Food Security Analysis Unit -Somalia - PowerPoint by zvt20327

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									Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit -Somalia


 Post Deyr ’ 09/10 Assessment
           Analysis

               Northwest Regions

              27th January – June 2010




  EUROPEAN
 COMMISSION
  Field Access and
Field Data Locations
                   Main Livelihood Groups
                    Sources of Food and Income
                                 Livelihood Groups & Main Sources of Food
                                 and Income
                                     • 4 Pastoral Livelihoods (Hawd, Sool
                                         Plateau, Nugal Valley, and
                                         Golis/Guban Pastoralists)
                                           Primary sources of income of poor:
                                             sale of livestock & livestock
                                             products
                                           Primary sources of food of poor:
                                             purchase
                                           Primary livelihood asset of poor:
                                             camel, sheep/goat
•   2 Agro-pastoral Livelihoods (Togdheer and Northwest Agro-pastoral)
      Togdheer Agro-Pastoral are more pastoralists than agriculturalists.
        Main sources of income: sale of livestock & livestock products, self-
        employment (fodder sales), main source of food: purchase
      Northwest Agro-pastoral are more agriculturists than pastoralists.
        Main sources of income: sale of crops, livestock products and
        labour; Main sources of food: own crop production and purchase.
                                     Climate
             Performance of the Deyr ’09/10 Season

 Deyr Seasonal Rains (Oct- Dec ‘09 )
• Start of Season: Rains started early in September 09 in most parts of the regions.
• Temporal and Spatial Distribution: Duration of rainfall was short and localized in terms of
  distribution and frequency
 Dry spell regions: Togdheer, Sool and Sanag

•   Near normal rains in livelihood zones: near normal rains received in lower Nugal and
    Hawd of Sool region (80-120%LTM).
•   Poor rains in livelihood zones: Hawd of Togdheer, Hawd of Hargeisa, upper Nugal valley,
    Sool plateau, Golis/Guban and Agro-pastoral of Togdheer, Hargeisa and Borama (20-
    40% LTM)
•   Poor to average pasture conditions in Lower Nugal and Hawd of Sool region, but the rest
    of poor condition.

Karan Rain (July – Sep ’09.)
• Start of Season:Karan rains started Late in August’09 , but normally starts in late July
•   Temporal and Spatial Distribution: Karan rains were Limited to west agro-pastoral areas
    of W/galbeed and Awdal regions
•   Near normal rains: Gabiley district
•   Poor rains: Borama, Hargeisa and Togdheer Agro-pastoral.
                                                                          Climate
                                                           Vegetation Conditions
                                                                                                                         Standardized difference from LTA
                                                                                         3                  RFE Hudun

                                                                                         2                  NDVI Hudun

                                                                                         1                  70% range
                                                                                         0




                                                                                      Z-scores
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                                                                                                    1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009
                                                                                                 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008

                                                                                                                                 Year




                                                                                                             Standardized difference from LTA
                                     Standardized difference from LTA                   3
                                                                                                          RFE Burao
                     RFE Elafweyn
   3                                                                                                      NDVI Burao
                     NDVI Elafweyn                                                      2                 70% range
   2
                     70% range
                                                                                        1
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                                                                                                    1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009
                                                                                                 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008
             1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009
           1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008

                                                                                                                               Year
                                           Year
             Civil Insecurity

 Civil Security Situation:
 The security of the Northwest zone
remains stable.

Land dispute tension between
Gabiley & Dila farming communities is
diffused and is under the control of the
government.




