Introduction to Census 2000
Data Products—American Indian
2000 and Alaska Native
Issued April 2002
Census 2000 showed that there were 4,119,301 persons in the United
States who indicated their race, alone or in combination, as American Indian
Highlights and Alaska Native (AIAN). Information on American Indians and Alaska
Census of Natives will be available in a variety of formats and media, including the
Population and Internet, CD-ROMs, DVDs, and printed reports. This brochure provides a brief
Housing Topics, p. 1. introduction to the information available from Census 2000, Census 2000
geography, maps, and data products. Visit our Web site at www.census.gov
• Includes 100-percent
for more information.
and sample charac-
Information Available From the 2000 Census
Census 2000 of Population and Housing
Areas, p. 2. 100-percent characteristics (short form): A limited number of
• Understanding questions were asked of every person and household in the United States.
Information is available on:
among U.S. Household relationship Race
Census Bureau Sex Tenure (whether the home is owned or rented)
geographic entities. Age Vacancy characteristics
Hispanic or Latino origin
Available in Many Sample characteristics (long form): Additional questions were asked
Forms, p. 3. of a sample (generally 1-in-6) of people and housing units, but within most
• Internet access American Indian and Alaska Native areas, the sampling rate was 1-in-2. Data are
• CD-ROM, DVD
Population Housing Characteristics
Marital status Value of home or monthly rent paid
Place of birth, citizenship, and Units in structure
Products, p. 4. year of entry Year structure built
• Printed reports School enrollment and Number of rooms and number
• Census block maps educational attainment of bedrooms
Ancestry Year householder moved
• Census tract outline Migration (residence in 1995) into residence
maps Language spoken at home and Plumbing and kitchen facilities
• Reference maps ability to speak English Telephone service available
Veteran status Vehicles available
Disability House heating fuel
Grandparents as caregivers Farm residence
Labor force status Utilities, mortgage or rent, taxes,
Place of work and journey to work insurance, and fuel costs
Year last worked
Occupation, industry, and class of worker
Work status in 1999
Income in 1999
U.S. Department of Commerce
Economics and Statistics Administration
U.S. CENSUS BUREAU
Helping You Make Informed Decisions • 1902-2002
nucleus of 50,000 population or
American Indian Area/Alaska Native Area/Hawaiian Home Land Hierarchy greater, together with adjacent
American Indian Reservation and Off-Reservation Trust Land communities having a high degree
of social and economic integration
American Indian Reservations (federal)
with that core. Metropolitan areas
Off-Reservation Trust Land (Federal)
comprise one or more entire counties,
Tribal Designated Statistical Areas
w except in New England, where county
w subdivisions (cities and towns) are
w the basic geographic units.
Alaska Native Regional Corporations Tribal Census Tract
Alaska Native Village Statistical Areas Minor Civil Divisions (MCDs)/
w Census County Divisions (CCDs).
Hawaiian Home Lands
Tribal Block Group
American Indian Reservations (state) MCDs are legally defined county
State Designated American Indian Statistical Areas subdivisions such as towns and
w townships. In 21 states where MCDs
Oklahoma Tribal Statistical Areas do not exist or are not adequate for
reporting subcounty statistics, the
Tribal Subdivision w
Census Bureau, in cooperation with
Census Tract state, tribal, and local officials,
delineates county subdivisions
w known as census county divisions.
Places. Incorporated places are
concentrations of population such
Census 2000 within a tribal census tract is
as cities, that have legally prescribed
a tribal block group. Where a tribal
Geographic Areas census tract crosses a county line,
boundaries, powers, and functions.
Other population centers without
American Indian/Alaska Native the same tribal block group may be
legally defined corporate limits or
Areas, and Hawaiian Home assigned on both sides of that
corporate powers are defined by the
Lands. These areas include the legal boundary.
