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					                                FACOLTA’ DI ECONOMIA

 Corso di Lingua inglese, 1° lingua – 5 crediti.                                 a.a. 2007-2008
 Prof. John Taylor, Titolare
 Dott. Catherine Farwell, Esercitazioni

                        PROVA SCRITTA DI LINGUA INGLESE
                              – 15 settembre 2008 –
 Numero di matricola_______________Indirizzo di studio (specificare):______________________________
        COGNOME/nome_________________________/_________________________


TEMPO MASSIMO A DISPOSIZIONE PER COMPLETARE LE PARTI IA, IB & II : 1,5 ore

 I.                   Reading Comprehension Passage
                    - with questions and multiple choice options -
      Leggete il brano e rispondete alle domande con risposte a scelta multipla : è prevista soltanto
      una risposta corretta per ogni domanda. Segnate con una X la risposta che considerate
      corretta. Le risposte selezionate vanno infine indicate chiaramente sul FOGLIO DELLE
      RISPOSTE:

  DEVELOPING NATIONS ARE NOW THE BIGGEST POLLUTORS

 Now that the American presidential race features two candidates who are both
 committed to cutting pollution there, China and India—the world's most populous
 nations—are seen by many as the world's biggest climate-change problems. Russia's
 economy possesses more energy resources, but China is widely believed to be the
 world's biggest producer-emitter of carbon dioxide, and India is rapidly increasing its
 emissions.

 In the past couple of years, Chinese officials have begun sounding like converts to the
 climate-change cause. In late 2006 12 ministries helped produce a 415-page report
 on the impact of global warming. It predicts a 5-10% reduction in agricultural output
 by 2030; more droughts, floods, typhoons and sandstorms; and a 40% increase in the
 population threatened by plague. Last year China published its first policy document
 on climate change, admitting that coping with global warming presented “severe
 challenges”.

 The impact of climate change on India, a hotter and poorer country, is likely to be
 worse. According to the Peterson Institute for International Economics, India's
 agriculture will suffer more than any other country's. Assuming a global temperature
 increase of 4.4°C over cultivated areas by 2080, India's agricultural output is
 projected to fall by 30-40%.

 Yet India's response to this frightening scenario has not yet been satisfying. For
 example, it has made only occasional studies of 11 Himalayan glaciers. It has also
 shown little concern for the regional political crisis that climate change threatens. As
 sea-levels rise, for example, the IPCC warns that 35m refugees could flee
 Bangladesh's flooded delta by 2050. Fortunately, even in India, attitudes are
 changing.

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Manmohan Singh, its wise prime minister, has formed a powerful council of ministers,
bureaucrats, scientists and businessmen to co-operate on the issue. It has rarely met;
yet it is part of a broader push that has resulted in many climate-related initiatives: to
boost energy efficiency, improve seed types, encourage forestation and so on. Given
India's historic problems with flooding and drought, many of these are built upon
existing policies. Indeed, the government claims that 2% of GDP is being spent on
coping with climate-induced problems. To display these efforts, and manage them
better, India will soon announce a policy of which it is very proud: the National Action
Plan on Climate Change.

During the past four years both China's GDP and its energy consumption have grown
at an average of 11% a year. India's GDP, meanwhile, has grown at an annual
average of 9% while its energy consumption has risen by 4%. And yet, to achieve its
target of long-term 8% growth, India will have to boost its power-generation capacity
at least six times by 2030. Over the period, its emissions are expected to increase
more than four times.          Source of the reading: From The Economist print edition, June 2008.


                           - Multiple Choice Questions -
1. According to the first paragraph, what common characteristic do the two candidates for the
White House race in November share?
     a) The reading does not contain enough information to answer.
     b) They support reductions in domestic pollution levels.
     c) They support a so-called “Robin Hood” tax on oil company profits.
     d) They support a UN petition asking developing nations to reduce their
        pollution levels.