                                           Source: FSAU & Protection Cluster
                                      Agriculture
                           Northwest Cereal Production

                     Gu-Karan Cereal Production Estimates in SomaliLand (North West)



                                 Gu 2009 Production in MT            Gu-
                                                                    Karan
                                                                           Gu-Karan 2009 Gu-Karan 2009 as
                                                                   2009 as
                                                                            as % of Gu-     % of 5 year
           Regions                                                   % of
                                                                            Karan PWA        average
                                                                     Gu-
                                                                            (1998-2008)    (2004-2008)
                         Maize      Sorghum         Total Cereal    Karan
                                                                    2008



Awdal                      60         825               885         56%        28%             22%



Togdheer                   5          200               205         23%        36%             21%



Woqooyi Galbeed           175        9,500             9,675        64%        65%             56%



                          240        10,525           10,765        61%        58%             49%
TOTAL
                                     Agriculture
          Gu Karan ‘09 Crop Harvest Estimate Trends

     Gu Karan ‘09                                         Gebiley
     Crop Harvest Estimate                                 85%
     Regional Distribution
                                                                                    Hargeisa
                                     Togdheer                                         5%
                                        2%                       Awdal
                                                                  8%


     Long Term Trends in Gu Karan Crop Production (1996-2009)
30,000
                              Sorghum          Maize      PWA        5 year Avrg
25,000

20,000
MT




15,000

10,000

 5,000

     0
         1998   1999   2000   2001      2002      2003    2004      2005     2006   2007   2008   2009


                                                   Year
                                         Agriculture
                         Gu/Karan ‘09 Cereal Crop Harvest




                                                 Crop Failure –Burao-Togdheer Agro-pastoral-
Good Crop harvest –Gebiley-West Agro-pastoral-
                                                               Ahmed –Nov. 09
              Ahmed –Nov. 09
  Agriculture

Deyr ‘09 Commercial
    Cereal Flow
       Dec. ’09
                                            Agriculture
   Regional Trends in Cereal Prices & Terms of Trade

                     RED SORGHUM PRICE BURAO
  12,000
                                                       Five Year
  10,000                                               Monthly
                                                       average
       8,000
                                                                    Regional Trend in
SoSh




       6,000
                                                       2008
       4,000                                                          Cereal Prices
       2,000
                                                                       (Sorghum)
          -
                                                       2009




               TOT Cereal(Sorghum) to Labour BURAO

                                                     Five Year
 14
                                                     Monthly       Regional Trends in
 12                                                  average
 10
                                                                    Terms of Trade:
   8                                                                Cereal to Labor
                                                     2008
   6
   4
   2
                                                                      (Sorghum kg
   0                                                                  /daily wage)
                                                     2009
                                                         Agriculture
                            Regional Trends in Cereal Prices & Terms of Trade


                    White SORGHUM PRICES - HARGEYSA
 8,000
                                                                Five Year
 7,000
                                                                Monthly
 6,000                                                          average
 5,000
SoSh




 4,000                                                                                Regional Trend in
                                                                2008
 3,000
 2,000
                                                                                        Cereal Prices
 1,000                                                                                   (Sorghum)
         -
                                                                2009




                   Average of TOT white Sorghum 1kg To Labour
              20
                                    Hargeisa
                                                                   Five Year
              18                                                   Monthly
              16                                                   average
              14
              12                                                               Regional Trends in Terms of
       SoSh




              10
                                                                   2008          Trade: Cereal to Labor
               8
               6
               4
               2
                                                                               (Kg of Sorghum/daily wage)
              -
                                                                   2009
                               Agriculture
            Regional Trends in Cereal Prices & Terms of Trade


               IMPORTED RED RICE-Erigavo         Five Year
  50,000
                                                 Monthly
  40,000                                         average

  30,000
Sosh




                                                 2008
  20,000

  10,000

        0                                        2009


                                                             Regional Trends in Terms of
                                                               Trade: Cereal to Labor

            TOT Cereal(Rice) to Labour-Erigavo    Five
       10                                         Year
                                                  Monthly
       8                                          average
       6                                          2008
       4
       2
       0                                          2009
              Livestock

     Rangeland Conditions and
        Livestock Migration
            Dec. ’09/10

•   Poor performance of Deyr ’09/10 season

•   Negatively affected both pasture/browse
    and water conditions

•   Resulted in average to poor livestock
    body conditions and poor production

