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Tracing_The_History_Of_The_Air_Freight_Forwarding_Industry

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					Tracing The History Of The Air Freight Forwarding Industry

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508

Summary:
Man has always had a fascination for flying, ever finding ways to take to
the skies and fly to distant places. This fascination, a dream that
wouldn't die generation after generation, was what eventually led to the
birth of airplanes.

Today, airplanes are mainly responsible for taking us to any point in the
world. Airplanes have become major transportation carriers. Not only do
airplanes enable us to visit a friend or a loved in another continent,
airplanes also carry ship...


Keywords:
Air Freight


Article Body:
Man has always had a fascination for flying, ever finding ways to take to
the skies and fly to distant places. This fascination, a dream that
wouldn't die generation after generation, was what eventually led to the
birth of airplanes.

Today, airplanes are mainly responsible for taking us to any point in the
world. Airplanes have become major transportation carriers. Not only do
airplanes enable us to visit a friend or a loved in another continent,
airplanes also carry shipments -- from small items to large ones.

The idea of using an airplane to transport shipments took seed in 1910.
According to aviation history, a shipment of silk was flown from Dayton
to Columbus, Ohio. This shipment is believed to be the first air freight
demonstration.

Nine years later, another airplane became freight carrier. The cargo: a
converted bomber that weighed over a thousand pounds. Shipped by the
American Railway Express, the converted bomber was flown to Chicago from
Washington D.C. The journey was not uneventful, though. A frozen radiator
forced the pilot to land the plane in Ohio.

The 1920s saw several airlines operate as freight carriers, catering only
to American businesses. The arrival of air freight has helped businesses
transport merchandise more rapidly as well as shorten the time they need
to conclude transactions.

Between 1927 and 1931, the number and size of air freight cargo reached
nearly a million pounds, up from 45,000 pounds. Commercial air freight
began operating only after World War II ended although there were efforts
to organize the air freight business prior to that.
American, United, TWA and Eastern -- the top four known airlines --
formed Air Cargo, Inc., which operated as an air freight company until
the end of the war. However, United and TWA decided to operate their own
air freight business in 1944.

The air freight industry was lucrative, which was why many small plane
owners tried to get into the business but failed. The bigger airlines,
concerned that the smaller airlines will adversely affect the industry's
status quo, did not let smaller airlines into the air freight business.
In addition, the big airlines did not want more competition. While many
small plane operators tried and failed, the "Flying Tigers" survived.
Known as the largest in air freight liner industry during its time, The
Flying Tigers carried military and civilian cargo.

The air freight forwarding business may have had a good start, but it
didn't really start developing until a man named Fred Smith started an
air freight business that has become recognizable across the world --
Federal Express, or simply FedEx.

FedEx is one of the air freight carriers enjoying a great degree of
success. FedEx uses modern technology (e.g., air freight software) in
responding to the needs of its customers. The air freight software that
FedEx uses, the latest in the freight forwarding industry, can resolve
problems in the system as well as give customers services that are cost
effective.

FedEx and UPS, another air freight carrier, are considered the two most
reliable air freight forwarding companies in the United States today.

				
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posted:3/2/2010
language:English
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