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                           Narrative Work Plan 2008
                   European Foundation for Street Children (EFSC)


   1. Workshop:
      Social exclusion and extreme poverty as major reasons for the life
      situation of street children in the Central and Eastern European
      Member States – National analyses, reports and strategic concepts
      to prepare the new National Strategies 2008 - 2011
Background / Contents:
Street children and other groups of children at high risk are the most vulnerable group
of children in European societies. This phenomenon is of growing importance to the
social and political integration of the new Member States and social inclusion within the
EU as a whole. Until now, the issues involving this most vulnerable target group have
not been sufficiently addressed by the National Action Plan on Social Inclusion. This is a
key conclusion that was reached at a symposium organised by EFSC in December 2004,
which focused on the new Member States in Eastern Europe.

Given this situation, the workshop will aim at a systematic analysis of the national
contexts of the EU Members States mostly concerned by the phenomenon of street
children situated in Central and Eastern Europe (Romania, Bulgaria, Slovakia, Czech
Republic, Poland, Slovenia) regarding the new National Strategies 2008-2011 for social
protection and social inclusion. As a first step it will consist in an analysis of the
conditions governing street children’s lives as well as a compilation of basic data
regarding their demography in these countries in relation to the three main groups of
street children (those living in the street, working in the street or spending their lives
with their families in the street). In addition, particular attention will be paid to the
specific situation of Roma children whose biggest communities are geographically
situated in many of the Central/Eastern European countries in question. The Roma have
suffered substantially during transition years because they were generally less equipped
than the majority of the population to benefit from the transition to a market economy.
Today the probability of the Roma entering poverty is 8 to 10 times higher than those in
mainstream societies in Central and Southeast Europe of their children suffer mostly.
Even though their situation of exclusion is a specific one given their ethnic and cultural
background there are many points in common with non Roma children at high risk
regarding the ultimate consequence to be obliged either to work or to live in the streets.

The workshop will aim mainly to identify through a joint comparative dialogue with the
relevant stakeholders from the Member States (governments, NGOs) and the EU
(Commission, EP) all key issues related to street children and Roma children relevant for
the formulation of the Member States reports on national strategies to be issued in
September 2008. To this purpose the situation in the concerned Member States will be
analysed with a particular focus on extreme child poverty and migration effects leading
to the existing phenomena


                                    Square Vergote, 34 - 1030 Brussels - Belgium
             tel +32 (0)2 347.78 48 - fax +32 (0)2 347.79.46 - e-mail info@enscw.org - www.enscw.org
 attention will be paid to the inclusion policies of the Member States regarding these
target groups. The workshop shall create networking synergies between the EFSC MOs
in order to effectively influence the governmental processes of each of the six countries
involved in drafting its national report. As a main result street children should be
mentioned as key target groups of social inclusion measures in these reports.

As a second main goal the workshop shall provide EFSC at an early stage with relevant
street children related information on these countries especially on migration and
extreme poverty issues in order to give a valuable input to the assessment of the
national reports which the Commission will make from October 2008 on.

To this purpose the workshop will also aim at strengthening alliance building,
communication and networking between EFSC and its MOs and also amongst them in
order to achieve strong lobbying effects towards both the EU and the national
governments. In the same time it aims at a cross cutting approach to a strengthening of
the strategic alliance with the European Roma Information Office and a continuous co-
operation with ERIO on the operative level.

The results of the workshop will summarized in a strategic report to be used both by
EFSC and MOs. A monitoring round (telephone conference) with the MOs involved will be
organized at the beginning of September 2008 in order to check what results have been
achieved regarding the inclusion of street children issues in the NRS.

Objectives:
    To establish a continuous dialogue between the European and national levels -
      including regional and local actors (Commission, EP, national, regional and
      municipal authorities) and NGOs - on the issue of extreme child poverty and the
      social impact of migration to which a high profile will be given in the preparation
      of the new National Strategies 2008-2011 for social protection and social inclusion
      and on the need to include the issue of street children in the broader European
      social policy context, in particular the review of the renewed Lisbon Strategy
      starting in 2009-2010.
    To influence national policy by advocating that street children be seen as a target
      group of social inclusion measures within the NAP`s as well as to mainstream the
      other relevant policies of the Member States (in particular of the Member States
      in Central and Eastern Europe) in order to ensure a field-based and result-
      oriented policy implementation.