2. According to the author, which country (or countries) is (are) currently
considered to be the biggest contributor(s) to the pollution and climate change
problems in the world?
       a) Russia.
       b) Bangladesh.
       c) The United States.
       d) China and India.

3. Will one of the countries mentioned probably suffer the most from pollution-
related climate changes?
      a) No.
      b) Yes; China.
      c) Yes; India.
      d) No; the author does not mention this topic.

4. Which of the following points is NOT made in this reading?
     a) That an official Chinese document predicts that that country will have some
        major problems by the year 2030 due to pollution.
     b) That the two candidates for the upcoming US elections both want to cut
        pollution in that country.
     c) That the European Union is also a major polluter in today‟s world.
     d) That India aims to maintain an 8% rate of GDP growth in the long run
        economic period.



                                                                                                2
      5. Have China’s recent Gross Domestic Product (GDP) figures grown faster than its level
      of energy consumption?

        a)   Yes.
        b)   No.
        c)   The passage does not mention this topic.
        d)   There is not enough information in the passage to decide about this
             question..

IB.                            Reading Comprehension Passage
                     Match the missing sub-title with each paragraph
       Leggete il brano e identificate il titolo mancante per ogni paragrafo; è prevista soltanto una
       risposta corretta per ogni domanda. Un esempio è stato fatto per voi.
       Le risposte selezionate vanno infine indicate chiaramente sul FOGLIO DELLE RISPOSTE:

Example: Paragraph 1 = B (WTO Victims)

A – A Very Small Price to Pay
B – WTO Victims
C – Fair Trade to the Rescue!
D – Tariffs and Subsidies Create Trade Barriers for Poor Farmers
E – How the Fair Trade System Works
F – High Standards Are a Requirement for Fair Trade Farmers

GUILT-FREE FOOD: FAIR TRADE HELPS POOR FARMERS MAKE A LIVING

Paragraph 1 (Answer =: B)

Along with tens of thousands of other banana growers in the Windward Islands, Denise Southerland
faces ruin. The World Trade Organisation (WTO) has forced the European Union to phase out its
old quota system that guaranteed West Indian growers market access, and there is no way she can
match the prices of the giant US corporations that dominate the market for the world‟s favourite
fruit.

Paragraph 2 ( )

In Costa Rica, Juan Valverde Sanchez, a sugar cane grower who sells to a local farmers‟
association, is unsure ifhe and his colleagues will survive another year. Most of the world‟s sugar
producers cannot break into the European or US markets because of high tariffs and the heavy
subsidies that western farmers enjoy.

Paragraph 3 ( )

But there is now hope for Denise and Juan – they are selling some or all of their produce to the
growing „fair trade‟ market that protects them from depressed world commodity markets and the
price wars between giant multinationals.




                                                                                                   3
Paragraph 4 ( )

For its supporters, fair trade is an example of how world trade can and should be run to tackle
poverty. Producers are all small scale and must be part of a cooperative or democratically-run
association of workers who observe high social and environmental standards.

Paragraph 5 ( )

Their groups deal directly with first-world companies that pay well over the world market price.
They also get an added premium, which goes directly to the group of farmers to be shared out in
any way they choose. The price difference can be as much as 100% and can save a farmer from
bankruptcy or mean that a family has the money to send its children to school.

Paragraph 6 ( )

At the other end of the chain, the first-world consumer pays about a penny extra for a cup of coffee
or teaspoon of sugar, or a few pence more for a banana.




                                                                                                       4
   II. Writing Exercise: Office Communication

   Situation: You manage the warehouse for a mid-sized family
   business that produces wool clothing that the company
   sells/supplies (B2B) to retail shops. You have received the
   following letter from a customer:

Subject: Our order number BAT308, placed on 7 August, 2008.

Dear Mr./Ms. (your name),
      As the owner of „Phoebe‟s Closet Boutique‟, I am writing to complain
about a shipment of sweater dresses that we received from your company on
Friday September 5th, 2008.
      With reference to the order (see subject line above), the entire
shipment delivered to us contained dresses of the same size and colour;
instead we had ordered a selection of sizes from 38 up to 48 in the three
colours shown in your catalogue.
      Obviously I require immediate delivery of the correct sizes, as well as
your assurances that the amount relative to the incorrect delivery will not be
invoiced to our store.