Census Bureau in cooperation with
federally recognized American Indian Census tracts. These small sta- state and tribal officials and local data
reservations, off-reservation trust tistical subdivisions (averaging about users. These are called census desig-
land, tribal subdivisions, Alaska 4,000 persons) of counties generally nated places and are identified in data
Native Regional Corporations, and have stable boundaries and, when tables by the acronym CDP following
Hawaiian home lands. These areas first established, were designed to the place name.
also include the tribal designated have relatively homogeneous
statistical areas, Oklahoma tribal States and equivalent areas.
demographic characteristics. When
statistical areas, and Alaska Native Besides the 50 states, the Census
national data are provided based on
village statistical areas that are Bureau treats the District of Columbia,
American Indian entities, the bound-
defined for federally recognized Puerto Rico, and the Island Areas (the
ary of a federally recognized Ameri-
tribes without a legal land base. The U.S. Virgin Islands, Guam, American
can Indian reservation or off-reserva-
boundaries of federally recognized Samoa, and the Northern Mariana
tion trust land is always the bound-
American Indian and Alaska Native Islands) as state equivalents for
ary of a tribal census tract and a tribal
areas are provided by the tribal statistical presentation.
block group. The optimum size for a
governments. The State of Hawaii tribal census tract is 2,500 people.
Department of Hawaiian Home Lands Urban areas. Urban areas consist
provides the boundaries for Hawaiian Counties and equivalent areas. of urbanized areas (UAs) and urban
home lands. The boundaries of These are the primary divisions of all clusters (UCs). A UA consists of
state-recognized American Indian states, the District of Columbia, densely settled territory with a
reservations and state designated Puerto Rico, and the Island Areas. population of 50,000 or more in-
American Indian statistical areas (for They include counties in 48 states; habitants. UCs have from 2,500 to
state recognized tribes without a parishes in Louisiana; boroughs, 49,999 population.
reservation) are provided by a state census areas, city and boroughs,
liaison designated by the state's ZIP Code Tabulation Area
and municipalities in Alaska;
governor. (ZCTAs™). ZCTAs are approximate
municipios in Puerto Rico; indepen-
representations of five- or three-digit
dent cities in Maryland, Missouri,
Block groups (BGs). Block groups U.S. Postal Service ZIP Code service
Nevada, and Virginia; and other
are a collection of census blocks areas. ZCTAs are composed of census
entities in the Island Areas.
within a census tract, sharing the blocks and represent the majority ZIP
same first digit of their four-digit Metropolitan areas (MAs). An Code for addresses within a census
identifying numbers. A block group MA consists of a large population block.
2 U.S. Census Bureau
Census 2000 Data released is the information required combination populations. The
for local redistricting. The data tables in this file (with urban/rural
Products Available include tabulations for the total data included in final national file)
for the American population and the population 18 will be iterated for a selected list of
years old and over for 63 race detailed race and Hispanic- or Latino-
Indian and Alaska categories (including American origin groups and American Indian
Native Population Indian and Alaska Native), Hispanic and Alaska Native tribal groupings.
or Latino, and race by not Hispanic The lowest level of geography will
Census 2000 Data Products
or Latino. Detailed tabulations be the census tract, and there must
Following are the descriptions of the present data down to the census be at least 100 people in the speci-
products that contain data on the block level, and are available fied group before data will be
American Indian and Alaska Native through the Internet and through shown. Data will be shown for both
population for individual States and two CD-ROM series (state and the tribal grouping alone and alone
the District of Columbia, and for national files). One Quick Table and or in any combination. Various
local governments including Ameri- a Geographic Comparison Table are Quick Tables and Geographic
can Indian and Alaska Natives. based on this redistricting file. Comparison Tables will be derived
from Summary File 2.
Detailed results of Census 2000 will Release date:
be contained in a series of five files March 2001 Planned release date:
that you can access through the November 2001-July 2002
Summary File 1 (SF 1) is the first
Internet and on CD-ROM or DVD. Census 2000 data product to contain Summary File 3 (SF 3) will be
Several related electronic and print population counts for selected tribal the first release of the information
products include Demographic groupings (see box below). It presents collected on a sample basis. Data
Profiles of most geographic areas; counts and basic cross-tabulations of will be provided down to the block
Quick Tables that allow users to information collected from all people group for many tabulations but only
choose from among approximately and housing units. This information down to the census tract for others.