•   Led to stressed abnormal migration
                                                             Livestock
                  Livestock Body Conditions & Trends in Production
                                              Milk
                                                             Expected                       Trends in Herd Size (June’10)
         Conception         Calving/kidding                  calving/
Region                                        production
         (Deyr ‘09)         (Deyr ‘09)                       kidding
                                              (Deyr ‘09)                      Livelihoods     Livestock species
                                                             Jan-July ’09
NW       Hawd               Hawd              All Species:   Hawd: Camel:     Hawd            Camel : Decreased to 43% in Dec. ‘09 and
         Camel: medium      Camel: Low to     Below          None-Low                         projected at 72% of baseline in June ‘10
         Sheep/goats:       none              Average        Sh/goats:                        Sheep/goats: Decrease to 41% in Dec09
         medium to Low      Sheep/goats:                     Medium- low                      and projected at 57% of baseline in June ‘10
                            Low
         Nugaal valley                        Below          Nugaal valley:
         Camel: medium-                       Average        Camel:           Nugaal          Camel: Decreased to 49% in Dec’09 and
         to low             Nugaal Valley                    medium-low       Valley          maintained at 49% of baseline in June’10)
         Sheep/goat:        Camel: none -                    Sh/goats:                        Sheep/goats:Decreased to 59% in Dec ‘09
         Medium-Low         low Sheep/goat:                  Medium-low                       and projected at 49% of baseline in June
                            none-low                                                          ‘10
         Sool plateau                         Below
         Camel: none –low                     Average        Sool plateau:    Sool            Camel: Decreased to 1% in Dec ’09 and to
         Sheep/goat         Sool Plateau                     Camel: non-      Plateau         maintain 1% of baseline in June ‘10
         :none-low          Camel: none                      Low                               Sheep/goats: Decreased to 32% in Dec’09
                            Sheep/goats:                                                      and projected at 31% of baseline in June
         W.Golis/Guban:     none              Below          W.Golis/Guba                     ’10
         Camel :none-                         Average        n:
         Low Sheep/goat:    W.Golis/Guban                    Camel:low-                       Camel: 123% of baseline in Dec ’09 and
         medium             Camel: low-none                  none             W/Golis-        projected at 145% of baseline by June ‘10.
                            Sheep/goat: low                  Sh/Goat:         guban           Sheep/goats: Decreased to 55% in Dec ’09
                                                             medium                           and projected at 62% of baseline in June ‘10
         E/Golis:Guban                        Below                                           Camel : Decreased to 33% in Dec’09, and to
         Camel; none-low    E/Golis-guban     Average                                         maintain 33% of baseline in June10
         Sh/goat: low-      Camel: none-low                  E/Golis          E/Golis-        Sh/goat: Decreased to 65% in Dec ‘09 and
         none               Sh/goat: none-                   guban:           guban           to maintain 65% of baseline in June ’10.
                            low                              Camel: None-
                                                             low
                                                             Sh/goat: low-
                                               Livestock
                Trends in Livestock Prices and Terms of Trade


             LOCAL GOAT QUALITY-Burao            Five Year
500,000
                                                 Monthly
400,000                                          average
300,000
Sosh




200,000                                          2008

100,000
       0
                                                 2009

                                                                Regional Trends in
                                                                  Terms of Trade:
                                                                Cereal to Goat ( rice
                                                                     kg/head)

           TOT Cereal(Rice) to L. Goat-Burao

 70                                                 Five Year
                                                    Monthly
 60                                                 average
 50
 40
 30                                                 2008
 20
 10
   0

                                                    2009
                                    Livestock
                  Trends in Livestock Prices and Terms of Trade
       LOCAL GOAT QUALITY-Erigavo




                                                       Regional Trend in
                                                         Goat Prices




     TOT Cereal(Rice) to L. Goat-Erigavo
60
                                           Five Year   Regional Trends in
                                           Monthly
50                                         average       Terms of Trade:
40                                                     Cereal to Goat ( rice
30                                         2008             kg/head)
20
10
 0
                                           2009
                                                               Livestock
                                         Trends in Livestock Exports – Berbera Port


