AN INTRODUCTION TO MENDOCINO COUNTY AGRICULTURE by gregorio11

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									AN INTRODUCTION TO MENDOCINO COUNTY AGRICULTURE
Dave Bengston Agricultural Commissioner/Sealer of Weights & Measures Tony Linegar Assistant Agricultural Commissioner County of Mendocino

Department of Agriculture Mission Statement

“To serve the citizens of Mendocino County by
promoting agriculture, fostering public confidence in the marketplace through our inspection programs, and protecting the environment and the public by regulating and mitigating pesticide use, and protecting against alien and exotic pests through eradication and preventing introduction of new pest species.

Agricultural Commissioner Programs
Pesticide Regulation Plant Quarantines Nursery Inspection Program GWSS Trapping Organic Program Sudden Oak Death Certified Farmers Markets Fruit and Vegetable Standardization West Nile Virus GMO Ordinance Weed Eradication

Agricultural Commissioner Programs
Vine Mealy Bug Trapping Agricultural Preserve Weed Eradication USDA Wildlife Services Weights and Measures Many, many more………..

Lake and Mendocino Counties

Four Climatic Regions
Maritime: Narrow strip ranging from a few hundred yards to seven miles inland. Daily and seasonal temperature changes are slight. ie. Fort Bragg Coastal: Climate is continuous from north to south, and encompasses a strip from 8 to 30 miles in width. Commonly called the “Redwood Belt”

Climatic Regions cont.
Transitional: Degree of coastal influence varies with topography. Characterized by warm summers and cool winters. Includes Russian River watershed, Ukiah and Potter Valley. Majority of fruit and nut crops grown in this region. Interior: Northwest portion of the county. Dominated by continental air 85% of the time. Daily and seasonal temperature fluctuations are wide. Includes Covelo.

Soil Deposits Suitable for Ag
Alluvial Soil: A fine grained fertile soil created by flowing water…ie streams and rivers Colluvial Soil: Soil deposits transported by gravity. Found on hillslopes and at the base of cliffs.

The First Farmers
Pomo Indians managed perennial and annual plants Tools included tillage, fire, pruning Crops were acorns, corms and bulbs, seeds Fibre crops of sedges, tules, stems of woody plants Pharmacopia of over 200 plants

Mendocino County Agriculture in the Past:
Before irrigation, most of the ag was on the coast On the coast: 20,000 acres cultivated between Westport and Gualala as recent as 1940 Wheat, oats, peas and potatoes As many as 40 dairies in the county Dairy: mostly butter shipped to San Francisco by boat

Mendocino County Agriculture in the Past
In the interior: Wheat, barley, alfalfa, hops, oats, prunes, as well as apples, pears, walnuts. At one time, nearly 150,000 acres were cultivated At one time, Mendocino was the leading area for hops in the U.S., as well as Easter lilies and berries.

The Big Picture
1184 Farms in Mendocino County (2002) Avg. Farm Size is 598 acres Ag employment averages 1250 people since 1973 About 450,000 acres of ag land is in Agricultural Preserve under the Williamson Act.

Mendocino County Agriculture Today:
Valued at about $223 million Relatively small land area for irrigated agriculture at 24,000 acres Winegrapes are the most valuable commodity at $88 million Pears valued at $16 million Livestock valued at $11 million Nursery Products at $3.2 million Vegetable Crops at $1 million

Other Crops
Apples : Once had over 1000 bearing acres in the 1960’s; now have 273 bearing acres Nursery stock Christmas trees

2006 Crop Breakdown by Value
LIVESTOCK & PRODUCTS 10% FRUIT & NUT 78%

FIELD CROPS 9%

NURSERY 2% VEGETABLE 1%

TOTAL $ 136,712,400

Winegrapes in Mendocino County
After the gold rush in the 1850’s, many Italian immigrants settled in Northern California, bringing with them winegrowing skills. Immigrant farmers who failed as prospectors turned to ag and planted winegrapes on the hillsides and ridgetops. First vineyards planted by the Gobbi’s Talmage was where the wine industry began, planting the upslopes which don’t freeze.

