The_New_Melting_Pot

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					The New Melting Pot

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513

Summary:
The term 'melting pot' refers to the idea that societies formed by people
of different cultures and religions will produce new social and cultural
forms, where these cultures lose their individual characteristics to some
degree. So the 'ingredients' in the pot fuse and create a completely new
product. Nowadays this term is commonly used – sometimes not correctly.
Scientifics and demographers agree that 'melting pot' does not accurately
describe Americans’ national identity. B...


Keywords:
florida,fsbo,melting,pot,america,society,frey


Article Body:
The term 'melting pot' refers to the idea that societies formed by people
of different cultures and religions will produce new social and cultural
forms, where these cultures lose their individual characteristics to some
degree. So the 'ingredients' in the pot fuse and create a completely new
product. Nowadays this term is commonly used – sometimes not correctly.
Scientifics and demographers agree that 'melting pot' does not accurately
describe Americans’ national identity. Bill Frey, American demographer
divides the country into three regions, and he labels only one region
'Melting Pot'.

The history of the melting pot theory originates from the time of the
first immigration wave. The United States was imagined not only as the
land of opportunity but as a society where individuals of all (European)
nations are melted into a new race of men. Later, in 1908, I.srael
Zangwill used the term as a title for his production - a vision of
America as an Eden where all ethnicities and cultures melted happily into
a harmonious whole. From that time, the term became widespread.

But today, it seems that the United States is not a melting pot, but
rather a 'salad bowl' or a 'mosaic'. Different ethnicities and groups
keep their discrete identities, while maintaining relations among each
other.

The country has regional characteristics. These regions are being shaped
by different immigration and domestic migration flows. 'While it is true
that America is becoming more racially and ethnically diverse, this
diversity is hardly spread evenly across the country' – alleges Frey.

According to his new division (the three regions), the Melting Pot
consists of Alaska, California, Florida, Hawaii, Illinois, New Jersey,
New York, New Mexico and Texas. These states are home to 74% of the
nation's combined Hispanic and Asian populations but only 41% of its
total population. Most immigrants cluster into several, mostly coastal
metropolitan areas: New York, Los Angeles, San Diego, San Francisco,
Miami, etc. The overwhelming majority of immigrants come from Asia and
Latin America – Mexico, the Central American countries, the Philippines,
Korea, and Southeast Asia.

There is a relatively new immigration policy that emphasizes family
reunification and encourages migration to occur in chains, connecting co
– nationals at both origin and destination. That new policy, a response
to charges that the law favored white Europeans, allowed immigrants
already living in the United States to bring over their relatives, who in
turn could bring over more relatives. As a result, America has been
absorbing as many as 1 million newcomers a year, to the point that now
almost 1 in every 10 residents is foreign born.

This 'new' melting pot is not mainly a melting pot of Whites, what's
more, it's losing Whites. 'These losses are occurring in both the central
cities, and suburban communities and reflect a flight from urbanism more
than a flight from diversity' – said Frey.

Census 2000 shows that 'migration paths' are changing and different
relations have evolved among ethnics. The original theory of melting pot
is outdated and does not exactly describe Americans’ national identity.
Today, there is more emphasis on preserving one's ethnic identity and
cultural roots than melt into a unity.

				
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posted:3/1/2010
language:English
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