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BOSCO - Battery Operated Systems for Community Outreach

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					                                                    B.O.S.C.O.
     Battery Operated Systems for Community Outreach
                    Breaking the Silence: the BOSCO Uganda Relieve Project


Table of Content

1.      Background: The Ugandan Tragedy ..................................................................... 1
     1.1.     The Army and the LRA ................................................................................................. 2
2.      Project Genesis......................................................................................................... 2
3.      Solutions.................................................................................................................... 2
     1.2.     BOSCO provides answers for 5 goals........................................................................... 3
     1.3.     Economics and long-term viability ............................................................................... 3
     1.4.     Logistics of Deployment................................................................................................ 3
4.      Uganda’s Geography and Topography ................................................................. 3
     1.5.     The Geography of Uganda............................................................................................ 3
     1.6.     The Topography of Uganda.......................................................................................... 3
5.      BOSCO ..................................................................................................................... 4
     1.7.     Technical Design........................................................................................................... 4
     1.8.     Security .......................................................................................................................... 4
     1.9.     Deployment.................................................................................................................... 5
6.      Contact...................................................................................................................... 6
7.      Source........................................................................................................................ 6


1. Background: The Ugandan Tragedy

There is a horrible war going on in Uganda that United Nations High Commissioner Jan
England very appropriately labeled "the World's Most Forgotten Humanitarian disaster."
This war has been going on for 20 years and yet not much is being reported about it. The
report by the Civil Society Organizations for Peace in Northern Uganda (CSOPNU)
reports approximately 146 violent deaths per week in Northern Uganda, hence 0.17
violent deaths per 10,000 people per day. The rate of violent deaths is thus three times
higher than in Iraq, according to a report by 50 international and local agencies released
recently, and “crude mortality rates are more than three times higher than those
recorded in Darfur in October” - the new report added comparing Uganda to the crisis in
Islamist Darfur 600km to the north. Between 1994 and 2002, 25,000 children have been
abducted, brainwashed, and forced to be soldiers in this atrocious war. Many of them
have been forced to kill their own parents as part of the desensitization process.
The report puts the cost of the war in Northern Uganda at $1.7b over the past two
decades. It said this is equivalent to the United States' total aid to Uganda between 1994
and 2002.

   1.1. The Army and the LRA

UPDF's Operation Iron Fist inside southern Sudan - instead of crushing the rebels - has
stirred up a hornet’s nest, driving most of the LRA back into Northern Uganda where it
began a brutal campaign. Between 1994 and 2002, 25,000 children have been abducted in
the region and 95 per cent of the people in Gulu, Kitgum and Pader are living in absolute
poverty. The tragedy of Uganda is unthinkable in modern times and thus the idea was to
make the world aware of what is happening in this country by seeing, hearing and feeling
it. Help will be mobilized when people see, hear and feel what is going on in Uganda.
Several documentary films have dramatized the silent tragedy that is happening in
Northern Uganda and BOSCO aims to address.

2. Project Genesis

BOSCO was born in response to the destitution of over two million people, currently
living in these IDP camps in the Gulu, Kitgum, and Pader provinces of Northern Uganda.
They exist in utter squalor - deprivation of food, of health care, of education.
One of the worst, and most dangerous features of camp life is the radical isolation, the
isolation from each other and the outside world.
The solution was to build up communication channels: via Internet, via Phone, via
Images & Film. In order to allow for communication out of Africa, to bear witness, and
into Africa, to provide help, as well as to the Ugandans, to warn of danger, to educate, to
organize, to advocate for themselves for assistance and public acknowledgement.
Providing a communications network to the forgotten of Uganda will end their isolation
from the rest of the world, and help them to rebuild their society.

3. Solutions

The idea was to address this problem with technology. Broadband internet access with
VoIP phone service to the camps could provide both short and long term relief, over
distances up to 20km per Wi-Fi location.
VoIP can be deployed at local rates between Uganda, the USA, and Europe.
High-speed Internet will provide video upload capacity: The world - and the media - will
see the events in Uganda as they unfold.
Solar technology will power Wi-Fi routers, digital camcorders, computers, lighting, and
phone service to Schools, Hospitals, Churches and News organizations – all using
extremely low power consumption of 12V DC.
   1.2. BOSCO provides answers for 5 goals

   1. Provide internal emergency communications - between IDP sites and the rest of
      Uganda
   2. Provide external emergency communications - between Western and Ugandan
      church officials and US technical personnel
   3. Provide educational opportunities via schools and web access
   4. Enable the people in the camps to do their own advocacy, thus to let them speak
      for themselves via the Internet
   5. The power of image, video, and voice, to focus the attention of the Western and
      international broadcast media on the plight of what, until now, has been an
      "invisible" tragedy

   1.3. Economics and long-term viability

When war ends, BOSCO will enrich the lives and economic fortunes of both the
Ugandan Acholi people and attract investment – as other regional projects have already
done.

   1.4. Logistics of Deployment

Subsequently Uganda’s geography needs to be considered, especially the IDP camp
locations and density, and the BOSCO Uganda Relief Project’s proposal to “put a face”
to this invisible tragedy, and to its solution: Provide communication, coordination, and
safety to the Northern Ugandan millions.