WINEGRAPE HISTORY OF PRODUCTION
Dave Bengston, Agricultural Commissioner

TOTAL YEAR 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 1990 ACREAGE 16,783 16,624 16,109 16,178 16,156 16,446 14,885 15,235 13,957 13,383 13,151 12,725 13,155 12,473 12,481 12,608 12,567

BEARING ACREAGE 16,142 16,084 15,608 15,579 15,202 14,800 12,838 13,994 12,287 12,179 11,739 11,745 12,335 11,591 11,143 11,289 11,355

PER ACRE 4.4 3.9 3.3 3.7 3.9 4.0 4.5 4.2 4.9 5.3 3.6 4.7 3.6 5.2 5.5 4.6 3.5

PRODUCTION IN TONS 70,866.20 61,962.3 52,251.5 57,960.1 59,128.3 59,854.3 58,105.8 58,647.6 59,647.3 64,984.0 44,023.1 55,179.1 44,582.3 60,269.2 61,135.3 51,551.1 39,778.9

PER UNIT $1,237 1,171 1,151 1,214 1,375 1,466 1,514 1,455 1,394 1,381 1,174 883 731 679 724 707 713 $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ VALUE $87,661,500 72,557,900 60,141,500 70,360,700 81,286,000 87,746,400 87,960,000 85,311,000 83,155,500 89,765,000 51,696,300 48,723,100 32,600,800 40,922,800 44,262,000 36,446,600 28,362,400

TOP TEN GRAPE VARIETY VALUES 2006
BEARING ACRES
4289 1924 2443 1826 1990 787 675 496 412 110

VARIETY
Chardonnay Pinot Noir Cabernet Sauvignon Merlot Zinfandel Sauvignon Blanc Syrah Petite Sirah Carignane Sangiovese

TOTAL ACRES
4507 2088 2461 1887 2040 807 686 512 412 115

TONS
24,147.0 9,541.2 8,125.4 7,029.0 6,537.5 4,131.5 2,479.3 1,767.9 1,548.0 504.8 $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $

VALUE PER TON
1,071.72 2,080.97 1,291.28 1,174.06 1,224.12 960.61 1,349.91 1,484.05 741.91 1,653.38 $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $

TOTAL VALUE
25,878,822 19,854,950 10,492,166 8,252,468 8,002,685 3,968,760 3,346,832 2,623,652 1,148,477 834,626

WINE GRAPE PRODUCTION (current)
16,142 bearing acres; (5,866 white and 10,276 reds) 4.4 tons/acre average>70,866 total (2006) Ranked 13th in state in tons produced. (2006) Ranked 10th in state in total value. (2006) Ranked 14th in United States (3078 counties)

Pear Production
2,129 bearing acres (2006) w/ 25% Organic 17.4 tons /acre average for total of 37,066 (2006) 37,066 tons @ $425/ton = $15,744,300 (2006) Ranked 3rd in California counties (value) Ranked 8th in United States (3,078 counties)

V A L U E C O M P A R IS O N O F G R A P E S V S P E A R S
$1 00,0 00,00 0 $8 0,00 0,000 $6 0,00 0,000 $4 0,00 0,000 $2 0,00 0,000 0
1 96 5 1 97 0 1 97 5 1 98 0 1 98 5 1 99 0 1 99 5 2 00 0 2 00 1 2 00 2 2 00 4

P E A RS

GRAPES

MENDOCINO COUNTY BARTLETT PEAR PRODUCTION - ALL YEARS
David Bengston, Agricultural Commissioner TOTAL ACREAGE BEARING ACREAGE

YEAR

PER ACRE

PRODUCTION IN TONS

$PER TON

TOTAL VALUE

2006

1902

1902

16.4

31,246

424.00

13,261,800

2005

1901

1901

13.7

26069

390.00

10,169,400

2004

1926

1926

18.2

33438

394.00

13,160,800

2003

1994

1994

17.8

34430

350.00

12,385,950

2002

2105

2105

16.4

34493

348.00

12,003,200

2001

2105

2105

19.8

41644

303.00

12,606,300

2000

2393

2391

19.8

47353

223.00

10,658,500

1999

2561

2572

22.0

56427

246.00

13,860,800

1998

2413

2419

20.4

49257

200.00

9,852,600

Timber Production
1.3 million acres of timberland in Mendocino County 2nd leading timber county by value in 2006 at $53,400,000 5th leading timber county by board feet in 2006

