INTRODUCTION TO CIRCUITS
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MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE OF THE REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA STATE ENGINEERING UNIVERSITY OF ARMENIA CONFIRMED BY CONFIRMED BY EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR OF VICERECTOR OF STATE ENGENEERING “SYNOPSYS ARMENIA” CJSC SG UNIVERSITY OF ARMENIA H. MUSAYELYAN R. AGHGASHYAN “____” _____________2005 “____” _____________2005 INTRODUCTION TO CIRCUITS COURSE PROGRAM INDEX: 20.02, 22.05 SPECIALIZATION “VLSI DESIGN” YEREVAN 2005 2 AUTHOR: A.M. Demirkhanyan, PhD, Assoc. Prof. REVIEWER: V. Sh. Melikyan, PhD, Assoc. Prof. The program has been discussed and approved by: - At the sitting of the SEUA interdepartmental Chair of “Microelectronic Circuits and Systems” acting on the basis of “SYNOPSYS ARMENIA” CJSC SG Protocol No. 5 of. 22.02.2005 - At the sitting of the Computer Systems and Informatics Department authorities Protocol No. 4 of. 28.02.2005 - At the sitting of the Cybernetics Department authorities Protocol No. 4 of. 28.02.2005 Head of Chair V.Sh. Melikyan “Microelectronic Circuits and Systems”, Associate Professor, PhD Head of the Department S.Kh. Soghomonyan “Computer Systems and Informatics” Associate Professor, PhD Head of the Department of Cybernetics G.V. Bareghamyan Associate Professor, PhD 3 INTRODUCTION Course program on “Introduction to Circuits” is assigned for undergraduate education on “VLSI Design” specialization and is taught on the 5th semester (3 year’s 1 st semester). The course duration is 85 hours, lectures volume is 34 hours, practice classes are 17 hours, and laboratory works are 34 hours. COURSE GOALS AND OBJECTIVES The goal of the course is to teach the future designers of microelectronic circuits and systems the principles of work of basic electronic circuits, the designs of them, methods and the simulation tools of analysis, as well as to promote an interest in life-long learning together with the ability to advance professionally. The main objectives of the course are: The study of basic electronic circuits, their descriptions, the principles of their work, the designs and analysis methods of them and also to gain an experience in the research of them with a EDA and simulation tools help. The tasks of laboratory work are to investigate of experimental electronic circuits various descriptions and their dependences upon component parameters with a program package help, to chouse electronic cells most significant descriptions optimization promoting components. These laboratory works will help the students to understand the giving material better. The goal of the course project is an implementation of learnt material on standard cells. 4 SYLLABUS 1. LECTURES (34 hours) 1.1 Introduction (2 hours). The history of electronics. The current state and development perspectives. 1.2 Electronic switches. (6 hours). Use of electronic devices (diodes, BJTs and MOSFETs) in electronic circuits. The diode switches. The DC and transient modes, design and analysis methods. The bipolar transistor switches. The DC and transient modes, design and analysis methods. The switches, based on MOSFETS. The circuit types and their comparison analysis, the CMOS switches. The bidirectional switches. The transients in the basic switches. The design and analysis methods. 1.3 The pulsed circuits (6 hours). The symmetric flip-flops. The work principles, static and transient modes. The design and analysis methods. Oscillators. Types. Principles of work. Design and analyzing methods. Shmidt’s flip-flop. Work principles, advantages and disadvantages. The multivibrators. The types. The work principles, the DC and transient modes. The design and analysis methods. 1.4 The design and analysis of amplifiers (14 hours). The basic parameters of amplifiers. The feed-back in amplifiers and their impact upon the parameters of amplifiers. The inactivity mode and the amplifying classes. The power amplifiers. The principles of the AC amplifier design and analysis. The resonance amplifier design and analysis principles. The DC amplifiers, inter cascade link characteristics and methods of zero drift avoidance. The design and analysis methods. 5 The differential and operational amplifiers, comparator and functional circuits on the operational amplifiers. The design and analysis methods. 1.5 The power sources (4 hours). The principles of DC-to-AC conversation and the block diagram of power sources. The voltage regulators. The basic filters. The voltage electronic and pulsed stabilizers and their comparison analysis. 1.6 Printed circuit board design (2 hours). Printed circuit board element coupling by power circuit and interconnect. The schematic methods of noise protection. Noise simulation. 2. PRACTICE CLASSES (17 hours) 2.1. Parametrical synthesis of the diode switch (2 hours). 2.3. Parametrical synthesis of the bipolar transistor switch(4 hours). 2.4. Parametrical synthesis of the CMOS switches (4 hours). 2.5. Parametrical synthesis of the symmetric flip-flop (2 hours). 2.6. Parametrical synthesis of the multivibrators (4 hours). 2.7. Parametrical synthesis of the AC amplifier(2 hours). 2.8. Parametrical synthesis of the differential and operational amplifiers(4 hours). 3. LABORATORY WORKS (34 hours) Tools used during laboratory works: Cosmos, Hspice, NanoSim, PathMill. 3.1. Study of Cosmos and HSpice tools, its implementation in analysis of circuits (6 hours). 3.2.Study of NanoSim and PathMill tools, its implementation in analysis of circuits (4 hours). 3.3. Design and analysis of the diode switch (2 hours). 3.4. Design and analysis of the bipolar transistor switch(4 hours). 3.5. Design and analysis of the CMOS switches (4 hours). 3.6. Design and analysis of the symmetric flip-flop (2 hours). 3.7. Design and analysis of the multivibrators (4 hours). 3.8. Design and analysis of the AC amplifier(2 hours). 6 3.9. Design and analysis of the differential and operational amplifiers(4 hours). 3.10. Design and analysis of the voltage stabilizer and DC basic transformer(2 hours). 4. COURSE PROJECT The themes for Course Project are related to basic electronic circuits design and parametrical optimization. Each student should design and optimize a subset of basic electronic circuits. The design includes: cell schematics development and drawing by CosmosSE; transistor level netlist generation; Hspice simulations and circuit optimization. METHODIC PROVISION OF THE COURSE To study the course the necessary list of references is given below. The course program is compiled taking into account that the following courses had been studied beforehand: • “Electrical Engineering” • Physical Fundamentals of Microelectronics” or “Solid State Electronics Fundamentals” • “IC Design Introduction” Understanding of the course is the basis for the further specialized subjects destined by the educational plan of “VLSI Design” specialization. REFERENCES Main 1. P.Horowitz, W.Hill. The Art of Electronics, 1999. 2. B.Razavi, Design of Analog CMOS Integrated Circuits, 1997. 3. R. Baker, et al, CMOS Circuit Design, Layout, and Simulation, 1997. 4. R.Gregorian, Introduction to CMOS Op-Amps and Comparators, 1998. 5. T.M. Aghakhanyan, Electronic switches and nonlinear amplifiers, 1967 (In Russian) 6. T.M. Aghakhanyan, Fundamentals of transistor electronics, 1974 (In Russian) 7. K.A. Valiev and others, The MOS digital integrated circuits, 1971, (In Russian) Additional 8. J.Graieme, J.Graieme, Optimizing Op Amp Performance, 1999. 7 9. K.Roy, S.Prasad, Low Power CMOS VLSI: Circuit Design, 1998. 10. P.Gray et al, Analysis and Design of Analog Integrated Circuits, 1996.