                                                                                                                  Berbera: Livestock Exports (Heads) and
             Livestock Export through Lawya-                                                                         Export Quality Goat Prices (US$)
                    Addo (Aug-Dec.09)                                                                       900                                            70




                                                                     Livestock Exports (Heads, thousands)
                                                                                                                              Camel
                                                                                                            800               Cattle




                                                                                                                                                               Price Per Head (US$)
                                                                                                                              Shoats                       60
                                                                                                            700               Hargesia
16,000                                                                                                                        Galkayo
                                                                                                                                                           50
14,000                                                                                                      600
12,000                                                                                                      500                                            40
10,000                                                                                                      400                                            30
 8,000                                                      Shoats                                          300
 6,000                                                                                                                                                     20
                                                            Camel                                           200
 4,000
                                                            Cattle                                                                                         10
                                                                                                            100
  2,000
         0                                                                                                   0                                             0
             Aug.09
                      Sept.09
                                Oct.09
                                          Nov.09
                                                   Dec.09
                                                                                                                                         Month
Livestock Situations -Photos
Early Water Trucking in Sool Plateau, Sanaag region, Dec. ’09
                     Abdullahi Warsame
                  Livestock
Livestock Body Conditions & Pasture: Camel & Cattle




 Poor camel condition in Hawd of Togdheer, Dec’09-Yusuf
Livestock death at Hagaa -Sool plateau- Sanaag Region Dec’09-
                           Abdirizak
                                                                     Markets
                                Imported Commodity Prices Compared to Exchange Rates


                                                                                 Factors affecting
                                 Northwest: Trend in Imported Commodity Prices
                                                                                 Commercial Import Prices:
                                         compared to Exchange Rate               Decreases/or Increases
                        14000      PETROL 1 Litre
                                   RICE IMPORTED RED
                                                                                 •
                        12000
                                                                                 •Appreciation of SLSh (Imports
                                   SUGAR
                                   VEGETABLE OIL 1 Litre
                        10000
Price per Unit (SlSh)




                                   SOMALILAND SHILLINGS PER DOLLAR
                                                                                 expensive)
                        8000
                                                                                 • Decreased Global Prices
                        6000
                                                                                 •Low Supply only Sugar and V.
                        4000                                                     Oil
                        2000
                                                                                 • Low local Commodity supply
                            0
                                                                                 •Tariffs and Taxations

                                                           Month
                IPC Analysis Templates
                   Gender Analysis Deyr ‘09/10

  Income sources/coping by          Changes observed in Deyr 09/10:
           gender:
                                     Income sources:
Mostly Men:                         • 20% of livestock sales by women
• Livestock sales                   • 30% of livestock product sales
• Charcoal production/sales           by men
• Frankincense collection/selling   • 10% of petty trade by men
• Fishing                           • Retail crop sales by both, men
• Loan-taking                         and women

Mostly Women :                       Loan -taking:
• Livestock product sales           •   10% of food & non-food loans by
                                        women
• Petty trade
                                    •   15% of loans for water & livestock
• Retail crop sales                     drugs by women.
                                    •   100% of loans for business (petty
                                        trade) by women
                Northwest - Deyr ‘09/10 Gender Analysis Summary Table


LZ                 Normal income            Normal income source             Changes in Roles in Access to Income
                   sources for women                for men
Agro-pastoral      Livestock product sales Agricultural labour           • Loan taking by women (food, animal drugs)
                   and petty trade         livestock sale




Sool- Sanaag,      Livestock product sale   Livestock sales, labour,         Change in Sool Plateau only
Togdheer, Awdal,   and petty trade          charcoal production/sale • Livestock selling shared
Galbeed                                                              • Product sales shared
pastoral                                                             • Loan taking by women (food as well as
                                                                       non-food)