      Looking forward to receiving your reply,
Yours sincerely,

Phoebe Michaels --Phoebe‟s Closet Boutique

Writing Task: Carry out the task by writing the business letter mentioned
above; your message should be 80-100 words long.

You should:

    apologise for the mistake and explain what happened (you—student
     writer—should make up some plausible excuse for the mistake).
    ask her to have the incorrect goods prepared for pick-up on
     Wednesday, September 17 th .
    tell her when you will deliver the correct shipment of dresses (you—
     student writer—should say when that will be).
    Tell her that she will not receive an invoice for the mistaken shipment,
     that you will send the correct invoice with the new delivery, and that the
     company will give her a 25% discount on that invoice.

                                                                                 5
                                         FOGLIO DELLE RISPOSTE

Corso di Lingua Inglese, 1° lingua - 5 crediti                                 a.a. 2007-2008
Prof. John Taylor, Titolare
Dott. Catherine Farwell, Esercitazioni
                                 PROVA SCRITTA DI LINGUA INGLESE
                                       – 15 settembre 2008 –
Numero di matricola______________Indirizzo di studio (specificare):_________________
COGNOME __________________________/Nome______________________________
IA. Risposte relative alle domande sul primo brano di “Reading Comprehension”
(E‟ prevista soltanto una risposta corretta per ogni domanda. Segnate con una “X” la
risposta che considerate corretta) :
                          1 A          B            C         D
                          2 A          B            C         D
                          3 A          B            C         D
                          4 A          B            C         D
                          5 A          B            C         D

IB. Risposte relative alle domande sul secondo brano di “Reading Comprehension”
(E‟ prevista soltanto una risposta corretta per ogni domanda. Segnate con una “X” la
risposta che considerate corretta) :
                           1    A    B    C   D    E   F
                           2    A    B    C   D    E   F
                           3    A    B    C   D    E   F
                           4    A    B    C   D    E   F
                           5    A    B    C   D    E   F
                           6    A    B    C   D    E   F

II. Writing/Office Communication [A business letter of 80-100 words] Write the final
version of your letter here:

Dear Ms. Michaels,
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________

                                                                                           6
_______________________________________________________________________
Listening Passage Transcript : Interview with an important business
consultant
Instructions:
    “You will hear a passage twice and answer 5 comprehension questions
      about it.”
    “Here are your question papers; keep them face down until I tell you to
      turn them over.”
[Further instructions:]

“ When you‟ve had a chance to look at the question paper for 2 ½ minutes,
I will read the passage for the first time.

After that, you‟ll have another 1 ½ minutes to answer and re-read the
questions you still need to answer.

Then I will read the passage for the second time.

After the second reading you will have about 1 minute to finish answering;
then you must hand in your question papers immediately.”


“Now you may turn over your papers and start reading”.

[After 2 ½ minutes have passed]

“Now listen to an interview with an important business consultant”.
      Interviewer: Can you give us an example of a really good
business proposal?
      Consultant: Well, the most exciting business that we‟ve
worked with recently has been a spin-out from Oxford University.
And, as you can imagine, from Oxford University they have a lot of
intellectual property, so they have a lot of competitive advantage.
Secondly, this business is focused on developing software for the
computer games industry. The computer games industry is a very
exciting market –it‟s been growing very, very strongly over the past
few years, and will continue to do so with the success of people and
games like Lara Croft.
      Now, the management team was a difficult area because,
although the management team were very technically strong, they

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didn‟t have a lot of management experience. But the investor
decided to invest a million pounds and the first thing they did after
investing was to hire a commercial director to run the company
alongside the two founders with technical backgrounds.
     [After 1 ½ minutes break, listen for the second time]




                                                                    8
                                            Facoltà di Economia
Corso di Lingua inglese 1° lingua – 5 crediti
Prof. John Taylor, Titolare
Dott.ssa Catherine Farwell, Esercitazioni

                                             Nome e cognome ____________________________

                 PROVA SCRITTA DI LINGUA INGLESE 15 settembre 2008


III. Listening Comprehension Exercise
       with multiple choice options

1. What is the speaker talking about?
___ (A) The least interesting business venture that he has recently encountered .
___ (B) The most capital-intensive business venture that he has recently encountered .
___ (C) The least successful business venture that he has recently encountered.
___ (D) The most interesting business venture that he has recently encountered .

