil
conservation, etc.

A network of Tendu Leaf Collectors: Tendu leaf collectors federation has been formed.
Held a meeting with beedi leaf collectors in the month of June 2001, and a consensus was
reached to put pressure on government to prohibit the “Pechu katta” (non payment for
part of the leaf towards waste material and termed as excess to compensate the wastage)
practice, and succeeded in abolishing the exploitative practice of collecting “Pechu”
system.




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Developing an integrated agricultural perspective on farm livelihoods of Telangana
region with linkages of farming vis-à-vis livestock, forestry, minor forest produce, tank
restoration and pest management.

Meetings have been organized to popularize herbal medicinal practices for livestock.
Regular check ups have been undertaken by organising camps for animal health care. A
barefoot veterinarian is working with the CARPED to help the rural poor farmers in
addressing health needs of the cattle and other livestock.

Two 3-Day Training Programme on alternative medicinal practices have been
conducted on 2-4 July and 20-22 July, 2001. These trainings had fifty participants from 5
villages with 10 villagers from each village.

A meeting for fisher folk was organized on November 4, 2001 at field office with the
fisheries cooperative. The discussions were focused on free supply of fishes seed supply;
good yield varieties, sharing of experiences.

CARPED staff attended training programmes on NPM Methods, PRA on livestock
development, PRA presentation (1st), Grazing policy, PRA presentation (2nd) and Action
Plan, NPM follow up training, Tank management, Livestock management, Process
documentation.


Livestock management
Cattle population survey: A survey has been conducted in above 6 six villages to
identify the various kinds of animals, identify their health problems, treatment procedure
by the community, facilities provided by the government etc.

Training camp on “Herbal Medicinal Practices for Livestock Problems”. Farmers and
local herbal medicinal practitioners took part in the training.

Preparation and consumption of alternative herbal medicines that are locally available in
the immediate surrounding have been introduced in six villages. Devulapally village has
achieved satisfactory results in the treatment of malaria. One of our trained animator is
practicing and propagating the skills in this village. Efforts are on the way to spread the
same to other villages.

PRA exercises were conducted on livestock status in the villages in August 2001. State
level Herbal Medicinal Practitioners Meet held at Venkatraopet in September 2001.

Livestock situational assessment and PRA conducted in Kushangadda thanda in
September 2001.

Farmers meetings on grazing policy held in December 2001




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Meetings of sheep and goat rearing households held in February 2002 with inputs from
resource persons – Mr. Srikanth Reddy and Mr. Digamber.


Women Development
Forming thrift & credit groups of women in the mandal has been further strengthened this
year with additional groups being covered by us. We have formed and strengthened 32
SHGs in the project area, out of which 24 groups were linked up with DRDA for
financial support. Four more SHGs have been formed in three villages viz., Rajipet /
Jajithanda (1), Devulaplly (2), and Mantur (1). DRDA requested CARPED to monitor 72
SHGs which were formed by DRDA in SBI adopted areas.

Meeting with DRDA and MDO held for accessing support for Thrift & Credit Groups in
Jajithanda. All women of Jajithanda are enrolled into thrift & credit group. 32 members
of these groups are saving Rs.30 each every month. This five-month-old group has an
account in the post office.

Eight women credit & thrift societies of Mutrajipally village met the Divisional Forest
Officer (DFO) regarding allotment of forest for their village. They have submitted
memorandum to handover 105 acres of small forestland stating that they protect and
improve the forest. Their representation is under process.

Empowerment of women through elected membership in VSS: Women have been
elected in VSSs in 9 villages.

Women & Child health Care: A three-day training programme, on “Alternative
medicare for Women & Children” was organised from 2nd to 4th July 2001 to explain the
traditional practices on handling minor ailments and problems, which requires
professional assistance.

Planning to take up more activities is a part of Integrated Project in 15 revenue villages, 6
hamlets and 42 Thandas. Intervention is due from July 2002 onwards.



YOUTH SENSITISATION ON CONTEMPORARY ISSUES

ADYAYANA is a programme of conscious intervention aimed at sensitization and
capacity building of youth to respond effectively in regard to contemporary issues of
Telangana region. The interventions are essentially focused on facilitating the youth to
both comprehend issues of contemporary social transition of the region in the larger
context of national and global transition and to be part of the process. The programme
had a series of field visits, studies, workshops/ consultations and interaction with the
community and the forces fighting for a just social order.




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Youth in the districts were facilitated to work on issues of contemporary interest. They
have traveled to varied parts of the state and interacted with members of several
organizations and for a engaged in community development. Workshops and
consultations were held to help members of Adyayana from varied parts of the state to
learn from experiences and observations. The following workshops were part of the
youth sensitization programme.

Orientation Workshop on “Weavers’ Suicides in Sircilla- Prevention & Solutions”,
Karimnagar

The impact of Globalization has severely affected the artisans, weavers (Padmashali)
communities. It has increased the multifold pressure on the families of the poor weavers.
Entry of Jet looms has adversely affected the power looms and 12,000 families in one
town -Sircilla of Karimnagar district- are adversely affected. Suicidal deaths numbering
64 have occurred in just three months from June to August.