East /West Golis   Livestock product sale   Frankincense,     fishing,                Change in East Golis
pastoral           and petty trade          livestock sales              •   Fish processing co-shared
                                                                         •   Frankincense selling co-shared
                                                                         •   Livestock/product sales co-shared
                                                                         •   Loan-taking by women (food and non-food)
                      Summary of Nutrition Findings
  Region        Nutrition Surveys       Rapid MUAC      Health Information System         TFC/OTP/           Other relevant        Summary of analysis and
                  (Oct-Dec. 09)         Screening (%                Info                    SFC            information – Key         change from Gu 09
                                          <12.5cm)       (Source: HIS data R=3)                              driving factors


Pastoral –   WestGolis/Guban          5.6 (1.7-9.4)    HIS TRENDS: Low and stable      OTP and SFP by    MORBIDITY: No           West Golis/Guban
             GAM:6.8% Pr=0.90                          number of acutely               UNICEF,           disease outbreaks.      Improved from Serious to
             SAM: Pr<1%                                malnourished children           WV,MC,SRCS        interventions by        Alert
                                                                                       and MOHL          WFP, SRCS, UNICEF
                                                       HIS nutrition trend: high and                     , DD is good
             Hawd Of Galbeed and                                                                                                 Hawd of Galbeed remains
             Sool                     8.1 (4.4-11.7)   increasing no. of acutely
                                                       malnourished children                             MORBIDITY: No           Serious no change, Hawd of
             GAM:9.4% Pr=0.90                                                                            disease outbreaks.      Sool improvement to Alert
             SAM: <1%                                                                                    DD is good in Sool,
                                                       HIS nutrition trend: high and                                             Hawd of Togdheer
                                                       increasing no. of acutely                         poor in Galbeed
                                                                                       OTP & SFP in                              Improvement from Critical to
             Hawd of Togdheer         8.8 (4.2-13.5)   malnourished children(          Burao show                                Serious
             (PPS)                                                                     admissions from   MORBIDITY: 48.4%,
             GAM= 10.4% (7.8-13.7)                     HIS nutrition trend: high and   rural areas       Diarrhoea-27.7%, DD     East Golis of Sanaag/Gebbi
             SAM= 1% (0.4-2.4)                         increasing no. of acutely                         –Critical (24.9%        Slight Improvement from
                                                       malnourished children                             consuming <4 food       Critical to Serious
                                                                                                         groups a day
                                      6.1 (3.0-9.2)                                                                              Sool Plateau
             East Golis of Sanaag                      HIS nutrition trend: high and
                                                       increasing no. of acutely                         MORBIDITY: 19.8%        Stable at Serious compared to
             and Gebbi Valley                                                                                                    Gu 09
                                                       malnourished children                             Diarrhea – 9.6%, DD
             GAM:7.9% Pr=0.90                                                                            is poor, no milk
             SAM: Pr<1%               4.5 (1.6-6.7)                                                                              Nugal Valley
                                                       HIS nutrition trend: high and                                             Stable at Serious compared to
                                                       increasing no. of acutely                         MORBIDITY: No           Gu 09
             Sool Plateau                                                                                disease outbreaks.
                                                       malnourished children
             GAM:9.1% Pr=0.90                                                                            DD is poor, no milk
             SAM: Pr<1%                                                                                                          Galbeed and Awdal
                                      5.0 (2.2-7.4)    •HIS nutrition trend: low but
                                                       increasing numbers of                                                     Agropastoral
             Nugal Valley                              malnourished children                             MORBIDITY: No           Improvement from Critical to
             GAM:9.2% Pr=0.90                                                                            disease outbreaks.      Serious
             SAM: Pr<1.9%                              HIS nutrition trend: high and                     DD is poor, no milk
Agro-                                 3.5 (1.9-6.0)                                                                              Togdheer Agro pastoral -
                                                       increasing numbers of
Pastoral                                               malnourished children                                                     Stable at Critical
             Galbeed- and Awdal                                                                          MORBIDITY: 29.8%,
             agro pastoral.                                                                              DD: Is fair, milk and
             GAM:9.8% Pr=0.90                                                                            cereal available
             SAM: Pr<1%               8.7 (5.7-11.7)
                                                                                                         MORBIDITY: 36.8%,
             Togdheer Agro-pastoral                                                                      Diarrhea 21.0%, DD –
             GAM:16.1% (13.1-19.1)                                                                       Serious 14.7%
             SAM: 2.9 (1.5-4.4)
Estimated Nutrition Situation,
 Northwest Regions, July 2009




