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					                               FACOLTA’ DI ECONOMIA

 Corso di Lingua inglese, Idoneità – 4 crediti.                                    a.a. 2007-2008
 Prof. John Taylor, Titolare
 Dott. Catherine Farwell, Esercitazioni

              PROVA SCRITTA DI LINGUA INGLESE                     - Idoneità 4 Crediti
                           – 26 maggio 2008 –

 Numero di matricola______________Indirizzo di studio (specificare):_________________
        COGNOME/nome_________________________/_________________________

TEMPO MASSIMO A DISPOSIZIONE PER COMPLETARE LE PARTI I & II : 1,5 ore

 I.                   Reading Comprehension Passage [10 points]:
                    - with questions and multiple choice options -
      Leggete il brano e rispondete alle domande con risposte a scelta multipla : è prevista
      soltanto una risposta corretta per ogni domanda. Segnate con una X la risposta che
      considerate corretta. Le risposte selezionate vanno infine indicate chiaramente nella
      zona delle RISPOSTE:

 Emerging economies are better at adopting new technologies than at putting
 them into widespread use

 WITHIN a few months China will overtake America as the country with the world's largest
 number of internet users. Even when you consider China's size and its amazing rate of Gross
 Domestic Product (GDP) growth, this will be a remarkable achievement for what remains a
 poor economy. For the past three years China has also been the world's largest exporter of
 information and communications technology (ICT). It already has the same number of
 mobile-phone users (500m) as the whole of Europe.

 China is certainly not the only emerging economy in which new technology is being eagerly
 embraced. In frenetic Mumbai, India, everyone seems to be talking non-stop on their mobile
 phones: according to India's telecoms regulator, half of all people living in cities have mobile-
 or fixed-telephone subscriptions and the number is growing by 8m a month. The India of
 internet cafés and internet tycoons produces more engineering graduates than America,
 makes software for racing cars and jet engines and is one of the top four pharmaceutical
 producers in the world. Meanwhile, in Africa, people who live in mud huts use mobile phones
 to pay bills or to check fish prices and find the best market for their catch.

 Yet this picture of emerging-market paradise is accompanied by stories of misery and
 incompetence. Last year ants ate the hard drive of a photographer in Thailand. Last week
 internet usage from Cairo to Kolkata was disrupted after something—probably an
 earthquake—sliced through two undersea cables. Personal computers have spread slowly in
 most emerging economies: three-quarters of low-income countries have fewer than 15 PCs per
 1,000 people—and many of those computers are gathering dust.



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And the proposal of prominent technology projects in emerging economies is sometimes
premature. Nicholas Negroponte, of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, has long been
promoting a $100 laptop computer, presented with great fanfare at the World Economic
Forum in Davos two years ago. The laptop was supposed to sweep through poor countries,
providing knowledge and connectivity all around. But the project is behind schedule, the
computer does not work properly and one prominent backer, Intel, a chipmaker, has left the
project.                             Source of the reading: From The Economist print edition. Feb 7th
2008.


                                     - Multiple Choice Questions -
1. According to the first paragraph, will China become the richest country in the world ?
     a) The reading does not contain enough information to answer.
     b) Yes; the author says this, although s/he does not say when.
     c) No; the author clearly says that this is not true.
     d)

2. According to the reading, are certain technologies, such as cell phones, being
adopted in some very low-income areas of the world?
      a) No. The article clearly states that cell phones are a technology being
          used in the richest nations.
      b) There is not enough information in the article to say.
      c) Yes. The use by African fishermen is a good example.


3. Which of the following points is NOT made in this reading?
     a) That India is producing many highly educated technology-sector workers.
     b) That Africa is producing many highly educated technology-sector workers.
     c) That it is easier to launch plans for technological progress than it is to
        actually implement them.


4. Is there a problem with the number of computers present in many developing
economies?
       a) No. There are enough computers but internet connectivity is too low.
       b) Yes. China is an exception; many developing economies have very few
             computers in their national territories.
        c)    Yes. There are too many computers in China and India and too few in
             other developing countries.


5. According to the final paragraph, why has the $100.00 laptop project still not
been completed ?
      a) Technical complications and the loss of an important partner in the
         project.
      b) The obstacles put up by the Silicon Valley technological district.
      c) The obstacles put up by the Indian financial district.




                                                                                                   2
II Match the business activity with the correct definition of the sector to which it
belongs: [10 points]:
(Only one answer is correct for each question. There are two extra terms. Please mark your
answers clearly below, in the area dedicated to answers, ―RISPOSTE‖)


    1. Shops and stores take place in the:             a. Financial sector.

    2. Banking activities take place in the:           b. Computer and telecommunications
                                                       sector.
    3. Productive activities take place in             c. Transportation sector
       the:
    4. ITC activities take place in the:     d. Textiles sector.
    5. Clothing-making activities take place e. Retail sector.
       in the:
                                             f. Manufacturing sector.
                                             g. Advertising sector.


