NAKAWA DIVISION LOCATION Nakawa Division is located in the eastern part of the district and has some of the main industrial establishments in the city. It borders on the shores of lake Victoria, Makindye division in South, Central division in Southwest, Kawempe division in the west and Wakiso district in the North. The level of the lake above sea level is 3720 ft (1133.8 m) and the littoral rises in most parts are from 4000 to 4500 ft (1210 - 1372 mm) GEOGRAPHICAL CHARACTERICTICS The topography of the division is characterized by flat-topped hills of uniform height divided by shallow valleys forming papyrus swamps. Most of the streams flow into Lake Victoria. The streams are characterized by low gradient and comparatively broad valley floors. Owing to alluvial aggredation, low gradient and frequent local tilting, many valley floors have become seasonal or permanent swamps. The soil geology from which the soils of the corridor formed belongs to the Basement Complex. It consists of a variety of metamorphic largely granitoid rocks, acid gneisses, schists and sand stones. Most of these rocks are highly weathered. The meteorological data for Kampala City is typical of Nakawa Division. The division is characterized by comparatively small seasonal variations in temperature. Due to a high rate of evaporation from the lake surface and to regular winds, which drift across the lake from east to west all seasons, the average rainfall is high (1548 mm). There is a tendency of the rainfall to decrease as one moves northwards from the lakeshores. The rain falls in 160 to 170 days each year, with two peaks in March - April - May- and October - November. Only a small proportion of the division vegetation can be considered as natural. The vegetation of the hills which was originally shrubs and forests has been modified to a greater extent as a result of clearing to give way for settlement (high income residential neighbourhood on the hills) and the papyrus swamps have been encroached on in the valleys by illegal developers. POPULATION DISTRIBUTION Nakawa Division is one of the five- (5) divisions forming Kampala City and over time it has grown in population. In 1991 Housing and Population Census, the Division's population was estimated at 135,519 people while the 2002 Housing and Population is 246,781 people. The provisional female arid male population according to the 2002 population is 122,249 and 121,532 respectively. According to the 2002 Population and Housing Census, Nakawa Division contributes 20.3% of the total Kampala district population. There are 23 parishes and 279 villages in Nakawa Division. The Division covers a total land area of 47.45 sq kms. The female to male population percentage ratio is 51 % to 49% and the children below five (5) years of age contribute to 20% of the total Division population. The youth aged 10 to 24 contribute to 30% of the total population and 26.7% of the population are women of child bearing age. The population growth rate is 4.8% and the total fertility rate is 5.1 %. The average family size is 4 and the maternal mortality rate is equivalent to 265 per 100,000 live births.