Type:            Workshop
Target group:    Representatives   from    EFSC   member organisations,        national
                 governments, EU institutions, NGOs, welfare associations, universities,
                 national, regional and local authorities from Central and Eastern
                 European Member States Romania, Bulgaria, Slovakia, Czech Republic,
                 Poland, Slovenia
Participants:    25
Date:            5-6th May 2008
Place:           Brussels
Actors involved: EFSC staff, member organisations, European Roma Information Office
                 (ERIO)




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    2. EFSC General Assembly

Based on a decision of the EFSC Executive Board adopted in December 2007, EFSC shall
change from a private foundation under the Dutch law to an AISBL under the Belgian
law with its seat in Brussels.

As a consequence, EFSC will organize for the first time an annual General Assembly in
2008 which will focus mainly on:

    Consequences of the change of the statute, in particular regarding the membership
    Activities in 2008 (Progress): experiences and upcoming events
    EU key priorities and priorities of the Annual work plan for 2009
    Governance issues and votes

Target group:      Delegates from the EFSC member organisations
Participants:      35
Date / Duration:   End of June 2008
Place:             Brussels
Actors involved:   EFSC and member organizations



    3. Training seminar for Focal Officers (member organisations)
       on Progress and EU social inclusion issues

This seminar will be a crucial part of a whole number of measures targeted towards the
training of member organisations` new Focal Officers on Progress and EU social
inclusion related issues.

Learning Objectives:

    1. Conveyance of information and a knowledge-based approach for ways of making
       autonomous use of all relevant EU information regarding Progress, the Lisbon
       Process, the National Action Plan on social protection and social inclusion, through
       the use of information sources on a European and national level.

    2. Introduction to efficient European networking with other NGOs on social inclusion
       issues with a strong impact on communication, exchange of best practices and
       dissemination of the outcomes. (- Improving the understanding of social exclusion
       and poverty with the help of indicators allowing comparisons; - Organising
       exchanges on implemented policies and promoting mutual learning in the context
       of national action plans; - Developing the capacity of NGOs to address social
       exclusion and poverty effectively and to promote innovative approaches through
       networking and dialogue with all the stakeholders)

    3. Acquiring knowledge and practical project management skills relevant for the
       understanding and successful mastering of the EU application process to Progress
       and social inclusion related assistance programmes by means of concrete working
       examples.

Type:              Training; Capacity building
Target group:      Progress Focal Officers in EFSC Member organisations


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Participants:    18
Date / Duration: 26-27th of June 2008
Place:           Brussels
Actors involved: EFSC staff and member organisations



 4.   European Forum on Street Children:
      Street children as a social challenge to future policies in the social
      field and the renewed Lisbon Strategy: The role of the civil society
      as a catalyst for the social inclusion process for street children and
      children at high risk.
Background / Contents:

The active involvement of civil society and other relevant parties in terms of volunteers,
either as experts or as practitioners, is an inalienable element of any successful
inclusion strategy for street children, who are one of the most vulnerable groups in
society. As civil society has not yet fully developed especially in the new EU Member
States and acceding countries where the framework conditions are particularly weak (no
solid social, education or health protection systems), there is a particular urgent need to
build the necessary infrastructure. This must be considered as a crucial long-term task
for any sustainable intervention strategies aimed at protecting children at high risk.

In this context the conference will aim to present, in a comparative way, innovative
approaches of civil society involvement from new and “old” EU Member States in order
to develop innovative concepts which can be used in a variety of scenarios at the local
and regional levels and in particular to contribute to the reflection process on the
promotion of active inclusion as recently presented in the EC Communication:
”Modernising social protection for greater social justice and economic cohesion.”
(COM(2007) 620 final)

In particular the “Life Chances” Social vision for Europe, for instance with its claim “to
foster social cohesion and social sustainability and make sure that no individual is left
behind” as outlined in the recent EU Communication on “Opportunities, access and
solidarity: towards a new social vision for 21st century Europe” (COM(2007) 726 final),
will not be possible without a strong civil society committed to the values of a social
Europe and its practical involvement in a bottom-up approach.

At the same time civil society will be of crucial importance for the ongoing Lisbon
process and in particular for the next Lisbon cycle post 2011. In view of this long term
objective EFSC will make efforts to feed into the review of the renewed Lisbon Strategy
to start in 2009-10. For this purpose the conference will focus on the active role of civil
society and the voluntary work carried out through its members in the area of strongly
excluded children in particular street children. Potentials, chances and risks will be
discussed. In this context the future status of social services of general interest must be
highlighted. Based on the different communications of the COM and the ECOSOC on this
issue since 2000, the crucial question to be discussed will be how far active inclusion of
high-risk children will necessitate a European framework to ensure favourable working
conditions for volunteers and thus the active involvement of civil society in the inclusion




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process. Strategic approaches shall be developed to combine high quality social services
for the most vulnerable with the principles related to the EC internal market.