Jackson State Demonstration Forest
Owned by the State and managed by CDF Considered the most well stocked 2nd growth forest in California Averages 30 million board feet production per year Has accounted for approximately 20-25% of production in Mendocino County 2006 marks 5th year without cutting in Jackson State

TIMBER PRODUCTION COMPARISON
700,000,000 600,000,000

500,000,000

400,000,000

300,000,000

200,000,000

100,000,000

0 197 1 197 3 197 5 197 7 197 9 198 1 198 3 198 5 198 7 198 9 199 1 199 3 199 5 199 7 199 9 200 1 200 4

LOG PRODUCTION BOARD FEET

WINE GRAPE VALUE VS TIMBER VALUE
$200,000,000 $190,000,000 $180,000,000 $170,000,000 $160,000,000 $150,000,000 $140,000,000 $130,000,000 $120,000,000 $110,000,000 $100,000,000 $90,000,000 $80,000,000 $70,000,000 $60,000,000 $50,000,000 $40,000,000 $30,000,000 $20,000,000 $10,000,000 0
1977 1980 1983 1986 1989 1992 1995 1998 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006

Wine Grapes

Timber

Commercial Livestock
Cattle and Calves Sheep and Lambs Milk Cows Poultry Swine Goats

Beef Cattle
320 Ranches 17,000 head Ranked 29th in state $6.9 million value of production

Sheep & Wool
181 Ranches 11,500 head Ranked 21st in state $256.4 thousand value of sheep and lambs production $58.4 thousand value of wool

Dairy Cows
2 Dairies 1,500 head $3.42 million value for milk produced

Poultry
Includes turkeys 71 farms 1,804 head Value a component of miscellaneous livestock total of $700 thousand

Problems
Predation
In 2006 there was $26,034 in losses reported

Markets Environmental issues
Water quality Endangered species

Public perception

Nursery Production
69 licensed wholesale nurseries 63 acres in nursery production Nurseries concentrated on coast Many specialty nurseries, including Bonsai, Rhododendron, Japanese Maple, Succulents, and more. 3.2 million dollar industry (2006)

Mendocino County Organic Agriculture
SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE IN 2004
ORGANIC FARMS
NUMBER OF FARMS
58 28 17 37 45 22 196 7

CROPS
Wine grapes Apples Pears Miscellaneous Vegetables Miscellaneous Fruit & Nut Nursery & Cut Flow ers TOTAL

ACRES
2,947 167 231 97 110 18 3,270 690

Biodynamic Wine Grapes

Ranked 3rd in the state for number of farms

Biodynamic Agriculture
“Beyond Organic” Method of agriculture based on a series of lectures in 1924 by Austrian philosopher Rudolph Steiner. Non-chemical method that recognizes the importance of growing your soil, and incorporates the natural rhythms of the sun and moon into farming practices.

Water
Three hydrologic units in the county: Eel, Russian, and Coastal River Basins. Russian River basin most important for ag, spans 1500 square miles, 500 in Mendocino Most of the water in Lake Mendocino ended up belonging to Sonoma County Watershed management is hot topic now UCCE performed study on role of water agency at request of B.O.S

Certified Farmers Markets
Ft. Bragg Laytonville Willits Boonville Ukiah (2) Mendocino Gualala

Market Gardeners
About 100 with permits Sell mostly at Certified Farmers Markets Small Scale Sales: $5-20 K Hard Work!

MENDOCINO COUNTY'S 2004-2006 EXPORT TRADE PARTNERS
Mendocino County commodities have been exported to these thirty-one countries.

Angola

Germany

Portugal

Argentina

Guatemala Russia

Australia

Holland Scotland

Bolivia

Italy

So. Africa Brazil Lithuania

Canada

Japan

Switzerland

China

Mexico Taiwan

Chile

Morocco UK

England

The Netherlands

El Salvador

New Zealand

Finland

Panama

France

Poland

"Trade increases the wealth and glory of a country; but its real strength and stamina are to be looked for among the cultivators of the land." -1st Earl of Chatham, William Pitt


								
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