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bout environment yung may leather industry

"Xylaria polymorpha, commonly known as Dead Man's Fingers. The fruitbodies
(ascocarps) are often seen growing near ground level from the bases of tree stumps,
especially on beech (Fagus sylvatica), but in this image they are growing from a fallen,
moss-covered beech log. Each fruitbody is tapered at the base and usually 3-8 cm tall.
Futher examples are shown below. The final image (Fig. 5) shows an ascocarp cut
longitudinally, revealing many perithecia that lie just beneath the surface of the fruitbody.
The perithecia release fusiform ascospores for dispersal to new sites." [1]

Author: Courtesy of Jim Deacon, The University of Edinburg

 Kingdom: Fungi
 Division: Ascomycota
 Class:     Sordariomycetes
 Order:     Xylariales
 Family:    Xylariaceae
Xylaria hypoxylon
Xylaria polymorpha

Xylaria is a genus of ascomycetous fungi commonly found growing on dead wood.

Two of the common species of the genus are Xylaria hypoxylon and Xylaria polymorpha

X. hypoxylon, also known under the common names "Stag's Horn" or "Candle-snuff
Fungus", is the most conspicuous because of its erect 3-7 cm tall, antler-like ascocarps
(fruitbodies) which are black at the base (where the perithecia are embedded) but white
and branched towards the top, where the fruitbodies produce white conidia (asexual

X. polymorpha, "Dead Man's Fingers", is black and often grows in finger-like clusters
from the base of a tree or from wood just below ground level. the
microbio of in situ bioremed endophytic xylaria xylaria polymorpha xylaria polymorpha fungal biodiv in india recent advances in petroleum microbio charac of
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