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Methamphetamine

VIEWS: 3 PAGES: 16

									  Methamphetamine:

Concerns for Law Enforcement
Meth: Where is it coming from?
• In the 1970s, Mexican Cartels began
  large-scale production of Meth in super
  labs and expanded its distribution
  throughout motorcycle gangs in the US
• In the 70s and 80s, Meth became an
  established drug in the US West Coast
Meth: Where is it coming from?
• In the 90s, meth began to spread throughout the
  US from the west to the east with the
  establishment of thousands of smaller
                       clandestine labs.
       Meth: Florida Statistics
• In 2000, small clandestine labs began to appear
  in Florida.
• From 02 -04, clan labs triple in Florida
  – 2003 = 77 Deaths
  – 2004 = 93 Deaths
  – 2005 = 115 Deaths
     • 29 Caused By Methamphetamine
     • 86 Methamphetamine Present at time of Death
  – 2006 = 117 Deaths
     • 21 Caused By Methamphetamine
     • 96 Methamphetamine Present at time of Death
   Florida Meth Deaths 2005
Lakeland           22
Orlando            15
Pensacola          15
Miami              11
Ft. Lauderdale      8
Panama City         8
St. Petersburg      7
Melbourne           5
Rest of Florida    24
TOTAL             115
                                                                                                                                                                        NASSAU
                                                         JACKSON
                                    WALTON   HOLMES
                         OKALOOSA
 ESCAMBIA   SANTA ROSA

                                              8                    5                                                                                                                                JACKSONVILLE
                                                                                                                                                                                   6
                                                                                                      JEFFERSON
                                      6                 2
                                                                                   GADSDEN                        MADISON    HAMILTON

                                                                                                                                         1                                                             REGION
                8          3                                                            3
      14                                                      CALHOUN
                                                                                                  5    2                                         2         BAKER
                                                                                                                                                                            DUVAL


                                                                   3
                                                                                         LEON                                 SUWANNEE         COLUMBIA                     CLAY

                                                                                                                                                                    1
                                                  BAY
                                                                                                                                                                                                ST. JOHNS

                                                                                                                                                                              1
                                                                                        WAKULLA
                                                                                                        TAYLOR                                         UNION

                                                        20                                   5                                                                                                           3
                                                              GULF       LIBERTY                                                                                BRADFORD
PENSACOLA                                                                                                                   LAFAYETTE
                                                                                                                                                                                    PUTNAM

                                                                     1                                                                                                              3
                                                                             FRANKLIN
  REGION                                                                                                                                 GILCHRIST

                                                                                                                                                                                                    FLAGLER
                                                                                                                                                     ALACHUA

                                                                                       TALLAHASSEE                           DIXIE                                                                            2
                                                                                                                                               3
                                                                                          REGION                                        LEVY
                                                                                                                                                                   MARION
                                                                                                                                                                             7
                                                                                                                                                                                                    VOLUSIA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  13


                                                                                                                                                          CITRUS
                                                                                                                                                                        SUMTER         LAKE
                                                                                                                                                                                              9                                       ORLANDO
                                                                                                                                                             6                                                    1
                                                                                                                                                                                                             SEMINOLE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                  4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         REGION
                                                                                                                                                          4
                                                                                                                                                           HERNANDO




Methamphetamine
                                                                                                                                                                                                        ORANGE

                                                                                                                                                          PASCO     14                                     OSCEOLA


                                                                                                                                                                                                                           10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  27
                                                                                                                             TAMPA                             HILLSBOROUGH              POLK




                                                                                                                              BAY 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 BREVARD




  Lab Seizures                                                                                                               REGION                  PINELLAS
                                                                                                                                                                         2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  INDIAN RIVER




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ST. LUCIE

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2
                                                                                                                                                                                        HARDEE                              OKEECHOBEE
                                                                                                                                                                   MANATEE




           CY 2006                                                                                                                                                    3
                                                                                                                                                                                         DE SOTO

                                                                                                                                                                                                    1
                                                                                                                                                                                                               HIGHLANDS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            MARTIN




       Total – 217 Labs
                                                                                                                                                                        SARASOTA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 PALM BEACH
                                                                                                                                                                                              CHARLOTTE          GLADES




                                                                                                                                                                                                                 HENDRY                                1
                                                                                                                                                   FT. MYERS                                  LEE


              Clean up costs = $991,732                                                                                                             REGION                                                                               BROWARD

                                                                                                                                                                                                             COLLIER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       1       MIAMI
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              REGION
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          MIAMI-DADE




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             MONROE
                                                                                                                                                                         NASSAU
                                                         JACKSON

 ESCAMBIA   SANTA ROSA
                         OKALOOSA
                                    WALTON
                                             HOLMES
                                                                                                                                                                             1
                                              5                    2                                  JEFFERSON                                                                                    JACKSONVILLE
                                      3                 1
                                                                                  GADSDEN                         MADISON    HAMILTON


                           1                                                                                                                                                             1            REGION
                11                                                                      2         4
       10
                                                              CALHOUN                                                                                                        DUVAL
                                                                                                                                                            BAKER
                                                                                         LEON                                  SUWANNEE        COLUMBIA                      CLAY
                                                  BAY
                                                                                        WAKULLA                                                                                                  ST. JOHNS

                                                                                                                                                                                 2
                                                                                                                                                          UNION
                                                                                                                                                                                                    3
                                                                                                        TAYLOR