A strategic summary of the conference results will be drafted in close co-operation with
the EFSC MOs, focussing on the need to better consider the contribution of the civil
society for an active inclusion of street children; these key recommendations will be put
at the disposal of the Commission at the latest by the end of 2008 for the review of the
renewed Lisbon Strategy in 2009. EFSC will run a strong lobbying action towards the
Commission to push for a continuous dialogue on these topics.

A second concrete purpose of the conference will be to design a framework for the
contribution of civil society to the active inclusion of street children as a priority issue for
the European Year 2010. Towards this end, a joint Declaration of EFSC MOs participating
at this conference will be adopted. Following this EFSC will systematically lobby the EU
institutions in view of a consideration of this issue in the Commission’s proposal. One
priority of EFSC’s work plan 2009 for PROGRESS will be the carrying out of concrete
pilot actions to pave the way for the inclusion of Civil Society and Street Children as a
priority theme of the European Year.

Objectives:
    To act as an intermediary NGO platform between different policy levels and
       institutions, ensuring a constant flow of information, advice and capacity building
       methods, which in turn creates synergy between their respective activities and
       builds multi-faceted alliances for policy change regarding the social inclusion of
       street children.
    To better inform the public and civil society within the Member States about the
       achievements and the impact of EU policy in the fields of social inclusion,
       employment and child rights (with special emphasis on street children) in order to
       increase the acceptance of EU policy and to increase public awareness about the
       issues; III.1.c To gain maximum participation and involvement from civil society
       in the Member States to support the social inclusion policy of the EU, with special
       emphasis on measures to combat exclusion and poverty amongst street children.
    To establish a continuous dialogue between the European and national levels -
       including regional and local actors (Commission, EP, national, regional and
       municipal authorities) and NGOs - on the issue of extreme child poverty and the
       social impact of migration to which a high profile will be given in the preparation
       of the new National Strategies 2008-2011 for social protection and social inclusion
       and on the need to include the street children issue in the broader European
       social policy context, in particular the review of the renewed Lisbon Strategy
       starting in 2009-2010.
Type:               Conference
Target group:       Representatives and decision-makers from Child protection NGOs and
                    welfare associations, local governments, child and youth authorities,
                    EU institutions, social and street workers, experts from research
                    institutes, EFSC member organisations
Participants:       45
Date:               Beginning of October, 2008
Place:              Lisbon
Actors involved: EFSC in partnership with its Portuguese member organization Instituto
                    de Apoio a Crianca (IAC)




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 5. Conference:
    Promote integration of marginalized children and youth from a
    migration background through social inclusion: schooling, vocational
    training and participation
Background / Contents:

The Southern European EU Member States (France, Greece, Italy, Malta, Portugal and
Spain,) need to be given specific attention concerning child inclusive policies, taking into
consideration the specific migration problems within these countries resulting to a large
extent from the increased illegal migration through the Mediterranean sea (a prime
geographical target), which is proving very difficult to control. This problem has
exacerbated during the last decade and given the consequences of the Schengen
convention has also acquired a European wide dimension. Nevertheless the Member
States concerned are facing the most crucial challenges through this phenomenon in the
field of prevention as well as regarding the social re-integration of these immigrants in
modern Western societies. Another important challenge is the increased ´internal`
migration of Roma within the EU and in particular towards the countries in question and
its strong exclusion impact on Roma children who are in an increasing way exposed to
working or begging in the streets. This cross border problem must be tackled by long-
term prevention and inclusion strategies carried out in close cooperation with Roma
families and tribes. A sensitive and appropriate sustainable schooling and re-integration
of these children must be one of the priorities of a comprehensive migration related
inclusion policy for street children in these countries.