50 table shells, then specify the includes age, sex, race, Hispanic or SF 3 will contain data for the Ameri-
geographic area and the universe or Latino origin, household relationship, can Indian and Alaska Native race
population subgroup (such as the whether the residence is owned or alone population. The final national
American Indian and Alaska Native rented, household size, household file includes urban/rural data.
alone population); and approxi- type, family size, group quarters
Planned release date:
mately 30 Geographic Compari- population, and housing occupancy.
son Tables that will enable users to Data will be available down to the
compare key data items between census-tract level (with urban/ Summary File 4 (SF 4) will include
geographic areas. rural data included in final na- tabulations of the population and
tional file). Summaries are included housing data collected from a
Internet. For easy access to all for all American Indian and Alaska sample of the population. Just as in
Census 2000 information, click Native areas. Counts are presented for Summary File 2, the tables on SF 4
on American FactFinder® on the 39 American Indian and Alaska Native will be iterated for a selected list of
Census Bureau’s home page tribal groupings. race and Hispanic- or Latino-origin
(www.census.gov). Generally, most groups, for American Indian and
data products will be released first Release date:
Alaska Native tribal grouping alone
on the Internet, followed by subse- June 2001-June 2002
and alone or in combination listed
quent releases in other formats. Summary File 2 (SF 2) will also below. There must be at least 300
CD-ROM and DVD. Most Census contain 100-percent population people in the specified group before
and housing characteristics for the data will be shown. Data will be
2000 tabulations and maps will be
AIAN alone and AIAN alone or in shown for both the tribal grouping
available on CD-ROMs and/or DVDs.
Viewing software will be included.
CD-ROMs may be ordered by phone Summary file data will include the following 35 specified American
through the Census Bureau’s Cus- Indian tribal groupings and the 4 specified Alaska Native tribal groupings.
tomer Services Center on American Indian tribal groupings
301-763-INFO (4636), or by clicking Apache Crow Paiute Yaqui
on Catalog from the Census Bureau’s Blackfeet Delaware Pima Yuman
home page. Cherokee Houma Potawatomi
Cheyenne Iroquois Pueblo Alaska Native
Printed reports will be sold through Chickasaw Kiowa Puget Sound Salish tribal groupings
Chippewa Latin American* Seminole
the U.S. Government Printing Office. Choctaw Lumbee Shoshone Alaska Athabascan
Much of the information in these series Colville Menominee Sioux Aleut
will be available earlier in other data Comanche Navajo Tohomo O’Odham Eskimo
Cree Osage Ute Tlingit-Haida
Creek Ottawa Yakama
The following release dates are *Aztec, Inca, Mayan, etc.
preliminary and may be revised later. Note: Tribal grouping refers to the combining of individual American Indian tribes, such as
Alamo Navajo, Tohajiileehee Navajo and Ramah Navajo into the general Navajo tribe, or the
Census 2000 Redistricting combining of individual Alaska Native tribes such as American Eskimo, Eskimo and Greenland
(Public Law 94-171) Summary Eskimo in to the general Eskimo tribe. There are also three other categories: American Indian
File. The first Census 2000 data tribes not specified, Alaska Native tribes not specified and AIAN tribes not specified.
U.S. Census Bureau 3
alone and alone or in any combina- housing subjects for the same Tribal census tract outline maps.
tion. The final national file includes geographic areas as in PHC-1 and These maps for each federally
urban/rural data. Various Quick information and will be comparable recognized American Indian reserva-
Tables and Geographic Comparison to the 1990 CPH-5 census report tion and/or off-reservation trust land
Tables will be derived from Summary series, Summary Social, Economic, entity show the boundaries and
File 4. and Housing Characteristics (1990 numbers of tribal census tracts and
CPH-5). It will also be available on names of features underlying the
Planned release date: boundaries.
the Internet. Data are shown for the
October 2002-February 2003
American Indian and Alaska Native Planned release date: 2002
Microdata race alone population.