                                                        13                                  1
                                                              GULF      LIBERTY                                                                                   BRADFORD
PENSACOLA                                                                                                                   LAFAYETTE
                                                                                                                                                                                     PUTNAM
                                                                             FRANKLIN
  REGION                                                                                                                                  GILCHRIST

                                                                                                                                                                                     11             FLAGLER
                                                                                                                                                      ALACHUA

                                                                                      TALLAHASSEE                             DIXIE

                                                                                                                                               1
                                                                                         REGION                                         LEVY
                                                                                                                                                                    MARION

                                                                                                                                                                                     2
                                                                                                                                                                                                    VOLUSIA

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  5

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       ORLANDO
                                                                                                                                                                                              10
                                                                                                                                                                         SUMTER       LAKE
                                                                                                                                                          CITRUS

                                                                                                                                                                   1          1                            SEMINOLE      2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           REGION
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  8

Methamphetamine
                                                                                                                                                            HERNANDO

                                                                                                                                                           2
                                                                                                                                                                                                       ORANGE



                                                                                                                                                                     6
                                                                                                                                                           PASCO                                          OSCEOLA



                                                                                                                                                                                                                         2
                                                                                                                             TAMPA                                HILLSBOROUGH            POLK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  22

  Lab Seizures                                                                                                                BAY
                                                                                                                             REGION                   PINELLAS
                                                                                                                                                                             6
                                                                                                                                                                                                   1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  BREVARD


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   INDIAN RIVER

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1

                      CY 2007
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ST. LUCIE
                                                                                                                                                                                         HARDEE                              OKEECHOBEE
                                                                                                                                                                    MANATEE

                                                                                                                                                                                                             HIGHLANDS



            (Jan 1, 2007 – Sep 29, 2007)                                                                                                                                                  DE SOTO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              MARTIN




                   Total – 143 Labs
                                                                                                                                                                         SARASOTA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  PALM BEACH
                                                                                                                                                                                             CHARLOTTE          GLADES




                                                                                                                                                                                                                HENDRY

                   Clean up costs = $516,123                                                                                                       FT. MYERS                                 LEE




                                                                                                                                                    REGION                                                                                 BROWARD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                MIAMI
                                                                                                                                                                                                          COLLIER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               REGION
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           MIAMI-DADE



                                                                                                                                                                                                                              MONROE
            Meth Legislation
• In 2005, Florida passed laws limiting the quantity
  of ephedrine products a person can purchase
  per transaction, and also enforced putting these
  products behind the counter.
• In 2006, Congress passed a bill entitled the
  “Combat Meth Act” which limits the amount of
  single-ingredient pseudo ephedrine products a
  person may purchase in 24 hours to 3.6 grams,
  or 9 grams in 30 days.
 2005 Florida Meth Legislation FS
       893.13 (HB 1347)
• Requires retailers to put single active ingredient
  pseudoephedrine items behind the counter and
  limits quantity of sale
• Makes it a felony offense to manufacture meth
  with a child under the age of 16 present
• Restricts transport of anhydrous ammonia
• Strengthens penalties against cookers if first
  responders are injured
 2006 Florida Meth Legislation FS
       893.13 (HB 1325)
• Requires immediate removal of children at Meth
  sites
• Allows courts to hold meth producers without
  bail while awaiting trial
• Extends criminal penalties for first responder
  injuries
• Prevents cancellation of life or health insurance
  of first responders exposed to chemicals at Meth
  sites
   2006 Federal Meth Legislation
    Combat Meth Act (HR 3199)
• Move cold medicines with pseudoephedrine
  behind the counter
• Limit how much of such medicines one person
  can buy in a month to 9 grams(300, 30 mg pills)
• Limit how much one person can by in a day to
  3.6 grams (120, 30 mg pills)
• Exception of “single-use” sales, which are small
  amounts (2, 30 mg pills) of individually-
  packaged pseudoephedrine products
 2006 Federal Meth Legislation
• Creates a new category of controlled chemical,
  called “controlled precursor chemicals,” to
  ensure that pseudoephedrine is handled safely
  and lawfully
  – Requires signature and identification for purchases
  – Creates a national meth treatment center
  – Authorize $585 million for enforcement, training, and
    research into treatment:
     • Drug Court – Authorizes $70 million for FY 2006
 2006 Federal Meth Legislation
• H.R. 3199 Combat Meth Act attached to the
  Patriot Act
     • Meth Hot Spots Grants - Authorizes $99 million
       for each 2006-2010
     • Grants for Endangered Children - Authorizes
       $20 million for each of FY 2006-2007
• Competitive Grants for programs involving
  pregnant and parenting women offenders: New
  program, such sums as needed
 2006 Federal Meth Legislation
• H.R. 3199 Combat Meth Act attached to the
  Patriot Act
  – Further amends the reporting requirements
    for importers of meth precursor chemicals
  – Clarifies existing law imposing the obligation
    of restitution for environmental cleanup costs
    on persons involved in meth production and
    trafficking
    2007 Florida Meth Legislation
               (HB 1)
• Creates a task force for the remediation of illicit
  drug labs
• Created for the purpose of recommending
  strategies and actions for reducing or eliminating
  health risks from buildings in the state where
  methamphetamine or other contraband has
  been manufactured in violation of law
          Future Trends…
• This legislation seems to be effective as
  the number of clandestine lab seizures
  dropped significantly in 2006.
• However, DEA reports that meth trafficking
  has shifted from clan lab production to
  being transported into Florida in multi-
  pound increments by Mexican drug
  trafficking organizations.

								
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