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The_Dog_of_the_Highlands__West_Highland_White_Terrier

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					The Dog of the Highlands: West Highland White Terrier

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702

Summary:
At around 1700s, the Isle of Skye and other highlands in Scotland were
already producing lots of small terriers. Scottish breeds were separated
into two: the Skye terriers and the Dandie Dinmont terriers.


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Article Body:
At around 1700s, the Isle of Skye and other highlands in Scotland were
already producing lots of small terriers. Scottish breeds were separated
into two: the Skye terriers and the Dandie Dinmont terriers.

The Dandie Dinmonts were categorized as a separate breed. The Skyes
included the Scotties, the Cairns and the West highland white terriers or
the Westies.

It was also noted that these terriers were the hybrids among the crossed
Cairns, Scottish, and Dandies terriers. One could assume that the hybrid
would really be loyal and its hunting instincts could not be belittled.
In fact, many royalties in Scotland owned terriers that were very similar
to the Westies of today.

Another remarkable story is about a Westie that stopped a mother from
constantly yelling at her daughter. Every time the mother would yell at
her teenage daughter, the Westie would attack the mother. The aggression
of the dog got worse over the years that resulted in the mother's
complete inability to scold her teenager.

It turned out that the girl was actually rewarding the dog for his
protection by calming and soothing him down after every "threat" from her
mother. Many would perceive that the daughter was able to help her mother
to change her ways when in fact she was helping herself by rewarding the
dog for its behavior.

The following are some of the basic facts breeders would really love to
know about Westies:

Category: Terrier Living Environment: indoors (highly recommended);
outdoors (fenced yard)
Coat: about two-inch coarse and wiry outer coat and soft, dense, and
furry undercoat Color: white

Height: between 10 and 12 inches

Weight: between 13 and 22 pounds

Temperament:

Naturally,

•    they like to bark and dig
•    they are not as willful like most terriers
•    they love companionship

When properly trained

•    they    can become fairly friendly towards strangers
•    they    develop close affinity with behaved children
•    they    love to chase cats but they do not hurt them
•    they    can become a very good watch dog • they can become very lively

Breeders should note of the following health issues:

•          Chronic skin problems
•     Perthe's disease (hip problems)
•     Jawbone calcification
•     Cranio mandibular osteopathy (lion jaw)
•     Patella luxation, a disorder in the kneecap
•     Liver ailments
•     Deafness
•     Congenital heart disease

Care and Exercise:

•     Their coat should be brushed regularly using a brush with stiff
bristles.
•     They should bathe only when necessary.
•     Their whole coat should be stripped at least twice a year and
trimmed every four months.
•     The fur on the eyes and ears should be trimmed using blunt-nose
mirrors.
•     They will surely be more agile and healthy after regular sessions
of play and/or walk.

Origin/History:

As noted, they share the same lineage with Cairns and Scotties (from Skye
terriers), and even with the Dandies. This trio was developed in the Isle
of Skye, which was one of the highlands in Scotland. It was noted that
white whelps were chosen from the wiry-coated Cairns, Scotties, and
Dandies to produce the variety that were known as Poltalloch terriers.
Following are some items in the history that show the Westies' reputation
of being owners' favorite companion dogs.

Records in the history mentioned that around 1620, King James 1 of
England requested some small white dogs from Argyleshire in Scotland.
Colonel Malcolm, who was considered as the originator of Poltalloch
terriers, that are very similar to the Westies of today, accidentally
shot his terrier (a dark one). From then on he vowed to have only white
terriers.

In the 19th century, terriers that were very similar to the Westies were
known as Roseneath terriers in honor of Duke of Argyll's interest and
patronage of this breed. Roseneath was the name of his estate at
Dumbartonshire.

In the first-ever dog show that were organized in the late 1800s, the
Westies were called as White Scottish terriers. In 1904, they were
classified under the name West Highland White terriers.

During the mid-1900s, breeders of the Cairns in Argyll, Scotland selected
white puppies from the stock and interbreed some to obtain white Cairns.
However, in 1917, the American Kennel Club ruled that Cairns could be
listed if they have the Westies' lineage. We can say the history repeats
itself for this delightful terrier is now mostly a favorite companion dog
of many households.

				
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