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					CECILIA BRIGHI
CISL ITALY
PORTO ALEGRE 24.1.2003

THE CENTRAL ROLE OF THE TRADE UNION MOVIMENT TO
PROMOTE AND DEFEND ALL HUMAN RIGHTS AT WORK

globalistation, has not worked up to promote development and respect of
fundamental human and trade union rights.
LIBERISM has been growing on the deterioration of fundamental rights in the world
of work and a deterioration of the existing international mechanisms and institutions
for their respect.

We, the trade unions are often considered out of fashion, but in reality it has to be
stressed that :

1) Trade unions have always worked, for democratic alternatives to this
globalisation and to implement strategies focused to deeply change liberist
economic, financial, trade and productive policies, and the institutions, which
caused the further deterioration of fundamental human and workers rights and
the international mechanisms and institutions which should work for their
respect.

2) in Chile, in South Africa, in Europe, in India. Brasil international trade unon
moviment has alwaiys been one of the key suporter and actort to fight
dictatorships, violence and military regimes in favour of democracy. And the
history of CUT and Brasil is a clear example of such efforts and commitments.
Democracy, a precondition for workers rights, still in the era of globalisation is
totally lacking in many countries of the world and, it is becoming more and more
fragile in many others.

After the 11 September, Fear of terrorism is creating a precarisation of people
liberties around the word, and is used also to shrink more and more the already
precarious protection of rights of the weakest part of the wold of work especially
migrant workers and refugees, among them women and children.

They tried to convince us that war is the solution for peace. This is a great illusion.
We are not at the cinema, where you have cow boys against Indians and the good are
winning on the bads ( and we should understand who is who).

We refuse the War as the answer to terrorism and to dictatorships, a choice which
will have long lasting devastating effects for the international stability, peace and
social justice and economic development.


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To avoid this risk Trade union role is to eliminate the water in which terrorism may
grow.
Social justice is the key but security is also a problem and inorder not to become
an excuse to shrink human and trade union rights trade unions must
concentrate their energies in creating a vacuum around terrorism.

This gives unions a leading role in stressing their claims on human rights
That’s can give the ILO a new role

A special special session of the ILO should be held to discuss links between
security and respect of human and trade union rights

A huge international trade union initiative has been launched against War,
which cannot be the answer to terrorism and to dictatorships.

For the same reason we are asking governments to urgently concentrate their
attention and commit to build peace in Palestine, to call for the immediate withdrawal
of Israeli troops and settlements stop and for both parties to move directly to a
meaningful cease-fire and to end all acts of violence and terror.
And in Europe we are launching with the Tavola della Pace an European campaign to
put the commitment to peace and the refusal of war at the heart of the European next
constitution.

    The war for petrol cancel Dramatic conflict situations, where violation of
     fundamental human and workers rights are a daily reality for million of people
     are forgotten.

In too many areas, such conflict situations           allow or are based on the
indiscrimination, repression of workers and trade union rights.

In Colombia, 2001, 184 trade unionists were killed and 4000 in the last 10 years.

In Burma the military junta uses hundred of thousand of forced labourers to
maintain its dictatorship and his drug economy while using rape and torture to repress
opposition.


Trade Unions Burma and China campaign, are a flag that shows the wide
hypocrisy of business and governments who in order to exploit labour or enter in
new markets close their eyes and become corresponisible of human rights
violation at work.

    KNOWKEDGE SOCIETY

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THEY SAY that we live in the knowledge society: but 1.5 billion people live with
less than a dollar a day. 850 million adults have a precarious job
800 million of adults 280 million of children are illiterate,most of them are women
and ofthen the only to earn in the families
Il 72% of the internet USERS ARE IN THE OCSE COUNTRIES and
represent only the14% OF THE POPULATION.

if we look at children: 250 million of them, work, with No access to education.We
are testimony of an increase in child labour in the globalisaton and
internationalisation of the economy

IS THIS THE KNOWLEDGE SOCIETY?

Our first porpossal should be to ASK INDUSTRIALISED GOVERNMENT TO
INTRODUCE A tiny LITTLE TAX ON COMPANIES PROFITS               TO
FINANCE A WORLD FUND FOR EDUCATION FOR ALL YOUNG PEOPLE
IN POOR COUNTRIES

    INTERNATIONALISATION AND FDI

While 51 countries have not ratified the core labour standard on freedom of
association, 39 have not ratifed that on collective bargaining.
flexibility, just in time production, subcontracting, informal work ARE THE
KEY WORDS . Business as a whole, desperately need the absence of trade unions,
collective bargaining and the denial of the basic workers rights.
 This is the ground on which investments liberalisation, FDI and Export Credit
Agencies bases their investment strategies. On this basis workers are harassed,
dismissed and oblidged to work in precarious conditions all over the world.
UNCTAD has highlighted in its Report 2003 that in the wold there are 65.000
thousand multinationals, with 850.000 foreign affiliates employing 54 million
workers, in comparison to the 24 millions of the year 1990.
1990/2000. FDI increased from 1.7 trillions to 6.6 trillions $. But we have to
underline that eventhough multinationals and FDI are growing, worker conditions are
not improving. We are in front of new developments such as:

   1) markets liberalisation policies: In the year 2000, 97 countries have been
      involved in 157 bilateral agreements on investments . The number of
      treaties is now 2.099.

   2) The rapid technological change oblidge companies to share risks and costs
      on the international markets

   3) the increase in competition and the need to increase “efficiency” through
   the research of new markets and new production areas with always lower costs,
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   that are represented by the denial of fundamental workers rights and bad working
   conditions.

   4) the fall in transport costs and in communications has brought to the death of
   distances.