2. Is the business consultant optimistic or pessimistic about the future of the computer games
          industry?
___ (A) He is optimistic, predicting that the industry will continue to grow.
___ (B) He is pessimistic; however there is a very small possibility that the industry can grow.
___ (C) He is optimistic; however some changes in that industry‟s structure are required.
___ (D) He is pessimistic; there is a 30% possibility that the industry can be saved.

3.  Does the speaker say that he turned down another big business opportunity that would
   have been very profitable?
___(A) Yes, although he does not provide any details about that missed opportunity.
___ (B) Yes; he also says that he would have made a very big profit if he had accepted.
___ (C) No.
___ (D) No; he says that he did accept a profitable opportunity in Internet advertising.

4. What does the consultant say about the management team’s business experience?
___(A) The consultant did not mention this topic.
___(B) There is not enough information to understand the consultant‟s opinion about this topic.
___(C) That the team had excellent management experience.
___(D) That the team did not possess much management experience.

5.   Does the consultant say that the Lara Croft games are an example of an outdated
     computer game?
___ (A) No; he does not say that.
___ (B) No; he says that that type of game will be outdated in 10 years‟ time.
___ (C) No; he says that it will be outdated soon, when a new generation of game takes its place.
___ (D) No; he says that the Lara Croft games will never become outdated.




                                                                                                  9
                            Reading Comprehension Passage –CORRECTION KEY

1st Reading exercise
1. According to the first paragraph, what common characteristic do the two
candidates for the White House race in November share? [B. They support
reductions in domestic pollution levels.

2. According to the author, which country (or countries) is (are) currently
considered to be the biggest contributor(s) to the pollution and climate change
problems in the world? [ D China and India.]

3. Will one of the countries mentioned probably suffer the most from pollution-
related climate changes…even though it has done the least so far to address its
emissions? [C Yes; India.]

4. Which of the following points is NOT made in this reading? [C That the
European Union is also a major polluter in today‟s world.]


5. Have China’s recent Gross Domestic Product (GDP) figures grown faster than its level of
energy consumption? [B No.]


___________________________________________________________________
2nd Reading Exercise

A – A Very Small Price to Pay [Prgph. 6 At the other end of the chain...]
B – WTO Victims [prgph. 1]
C –Fair Trade to the Rescue! [P. 3 But there is now hope…]
D – Tariffs and Subsidies Create Trade Barriers for Poor Farmers [ P. 2 In
Costa Rica….}
E –How the Fair Trade System Works [P. 5 From line 50 “Their groups
deal…” to line 63 …“their children to school”].
F –High Standards Are a Requirement for Fair Trade Farmers [P. 4 For its
supporters]

                1 =B; 2=D; 3=C ; 4=F ;   5 =E ; 6=A



Listening Comprehension             Market Leader Course Book recording 5.4 Interview
         with Hugh Campbell
1. What is the speaker talking about?    D -- The most interesting business venture that he has
         recently encountered

2. Is the business consultant optimistic or pessimistic about the future of the computer games industry?   A-
            - He is optimistic, predicting that the industry will continue to grow.

3.   Does the speaker say that he turned down another big business opportunity that would have been very
profitable?    C No.



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4.   What does the consultant say about the management team’s business experience?   D –That the team
          did not possess much management experience.

5.   Does the consultant say that the Lara Croft games are an example of an outdated computer game?
     A -- No; he does not say that.




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