A serious interaction with the victims revealed number of issues. It demanded the
weaving industry be brought under the protective sphere and Social safety net measures
are to be launched and suggested reorientation of the skills of the weavers and immediate
relief among other measures in addressing the tragic situation confronting the weaving
community.

Orientation workshop on “AP Panchayathi Raj Act participation and peoples
empowerment” on 31st August 2001:

Workshop was participated by newly won Sarpanches, MPTC, ZPTCs of Wardhanpet,
Sangem mandal, 36 local young representatives, 13 women representatives and 23 men
representatives. Issues related to 73rd Amendment, AP Panchayat Raj Act in the context
of the AP politicization introducing the parallel structures, need for accountability, the
devolution of powers etc. were discussed at in length.

Workshop on “5th Schedule Amendment, G.O. 112 and Threat to Adivasi Life” on
26th July 2001

This workshop was held to explain, analyze the possible threats to Adivasi life with the
proposed Amendment. Intense discussion was held on the possible strength to face the
forth coming legal efforts, which endanger the existence of the Adivasis. Three fold
suggestions came in the workshop.

a) Establishing linkages with the community youth organizations, b) Evolving a NGO
network for lobbying, and c)Intensive mobilization for the Adivasis by undertaking a
campaign.

Workshop on “Dispersed Tribes and Survival Strategies” on 2nd September 2001 :
Thoti is one of the most adversely effected dispersed tribe in Warangal. The integrated
development strategy has effected this tribe who in turn are leading a state of neglect by



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the govt. need for collective mobilization and evolving a common way of working was
emphasized, and loss of employment due to the exhaustion of conventional modes of
living, inability to cope with the modernization etc. has been discussed at length.

Two-day workshop on “Globalisation – family & Women” on February 6-7, 2002

Girl students (120), lecturers and professors from Kakatiya University, discussed the
adverse implications of globalisation on the institution of family and the growing
powerlessness and oppression of women. Status of girls and women at home, workplace
and educational institutions, employment opportunities and the growing economic crisis
were important issues of the debate.

Workshop on “Impact of New Economic Policies on Youth and Employment
Opportunities” was held on 29th March 2002 at Kesamudram.

Experts critically examined liberalization, privatization and globalization policies and
their impact on the youth, addressed important issues related to LPG policies and erosion
of social responsibility of the state.

Exchange Programme:

Participation at Timbaktu Youth Convention: to explain and discuss in detail about the
process of globailsation, it was noticed that there are many places like Timbaktu, where
the adverse effect of globalisation have been resisted and addressed meaningfully

Participation at Co-ordination meeting held on 25th & 26th November 2001 by Yuva
Samalochana (Anakapalli): Articles written by the youth participants on Handloom
Weavers and Cotton Farmers Suicide, have been sent for publication in the journal-
KHOJ.




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Organizational Matters
Changes in the executive committee

In view of the assignment of Mr.M.Bharath Bhushan, Secretary and full time coordinator
of CARPED, with the Adam Smith Institute, has resigned from the existing position in
CARPED, and has been nominated as Chairman of CARPED. Mr. Keith Trevor,
Chairman of CARPED is elected to be the Secretary and full time coordinator of
CARPED

The Executive Committee of CARPED comprised of the following has rendered services
in monitoring the activities and providing the necessary guidance to the programmes:

M. Bharath Bhushan            Chairman
A. V. G. Kumar                Vice Chairman
Keith Trevor                  Secretary
Ernest Leslie                 Joint Secretary
M. S. Chandra                 Treasurer
L. Vidya Sagar                Member
G. Uma                        Member


Matters related to Rules & Regulations, Amendments, etc

CARPED has effected following major developments:

      Matters related to registration and seeking exemption under the Income Tax Act
       applicable to public societies have been addressed during the year.

      CARPED has amended the clauses 7,8 and 9 pertaining to Funds, Amendments
       and Winding up, in it’s Rules And Regulations, on 10th February 2002, to enable
       the Society become eligible for registration and exemption under income Tax Act.

      CARPED has applied for approval for Permanent Account Number (PAN) and
       Tax exemption U/S 12 A and 80 G.

Detailed financial statement of receipts and payments and the balance sheet is enclosed to
provide details of the financial aspects. M/s Rao & Ravi has been the Chartered
Accountant for the year too. We are also grateful to Charted Accountant for their
services.


Acknowledgements

All these programmes and interventions in the Kowdipally mandal of Medak, as well as
in other parts of the state and participation in the networks has been made possible by the


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invaluable support of several organizations, individuals and networks, members of the
community, members of the general body, CARPED staff as well as volunteers.
CARPED thanks all the members of these varied groups for their support without which
we would not have been able to take up these activities for the community development.




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