4. Uganda’s Geography and Topography

   1.5. The Geography of Uganda

At the Source of the Nile, with Lake Victoria & Lake Albert, Uganda is blessed with
beauty, fertile farm land, and natural resources. The country is nevertheless surrounded
by troubled neighbors Sudan to the north (re-Darfur), Kenya, The Congo, Rwanda, and
Tanzania and therefore sits directly between Africa’s Geopolitical hotspots of the last 25
years.

Gulu, Kitgum, & Pader provinces, in the far north, contain most of the IDP camps, for a
map check following link:
(http://www.un.org/Depts/Cartographic/map/profile/uganda.pdf).

   1.6. The Topography of Uganda

An operational navigation chart was last surveyed by the British Colonial Authority’s
Defense Mapping Agency in 1973, on a scale of 1:500,000:
(http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/africa/uganda_north_onc_1973.jpg). The rolling hills
and steady descent in elevation from Gulu are perfect for a Wi-Fi Network Topography.
BOSCO has since obtained a rare collection of detailed topographic survey maps
prepared in 1968 by the British Department of Overseas Surveys (DOS) on a scale of
1:50,000. These maps were obtained courtesy of Intra-Library Loan from UCLA via
Indiana University. These maps had never before been released by UCLA - one of only
three institutions in the world to own them – and have not since. Once obtained, it was
possible to determine the terrain suitable for BOSCO. At this point an onsite survey was
conducted. (Uganda Survey-D.O.S. 1968: http://bosco-uganda.org/DOS-Gulu1968.html)

Following file contains all 53 IDP camps in Gulu by name and population:
http://www.internal-
displacement.org/8025708F004BE3B1/(httpInfoFiles)/94A9D7E83DDB0279C12571470
038488F/$file/IDP%20camps%20and%20population_Gulu-%20Feb2006.pdf (Please
note the index at the bottom of the page). The most populous of these were selected to
receive immediate help, as they are historic villages which will remain after the end of
the war.

5. BOSCO

   1.7. Technical Design

A schematic diagram showing how the BOSCO network will be designed was created
(Slide 20: http://www.slideshare.net/Navitor69/the-bosco-uganda-relief-project/ - note
VoIP phone and digital movie camera locations). This array will service the 20
designated camps, considering size, population, location and geographic area coverage.

From a satellite to a central server, Wi-Fi routers, at 20km range, carry high speed
internet & VoIP service to each location, powered by solar batteries, which service thin
client computers (all data remains on the server in Gulu), phones, lighting, and
camcorders.

   1.8. Security

        1.8.1. Licensing
BOSCO has procured a license via the Ugandan government - security will be provided
in part by Ugandan forces, already deploying, by securing the roads which connect our
sites during daytime hours.

       1.8.2. Publicity
Local and international media attention, documentaries widely available on the internet,
and the project has calmed the situation already. A general truce is holding as of now.

       1.8.3. Government backing
The Ugandan government has inquired as to the possibility of deploying the system
throughout the Northern provinces.

       1.8.4. Mobility
The entire infrastructure is mobile. Computers, phones, and Wi-Fi routers can be easily
moved and stored in secure vaults.
        1.8.5. Warrantee
All of the hardware is covered by extended 5 year warrantee.

       1.8.6. Service
Any defect or network failure is monitored, 24/7, by 1st local, then remote IT
professionals.

       1.8.7. Redundancy
Spare units have been procured for all necessary components.

   1.9. Deployment

       1.9.1. Phase 1
Gulu hub site – Central Server - 7 IDP camps with several hospitals, schools, and
churches serviced:

   1. IDP equipment=$15,409
   2. Power equipment=$20,570
   3. Expenses for deployment=$32,040
   4. Project management=$8,000
   5. Miscellaneous expenses=$7,400
   6. VSAT equipment= $12,030.00
   7. VSAT power equipment= $11,446
   8. VSAT ISP service=$6,388,80 annually
   9. Travel & lodging=$7,000.00
   10. IT consult & administration=$22,400.00
   11. Ongoing support = $8000 annually

BOSCO Phase 1 TOTAL=$150,683.40

        1.9.2. Phase 2
In the second phase 20 full Gulu area sites are included, thus all the remaining 13 sites,
and costs will reflect the following:
    - approx. $60,000 in new equipment
    - other deployment expenses regarding travel, consulting etc.

        1.9.3. Phase 3
The third phase covers 60 IDP camps: Gulu, Kitgum & Pader each to receive VSAT hub
+ 20 site deployments. Phase 3 will duplicate the completed Phase 2. The neighboring
provinces of Pader and Kitgum will each host 20 installation sites and a hub site for its
central server and satellite signal receptor package.

        1.9.4. Project total cost
Project total cost after Phase 3 (target date December 2008) was estimated to be: $563,
445.
Annual ISP costs, maintenance, & administration: $23,888 x 3 installations (costs to be
sourced locally).

6. Contact

President of BOSCO Uganda Relief Project:
Gus A. Zuehlke
St. Bavo Catholic Church
502 W. 7th St.
Mishawaka, IN 46544
Tel: 574-255-1437
E-mail: gusaz@bosco-uganda.org
       gusaz@aol.com
       info@bosco-uganda.org

Inveneo
972 Mission Street, 5th Floor
San Francisco CA
94103 United States
Tel: 415 901 1969 x1250
Fax: 415 449 6073
E-mail: info@inveneo.org


7. Source

http://www.slideshare.net/Navitor69/the-bosco-uganda-relief-project/
www.bosco-uganda.org

				
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