The conference in a general sense will be a forum for critical discussions about all
aspects of the consequences of migration for at-risk children including Roma children in
these countries and about current issues relating to this phenomenon, which is of
growing importance to the social and political integration of the EU. It will focus in
particular on innovative and successful methods developed in the above- mentioned
Member States to promote the active inclusion and integration of these children and
youth with strong exclusion problems following this migration background. The impact
will be on concrete methods of social re-insertion through schooling, vocational training,
participation and professional training in view of promoting their access to the job
market and their value as a practice-oriented contribution to the ongoing EU process on
the shaping of the future policies (Renewed Lisbon Strategy, new National Strategies
2008-2011 and a renewed Social Agenda). Case studies will be presented in order to
learn new experiences and to exchange best practices. The Conference aims at
contributing to the realization of a new social vision as presented by the European
Commission in its recent Communication (COM(2007)726 final) “Opportunities, access
and solidarity: towards a new social vision for 21st century Europe” . In particular, it will
represent a valuable contribution to the setting of policy frameworks for action,
promoting good practices, sharing experiences as well as raising awareness on some
crucial issues such as youth migration, poverty and early-school leaving, in an attempt
to successfully enhance the key priority and area of action of “investment in childhood
and youth”, as outlined in the EC COMM(2007)726 final.

Objectives:

      To establish a continuous dialogue between the European and national levels -
       including regional and local actors (Commission, EP, national, regional and
       municipal authorities) and NGOs - on the issue of extreme child poverty and the


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       social impact of migration to which a high profile will be given in the preparation
       of the new National Strategies 2008-2011 for social protection and social inclusion
       and on the need to include the street children issue in the broader European
       social policy context, in particular the review of the renewed Lisbon Strategy
       starting in 2009-2010.
      To make the issue of street children, with special regard to migration, a priority of
       the relevant EU institutional discourse as well as of the policy and decision-
       making processes as well as to mainstream all child-relevant EU policies in the
       context of the review of the renewed Lisbon Strategy starting in 2009 to be
       applied to improving the situation of street children.

Type:            Conference
Target group:    Representatives and decision-makers from Child protection NGOs and
                 welfare associations, local governments, child and youth authorities,
                 EU institutions, social and street workers, experts from research
                 institutes, EFSC member organisations in particular from the Southern
                 European Member States
Participants:    40
Date:            November 2008
Place:           Verona, Italy
Actors involved: EFSC in partnership with its Italian member organization Istituto Don
                 Calabria and with a strong involvement of its member organizations in
                 France, Greece, Italy, Malta, Portugal and Spain; European Roma
                 Information Office (ERIO)




   6. Awareness day:
      Children in the Streets of Europe

Public awareness raising event to be organized in the European Parliament including a
European broadcast to raise public awareness of the existence of extreme poverty and
social exclusion of street children in the EU and the European social process that aims to
decrease the risk of poverty and social exclusion by 2010. The event will consist of a
press conference with a large audience of Brussels based national and European media
during which EFSC and ERIO will present the situation of street children in Europe
illustrated by significant reports from some of the most concerned regional or municipal
scenarios. One focus will be on Roma children for whom social integration in the
Western industrialized societies proves to be particularly difficult.

A special session within this campaign will be dedicated to the living conditions of former
street children in some key Member States. Projects will be proposed in which efficient
prevention and reintegration measures using a community-based approach will be
presented, such as projects addressing drug addiction amongst street children. Former
street children (unaccompanied minors, drug addicts, abandoned or abused children,
etc.) accompanied by social workers, who have been helped or are being helped by the
successful and innovative projects and approaches of EFSC member organisations (both
inside and outside Europe) will recount their personal rehabilitation stories.

This will be the first event during a serious of public awareness raising events planned
by EFSC during the three years phase of its strategy in the context of PROGRESS which



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    all are designed to pave the way to the 2010 European Year in which the issue of
    extremely excluded children should become one of the priorities.

    Objectives:

    To raise political and public awareness in the European, national and regional media of
     the situation of street children as a highly vulnerable and at-risk social group in
     European societies as well as of the need for positive inclusive action as proposed by
     the EU social solidarity policy in order to strengthen their rights and combat all forms
     of offence and abuse against them.
    To improve the participation of street children in an effective yet sensible way in the
     EU-level policymaking processes and decisions that will affect their lives.
    To provide the EU institutions with up-to-date information about contacts, projects and
     co-operation between EFSC national member organisations; to act as a liaison
     between each EU institution and the strategic concepts of other European-level
     advocacy structures in which EFSC is actively involved

    Type:            Press and Media Campaigning Event
    Target group:    Journalists from TV and print media from European and national
                     levels, MEPs, large public audience
    Date/Duration: December 2008, 1 day
    Place:           Brussels, European Parliament
    Actors involved: EFSC in partnership with The European Roma Information Office
                     (ERIO)




                                         Square Vergote, 34 - 1030 Brussels - Belgium
                  tel +32 (0)2 347.78 48 - fax +32 (0)2 347.79.46 - e-mail info@enscw.org - www.enscw.org




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