                                 Estimated Nutrition Situation,
                                  Northwest Regions, Jan 2010
             Summary Progression of Rural IPC Situation
           MAP 1: IPC, Gu ‘09           MAP 2: IPC Deyr ‘09/10       MAP 3: Livelihood Zones




Key IPC Reference Outcomes:
HE: (100% of Poor and 25% of Middle in Togdheer Agro-pastoral LZ and 100% of poor in
Pastoral Sool-Sanag Plateau)
     • Acute malnutrition: Critical and stable in Agropastoral
     • Food Access: severe entitlement gap, unable to meet 2100 kcal ppp day
     • Water Access: accessed via livelihood asset striping
     • Destitution/Displacement: emerging destitution in Sool, Togdheer , Sanaag regions
     • Coping: distress strategies and increasing
     • Livelihood Assets: accelerated and near complete

Main Causes:
    • 4-5 consecutive seasons of poor rainfall leading to:
         consecutive seasons of crop failures
         limited livestock production and high livestock off-take
    • High food and non-food prices, high water prices
    • Reduced household income from own production
          Summary: Progression of Rural IPC Situation
        MAP 1: IPC, Gu 2009           MAP 2: IPC Deyr ‘09/10         MAP 3: LIVELIOOD ZONES




Key IPC Reference Outcomes:
AFLC: (100% of Poor in North-West Agro-pastoral LZ, Hawd, Nugal valley; 75% in
Golis Guban)
     • Acute malnutrition: serious and Alert
     • Food Access: lack of entitlement, 2100 kcal ppp day via livelihood asset striping
     • Water Access: accessed via livelihood asset striping
     • Destitution/Displacement: emerging, diffuse
     • Coping: crisis strategies and increasing
     • Livelihood Assets: accelerated and critical depletion

Main Causes:
    • 3-4 consecutive seasons of poor rainfall leading to:
         consecutive seasons of crop failures
         limited livestock production and high livestock off-take
    • High food and non-food prices, high water prices
    • Reduced household income from own production
                                                                               IPC
                           Estimated Rural Population in AFLC & HE
                                                                                        Assessed and High Risk Population in AFLC and HE