Low salaries economies are therefore the target of FDI.

CHINA

In China there will be an increase inurban unemployment from 4.5% to 7% in this
year-
Mass dismissals in pubic owned companies
La China petrolium and Chemical Corporation decided to 90.000 jobs, transport
sectors has dismissed around 100 thousend jobs.

Liaoyang stgruggle
 In notheast Xiao Yunliang and Yao Fuxin two labour activists have been accused of
subversion for being part of a huge protest last march that brought into the street
tens of thousend of protesters demanding wages and pensions benefits they earned
but not received. They won the struggle but they were afterwords accused of
subversion.
Trade unions have launched a campaign for them.

BURMA

Many of the testimonies presented from the ICFTU to the ILO even the recent ones
handed to the ILO GB show that forced labour still continue as usual.

Violence and rape, killing of villagers, imprisonment of trade unionists,torture are all
daily experiences.
still Nobel prise Aung San Suu Kyi stress the need for companies to stay out of the
country for foreign investment funds the regime and help keep in power.
 the role of Union of Myanmar Economic Holdings (UMEH) created by the Junta
in 19.2.1990 with 1.4 billion US$ in which 40% of the shares are owed by the
ministry of Defence and the remaining 60% of the shares are in the hands of miliary
personel andother organisations. Some of the UMEH companies belong to turism
and hotel sectors as well as energy sectors.
 The Ilo Resolution.
Business and governments close their eyes. Investments continue and also
international institutions as




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ADB must revise their policies and agreements, thus suspending the
participation, technical and financial support of Burma in the initiatives
initiated through various direct/ indirect programms, which involve ADB.

Great Mekong Subregion Economic Cooperation Programm In 29 November 2001 the
ministerial meeting was held in Rangoon whit the participation of ministers of the interested
countries. the Seventh Mekong Tourism Forum in Burma in the 2002 . that is why CISL has
asked to Italian Government and ILO that such behaviour should be revewed In these days all
democratic burmese organisations in Thailand are harassed by the Thai military and
police.
Next week the UE ASEAN will meet in Brussel and for the first time Burmese junta
wll go. We have to urgently ask to withdraw such decision

                                     EPZ
EPZ are 3.000 in 116 countries. A great presence is in CHINA.
 young women often obliged to live and work like prisoners in the factories, sexual harassment and
denial of maternity tests are quite usual as well as threats if they try to organise and react.
Unctad recognises for the first time: “ they represent a rush to the bottom”

WE ARE ASKING TO GOVERNMENTS AND INTERNATIONAL
INSTITUTIONS TO ELIMINATE EPZ VIOLATING REGULATIONS WE NEED
ALLIANCE.

In this scenario, independent codes of conducts Corporate Social Responsibility in
most cases are still a public relation strategies. The OECD itself has underlined that
only the 18% of such instruments include the respect of freedom of association and
collective bargaining rights which are considered (together with the prohibition of
child labour, forced labour and discrimination) among the fundamental human rights.

Flexibilisation of work, informal economy are bringing with them the growth of
precarisation and the privatisation of the states role, thus creating a shrink of basic
human rights at work, even within developed countries and transition ones.

    Multinational Enterprises,
    the trade union moviment, through International agreements between Global
   Union Federations with multinationals, has since some years started to negotiate
   Global CONTRACTS to oblige companies to respect fundamental human and
   environmental rights for workers and for the local communities in all the
   production and subcontracting chain,

   the OECD Guidelines on Multinationals or the ILO Tripartite Declaration are
   other important instruments .

Particular attention is directed to gender perspectives, particularly in the informal
economy and precarious jobs.
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          5) Export Credit Agencies
         
 5) ECAS, which account for 56% of the debt owed to official government agencies,
need to transformed from engines of repression, environmental degradation and
corruption, in engines of sustainable development.

Trade Unions in the OECD countries have launched with some NGOS a global
campaign to force a deep reform of ECAs. What has been done in Burma, is an
example, where forced labour, summary executions, rape and torture, and the
suppression of trade union rights has been the instruments to build the ECAs
supported Yadana pipeline by UNOCAL and Total Fina.


SOCIAL DIMENTION OF THE WTO

This is another important aim of the international trade union moviment which
articulates through different initiatives.
Trade union moviment is against the WTO as the international macroeconomic
decision maker and is urgently requesting its democratisation through a wide reform,
which should foresee the consultation in the decisionmaking of the trade unions and
other organisations of the civil society.
Trade unions have always requested the inclusion of a strong social dimention within
the WTO and its treaties. We want to give the same opportunities to all workers of
the wold, poor and rich, to defend their rights at work and to fight with dignity for the
improvement of their working conditions and for decent jobs. We are against any
protectionism.
Other main objectives regards the work to avoid protectionism of industrialised
coutries againts the poor ones through maintaning the existing obstacles and subsides
on specific sectors.
Trade unions are in favour of supporting poor countries in their fight for medicins
and the right to food and against the GMOs campaings led by multinationals. Unions
are also against privatization of fundamental services such as education health, water
and other basic services considered as global goods especially in poor countries,
which privatisation would affect the development of whole coutries and huge
problems especially for women which would support the major burden.

Other key concerns especially in view of the new WTO ministerial is the negotiation
for an investment treaty, which would not create positive conditions for workers of
the multinationals and for those involved by FDI. It would be a chart of rights for
companies against public rights.

We, the trade unions are an important part of the world moviment for peace and
democracy and as said in the first day of the Forum we are at the hart of the civil
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society and we need to share, meet discuss and find the best ways to work together
continuing to have only peaceful means for our wide success.

Cecilia Brighi
CISL Italy




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