Chemical Composition of Petroleum Products by lfl93601

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									                    Chemical Composition of Petroleum Products
                              Defraction
                               Column       Lighter
                                           Products                  Common Petroleum-based Products
                                                                    q   Gasoline

                                                       Product
                                                                    q   Diesel Fuel
                                                       Specific
                  Furnace                             Refinement
                                                       Process      q   Aviation Fuel (Kerosene)
    Petroleum
      Crude
                                                                    q   Oils and Lubricants
       Oil
                                            Heavier
                                           Products

                                                                                                   w
 v When petroleum products, or the waste associated with use of these products, are released into the
   environment, they chemically and biologically interact with the soil, groundwater, and microorganisms.
 v The ratios of these chemicals serve as a fingerprint for the type of product (diesel, gasoline, etc.)
   originally released into the environment.


                         Some of the chemicals found in petroleum products,
                   significant because of their toxicity or their taste and smell are:

        Chemical               Symbol                                      Human Toxicity

                                                              Probable carcinogen (cancer-causing agent), Central
                                                              Nervous System (CNS) depression, Irregular heart rhythm
                                                              Abdominal pain, vomiting; CNS effects; Heart and liver
                                                              damage; Bone marrow damage

                                                              Mutagenic (causes mutations), CNS depression, Respiratory
                                                              irritation, Liver, kidney damage


                                                              Narcosis, CNS effects, Skin and eye irritation

                                                              Abdominal Pain, Jaundice, Renal failure, Optical neuritis
                                                              and corneal damage

                                                              General Class with varying degrees of toxicity, several of
                                                              which are potential carcinogens. 17 specific PAHs are
                                                              regulated under Florida’s Petroleum Cleanup Program
                                                              Varying degrees of toxicity. Arsenic is a carcinogen and has
                                                              reproductive effects. Lead can cause kidney disease,
                                                              malnutrition, and weakness.

MTBE (Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether) is a fuel additive which has been used in the United States since 1979. Its
use began as a replacement for lead in gasoline because of health hazards associated with lead. MTBE has
distinctive physical properties that result in it being highly soluble, persistent in the environment, and able to
migrate through the ground. DEP has required the monitoring and cleanup of MTBE at petroleum contaminated
sites since February, 1990, and continues to monitor studies focusing on the potential health effects of MTBE and
other fuel additives. For more information, visit DEP’s Petroleum Cleanup Program web site at:
www.dep.state.fl.us/waste/catagories/pcp.

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