                                 UNDP 2005 Rural                           GU 09                                                           Deyr 2009-10
NW Regions Affected Districts
                                   Population      Acute Food and Livelihood       Humanitarian Emergency           Acute Food and Livelihood      Humanitarian Emergency
                                                          Crisis (AFLC)                     (HE)                           Crisis (AFLC)                    (HE)
Awdal
Baki                                16,923                   2,000                            0                                  2,000                       0
Borama                              132,695                 17,000                            0                                 17,000                       0
Lughaye                             22,094                   2,000                            0                                  2,000                       0
Zeylac                              22,801                   2,000                            0                                  2,000                       0
                     Sub-total      194,513                 23,000                            0                                 23,000                       0
Woqooyi Galbeed
Berbera                              18,683                  1,000                            0                                  1,000                       0
Gebiley                              53,717                  5,000                            0                                  3,000                       0
Hargeysa                            137,513                 26,000                            0                                 26,000                       0
                     Sub-total      209,913                 32,000                            0                                 30,000                       0
Togdheer
Burco                               191,748                 53,000                         2,000                                52,000                     2,000
Buuhoodle                            28,821                  8,000                           0                                   8,000                       0
Owdweyne                             30,924                  8,000                         1,000                                 8,000                     1,000
Sheikh                               27,400                  7,000                         1,000                                 7,000                     1,000
                     Sub-total      278,893                 76,000                         4,000                                75,000                     4,000
Sanaag
Ceel Afweyn                          53,638                 16,000                          1,000                               14,000                      1,000
Ceerigaabo                           83,748                 23,000                          4,000                               18,000                      6,000
Laasqoray/Badhan                     76,902                 34,000                         11,000                               28,000                     15,000
                     Sub-total       214,288                73,000                         16,000                               60,000                     22,000
Sool
Caynabo                               24,026                 7,000                            0                                   7,000                       0
Laas Caanood                          50,606                15,000                            0                                  15,000                       0
Taleex                                20,983                 7,000                          1,000                                 7,000                     2,000
Xudun                                 15,528                 6,000                          1,000                                 5,000                     1,000
                     Sub-total       111,143                35,000                          2,000                                34,000                     3,000
                   Grand Total      1,008,750              239,000                         22,000                               222,000                    29,000
      TOTAL AFFECTED POPULATION IN AFLC & HE                             261,000                                                            251,000
                                                                                                  IPC
                                       Estimated Rural Population in AFLC & HE
                                                                                                                    Assessed and High Risk Population in AFLC and HE
                                                 Estimated Population of Affected                             GU 09                                                    Deyr 2009-10
   NW Region Affected Livelihood Zones
                                                         Livelihood Zones           Acute Food and Livelihood Crisis    Humanitarian Emergency Acute Food and Livelihood            Humanitarian
                                                                                                (AFLC)                             (HE)                    Crisis (AFLC)           Emergency (HE)
Awdal
NW Irrigated: Vegetables                                      1,133
Fishing                                                       1,149                                0                               0                           0                        0
Golis Pastoral                                                74,592                             3,000                             0                         3,000                      0
Guban Pastoral                                                42,612                             3,000                             0                         3,000                      0
NWAgro-past: Sorghum, cattle                                  75,026                            17,000                             0                        17,000                      0
                                     Sub-total               194,513                            23,000                             0                        23,000                      0
Woqooyi Galbeed
Fishing                                                       1,437                                0                               0                           0                        0
Golis Pastoral                                                67,455                             2,000                             0                         2,000                      0
Hawd Pastoral                                                 70,830                            20,000                             0                        20,000                      0
NWAgro-past: Sorghum, cattle                                  70,191                            10,000                             0                         8,000                      0
                                     Sub-total               209,913                            32,000                             0                        30,000                      0
Togdheer
Golis-Guban pastoral: Goats, camel                            23,698                            6,000                              0                         6,000                      0
Hawd Pastoral                                                223,347                            62,000                             0                        63,000                      0
Nugal Valley Pastoral: Sheep & camel                         11,984                             4,000                              0                         4,000                      0
Togdheer Agro-past: Sorghum, cattle                           19,864                             4,000                           4,000                       2,000                    4,000
                                   Sub-total                 278,893                            76,000                           4,000                      75,000                    4,000
Sanaag
Coastal Deeh: sheep                                          8,819                                0                                0
Fishing                                                      6,374                                0                                0                          0                         0
Golis-Guban pastoral: Goats, camel                           56,596                             15,000                             0                        15,000                      0
Kakaar pastoral: sheep & goats                               30,415                             7,000                              0                          0                         0
Nugal Valley Pastoral: Sheep & camel                         37,396                             11,000                             0                        11,000                      0
Potato Zone & Vegetables                                      7,052                              1,000                             0                          0                          0
Sool-Sanag Plateau Pastoral                                   67,636                            39,000                          16,000                      34,000                    22,000
                                     Sub-total               214,288                            73,000                          16,000                      60,000                    22,000
Sool
Hawd Pastoral                                                30,108                             8,000                              0                         8,000                      0
Nugal valley-lowland pastoral: Sheep, camel                  72,608                             22,000                             0                        22,000                      0
Sool-Sanag Plateau Pastoral                           8,427                                      5,000                          2,000                         4,000                   3,000
                               Sub-total             111,143                                    35,000                           2,000                       34,000                    3,000
                           GRAND TOTAL              1,008,750                                  239,000                          22,000                      222,000                   29,000
                  TOTAL AFFECTED POPULATION IN AFLC & HE                                                     261,000                                                   251,000

								
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