                                             RISPOSTE
Corso di Lingua Inglese, Idoneità- 4 crediti                                               a.a. 2007-2008
Prof. John Taylor, Titolare
Dott. Catherine Farwell, Esercitazioni

                   PROVA SCRITTA DI LINGUA INGLESE – Idoneità 4 crediti
                                             – 26 maggio 2008 –
Numero di matricola______________Indirizzo di studio (specificare):_________________
COGNOME __________________________/Nome______________________________

I. Risposte relative alle domande sul primo brano di “Reading Comprehension” (E’
prevista soltanto una risposta corretta per ogni domanda. Segnate con una ―X‖ la risposta che considerate
corretta) :

                                     1   A        B             C
                                     2   A        B             C
                                     3   A        B             C
                                     4   A        B             C
                                     5   A        B             C


II. Match the business activity with the correct definition of the sector to which it
belongs: (E’ prevista soltanto una risposta corretta per ogni domanda. Avvanzeranno 2 termini di settore).
Segnate con una ―X‖ la risposta che considerate corretta:

                                 1           A    B         C       D         E        F         G
                                 2           A    B         C       D         E        F         G
                                 3           A    B         C       D         E        F         G
                                 4           A    B         C       D         E        F         G
                                 5           A    B         C       D         E        F         G


                                                                                                            3
Listening Passage Transcript : An economic analyst from a large international company gives a presentation
about market conditions.

Instructions:
―You will hear a passage twice and answer 5 comprehension questions about it.‖

―Here are your question papers; keep them face down until I tell you to turn them over.‖
[Further instructions:]

― When you’ve had a chance to look at the question paper for 2 ½ minutes, you will listen to the passage for the first
time.

After that, you’ll have another 1 ½ minutes to answer and re-read the questions you still need to answer.

Then you will listen to the passage for the second time.

After the second reading you will have about 1 minute to finish answering; then you must hand in your question papers
immediately.‖


“Now you may turn over your papers and start reading”.

[After 2 ½ minutes have passed]

“Now listen to a consultant talking about the special recruitment process for top executives, known as
“headhunting”.
Interviewer: How do you identify and attract the best candidates for a
particular job?
Dr. Simon Kingston: Well, the most important thing for us at the beginning is
to have clear and full briefing from our clients. So we spend a great deal of
time talking to a range of people in the client organisation. And then,
according to the sort of job that we are seeking to fill, we will use three
different sorts of method for identifying candidates. One—the most obvious
one—is advertisement in appropriate newspapers or journals. The second is
by asking for nominations from within our client organisation of appropriate of
appropriate candidates. And the third, and most labour intensive for us, is our
own, original research. And that will be derived from our database, from
talking to authoritative sources in the relevant market place, and then from
beginning to map the business sector in which we think we are most likely to
find good candidates. All three of those different methods of identifying
candidates will cross-reference, and ideally we’d like to find candidates
who’re sourced from each of the three areas. And sometimes, when we’re
very fortunate, we will find an individual who comes referred from each of the
three approaches.
In respect of our own research, it’s always very valuable for us to be able to
speak, at the beginning of a search, to experts in a given sector, perhaps
people from the media, commentators, sometimes academics who have wide
networks of their own, that are independent from any single client
organisation but span a broad cross-section of companies and organisations.
And on those occasions, frequently people will have access to, may have
met, rising stars in a given sector, and can offer us an autonomous, an

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independent view of the skills and abilities of some of those people. And
furthermore they may frequently have ideas on the interests and likely level of
availability of people. So that when we make an approach to someone we
haven’t spoken to before, we do it in an informed way.
     [After 1 ½ minutes read -- or play back the passage -- for the second time]




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                                            Facoltà di Economia
Corso di Lingua inglese- Idoneità 4 crediti
Prof. John Taylor, Titolare
Dott.ssa Catherine Farwell, Esercitazioni

                                             Nome e cognome ____________________________

                              PROVA D’ASCOLTO 26 maggio 2008


III. Listening Comprehension Exercise
       with multiple choice options

1. What does the speaker say is the highest priority for his company?
___ (A) To get as many funds as possible to finance recruitment.
___ (B) To get clear and exhaustive information about what their clients are looking for.
___ (C) There is not enough information in the passage to decide.

2. What is the third step in the executive recruitment process?
___ (A) Budget forecasts organised and carried out by their company.
___ (B) There is not enough information in the passage to decide.
___ (C) Research organised and carried out by their company. .

3.Does the speaker say that executive head-hunters/recruiters advertise like other businesses?
___(A) No; he says that they do not advertise.
___(B) Yes; he says that their ads appear in radio spots and on hoardings or billboards.
___(C) Yes; he says that their ads appear in newspapers and journals.

4. Is it very important to find people who are neutral (or: unbiased) in their opinions about
potential candidates?
___ (A) Yes.
___ (B) No.
___ (C) The passage does not talk about this point.

5.According to the speaker, is it important to find out whether a candidate would be available
for a new job offer?
___ (A) No; this is not essential information.
___ (B) The passage does not talk about this point.
___ (C) Yes; it is important to know this before approaching a candidate.




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                                          Answer key

I. Reading Comprehension
1. A. The reading does not contain enough information to answer.

2. C. Yes. The use by African fishermen is a good example.

3. B    That Africa is producing many highly educated technology-sector workers.

4. B Yes. China is an exception; many developing economies have very few computers
in their national territories.

5. A Technical complications and the loss of an important partner in the project.


II. Matching business activities to the sector to which they belong:

             1    (e) :
             2    (a)
             3    (f)
             4.   (b)
             5.   (d)



III. Listening Comprehension:

                                           Listening key

 1.(B) To get clear and exhaustive information about what their clients are looking for.
2. (C) Research organised and carried out by their company. .

3. (C) Yes; he says that their ads appear in newspapers and journals.

4.   (B) No.

5. (C) Yes; it is important to know this before approaching a candidate.




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