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Horse_Breeds_-_Thoroughbreds

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					Horse Breeds - Thoroughbreds

Word Count:
654

Summary:
Breeding the best stallions to the best mares to produce fast race
horses, giving them superiority and excellence being established on the
race track. Thoroughbreds are known as “America’s Racing Horse”. This
breed of horse runs at the race track every single day around the world.


Keywords:
horse, horses, race horse, race horses, Kentucky Derby, Preakness,
Belmont, Kentucky Horse Park, thoroughbred, stallions, mares, jockey club


Article Body:
Thoroughbreds are known as “America’s Racing Horse”. This breed of horse
runs at the race track every single day around the world.

History of the Thoroughbred:

This breed of horse was originally bred in England due to the English
horsemen’s desire to have a fast race horse. There are three that
founded this bloodline which are: Byerley Turk, Darley Arabian and
Godolphin Arabian, named after their respective owners, Thomas Darley,
Lord Godolphin and Captain Robert Byerley.    All of these stallions were
imported to England from the Mediterranean Middle East between 1670 and
1710. The result was an animal that could carry weight with sustained
speeds over extended distances. Approximately ninety percent of modern
thoroughbreds have descended from Eclipse whose grandsire was Darley
Arabian, who was never beaten in eighteen races.

This began a very selective breeding process which has been going on for
nearly 250 years. Breeding the best stallions to the best mares to
produce fast race horses, giving them superiority and excellence being
established on the race track.

Around the turn of the 1700’s, breeding records for Thoroughbreds were
sparse and usually incomplete, and many times, they would not name a
horse until the young horse had proven them self worthy. A gentleman
named James Weatherby, through his own research and hard work and by the
consolidation of his own privately kept pedigree records published the
first volume of the General Stud Book. This was done in 1791. The first
publication listed 387 mares, each of which could trace back to Eclipse.
The General Studbook is still published in England by Weatherby and Sons,
Secretaries to The English Jockey Club.

Many years later, as thoroughbred racing proliferated in North America
the need for a pedigree registry for American Bred Thoroughbreds, similar
to the General Stud Book became apparent. In 1873, the first American
Stud Book was published by Colonel Sanders D. Bruce. This man spent
almost a lifetime researching the pedigrees of American Thoroughbreds.
He followed the pattern of the General Stud Book producing six volumes of
the register until 1896 when the project was taken over by The Jockey
Club. The integrity of the American Stud Book is the foundation on which
all Thoroughbred racing in North America Depends.

The first publication of the American Stud Book by The Jockey Club had a
foal crop of around 3,000. In 1986 in had grown to an astonish 51,000.
Today The Jockey Club runs an elaborate new computer technology to meet
the registration challenges posed by the gigantic number of annual
registrations.   The Jockey Club owns and operates one of the most
sophisticated computer operations in the world today, with its database
holding more than 1.8 million horses on a master pedigree file, with
names that trace back to the 1800’s. This is quite impressive genealogy.
As well as bloodlines, this computer system also handles daily racing
results of every Thoroughbred race in North America, as well as the
ability to process electronically submitted pedigree and racing data from
England, Ireland, France and other leading Thoroughbred countries.

Another descendant of Darley Arabian is Diomed; he won the first running
of the Kentucky Derby in 1780. When he was twenty one years old he was
brought to the United States where he produced the male line through his
son, Sir Archie.

The most world renowned horse race is the Kentucky Derby, being the first
race of the Triple Crown. The Preakness and The Belmont follow this
historical racing event. Thoroughbreds are the horse of choice for track
racing. Most thoroughbreds are born between January and April, but their
official date of birth is January 1 of the current year. During their
first year of growth, they are developing size and power with the
youngster beginning his training as a yearling. The horse learns to
accept a bridle and a saddle and soon after a rider on his back to break
the horse and prepare him for the starting gate and the run around the
track.

				
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posted:3/1/2010
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