Reference maps. This series
Microdata allow users to prepare Planned release date: 2003 of tabulation reference map types
their own customized tabulations shows the boundaries for tabula-
Special Report. This publication,
and cross tabulations of most tions areas including: states, coun-
on the American Indian and Alaska
population and housing subjects, ties, American Indian reservations,
Native population by tribe, will
using specially prepared microdata county subdivisions (MCDs/CCDs)
provide detailed cross tabulations
files. These files are the actual incorporated places, and census
covering such topics as age, sex,
responses to census questionnaires, designated places. This series
family composition, education, includes the state and county
but with names or addresses
removed and the geography suffi- occupation and industry, disability, subdivision outline maps, urbanized
ciently broad to protect confiden- earnings, income and poverty status. area maps, and metropolitan area
tiality. Two ways to access Planned release date: 2004 maps. These maps vary in size from
microdata will be available. wall to page size.
Public Use Microdata Sample Maps and Geographic Planned release date: 2001-2003
(PUMS) Files. Two PUMS files are Products Generalized boundary files.
planned for release on CD-ROM: a These files are designed for use in
1-percent and a 5-percent sample. A variety of maps, boundary files,
and other geographic products will a geographic information system
Planned release dates: be available to help users locate and (GIS) or similar computer mapping
1-percent file: 2002 identify geographic areas. These software. Boundary files are avail-
5-percent file: 2003 products will be available in various able for most levels of census
media such as the Internet, CD-ROM, geography.
Advance Query Function. Users DVD, and, in the case of maps, as
of the American FactFinder® will be Planned release date: 2001-2002
able to prepare tabulations online, Thematic maps. Census 2000 data
using the full database of all indi- TIGER/Line® files. These files will be displayed on colorful maps
vidual responses, subject to restric- contain geographic boundaries and
on such topics as population density
codes, streets, address ranges, and
tions and filters required to protect coordinates for use with geographic and population distribution.
the confidentiality of individual information systems for mapping Planned release date: 2001-2003
responses. and other applications.
Printed Reports Release date: 2001
For More Information About
There will be three series of printed Census block maps. These maps Census 2000 and Census
reports with one report per state show the boundaries, names, and 2000 Data Products:
and a national summary volume. codes for American Indian and
Alaska Native areas, and Hawaiian • Visit the Census Bureau's Internet
Summary Population and home lands, states, counties, county site at www.census.gov or call
Housing Characteristics (PHC-1). subdivisions, places, census tracts, our Customer Services Center at
This state-based series, containing and census blocks. This map series 301-763-INFO (4636).
information collected on a 100- will also be produced by specified • Visit your local library. Many
percent basis, will present informa- geographic entity types (e.g., major university and public
tion for states, counties, places, and American Indian and Alaska Native libraries participate in the Federal
other areas including American areas, and Hawaiian home lands, Depository Library Program and
Indian and Alaska Native areas. counties, county subdivisions, and receive copies of Census Bureau
Comparable to the 1990 CPH-1 places. reports and CD-ROMs.
census report series, Summary • Call or visit one of 1,800 state
Release date: 2001 and local planning groups, librar-
Population and Housing Characteris-
tics, it will also be available on the Census tract outline maps. These ies, chambers of commerce, and
county maps show the boundaries others that participate in a Cen-
Internet. Data are shown for the
and numbers of census tracts and sus Bureau data center program.
total American Indian and Alaska
names of features underlying the For a complete list see:
Native race alone population. www.census.gov/clo.
boundaries. They also show the
Planned release date: 2002 boundaries, names, and codes for • Call or visit a Census Bureau
American Indian and Alaska Native Regional Office. For the address
Summary Social, Economic, and and phone number of the re-
areas, counties, county subdivisions,
Housing Characteristics (PHC-2). and places. gional office near you, visit:
This publication will include informa- www.census.gov/field/www/.
tion on the sample population and Release date: 2001
4 U.S. Census Bureau